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Oh, Columbia, the gem of the ocean,
The homo of the brave ami the free,
A world offers homage to thee.
When liberty's form stands in view;
When borne by the red, white and blue.
When borne by the red, white and blue,
When borne by the red, white and blue,
Thy banners make tyranny tremble,
When borne by the red. white and blue. When war waged its wide desolation,
And threatened our land to deform, The ark then of freedom's foundation,
Columbia rode safe through the storm. With her garland of victory o'er her,
When so proudly she bore her bold crew, With her flag proudly floating before her,
The boast of the red, white and blue.
And fill you it up to the brim,
Nor the star of his glory grow dim. May the service united ne'er sever,
And each to our colors prove true:
Throe cheers for'the red, white and blue.
MY WILLIAM ITLLB.V URVANt.
Oh, country 1 marvel of the earth!
Oh, realm to sudden greatness grown! The ago that gloried in thy birth,
Shall it behold thee overthrown? Shall traitors lay thy greatness low? No, Lund of Hope and Ulossing, No! And wo who wear thy glorious name,
Shall we, like cravens, stand apart, When those whom thou hast trusted, aim
The death-blow at thy geuorous heart! Forth goes the battle-cry, and lo! Hosts rise in harness, shouting, No! And they who founded, in our land,
The power that rules from sea to sea, Bled they in vain, or vainly planned
To leave their country great and free? Thoir sleeping ashos, from below, Send up the thrilling murmor, No!
Knit they tho gentle ties which long
These sister states were proud to woar, And forgod the kindly links so strong
For idle hands in sport to tear—
Our humming marts, our iron ways,
The hoarse Atlantic, with his bays,
And Mississippi's torrent-flow,
And loud Niagara, answer, No!
Not yet the hour is nigh, when they
Earth's ancient kings, shall rise and say,
So soon art thou, like us, brought low?"
No, sullen group of shadows, No!
For now, behold, the arm that gave
The victory in our fathers' day Strong, as of old, to guard and save—
That mighty arm which none can stayOn clouds above and fields below, Writes, in men's sight, the answer, No!
There are few men to whom the country is more largely indebted than to Capt. John Ericsson, the inventor of the steam gun-boat Monitor, whose opportune appearance at Fortress Monroe on Sunday last, averted incalulable disaster to the naval power of the Union.
By birth he is a native of Sweden, and was born among the iron mountains of the province of Vermeland, in 1803. From his earliest youth he exhibited an extraordinary genius for invention. His father being a mining proprietor, ample opportunity was afforded him to become familiar with the engines and machinery employed about the mines. In 1814 his talents attracted the attention of Count Platen. He was appointed a cadet in the corps of engineers, and in six months had shown such proficiency that he was promoted to an important post on the Grand Ship Canal connecting the Baltic and the North Sea. When only thirteen years of age he was charged with the direction of the work of over six hundred men. Many important works on the canal were constructed from his drawings at that age.
At seventeen he entered the Swedish army as an Ensign. Soon afterwards, however, he was seleoted to survey the Northern part of Sweden. In 1820 he visited England. There he planned many new inventions. In 1829 he invented an improved locomotive steam engine, and soon after constructed a steam fire engine. He emigrated to this country in 1839. Here he built the United States steam frigate Princeton, the first vessel in which steam workj were introduced below the water line. Afterwards he invented the caloric engine, and planned the hot-air steamer Ericsson, about which so much was said a few years ago.
In his latest and greatest invention he had such confidence that, by contract, he was to receive nothing for his invention and his labors upon it, until it had borne the test of actual trial under the guns of the enemy. How triumphantly that test was borne we all know.
Commodore Charles Wilkes having linked his name inseparably with the great international question of "search and s-eijure," it is presumed that the readers of the Farmer would like to look him in the face. We have therefore procured an engraving, which is said to be a very accurate portrait.
He was born in the State of New York in 1805, and entered the naval service in 1818. being but 13 years of age. He early gave evidence of unusual capacity for scientific re
search, and while yet quite young, received from the Government the command of a, naval expedition intended to explore the countries bordering on the Pacific and Southern Oceans. His command embraced two sloops of war, a brig and two tenders. Having doubled Cape Horn, he crossed over to Polynesia, Van Dieman's Land and Australia, reaching as high as the 01st parallel of latitude South. He then visited the Fejee Islands at Borneo and returned to New York in 1842 by way of the Cape of Good Hope. The expedition was fruitful of much that has a scientific interest, and he afterwards published an account of it in a voluminous work entitled "A Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition."
Commodore Wilkes has likewise published several other works on subjects of geographical research which occupy a high place in the standard scientific literature of the day; and in 1848 he was presented by the Geographical Society of London with a gold medal as a token of the high esteem in which his services and contributions were held. His last duty at sea was in 1842; since which time he has been in the land service, until about the opening of the present war.
The event which has given him a wider notoriety than all others, which came near resulting in a war between the United States and England, and which has resulted in the settlement, it is hoped, for all time to come, of the rights of neutral vessels upon the ground laid down by the Government of this country in the very first period of our national existence, and upon terms always heretofore denied by the English Government,—this most important event, to-wit, the arrest of the Trent and the seizure of Mason and Slidell, was purely an accident.
The Commodore was returning from the coast of Africa in the U. S. steam frigate San Jacinto, and having occasion to stop for coal at Havana, he learned while there that Mason and Slidell were to leave on the 7th of November, on the British mail steamer Trent for England. It seems not to have occurred to him to endeavor directly to prevent their departure; but hearing that the pirate Sumter was off Laguagra he determined to capture her; and it was while steaming through the Bahama Channel that he encountered the Trent, brought her to by firing two shots across her bow, boarded her and captured the traitors in question.
The manner in which he executed his impromptu plan finally proved faulty when tried by the standard of international law as expounded by our own best statesmen, but the world will nevertheless continue to applaud the bold decision, energy, firmness, and loyal devotion of the Commodore.
The World's Exhibition Again.—We are glad to learn through CoL B. P. Johnson, Sec. N. Y. State Ag. Society, and Chairman of the Ex. Com. of the State Board of Commissioners for the Exhibition from the U. S., that this country will not be very meanly represented, after all. The New York and the New Engnland States are sending over a great many articles for the various departments, and will do the best they can towards filling up the space allotted to the United States.
The "Southern Confederacy," moreover, has made a liberal demand for space, which, of course, will be well filled, though it would be difficult for us to predict with what. Possibly with a bale of cotton, a sable group of the children of the peculiar institution, a regular manach and driver's whip; perhaps with a few pairs of raw-hide shoes, specimen numbers of Jeff. Davis' War Gazette on brown, straw paper, ond an armfull of their dollar-apound confederate money; and may be with samples of the razor-straps, buttons, tobacco, pipes and whisky goblets made of the hides, bones and skulls of Union soldiers, by some of the shivalry at Manassas—that is, provided they should be so lucky as to get out of port with their contributions! It is presumed that Mason and Slidell will act as Commissioners, and that their branch of the Exhibition -will enjoy the special favor of their organ, the London Timet.
Military.—Wisconsin troops are now nearly all in the field. The only regiment of which we have not reason' to be proud is the 17th, (the "Irish Brigade"), a large number of the members of which, just on the eve of their departure, mutinied and positively refused to obey orders to repair to St. Louis—the only alleged ground, that they were not paid. It was in vain that the Governor coaxed and that they were assured they would be paid on arriving at their destination, and on the day appointed for leaving Camp Randall, after a boisterous night and a fire, which, originating in carelessness, destroyed the life of a boy— one of the markers—and consumed some three or four hundred running feet of the barracks, only about six hundred consented to go. The remainder became a law unto themselves and remained at camp, wandered about town, or deserted entirely. Finally the Governor succeeded in getting some 200 of Col. Mulligan's soldiers from Chicago to aid in the arrest and forcible removal of the scamps to Chicago, where the main body of the regiment awaited
them. Those who escaped into the country will be taken wherever found, and, we hope, made to suffer the full penalty of the stern military law. Every true loyal Irishman in the State will be heartily ashamed of them, and indignant at their inefficient commander, to whose utter incompetency this disgraceful mutiny was, perhaps, chiefly chargeable.
The war goes on splendidly! The thunder of Union cannon is heard all along the line, and the shout of victory is borne to us upon every breeze.
At Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, Brig. Gen. Curtis has fought the most desperate battle of the campaign, losing 212 killed, 174 missing and having 926 men wounded, but coming off victor, killing Ben. McCulloch and taking much property and many prisoners. The enemy were helped by a large body of Indians, who did poor fighting, hut brutally scalped a considerable number of our wounded soldiers. The loss on the rebel side was very heavy. Price, of course, took to his heels, true to the old saw,
"He who fights and rune'awny,
New Madrid and Pt. Pleasant, on the Mississippi and about 50 miles below Cairo, have been taken and are now occupied by our troops. The " Gibraltar of the South" has been hastily evacuated and now floats the stars and stripes—the Rebel army having gone to Island No. 10, opposite and below Madrid, where they are now being treated to a rain of fire and brimstone by Commodore Foote.
The position of this Island is shown in a cut on the following page, kindly furnished us by the Wisconsin Patriot.
Furthermore the Grand Army of the Potomac has begun to show signs of life and promises to strike some hard blows at an early day that, in the language of McClellan are, "to give the death blow to the Rebellion." Gen. Banks has moved across the river, driven the enemy from Winchester and Martinsburgh and is ready to move yet further when the word
property and of the fortifications, and left for parts unknown—probably Gordonsville,) and taken up his temporary abode at Fairfax C. H.
In an address to his soldiers, he tells them he has kept them inactive, (which everybody will acknowledge!) but not without a purpose; that they are now disciplined and ready to do the glorious work before them; that the time for action has come, and he is ready to lead them on to glory or the grave.
In North Carolina, Maj. Gen. Burnside has been doing nobly—taking possession of several small towns and lastly of Newberne, a town of about 5,000 inhabitants, situated at the confluence of the Neuse and Trent rivers. This place was taken only after a hard fought battle on the 14th lilt.
But the most remarkable of all our victories of the month of March is the triumph of the Monitor over the Merrimae in Hampton Roads. This engagement was a novelty in the history of naval warfare, and we regret that we have not space for an account of it in full. The Monitor (described as a black Yankee cheese box on a raft) proved too much for the Merrimae and the next time will sink her.
The President and Secretary of War are workiug shoulder to shoulder and great things are bound to be done within the next thirty days.
Under' the new organization of the army there are three grand Departments, to-wit: the Department of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. McClellan; the Department of the Interior, commanded by Maj. Gen. Fremont; and the Department of the Mississippi, commanded by Maj. Gen. Halleck.
"Honest Old Abe" is, and has been since January, himself acting, as well as Constitutional Commander-in-Chief of all the armies, as will appear by the following Orders, and the new energy displayed by the various department shows that he is unquestionably in
Executive Mansion, i
Washington, January 27, 1862. J President's General War Order, No. 1.
It is ordered that on the twenty-second day of February, 1862, there be a general movement of the land and naval forces of the United States against the insurgent forces: That, especially near and about Fort Monrte; the army of the Potomac; the army of Western Virginia; the army near Murfreesboro, Ky.; the army and flotilla at Cairo; and the naval force in the Gulf of Mexico, be ready at any moment—the other forces, both land and naval, with their respective commanders, will obey the existing orders for the time, and be ready to obey additional orders, when duly given: That the Heads of Departments, and especially the Seoretary of War and of the Navy, with all their subordinates, and the General-in-Chief, with all other commanders and subordinates of the land and naval forces, will severally be held to their strict and full responsibilities for the prompt execution of this order.
[Signed] Abraham Lincoln.
Executive Mansion, )
Washington, March 8,1862. ) President's Genor.il War Order, No. 2.
It is ordered: 1 st, That the Major General commanding the army of the Potomae proceed forthwith to organize that part of said army designed to enter upon active operations including the rerserve, but excluding the troops to be left in the fortifications about Washington into four army corps to be commanded according to seniority of rank as follows—first corps to consist of 4 divisions and to be commanded by Maj. Gen. McDowell; second corps to consist of three divisions and to be commanded by Brig. Gen. Sumner. Third corps to consist of three divisions and to be commanded by Brig. Gen. I. P. Heintzelman. Fourth corps to con