« ElőzőTovább »
Oh, Columbia, the gem of the ocean,
The home of the brave and the free,
A world offers homage to thee.
When liberty's form stands in view;
When borne by the red, white and blue.
And threatened our land to deform, The ark then of freedom's foundation,
Columbia rode safe through the storm. With her garland of victory o'er her,
When so proudly she bore her bold crew,
The boast, &c.
And fill you it up to the brim,
Nor the star of his glory grow dim.
And each to our colors prove true:
Three cheers, &c.
There are few men to whom the country is more largely indebted than to Capt. John Ericsson, the inventor of the steam gun-boat Monitor, whose opportune appearance at Fortress Monroe on Sunday last, averted incalulable disaster to the naval power of the Union.
By birth he is a native of Sweden, and was born among the iron mountains of the province of Vermeland, in 1803. From his earliest youth he exhibited an extraordinary genius for invention. His father being a mining proprietor, ample opportunity was afforded him to become familiar with the engines and machinery employed about the mines. In 1814 his talents attracted the attention of Count Platen. He was appointed a cadet in the corps of engineers, and in six months had shown such proficiency that he was promoted to an important post on the Grand Ship Canal connecting the Baltic and the North Sea. When only thirteen years of age he was charged with the direction of the work of over six hundred men. Many important works on the canal were constructed from his drawings at that age.
At seventeen he entered the Swedish army as an Ensign. Soon afterwards, however, he was selected to survey the Northern part of Sweden. In 1826 he visited England. There he planned many new inventions. In 1829 he invented an improved locomotive steam engine, and soon after constructed a steam fire engine. He emigrated to this country in 1839. Here he built the United States steam frigate Princeton, the first vessel iu which steam works were introduced below the water line. Afterwards he invented the caloric engine, and planned the hot-air steamer Ericsson, about which so much was said a few years ago.
In his latest and greatest invention he had such confidence that, by contract, he was to receive nothing for his invention and his labors upon it, until it had borne the test of actual trial under the guns of the enemy. How triTumphantly that test was borne we all know.
rthy gloriand aparti aim
Oh, realm to sudden greatness grown! The age that gloried in thy birth,
Shall it behold thee overthrown? Shall traitors lay thy greatness low? No, Land of Hope and Blossing, No! And wo who wear thy glorious name,
Shall we, like cravens, stand apart, When those whom thou hast trusted, aim
The death-blow at thy generous heart? Forth goes the battle-cry, and lo! Hosts rise in harness, shouting, No! And they who founded, in our land,
The power that rules from sea to sea, Bled they in vain, or vainly planned
To leave their country great and free? Their sleeping ashes, from below, Send up the thrilling murmer, No! Knit they the gentle ties which long
These sister states were proud to wear, And forged the kindly links so strong
search, and while yet quite young, received Commodore Charles Wilkes having linked from the Government the command of a naval his name inseparably with the great interna expedition intended to explore the countries tional question of “search and seizure,” it is bordering on the Pacific and Southern Oceans. presumed that the readers of the Farmer would His command embraced two sloops of war, a like to look him in the face. We have there- brig and two tenders. Having doubled Cape fore procured an engraving, which is said to be Horn, he crossed over to Polynesia, Van Diea very accurate portrait.
man's Land and Australia, reaching as high as He was born in the State of New York in the 61st parallel of latitude South. He then 1805, and entered the naval service in 1818, visited the Fejee Islands at Borneo and returnbeing but 13 years of age. He early gave ed to New York in 1842 by way of the Cape of evidence of unusual capacity for scientific re- Good Hope. The expedition was fruitful of much that has a scientific interest, and he af- NEWS SUMMARY terwards published an account of it in a voluminous work entitled “A Narrative of the
INDUSTRIAL AFFAIRS. United States Exploring Expedition."
Commodore Wilkes has likewise published: The World's Exhibition Again.-We several other works on subjects of geographi- are glad to learn through Col. B. P. Johnson, cal research which occupy a high place in Sec. N. Y. State Ag. Society, and Chairman of the standard scientific literature of the day; the Bx. Com. of the State Board of Commisand in 1848 he was presented by the Geograph- sioners for the Exhibition from the U. S., that ical Society of London with a gold medal as a this country will not be very meanly repretoken of the high esteem in which his services sented, after all. The New York and the New and contributions were held. His last duty at Engnland States are sending over a great many sea was in 1842; since which time he has been articles for the various departments, and will in the land service, until about the opening of do the best they can towards filling up the the present war.
space allotted to the United States. The event which has given him a wider no-! The “Southern Confederacy,” moreover, has toriety than all others, which came near re- made a liberal demand for space, which, of sulting in a war between the United States and course, will be well filled, though it would be England, and which has resulted in the settle difficult for us to predict with what. Possibly ment, it is hoped, for all time to come, of the with a bale of cotton, a sable group of the rights of neutral vessels upon the ground laid children of the peculiar institution, a regular down by the Government of this country in manach and driver's whip; perhaps with a the very first period of our national existence, few pairs of raw-hide shoes, specimen numand upon terms always heretofore denied by bers of Jeff. Davis' War Gazette on brown, the English Government,--this most important straw paper, and an armfull of their dollar-&event, to-wit, the arrest of the Trent and the pound confederate money; and may be with seizure of Mason and Slidell, was purely an samples of the razor-straps, buttons, tobacco, accident.
| pipes and whisky goblets made of the hides, The Commodore was returning from the coast bones and skulls of Union soldiers, by some of of Africa in the U. S. steam frigate San Jacinto, the shivalry at Manassas—that is, provided and having occasion to stop for coal at Havana, they should be so lucky as to get out of port he learned while there that Mason and Slidell with their contributions! It is presumed that were to leave on the 7th of November, on the Mason and Slidell will act as Commissioners, British mail steamer Trent for England. It and that their branch of the Exhibition will seems not to have occurred to him to endeavor enjoy the special favor of their organ, the directly to prevent their departure ; but hear- | London Times. ing that the pirate Sumter was off Laguagra he determined to capture her; and it was while
STATE MATTERS. steaming through the Bahama Channel that he The Farm Mortgage Law of last session, and encountered the Trent, brought her to by firing the system of railroad license, have been decitwo shots across her bow, boarded her and cap- lood
and capa | ded by the Supreme Court to be unconstitutured the traitors in question.
tional. The manner in which he executed his impromptu plan finally proved faulty when The Markets.—The changes have been tried by the standard of international law as but slight since last month, though in the main expounded by our own best statesmen, but the they are for the better. world will nevertheless continue to applaud
Chicago, MARCH 28.
2332; Oats, 19@1916c; Rye, 40c; Barley, 35,43c; Timodevotion of the Commodore.
thy Seed, $1 50@1'75; Clover Seed, $3 8063 85.
Legislative.-Among the acts of the State The war goes on splendidly! The thunder of Legislature since our last issue, the following Union cannon is heard all along the line, and are prominent:
| the shout of victory is borne to us upon every The passage of a joint resolution notifying breeze. Professors Hall, Carr and Daniels, of the Geo- At Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, Brig. Gen. Curtis logical Survey, that their services are no has fought the most desperate battle of the longer required.
campaign, losing 212 killed, 174 missing and An act authorizing the investment of the having 926 men wounded, but coming off vicSchool Fund in the bonds of the State. tor, killing Ben. McCulloch and taking much
An act giving the swamp lands, with limit-property and many prisoners. The enemy ations as to minimum price, &c., to the several were helped by a large body of Indians, who counties where they lie.
did poor fighting, but brutally scalped a con
siderable number of our wounded soldiers. Military.-Wisconsin troops are now nearly
The loss on the rebel side was very heavy. all in the field. The only regiment of which Price, of course, took to his heels, true to the we have not reason to be proud is the 17th. / old saw,
“He who fights and runs away, (the “Irish Brigade"), a large number of the
May live to fight another day.” members of which, just on the eve of their New Madrid and Pt. Pleasant, on the Misdeparture, mutinied and positively refused to sissippi and about 50 miles below Cairo, have obey orders to repair to St. Louis—the only been taken and are now occupied by our troops. alleged ground, that they were not paid. It The “Gibraltar of the South” has been haswas in vain that the Governor coaxed and that tily evacuated and now floats the stars and they were assured they would be paid on ar- stripes—the Rebel army having gone to Island riving at their destination, and on the day ap- No. 10, opposite and below Madrid, where they pointed for leaving Camp Randall, after a are now being treated to a rain of fire and boisterous night and a fire, which, originating brimstone by Commodore Foote. in carelessness, destroyed the life of a boy- The position of this Island is shown in a cut one of the markers and consumed some three on the following page, kindly furnished us by or four hundred running feet of the barracks, the Wisconsin Patriot. only about six hundred consented to go. The Furthermore the Grand Army of the Potomac remainder became a law unto themselves and has begun to show signs of life and promises remained at camp, wandered about town, or to strike some hard blows at an early day that, deserted entirely. Finally the Governor suc- in the language of McClellan are, “to give ceeded in getting some 200 of Col. Mulligan's the death blow to the Rebellion." Gen. Banks soldiers from Chicago to aid in the arrest and has moved across the river, driven the enemy forcible removal of the scamps to Chicago, from Winchester and Martinsburgh and is where the main body of the regiment awaited ( ready to move yet further when the word
comes. Gen. McClellan, now practically re The President and Secretary of War are duced to the rank of Maj. Gen. in the field, has working shoulder to shoulder and great things moved his army to Manassas, (the enemy hav- are bound to be done within the next thirty ing previously destroyed what they could of days.
Under the new organization of the army there are three grand Departments, to-wit: the Department of the Potomac, commanded by Maj. Gen. McClellan; the Department of the Interior, commanded by Maj. Gen. Fremont; and the Department of the Mississippi, commanded by Maj. Gen. Halleck.
“Honest Old Abe" is, and has been since
January, himself acting, as well as ConstituNO 10
tional Commander-in-Chief of all the armies, as will appear by the following Orders, and the new energy displayed by the various department shows that he is unquestionably in earnest.
Washington, January 27, 1862.) POINT PLEASANT
Prosident's General War Order, No. 1.
It is ordered that on the twenty-second day of February, 1862, there be a general movement
of the land and naval forces of the United property and of the fortifications, and left for States against the insurgent forces: That, parts unknown-probably Gordonsville,) and
especially near and about Fort Monroe; the
army of the Potomac; the army of Western taken up his temporary abode at Fairfax C. H. Virginia; the army near Murfreesboro, Ky.;
In an address to his soldiers, he tells them the army and flotilla at Cairo; and the naval he has kept them inactive, (which everybody
force in the Gulf of Mexico, be ready at any
moment--the other forces, both land and naval, will acknowledge !) but not without a purpose ; with their respective commanders, will obey that they are now disciplined and ready to do
the existing orders for the time, and be ready
to obey additional orders, when duly given : the glorious work before them; that the time
That the Heads of Departments, and especially for action has come, and he is ready to lead the Secretary of War and of the Navy, with them on to glory or the grave.
all their subordinates, and the General-in-Chief,
with all other commanders and subordinates of In North Carolina, Maj. Gen. Burnside has the land and naval forces, will severally be been doing nobly-taking possession of several held to their strict and full responsibilities for small towns and lastly of Newberne, a town of the prompt execution of this order.
[Signed] ABRAHAM LINCOLN. about 5,090 inhabitants, situated at the confu
EXECUTIVE MANSION, ence of the Neuse and Trent rivers. This place
Washington, March 8, 1862.
| President's General War Order, No. 2. was taken only after a hard fought battle on
It is ordered : 1st, That the Major General the 14th ult.
commanding the army of the Potomae proceed But the most remarkable of all our victories forthwith to organize that part of said army of the month of March is the triumph of the
designed to enter upon active operations inclu
ding the rerserve, but excluding the troops to Monitor over the Merrimac in Hampton Roads. I be left in the fortifications about Washington This engagement was a novelty in the history into four army corps to be commanded accord
ing to seniority of rank as follows-first corps of naval warfare, and we regret that we have
e to consist of 4 divisions and to be commanded not space for an account of it in full. The by Maj. Gen. McDowell; second corps to conMonitor (described as a black Yankee cheese sist of three divisions and to be commanded by
Brig. Gen. Sumner. Third corps to consist of box on a raft) proved too much for the Mer-I three divisions and to be commanded by Brig. rimac and the next time will sink her.
Gen. I. P. Heintzelman. Fourth corps to con