Death of Gov. Harvey.Since our last issue, Flour-Receipts 872 bbls. Market firm, with light of the wing of the Dark Angel has overshadowed our Comferings. We note sales of 100 bbls. “Golden Sheaf extra monwealth. A hundred of our brave sons have at $4.00, and 200 bbls. "Berlin City" do on p. t.

laid down their lives upon the battle field of Shiloh, Wheat-Receipts 28,030 bushels. Market unchanged and hundreds are suffering in the hospitals under the and quiet. The firmness of holders restricts business.- wounds received in that deadly conflict, and sorrow and Sales included one car No.2 at 81c in store; five cars de sadness reigns throughout the length and breadth of our liverable next week at 82c for No. 2 and 85c for No. 1; | State. With a noble and generous impulse, our Governor 5,000 bus. No. 1 at 85c delivered; one car extra by sample deemed it his duty to repair to the scene of strife with a at 8770, and 133 sacks do at 88c.

corps of skilful surgeons and the necessary comforts and Oats-25c delivered.

conveniences for the wounded of our Regiments. With a Corn-29a30c delivered.

commendable energy, Gov. Harvey had attended to the Barley-50a65c for medium to extra,

duties he had imposed upon himself-had seen that the Rye-42a43c delivered.

dead were decently buried, and had given every attention Seeds-Timothy $1.25a1,45; clover scarce and higher, to the wounded. Considering his labors completed, he held at $4.50a4.75.

accordingly made preparations for his return home. It Live Stock-Beef cattle $2.25a3.00 pr cwt., according to appears that over ruling Providence had decided otherquality. No live hogs coming in.

wise, and that he was then to conclude his earthly career. Butter-Firkin 8a9c; crock and roll 9a12c.

While awaiting the approach of the steamboat which was Eggs-6a7c by the barrel.

to take him and companions down the river, he inadverPotatoes--Plenty; selling at 25a30c pr bus.

tently approached too near the unprotected side of the Wool-For medium to fine fleece 30a35c can be had. steamer, when his foot slipped, and in an instant, he was

struggling in the waters of the Tennessee. Attempts

were made to rescue him, but the current was so strong EDITORIAL MISCELLANY.

that he was instantly taken out of reach, and is supposed

to have been drawn under one of a number of flat bot17 All communications, of whatever kind, intended tomed barges, astern of the steamer, and was seen no more. 10 for the EDITOR should be addressed to him ex- wa

It is impossible to describe the feeling of unutterable Dclusively; all remittances of money and all sorrow that pervaded the offices of the Capitol on the reMT business letters, to the Publishers. The offices a

ceipt of the melancholy intelligence of Gov. Harvey's mar are separate and distinct, and attention to this

death. Tear drops stood in many a manly eye, and many o request will save the Editor a great deal of timewa

a manly heart gave utterance to the great sorrow. One 17" and trouble, while at the same time, it will di

of our long time companions had fallen-he who in our Adminish the liability to mistakes.

daily routine of duties, had met us with a good natured A Practical Printer who can command $200,

greeting-ho whom the people of our State had but re

cently honored with the highest office in their gift-had may hear something to his advantage by addressing this

fallen before the Insatiate Archer, Death! The public office.

offices were closed for the day, and every one in the We know of a fine farm for sale cheap, and on good Capitol felt that a great calamity had fallen upon our terms. Who wants to buy?

people. The same degree of sorrow prevailed the whole

community, our business men closed their stores, flags The Editor off for Europe.-A line from Dr.

were at half mast, and half hour guns were fired in the Hoyt states that he should leave Boston for England on Park in honor of the illustrious dead. the Royal Steamer "Niagara"-on the 16th of April.

In the death of Gov. Harvey, at this time, our State. Back Numbers.-We can supply several hundred | labors under a great loss, as the experience he had gained subscribers with back numbers of the current volume of

in the management of public affairs, in the present crisis the FARMER. Here is a good chance for our friends to do of our nation, was invaluable to the interests of the State. us a kindness. It is never too late to induce your neigh

He has passed from among us, to be with us no more, bor to take the FARMER.

although it is hard to realize it. He died with his armor

on, in the strength of his manhood—died with a glorious Seeds.-During the month past we have sent some and bright future before him-died in the performance of choice varieties of Garden and Flower Seeds to those of a noble purpose, in the alleviating of pain and anguish, our friends who have interested themselves in getting up and in smoothing the pillow of the dying heroes of the clubs for the FARMER. Some of the seeds were new to us, battle field of Shiloh. A good man could not desire to die and we hope to be remembered by those who reach satis- in a better cause. factory results.

Immediate steps were taken to recover the body, but Another year we confidently expect to have more work- up to the date of this writing, (April 28), it has not been ing friends, and more who deserve favors in this direction. found.

Gov. Salomon.In consequence of the death of Poland Fowls.-Mr. E. D. Perrin, of Oconomowoc, Gov. Harvey, Lt. Gov. Salomon, by the Constitution, be- has a half a dozen Poland fowls which he will dispose of comes Governor of the State. Although Gov. Salomon at 50 cents each. He thinks they are pure breed. has not had much experience as a statesman, he possesses that kind of material which bids fair, by a little study

CORRESPONDENCE. into State affairs, to make a popular Governor. Fortunately he is surrounded by those who have been con

Ed. Wis. FARMER--Sir: I have been a reader of the nected with the administrations of Gov.'s Randall and

FARMER for several years, and think the investment has Harvey, and are experienced and informed in all matters

been an entertaining and profitable one: and not the least connected with the military affairs of the State, of whose

entertaining feature in it to me, are communications and services he will avail himself, which will render the new

information from practical Brother Farmers. Now I not labor imposed upon him, comparatively easy of accomplish

only gratefully receive, but have been willing to give ment.

something in that line, but from my former success in Gov. S. entered upon the duties of his office on the

communicating with the FARMER I have concluded that evening of the day of the receipt of the intelligence of

perhaps I could write nothing that was worth taking nothe death of Gov. Harvey.

tice of. To County Ag. Societies and Agents.-We

I once wrote to a former Editor an article. (to save are making arrangements to furnish sewing machines and

melons from the ravages of the striped bug,) said article, melodeons to our working friends, and those County Ag

I thought, was beautiful in morals, correct in philosophy, ricultural Societies who send us clubs of dollar subscrib

proved by experience, and within the reach of all: but I ers. For one hundred dollar subscriptions, we will furnish

have nover heard of it since, nor I presume many of the a sewing machine worth $35; for one hundred and fifty

readers of the Farmer; and as a consequence, while othdollar subscriptions, a machine worth $53; for two hun

ers are mourning that the bugs have destroyed all their dred dollar subscriptions, a machine worth $75, or a me

melons, I keep thousands of bugs in my garden all sumlodeon of the same value. Suitable rewards will be made

mer, yet have plenty of melons for me and mine, and to for more than two hundred, in sewing machines or melo treat my friends. At another time I wrote an article on deons-less than one hundred, the premium will be cash the cultivation and manufacture of Sorghum. (I have or agricultural works at wholesale rates.

beat everything that I have ever heard of in the FARMER We hope the County Agricultural Societies will bear

in the amount of syrup to the acre, and think that I can this matter in mind in the formation of their premium

make better syrup than any other man in this county.) lists for this Fall's Fair.

I heard nothing from said article until it was out of sea

son, and not until my brother had had a “passage at Portage City Seed Store.-W. Caswell has a arms" with the editor, when it was sent to David instead full list of Imphee, Sorghum and French Sugar Cane Seeds of Thomas, one blunder, confessing that it had been mis

-genuine and just imported. Grass seeds and clover in laid, another blunder, and promising to publish it if he variety; Vetches or Tares; Tobacco seed; Chiccory; Im- would revise it to suit the season. I thought it not worth ported Ruta Baga and Turnip seod: Genuine Bi Sulphate my pains to write to such blunderers and there was an of Lime. Seeds sent by mail, lc. per oz.

end to that. Address, W. CASWELL, Portage City, Wis.

I did not intend to write half so much when I comDane Co. Gazeteer and Business Direc

menced, but am not quite through yet, and shall be tory, is the title of a new work which is being prepared

obliged to turn over. Now, judging others by myself, I for the convenience of the business public by Messrs.

come to the conclusion that it is too much of a job for us J. W. Waterman and Ira W. Bird. We are informed that

hard fisted farmers who do not touch, nor perhaps see a the work is in press and will be ready soon. Of course,

pen, once a month, to arrange our thoughts on paper only it will be indispensable to every business man.

to have them mislaid and slighted. Only acknowledge

their receipt-if they are not in proper shape, nor cannot Arrearages.-To our delinquent subscribers we be easily made so, why just say soor if they are superwould way, that our monthly bills must be met promptly, fluous, let them know it. This silent contempt we don't in order to insure a prompt issue of the FARMER by the like to excuse. Are these the reasons why you have to 25th of the month previous. Remittances never come urge your patrons to write? Are these the reasons why amiss. The Almighty Dollar alone will make the machine readers of the FARMER are deprived of many gems of run smoothly. Send it by mail.

practical matter-of-fact experience? If so, I hope the

barrier may be removed: not that I expect to write much Emancipation in District Columbia.-The in any event, or think it any privilege to do so, but I bill abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, was want to hear from every body else. signed by the President and has become law, so that

Yours truly, &c.,

THOMAS SEARS. the Capital is now freed from the curse of slavery. A MONTICELLO, Wis. glorious deed.

[We hope our friend will not be discouraged by his

former apparent difficulties in writing for the press. We Ur. John Burrows, of Fond du Lac, under date of shall endeavor to profit by his strictures, and guard April 10th, enquires—“If it comes within the jurisdiction against future charges of neglect to our correspondents, of the FARMER, I should like to know by what process If we do not give their articles in full, we shall endeavor mushrooms are raised ?” to give their substance, at least, under the head of Correspondence.)

NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. FRIEND HOYT:-In these hard times it avails nothing

ing | J.M. Thorborn & Co., New York, appear in our pages that the farmor invites to his aid the assistance of science

ace this month with another advertisement. The reputation and raises the greatest quantity of produce at the least

of this firm is world-wide, among the craft, and we assure expense as long as the exchanges, managed by a den of

our readers that purchases made of them may be relied thieves, absorb all the profits. Between the producers in

on. Wisconsin and the consumers at Washington, the price of

Kind reader, do you feel like indulging in a new buggy flour is enhanced three-fold by carriage, cartage, wastage,

or carriage, or is your old wagon used up, and require storage, clerkage, commissionage, and pillage. Railways

repairing? If so, John B. Wiser, who advertises this without gaps have become a commercial as well as a mil

month, is just the man to supply your wants. We know itary necessity. If one city is permitted to break up the

the man and his work, and speak understandingly when unity of railway communication, why not every paltry

we say that he turns out just as good an article in his llage. It is absolutely necessary that & union depor Deline as any mechanic in the country. located at Washington for the star-radiation to every State For leather, shoe findings, harness, saddles, &c., our Capital in the Union, that the mails may be delivered readers will find an excellent assortment at George V. without reloading. The trouble of transacting business | Ott's store, under the Dane Co. Bank. See his advertisemust be reduced to a scientific basis. How long shall we ment. go through the circumlocution office of selling 60 pounds E. W. Skinner, this month, uses our advertising colof wheat and weighing 100. A decimal system promul

umns for the purpose of introducing the Brockport Hargated 2300 years ago by the Omnicient (“The bath shallvester. Mr. Skinner has commenced the manufacture of

e the tenth part of an homer") would be a very great these machines at his foundry in this city. Home mansaving in time and trouble. Our duty to the Creator of ufacture, at this time, should be specially encouraged, our intellects demands the enactment of laws founded and we recommend our friends to visit and inspect the upon the Maine resolutions for a uniform decimal system | machine of Mr. Skinner, of weights, measures, and currency.

He also advertises an excellent pattern of Sugar Mill. What shrewd penny-a-liner is the author of the oughs The success of the sorghum in producing good sugar rests and aighs as he ploughs through the tough hiccough. He

greatly upon the facility of grinding the cane and presappears like one of the followers of Elymas whom Paul sing out the juice, and the machines which will best accalled “a child of the Devil." It would be advantageous accomplish that purpose should be used. From the repto the cause of education as well as exchange, that our

utation of the article made by Mr. Skinner, we are led county superintendents get up a uniform map of Wiscon- | to consider it one of the best in use. The making of susin. Why have we Michigan and Oshkosh, (Oshcosh), gar (from the Imphee and Sorghum can no longer be Oshkosh and Wisconsin, (Wiskonsin.) (Ouisconsin). considered problematical. It has become a fixed fact.

Hoping you will give us the benefit of your matured Burson's American Grain Binder, advertised this month, judgment on these knotty points, I am yours, J. EDI. is a new candidate for the patronage of the Farming pubVERONA, Wis.

lic. We shall speak further, when we seo its operation. Sorghum Juice.- Mr. Editor :-Have you ever

Now that the season has come round for active operanoticed the difference in the results of sorghum juice,

tions in the field, it would be well for our readers to look when the cane is squeezed fresh from the field, and when

through our standing advertisements, and refresh their it has been stacked for a while? If you have not seen a minds as to what our advertisers are ready to supply the statement, would you call for one through your journal, with. of those who can speak understandingly of the facts ?

There is P. L. Carman, who deals in Pitts' Separator My theory ever has been, that the cane protected from and

and Horse Power Threshing Machine. Dickinson & Barlight favors the conversion of the pecula into sacharine, I tels, at the Farmers'Store, are well stocked with seasona(such the German chemist Anhard, and others, found, ble goods. Louis Sasse & Co. will supply you with anyseventy years ago), and as stacking up after being cut

thing in the line of carriages or wagons. Kohner is filled would exclude light, so it might aid the elaboration of

up with a splendid stock of clothing and other decorathe saccharine. If such be the best mode to treat sor

tions fer the outer man. Waltzinger is ready to supply ghum, as obtained from practical people, then practice

any of the knick knacks, in which he deals. If you are and theory coinciding, will enable the public to know

building a new house, or need lumber ready planed, how to treat their cane crops. Respectfully yours,

doors, sash, or anything in that line-Asa Burgess, at the

Planing Mill on Washington Avenue, near the R. R. De


pot, is in full running order to supply you. If you want

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Work for June.

June, on land just plowed. In field culture

the rows should be far enough apart to admit Farmers, generally, have their sowing and the horse hoe. On smooth and well prepared planting done by the first of this month, unless

land two feet apart will answer all purposes. some bad weather has hindered the work, or Beets should be planted in the same manner. something else occasioned unusual delay.

and they may be planted also the fore part of Many, we doubt not, will find themselves th

themselves this month. If planted in May, however, they planting in this State during the first week in

the hrst week in will be more sure to attain a large size, which June, from the fact that farming operations

berations is very desirable when raised for feeding stock. were hardly begun until after the tenth of

Beets, as well as carrots, will come up in April, while much of the wheat crop of 1860 half the time, or less, if the seed is soaked, was sown in March. This year most of the which, as we stated in our hints for May, is wheat has been sown at least three weeks later.

liable to be spoiled if not properly done.Those who have not finished planting will

Soaking or scalding seeds is in very many do well to make no delay in getting their seed

cases really dangerous business. We seldom into the ground, and especially corn, which will not be likely to ripen if planted after the

d after the is late and the ground in good condition. If first days of June, unless it be the King Philip the earth into which the seed is planted be dry, or some other hardy kind. This we have known

you are pretty sure to have it dryed up after to ripen in Minnesota if not planted till after sprouting, while if the seed is put into the the first of June.

ground dry, it will remain in good condition Beans are generally planted after the first of until the rain comes to moisten it. June, and seldom fail to ripen. Many farmers Sorghum and Imphee, if not planted in May, plant their beans too far apart, for economy in should be put in without delay, as it needs all regard to land or tillage. Two and one half the season in which to grow in our latitude. feet apart for the rows, is ample distance, with When planted as late as June, we advise sproutthe hills one foot apart in the rows or sown in ing the seed well, and should the ground be drills. In this way they may be easily tended dry, it must be covered quite deep with moist with the horse, by using a single shovel plow earth, or it will be dried up. The ground and a horse hoe. No work of any kind should I should be plowed but a few days before the be done about the beans when wet by dew or I seed is planted, or the weeds will give you rain. People, may spoil their beans by igno- trouble. Do not fail to keep this in mind. rance of this fact or paying no regard to it. | Ruta Bagas should be sown by the middle of

Potatoes may be planted quite late in June, June, on land well prepared and brushed in. if they were not put in the ground sooner.- If possible, sow just before a rain. On new They will not be so apt to make a good crop as ground they may be sown broadcast, but on those planted four or five weeks earlier. old land it is better to put them in drills far

Carrots we generally put in the fore part of lenough apart to admit the horse and cultivator or horse hoe. We think beets and carrots more considerably the supply, it consequently must profitable to raise on old land than the ruta

be of the highest importance to increase that

supply by every means that can be adopted, baga. They are also a more sure crop and which would not injure or materially interfere easier to cultivate. .

with other interests of great importance.

This country, or rather, particular sections of DOWN WITH THE WEEDS.

it, has long been noted for the produce of the Hoeing must be commenced in earnest this dairy-both cheese and butter-in which few month. Great care and much labor is needed sections have been able to rival us. The pro

cess of making these articles, it is true, in other to keep these pests of the farm and garden

States or sections, differs somewhat from that under subjection. The hoe, with the cultiva generally adopted among our own dairy farmtor or plow must be set in motion just as soon

ers; but this is not always sufficient to account

for the difference in quality which exists, since as the things to be wed can be seen in the it is not an unusual thing to find dairies in difrows. In June we have a struggle with the ferent parts of the country conducted upon weeds, and if the horse is not kept moving and

precisely the same plan which furnish pro

ducts of very different qualities. When such the hoe continually going, the crops may be so is the case, this difference must be in conseimpaired as to be hardly worth harvesting. quence of one or the other of the two following

reasons: either there must be a difference in This month, therefore, is, with many things, I the breed of cows employed in the dairies, or the turning point. The growth of everything else the quality of food upon which the cows is very much hastened by stirring the ground

subsist must be materially different. It be

| hooves, therefore, persons interested in dairyearly and often, even should the land be free |ing, who perfectly understand the modes adoptfrom weeds.-- Farmer and Gardener.

ed in those districts where the produce of the

dairy farms are held in the best repute, to apDairios and Dairy-Farming.

ply themselves diligently in the discovery of

the cause why their dairy productions are conThe importance of dairy-farming, though sidered inferior to the products of others probgenerally considered as occuping a secondary ably at no great distance from them. We do degree, is so universally admitted, that it re- not presume to say that the defect could be quires no apology for giving the subject a easily or in all cases remedied at all; because, prominent notice.

where it was ascertained to proceed from a The dairy is a branch of rural industry de- difference in the herbage upon which the milch serving of attention in the highest degree.

cows pastured during the summer, it might be There are no other means known to us, by found impracticable to assimilate the herbage which so great a quantity of animal food can of the one to that of the other; or least this be derived for human support from the same could not be effected permanently, nor at all, space of ground. In many of the counties of unless at a very great expense. But where this State, and in most of the middle and Nor- the inferiority was ascertained to proceed from thern States, the production of this kind of a difference in the kind of stock, where the aliment is immense, and its entire value forms dairy is the first consideration with the farmer. no inconsiderable proportion of the produce of this defect should speedily be remedied. the land.

Something depends, no doubt, upon the cliThere is no class of persons by which milk, mate, since extremes of heat or cold are known in one or more of its forms, is not used.

to be prejudicial to the dairy; although in the Cheese may seem to be a mere superfluity to

warmer latitudes, cheese, and sometimes even those who feed largely on other animal food; butter, is made, neither of them would be conyet even among this class, the consumption, sidered fit for human food in the more refined from its regularity, is considerable, but among

and more famed countries for dairy purposes. the far more numerous classes, to whom cheese

Something also depends upon the manner in is a part of their customary diet, the consump

which the dairy house and cheese-room are tion of this substance is very great. Butter is

constructed; and probably less attention is used in almost every family above the poorest,

bestowed upon this point among our dairy to an enormous extent. Simple milk, too, en

farmers than it deserves, or which it obtains in ters into the diet of every class, with this pe

most other countries where the management of culiarity: that it is consumed in a larger

in a larger milk is carefully attended to. quantity in the rural districts than in towns. The great point in making good butter, and and cities.

that which will keep, is the freeing it from all No other branch of rural industry produces butter milk; and if everything else is well so large a quantity of animal food, from the done if this point is overlooked, good butter is game space of ground as the dairy. Surely, impossible for any length of time. The mixsince the demand for dairy produce exceeds so ture of milk in any degree with the butter is

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