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Obituary.-We deeply regret the occasion to notice The Sugar-Beet Excitement.-Several years in this number, the mournful fate of our esteemed friend ago, when France re-organized her efforts in the direcand faithful co-worker in the field of agriculture, the tion of producing sugar from the beet, the experiment Hon. H. M. Billings, of Highland, Iowa Co., the painful was tried in this country, on a small scale, but did not circumstances of whose death are thus given in the entirely succeed. The present high prices have again Dodge County Citizen of the 8th ult.:

awakened interest on that subject, however, and vigorous On the morning of the 6th inst., the Colonel left his reg. efforts are being put forth in some of the States, to inidence with a two horse sleigh, intending to go to Avoca; sure the making of experiments on a more extended upon his arrival at the village of Highland he found the road so obstructed that it would not be prudent to attempt scale. In Ohio a number of prominent gentlemen-among the trip. He started to return home, and in crossing a thern Mr. Klippart, Sec. of the State Board of Agricul“dish" or sharp pitch in the road at the foot of the hill east of Highland, in what is known as Simonsville, the ture-are actively interesting themselves in the matter, inside trace of the off borse unloosed, when he got out of and considerable quantities of seed have been ordered his sleigh, and in reaching over to recover the trace, the horse, a fractions animal, kicked, throwing him upon the from France, for planting, this season. double-trees; the team started at full run, carrying him upon the double-trees and kicking for nearly a mile and The Sorghum Crop of 1862 bids fair to exa half, when they were met by a gentleman and stopped. When the Colonel was picked up, life was extinct; ha re

ceed anything ever yet done in this direction. In Ohio, ceived a very deep cut in the forehead, and another direct

Illinois and perbaps some other States, Sorghum Convenly behind the right ear, and the right side of his face and right hand were badly' cut and bruised. That he was tions have been held, wherein the subjects of cultivakicked while attempting to hitch the loosed trace is evi- tion and manufacture have been discussed with the most dent, for though alone, he was seen by a gentleman at some little distance to get out of his sleigh and go to the

encouraging results; the general conclusion being that heels of the horse and reach over, and while attempting it may be made one of the most profitable crops of the to hitch the trace he must have been kicked and fell upon the double-trees. His body was placed in the sleigh

season. and conveyed home to his family, whom he had left but a few short hours before, happy and contented, now bowed

The Horticultural Department is rapidly down in sorrow and grief at their bereavement of a loving

growing in interest. Numerous careful and skillful fruitand affectionate husband, and a kind and indulgent father.

growers are doing themselves credit and the public great His funeral took place upon his farm in the afternoon

good by their valuable monthly contributions. Two or of Sunday, the 9th inst. He was buried by the Masonic Fraternity, of which he was a highly honored, eminent three valuable communications arrived too late for publiand loved member. He leaves a widow and seven intelli- cation and are left over until next month. Will not the gent and interesting children to mourn his death.

special friends, of other departments do as well? Col. Billings was the first President of the State Agricultural Society, as at present organized, and has ever

CORRESPONDENCE. since been one its most faithful, active and efficient officers. Always ready to second any reasonable measure Leached Ashes, &c.—I have been trying to get for the progress of industry, we had come to regard him up a Club for the FARMER, but our neighbors soem to as essential to the prosperity of the organization for the think, if I should judge by their actions, that our State promotion of whose interests it is our business to labor, papers can be published without subscribers; or they wish and therefore deeply feel his loss on this account, as well to live like heathen, in a State where there is no paper as because of his high social worth and great value as a printed, for some of them are sending their money for citizen of the State. As a political leader of the Demo- | less valuable papers East. cratic School, he was zealous and resolute, yet over just Please to inform me through your columns if leached and fair, caring more for the success of the principles he ashes are good on a gravel and clay soil, with a subsoil of endorsed than for personal advantage or temporary party Clay, and if they are good, what crop would be best to success. At the last State election he was the candidate follow. Would they not be good on a meadow. There is of his party for the office of Lieut. Governor, and sustain-an ashery about half a mile from my farm, and fona ed himself well in the contest.

small remuneration I can get all I can draw. It is not alone his large and amiable family who will

Respectfully Yours, EBENEZER RArmoXD.

AUBURN, Feb. 15th, 1862. mourn his loss; all who have ever known him will la

[Have not space now; will answer in next number. ] ment his sad fate.

Aid and Comfort--The Wall Flower.Binding the Farmer.-In a few days we shall W18. FARMER :— Enclosed you will find cash for the next receive from New York a fine lot of muslin covers for the year's subscription for your excellent Journal, with hearty FARMER of 1861, after which we shall be prepared to far- wishes for your success. You will oblige me by giving nish binding of superior quality for 40 cents a copy. The directions for cultivating the Wall Flower. I have a plant FARMER is worth almost as much for reference as for cur- that has grown well the past season, but does not show rent use, and when handsomely bound from year to year, signs of blossoming. It resembles the Stock Gilla in form. in the course of time will make an elegant agricultural E. Holt. (Have not had much experience with this plant. Library of great value. Send in your loose numbers. If It sometimes declines in hoalth and vigor from want of any should be wanting, we will furnish them, so far as we fresh carth and re-potting. Will some of the Florists bave the deficient numbers, without charge.

I answer ?]

Dogs and Matton.---Please find enclosed two Amber Wheat, &o.-Sır :- I see in New York dollars to pay for one copy of the Farmer for the current market, there is a kind of wheat called the Amber Iowa, year, and one copy New York Tribune, weekly, commenc. or Wis. Amber, Is it a spring wheat, and can good seed ing with the next No.

be had! Please enquire. I see it quoted higher than any Many of the wheat-growers in this region, aro fond of

other spring wheat. Also, please enquire at your seed dogs, and dislike mutton. They are also in debt, and al store in Madison, if clover seed can be had, of the mediways ought to be, for their hatred to the most profitable um kind. I got some there last year. If it is not the animal in the State. Had they the chance, they would medium kind, I don't want it, as there is plenty of the vote to banish every sheep from the country. They don't small kind here. Please inform me at your leisure, and see (because they wont.) that a million dollars annually, oblice. Wm. HUMPHREY, Patch Grove. (The Amber is a might be received, above the present receipts, for wool, winter wheat, said by some to be identical with Rio with but very little trouble, and no expense beyond the Grande. Very little of it comes into this market. Don't value of manure, manufactured from the white grasses, know where it can be had. “Medium” clover seed can now left to be seared up, and made valueless by the au be had hero after a while. Glad to hear enquiries tumnal frosts, or the more prolific tame grass which

for clover seed. A great deal of it should be sown this should speedily take the place of wild ; to which may be

year.) added, bean vines poorly threshed, corn fodder and straw,

Aid and Comfort and Good Sense. I enenough being wasted or burned to keep thousands of sheep.

close you two dollars to pay for the Farmer the present Worthless dogs must be kept to prey upon the innocent

year and another year from next January. sheep, and dishearten their owners. S. L. X., Fulton,

I would send apologies for not paying before, as it is Wis.

contrary to my custom; but you will care nothing for

ther, I suppose, and would express home hesitation that FRIEND HOIT: I am very anxious to know how to make

I have in paying for any more publications beforehand,

as I have already paid for four different ones, which have woodland pastures, where previous cultivation is imprac. ticable or inconvenient. The more level land is a gravel

come up minus, since war has commenced; but as farmdeposit, and covered with burr oak groves; the hill-sides

ing is the back-bone of war as well as everything else, I

shall expect the Farmer to be supported by the farmers are yellowish sand, more or less mixed with mould, and

of Wisconsin. Yours, Truly,

THOMAS SEARS. bearing, generally, black oaks. What grasses will grow best, and how shall they be put in? Auarticle from somo

MR. J. W. HOYT-DEAR SIR :-Enclosed please find $2,00 one of experience in this latitude, will be very useful to

for the Farmer of 1861 and 1862. I am well pleased with me and doubtless of general interest. If any such arti

the 2 numbers of 1862. Have you arrangements for bindcle has been published, its re-publication would not be

ing the Farmer of 1861, and the best way to send the amiss.

same? 1 could get mine bound in this neighborhood, but I am getting my place ready for sheep-raising, as that

the appearance don't suit me. Yours, Truly, John F. branch of agriculture promises best here. I had hoped to

GRANE- Fancy Creek, (See paragraph on this subject.] be in Madison some months ago, but was prevented by affairs at home.

Sugar Cane.-Do you know of any good sugar cano I wish you could see the fine lands of Goodhue, and seed, that I can get a quantity of, to sell. We think of other counties on the river. No lands in the State, are bet

doing a good business in the line of raising and manufacter, and considering the advantages of market, lumber, &c., turing cane, if we can obtain good seed-my faith is as none cheaper. This is due to this vicinity having been an strong as ever.-0. P. Dow, Palmyra. [We have written Indian Reservation, to which no title was good until after to several parties, and will again notice in next number.] the crash of '57, and nothing since to bring them up. Yours, Truly, LEWIS II. GARRARD.

OUR BOOK TABLE. FRONTEXAC, Goodhue Co., Minn. [Will discuss this subject in next number. If any of

MAXLAL OF AGRICULTURE, for the School, the Farm and our readers have had experience, would be glad to hear

the Fireside. By Geo. B. EMERSON, Author of a "Report from them.]

on the 'Trees and Shrubs of Mass.," and CHARLES L. FLINT, Author "Milch Cows and Dairy Farming, Grass

es, Forage Plants, etc., etc. Published by Swan, Brew. Rabbits never so bad.-In a nursery I visiteder & Tileston, Boston, Mass. Price, 75 cts. 200 miles South, they had either girdled completely or Having spent a considerable time in the preparation of mado unsaleable, I should say,one-fourth of several thous- materials for a work of similar character to this, we have and fine saleable, 3 and 4 year apple trees! What can be not felt willing to notice it until after a very careful exdone? The State Societies should do it but if no other lamination. This we have at last found time to rive. and it way, I will be one of not less than 20 to make up $1,000 affords us great pleasure to accord to it our most hearty for a cheap, sure mode of destroying them. F. R. PHOENIX, approval. The work covers a wide field, and while very Bloomington, Ill. (Who will answer this question, and concise is nevertheless pleasing and attractive in style.-where are the other 19 men ?]

| Dullness and dryness are not essential to text-books on science, although they are unhappily the chief charac this Institution and having intimately known the Printoristice of so many books of that class.

cipal for years, as a gentleman of ability and energy and A book which might be successfully used by an intelli as a faithful and popular teacher, we have no hesitation gent instructor in our common schools, as an aid in teaching in commending Evansville Seminary to the attention and the familiar applications of science to the useful arts, has patronage of all who would prefer the education of their long been a felt neod. This “Manual of Agriculture” is children in a well-ordered, living school. His assistants the result of the combined effort of two of the most com- are among the ablest teachers in the State. petent men in the country to supply that desideratum | Messrs. Swan, Brewer & Tileston advertise the Manual and they have produced a work which should find a grate-l of Agriculture of which a notice will be found in our fal welcome in every school and country home in the Book Table, Read it and send for the book. land. OUR Farm Or 4 ACRES and the Money we made by it, with

STATEMENT an Introduction by Peter P. Mead, Ed. Horticulturist. Saxton, Barker & Co.-Price 50 cte.

OF THE A pleasing and instructive little book, worth twice the Madison Mutual Insurance Company, money.

FOR THE YEAR ENDING First Biennial Report of the Progress of the Geological

JANUARY 1st, 186 2. Survey of Michigan. A. Winchel, State Geologist.

Made to the Governor of the State of Wisconsin, as reWe are indebted to our esteemed friend, 1. A. Lapham, quired by the provisions of chapter 303, of the General Esq., of Milwaukee, for a copy of this Report, which em- Laws of 1858. braces the years 1859—60. It contains matter of much Total amount of accumulations,..

$216,865 76 interest, and gives evidence of zeal and industry on the

ASSETS:

Premium notes of policy holders $1 part of its author.

Cash on hand, and due from

policy holders for cash preAgricultural Reports of the Massachusetts Board of Ag

miums,...... riculture for "1869.-Edited by 0. L. Flint, Sec'y; 20 | Am't secured by mortgage and

35,408 66 copies received.

judgment..............

332 47 This is one of the best of Mr. Flint's model Reports.-

Office furniture and fixtures,... 1,000 00 $216,865 76
Whole pumber of policies issued.....

14,357 We have derived pleasure from the hasty glance given it

Am't of outstanding risks thereon,........... $10,320,789 00 and shall read it through and through-if we ever find

3,709 80 Losses recently reported,......

3,433 89 time.

Whole number of policies issued in 1861...
Tue Fourtı VOLUME OF TRASACTIONS OF THE ILLINOIS

Amount of outstanding risks thereon,...... $5,315,173 00
Amount of premium notes thereon,.

93,944 06 STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY is the best one, as it appears Amount of cash premiums thereon,

48,377 36

Total amount of losses reported during the to us, hitherto published, and does honor to the

15,801 13 Society and to the able Secretary of the Board, John P. Total am't of losses paid during the year, 6,881 16

Amount settled by drafts and awaiting the Reynold's, Esq. We notice that 10,000 copies were print

call of the insured,....

1,568 85 ed, which shows that the Legislators and people of Illi-Amount of commissions paid to Agents,.... 7,460 84

Am't paid for Advertising,...... $1,625 20 nois have an ambition commensurate with the area of

Amount paid for printing........ 811 00 their great and noble State. Thanks for the copies sent. Amount paid for postage......... 366 22

Amount paid for office rent..... 200 00 3,002 42
Expenses paid, including all compensation

of oflicers and directors-stationery, ex NOTICES OF NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.

tra clerk hire, fuel, lights, and all other
incidental expenses........

0,069 56

STATE OF WISCONSIN, Messrs. Ramsay & Campbell have a new advertisement

ss.

DAVE COUNTY, S in this number of their extensive and superior stock of We, the undersigned, being the President and a majorhardware, agricultural implements, &c. They are prority of the Directors of the "Madison Mutual Insurance

Company," do solemnly swear, and each for himself saith, ing themselves masters of their business, and as a conse- that the forexoing is a true and correct statement of the quence are securing an immense trade.

affairs of said company in the particulars therein named, Purchasing in the best eastern markets with cash, they | best of our knowledge and belief.

as appears by the books of the company, according to the are able to sell at the lowest rates; and as they are con

D. J. POWERS, President.

JOIN W, BOYD, stantly receiving supplies, their stock always embraces

SAMUEL D. HASTINGS, articles of the latest and most approved variety and style.

B. F. HOPKINS,

TIMOTIIY BROWN, We heartily commend them to the farming public, feel

ALBERT WOOD, ing confident that they will give good satisfaction to their

f. F. HASTINGS,

II. II. GILES, purchasers.

SAML R. MCCLELLAN,

G. R. MONTAGUE, See notice of Evanston Fruit Farm. We are personally

ORRIN GUERNSEY, acquainted with Mr. Kidder, and believe him to be a

LUTHER BASFORD,

DAVID ATWOOD, skillful, enterprising cultivator and an honorable dealer.

D. WORTHINGTON.

Subscribed and sworn before me this sixth day of JanRev. D. Y. Kilgore advertises Evansvillo Seminary, ofl.

no seminary, " uary, A. D. 1862. V. W. ROTH, Notary Public, which he is Proprietor and Principal. Having visited

Dane County.

A notes there reon,...... 82,5,778

....

year..................................................

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THE WISCONSIN FARMER.

J. W. HOYT, : : : : : : : : : : EDITOR.

VOL. XIV.

MADISON, APRIL 1, 1862.

No. 4.

Work for April.

upon the ground just where wanted. Very “Now comes the tug of war!” The farmer well; so far so good. But don't stop there. who has been dozing in the corner during the

The ground is not quite ready yet, (at least it long wintry weather of the past several months

looks hardly probable to-day-March 8th,) must wake up, throw away his pipe, and wade

for plowing and seeding, and if it were, it is in.

scarcely more important to raise crops than to Let us see, there is so much to be done, protect them. Therefore we say again, look that we hardly know where to begin

to your fences, and see that they are in good THE CLEANING UP PROCESS certainly should shape before it's too late. come first. The work must be thorough. I SEEDING should be done as early as the

The cellar will prove a source of discomfort ground can be put in good condition. This is and disease unless cleaned of all decaying sub- a safe general rule. Seed well. There is nothstances, scraped, scrubbed and whitewashed. ing gained by slighting this important work. It will require a few hours to do it, but disease The quality of seed has been already discussed and death may be prevented thereby. And in March No., but it will not be amiss if we while you are about it, clean up the door yard again say, Don't commit the folly of putting also, making everything look neat and tidy, seed into the ground without knowing that it and saving mother the trouble and vexation of will grow. This fact may be determined with “mopping up" after you every day.

regard to some by careful occular inspection, Now is the time, likewise, to give the stable, simply; others should be put in a basin stock-pens, chicken house, &c., a general "go

moist earth and left in a warm place to test ing over.” If you pretend to keep animals, their ability to sprout, before venturing to take a little pains to insure their health and plant.

omfort. Don't be afraid of using the white Care or Stock.-Your stock of all kinds are wash brush. Lime is cheap and a great puri- just enterin

great nuri. just entering upon that interesting and trying fier.

period, betwixt hay and grass." Don't trust REPAIRS. If during the winter fractious to Providence too far. He has ordained that horses or unruly cattle have kicked off some of good, wholesome food shall be a condition of the barn boards or broken down fences, there health and life. A little grain, bran, meal or will come no time during the season when they roots will come in play during this month and can better be put in repair than now; and

| prove a good investment. See articles on

“Currying Animals,” « To Prevent Vermin," besides, who wants to see things looking slop

“Skim-milk Calves," and on “Care of Cows shod and slattering all summer long ? Not we;

after Calving.” we hope not you.

GARDEN.—Begin in good season. There is If a thrifty farmer, and sickness or some-l no need of waiting until late summer for letthing of that sort has not prevented, you have tuce, raddishes, cucumbers, peas, beans, &c. wisely spent the days of winter and good sled- See Hints for April in Horticultural and Bee ding in getting the materials for fences, &c., | Departments.

bagin

unolond St

Agricultural and Statistical Bureau. the peculiarities of the soils and their adapta

tion to the various crops, with the character The late report of Hon. Caleb B. Smith, and extent of their annual productions, would Sec'y Interior, contains what we have long constitute a fund of information of great pracbeen anxious to see in a document emanating

tical value. The appropriations heretofore

made by Congress have not been sufficient to from that Department, to-wit: a recommenda- accomplish this object, and at the same time tion backed by forcible logic, for the organiza- provide for the distribution of seeds and the

propagation of new varieties of plants to the tion of an Agricultural and Statistical Bureau. extent which the public expectation appeared American Agriculture has long enough been to demand. tucked away in a basement corner of the Patent

“ Annual reports made under the direction

of such a bureau, setting forth the condition Office, and we rejoice that the able Secretary of our agriculture, manufactures, and comnow at the head of the Interior Department, merce, with well digested statements relative has a just appreciation of the magnitude of

to similar facts in foreign countries, which the

present rapid intercommunication enables us this permanent material interest.

to obtain often in advance of their publication In a sense and to an extent which is true of abroad, would prove the most valuable reperno other nation this is an agricultural country.

tories of interesting and important information,

ral country. the absence of which often occasions incalcuWe may excel in the mechanic arts, but, after all, lable loss to the material interests of the counour great reliance must be upon Agriculture.

try. The vigilance of such a bureau would

supply timely warning of the failure of crops It is certainly, therefore, the plainest dictate abroad or at home, and lead to the judicious of common sense that the Government should investment of capital and employment of labor especially foster this great branch of our man

| in agriculture and manufactures.

“While we expend vast sums for experiments ifold national industry.

in gunnery-the promotion of science-in ilThe following extract from the report in lustrating the physical features of unpeopled

territory at home and regions beyond the seas, question is full of wholesome truths which we and publish costly volumes of undigested corhope will be duly considered by Congress and respondence relating to foreign trade, it is a by the American People:

source of pain to every statesman and political

economist to reflect that it is only once in ten "Eighth CENSUS.–The returns of the eighth

years that the country is supplied with reliable census are being condensed for publication,

returns respecting the value of our agriculture with all the expedition practicable in a work

and manufactures, while we are altogether igof such magnitude and varied comprehensive

norant of the extent of our internal commerce, details.

and possess no means of ascertaining its im.6. The report which the Superintendent of

portance. that work will be prepared to make during the present Congress, will confirm the general be

“All enlightened foreign governments and lief, that no previous period of our history has several of the States sustain statistical bureaus, been distinguished by greater prosperity or

while the United States, with a population evidences of more substantial progress in all

second to no other in intelligence, and with the material interests affecting the welfare and

productions and resources the most varied, happiness of a people.

have yet to institute an agency which would - In this connexion I feel constrained to re

prove an invaluable guardian of our most macommend the establishment of a Bureau of Arterial interests. The want of such a bureau riculture and Statistics, the need whereof is na

has long been feit, and has been frequently not only realized by the heads of department,

brought to the notice of Congress, but at no but is felt by every intelligent legislator.

period has the necessity been so universally " The maintenance of such a bureau, on a / recognized as at the present. respectable footing, by a different arrangement «Upon the agricultural and statistical buof offices which at present exist on a basis too reau would naturally devolve the charge of the contracted for extensive usefulness, would be census, for which timely preparation would be attended with no expense to the government made, and its administration conducted with additional to that incident to the present or- improved accuracy and ease. In fact the exeganization of the departments, while the ad-cution of that work collects a mass of valuable vantages gained to the public service would details, and reveals innumerable and reliable be incalculable. One of the objects contem sources of information of deep interest, hereplated by Congress in the appropriations for tofore lost to the country, which a permanent the promotion of agriculture was the "collec- bureau would be able to develop to advantage. tion of agricultural statistics.” Correct reports “The extent to which the documents of that from every portion of the country exhibiting office have reached, and the frequent reference

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