and pack down the hamg and shoulders promis- Graham Biscuit.-It is said that an Arab cuously, as they will best pack in, and sprinkle wife can serve up a dish of dates to her lord a A LITTLE fine salt on each laying, just enough hundred days in the year and each day in a difto make it show white; then heat a kettle offerent manner. water and put in salt, and stir well until it will Almost the same might be said of our own bear up a good sized potato, between the size wheat. Graham bread I am glad to perceive of a quarter and a half dollar ; boil and skim is becoming a more universal favorite than it the brine, and pour it on the hams boiling hot, used to be, and the following is & favorite reand cover them all over one or two inches deepceipt in our family, which I have never seen in with the brine having put a stone on the meat print. Take a small sized pan of brown flowto keep it down. I gometimes use salt petre, er, the usual quantity of butter-milk, soda, and and sometimes do not ; consider it useless ex- salt; mix the two former thoroughly together, cept to color the meat. I now use my judg- and having two beaten eggs and a teacup full ment as to the time to take them out of the of cream, roll out as soft as possible. "The brine. If the hams are small they will cure stove must be hot to have light biscuit. -16. in three weeks, if large, say five weeks; again, if the meat is packed loose, it will take more brine to cover it, consequently more salt will

YOUTH'S CORNER. penetrate the meat in a given time than if it is packed close ; on this account it is useless to

(From the Little Pilgrim.) weigh the meat and salt for the brine, as the

The Little Orphan. meat must be kept covered with the brine, let it take more or less. Leave the casks uncov.

BY W. ROSS. ered until cool. When the hams have been in the brine long enough I take them out and leave

Up and down through a bright lit street,

Archie walked with little bare feet, them in the cellar if the weather is not guita

Knowing not which way to goble to smoke them. I consider clean corn cobs None cared for the little boy out in the snow. better for smoking meat than anything I have “Give," to a passer the little boy said ever tried, and now use nothing else ; continue "Oh! give me something--some money or broad !”

But the rich man heeded not his moan, the smoke until it penetrates the meat, or the

For his heart was hard as the hardest stone. skin becomes a dark cherry brown. I then

A lads in satin and furs passed by, wrap the pieces I wish to keep in paper any She heard but scorned the orphan's cry time before the bugs or flies have deposited For charity; yet that lady may plead, their eggs on them, and pack them down in

Or of sweet human pity stand in need. casks with dry aghes in the cellar, where both "Oh, father, mother! I wish I were dead!

I have no place to lay my head; hams and shoulders will keep as good as when

The world is blind and deaf to my woe; packed, through the summer or year. Cured None cares for the beggar out in the snow in this way it is hard to distinguish between None camo-a child with golden hair the ghoulder and ham when boiled.

Was found dead in the street, in the wintry air; A large ham will often taint in the middle be

Yet golden streets his soul-feet trod

The orphan was safely housed with God. fore salt or brine will penetrate through.


[From the Little Pilgrim.]

Geographical Conundrums. So much for smoked meat ; now if any one wishes to have his side pork a little better, and

If you had bees for sale, in what island might keep better than any he has ever had, let him

im you expect to find a market ? Celebes (Sell try my way, and if he is not satisfied, let me know it through the “Ohio Farmer.” Take out the bone and lean meat along the

What Cape of Newfoundland might well wear back, cut and pack the pieces snugly in the

the a wig! Cape Bauld. barrel, put more salt on the bottom and on each What river in Massachusetts would be a delaying of meat than will probably penetrate sirable neighbor? Concord River. the meat; then boil and skim the old brine (if it is sweet) and add enough to it to cover your What one in British America ? Peace.-But meat two or three inches over the top, made not until the Rebellion is crushed.-Ed.] strong like the ham brine; and as soon as you

What River in Rhode Island could be set on pack your meat, pour the brine on boiling hot;

fire ? Wood. it will penetrate the meat much quicker than cold brine, and give it an improved flavor. What one in South Carolina! Tar.

While I was making and pouring the brine In what River in Minnesota would drunkenon my hams and pork just now packed, I tho't ness like to swim? Rum. the public might be benefitted by a knowledge of my way of curing meats. I therefore pub-What lake in Florida would a child name, lish it. Try it.- Valley Farmer.

| asking for a kiss ? Kissime.

WAR MISCELLAN Y. endorsing the high enconium passed upon it by Hartley's Breech-Loading Cannon.

the military committee under whose su pervis

ion it was recently tested in Chicago with the We are indebted to F. A. Scofield, Esq., of Chicago, one of the propeietors, for the illus

remarkable result of fifty shots in four minutes, tration herewith presented of this new wonder without being sensibly heated. It was invented in the world of military ordnance. Having by Capt. R. R. Moffatt, of La Crosse, Wis., and just this afternoou witnessed a successful trial perfected with the aid of R. W. Hartley, of the of it in the Capitol Park, we feel warranted in same place, whose name it bears.


BAKER-CHICAGOS The following is a simple description of the As an additional preventive to any escape of construction and working of the gun : the gas, a shoulder projects from around the

By depressing the handle of the lever E E, edge of the bore, fiitting perfectly into a coras in the cut, the breech of the Gun is raised responding groove around the base of the out of the wrought iron bed-piece, F F, at the breech-pin. The horizontal range of the gun game time withdrawing the conical breech pin can be adjusted by turning the whole on the A, from the conical end of the bore of the gun pivot G, the bed-piece being attached to the B, by means of the chain D, which is attached hand screw under it, which moves in the slide to the lever, and permitting the pin to fall back between the sides of the carriage. and rest on the bed piece by means of the hinge C, which attaches it to the gun.

It requires but three men to work the gun The cartridge is then readily inserted. while it has the efficiency of a whole battery

Now by raising the handle of the lever, the of muzzle-loading cannon. We would suggest breech of the gun is lowered into the bed piece, at the same time driving in the breech pin, a full and thorough test of it, under the directio which pushes the cartridge to its place, ready of the State ; and, in the event of a successful for firing. The wide solid back of the breech-Lissue, that the General Government be petitionpin covers the face of the gun, and is wedged firmly against the inner face of the bed-piece, led to order the manufacture of a sufficient which is of wedging shape, thus making all as number for the use of our Wisconsin Battersolid and tight as though it were but one piece

ies. of metal.

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The State Fairs for 1862, so far as an- The Weather has been favorable to winnounced, will be held at the following times and ter wheat, and the great quantity of snow places:

which has lain upon the earth the winter Wisconsin, - - - - Sept. 22—27 through will have materially enriched the soil Ohio, Cleveland, - - - 30

for better crops. Indiana, Indianapolis, Vermont, Rutland, - - " 9—121 Legislative. Little or nothing of importIt seems to be the purpose of most of the

ance has been done by the Legislature during State Societies to engage in the work with re

the past month. Until recently but one sessnewed spirit and energy.

ion a day has been held, and not unfrequently The World's Fair.-Mr. Seward has just both houses have adjourned over from Friday published a circular, as Chairman of the Amer- morning until Tuesday of the following week; ican Board of Commissioners, announcing that, in which cases but little has usually been done owing to the failure of Congress to make any until Wednesday morning. A few members provision for an exhibition from the United / are always at their posts, faithful to duty. States, Her Majesty's Commissioners have The "Bank Bill," (authorizing the suspenbeen notified that no national exhibition will sion of specie payment,) the “Interest Bill,” be made on the part of the United States. He the bill for the investment of the School Fund bespeaks the favor of the Commissioners, how

in State Bonds and several other important ever, for all individuals whose contributions

measures are still pending. have received the sanction of the authorities

Military.-The Wisconsin regiments now appointed by this government, and expresses in camp, have all been ordered to Cairo and St. the hope that the number of such exhibitors Louis, but are delayed by the Paymaster. It may not be few. It was fully understood last | is believed that the first week of this month fall by some of the friends of the enterprise, will find the infantry regiments at the posts to that Mr. Seward intended the whole thing to which they have been ordered. be a failure, and it is not improbable that his At the grand parade on the 22nd ult., the wishes may have contributed to the result thus three regiments at Madison made a splendid regretfully announced.

| appearance the Sandinavian rather excelling.

This regiment has been very thoroughly disciSTATE MATTERS.

plined by the energetic and skillful Lieut. ColThe Markets, &c.—The prices of pro-onel, K. K. Jones, and will prove itself—as we duce appear to have improved somewhat under believe they all will-prompt and efficient in the stimulus of the recent victories and of the the field. approach of spring. The following table is made up from the latest Chicago, Milwaukee NATIONAL AFFAIRS. and Madison Prices Current:

Thank God, the day of stagnation is passed ! CHICAGO, FEB. 27. Wheat, .......

75@80c. The Grand Army of the West has been turned Corn, ...


40@42c. upon the traitorous foe, and lo! they are scatBarley, ......

3948c. Timothy Seed,.......

$1,600 1,80. tered like the withered leaves of autumn! Clover Seed, Dressed Hogs........


The old Flag lately fired upon at Charleston, Live Hogs,.........****


trailed in the dust at Richmond, buried at MILWAUKEE FEB. 28. Wheat,

77@80c. | Memphis, insulted all over the infernal South Sample lots for Milling,.....

81@82c. Dregsed Hoge,........

3.6403.80. / and borne in disgraceful flight at Manassas










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has been purged of its foul stains, and to-day to the world that it still possesses virtue enough looks again all bright and glorious as the ban- to purge itself of traitors. Bright, of Indiana, ners of the Republic move forward. The who, beyond all question was a secret aider world wears a new aspect and it begins to ap- and abettor of treason, has been sent, scourged pear that God is really ever ready to help those and disgraced, back to an outraged and indigwho first help themselves—as though treason nant constituency, and other traitorous Senawould have its just deserts in less time than if it tors are on trial. must wait until the day of Judgment.

The Treasury bill, the "legal tender clause,” Let us reckon our late victories : Roanoke included, has passed. These notes are to be Island captured by the gallant Burnside with receivable for all debts due to and from the 3000 prisoners and the death of 0. Jennings United States, except duties on imports, which Wise, Com. Lynch and a few more graceless shall be paid in coin or demand notes heretoscamps of the same ilk.

fore authojized to be received, and by law reThe fleet of Com. Lynch annihilated. ceivable in payment of public dues, and interest Elizabeth City, Edenton and sundry other upon bonds and notes, which shall be paid in small towns on the waters of the Albemarle, coin. The notes are to be lawful money and taken.

legal tender for all purposes except as above Possession of the Balt. and Ohio R. R. re- indicated. gained through the heroic effort of the gallant Depositors of notes of not less than $50 are Gen. Lander. Savannah as good as taken, if to receive in exchange bonds bearing six per not already in the hands of the Government. cent. interest, redeemable after five years and

Price driven out of Missouri, with heavy payable after twenty yenrs. loss and no possibility of return.

I Five hundred millions of such bonds may be Fort Henry stormed and taken by the intrep-l issued by the Secretary of the Treasury, and id Com. Foote. By the bold energetic Grant sold at market value for coin or Treasury notes. Fort Donelson captured after a brilliant test Receipts for imports are to be set apart ag a of Northern strength, skill, courage and hero- special fund for the payment, in coin, of inteism, with fifteen thousand prisoners, including rest. two Generals, twenty thousand stand of arms Foreign. -England is still inclined to treat and an immense quantity of military stores! the claims of the government of the United

Bowling Green taken by the daring Mitchell. I States with some contempt, though the recent

Clarksville also taken. And Nashville once victories of our army must have tanght her more bearing aloft from the dome of the Capi-I that we of the North and of the old Union can tol of Tennesseo the glorious old Stars and fight when we make up our minds to do it. Stripes.

Napoleon, in his recent address to the French Glory enough for one brief twenty days.

Congress, declares his purpose to respect the What have we gained by these victories !

blockade of the cotton ports, so long as we reGained a new avenue to the Capitol of the

spect the rights of neutrals. He also shows Nation; the Key to North Carolina; an inlet

that France is not in so bad a pecuniary confor free labor and free thought, an outlet for

dition after all—not nearly so bad as she has oppressed loyal men and slaves, and for Cotton,

suffered before. The demands greater, perwhich the great soulless world esteems of more

| haps, but the resources proportionately greatvalue than they all; gained the liberation of

er still. Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee from the

Mexico is making a good resistance to the althrall of worse than fiends; gained confidence lied army, and is receiving no little help from in the army of the Republic and imperishable the diseases which prey upon her foeg. Gen.

Scott has just been sent as Minister Extraordihonor!

nary, to aid in adjusting our difficulties with Congressional.—The U. S. Senate has proved that government.


Iowa Eminently Sound.---While the Legis

lature of Wisconsin is doing much to cripple the industry A All communications, of whatever kind, intended 00

of the State, under the false impression that every dolfor the EDITOR should be addressed to him ex

lar taken away from her agricultural and kindred associ* clusively; all remittances of money and all

ations, is so much clear gain to the Treasury, and to that business letters, to the Publishers. The offices 404

extent enables the State to meet the unusually heavy are separate and distinct, and attention to this

drain upon its resources, the State of Iowa is wisely purNo request will savo the Editor a great deal of time

suing just the opposite policy-leaving all industrial and trouble, while at the same time, it will di- A

agencies, upon whose productive capacity the country is naminish the liability to mistakes.

really more dependent than ever, in the full possession of

all the means hitherto enjoyed, and passing wholesome Agricultural Capabilities of the Sucker laws for the better encouragement of needed agricultural State.-If all the claims of the agriculturists of Illinois and manufacturing enterprise. be allowed, there is scarcely anything in the whole cata- Two of the laws here referred to, are, it appears to us, logue of the multitudinous products of the earth which especially worthy of our attention in this State: may not be grown within the borders of that great and The first is for the exemption from taxation all capital fertile State.

invested in certain branches of manufacture, and the secNot only fruits and grains of every description for the ond exempts all flocks of sheep over fifty in number. use of man and beast, but sugar for the sweetening of This is legislation in the right direction such legislathe whole world, cotton for the clothing of all the loyal tion as will enable Iowa to easily outstrip us in the influx citizens of all the loyal States—if not indeed of "the of population and capital, and in all the more essential rest of mankind"-and then that immensely popular, elements of wealth and prosperity. almost indispensable but, just now, expensive article of How long will our legislative Solons think it economy commerce, coffee, are susceptible of economical culture to tool away their time in the Buncomb discussion of abthere!

stract questions and impracticable theories of national govSays an exchange : " Besides the culture of sugar and ernment, while at the same time they are doing worse cotton, the agriculturists of Illinois are turning ther at than nothing for the advancement of those great practictention to coffee, which is said to have been grown there al interests upon which our growth and progress as a successfully. George B. I ffman, who resides ner Effing-State unquestionably and unmistakably depend ? ham, on the Illinois Central railroad, received a few seeds of coffee, from his son in Australia; these ho plant

Wisconsin Plants.-Our acknowledgements are ed, and the past season produced two bushels of ripe due to John Townley, Esq., of Moundville, Wis., for a fine coffee, the quality of which is said to be excellent. He

collection of Wisconsin plants-some of them very rare estimates the yield at thirty bushels per acre. Thus far and not hitherto catalogued by our botanists in this the plant appears to be hardy, and promises to be pro State. The package was kindly forwarded, free of exductive. Several parties in Effingham county are pre- pense, some weeks ago and but for the press of business, paring to enter on its culture. The plant comes into which during the past few months has crowded everybearing the second year, and the third year it produces thing out of mind not absolute and immediate in its a pretty fair crop. With these facts before them, the demands, would have been gratefully acknowledged State Agricultural Society has offered premiums for Illi before. nois grown coffee.”

We hope this example so generously set by friend All right-if it can only be done. We would detract Townley will be followed by others who may have it in nothing from the vast and varied agricultural capacity of their power to forward specimens of any kind that would the noble Sucker State; indeed we most sincerely and give interest and value to the embryo cabinet of the heartily rejoice in her growth and prosperity and in the cheering prospect of her future greatness. Still if we

Specimens of Wisconsin Timber.-We rewere called upon to advise our prairie neighbors, we would quietly say, Dont be too sanguine of the capabili

turn our thanks to those gentlemen who have taken

pains to collect at considerable expense specimens of ties of your "semi-tropical climate." Possible and economical production are very different things.

timber, &c., for exhibition at the World's Fair. In the

event of a failure on the part of the State to provide for What we very much Want-The experi- an exhibition of Wisconsin productions—which failure ence of practical Farmers, Gardeners, Mechanics, Miners, now appears more than probable--the specimens received and Housekeepers, for record in the FARMER. Come, will, unless otherwise directed by the donors, become a friends, wake up and give us oach at least one idea semi- part of the Society's collections. occasionally, if not every month.

Write for the Farmer, oh ye wise and gen

Ierous but lazy friends of industrial improvement KULGeo. W. Babcock, St. Paul, is vur authorized agent

Remember the fate of the servant who "hid his talent for Minnesota.

I in a napkin." "Let your light so shine," &c.!

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