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Choap and Convenient House. . kitchen and pantry in the wing. The portico
opens into both parlor and dining or sitting A friend writes requesting the publication of & plan “for a convenient farm house, that
room, affording a pleasant place for sitting du
ring the evenings of summer, and a protection would cost $800 or $1000.” For his accommodation and that of others who may have a
against the driving storms of winter. new house in contemplation, we furnish in this number an engraving of a neat and simple dwelling which should be built for just about that sum..
It does not present a very imposing appearance, but looks modest and cozy, as an eigh hundred dollar house should. As will appear by the ground plan, there
M D M
The second floor is divided up into five sleeping apartments—two over parlor and family bed-room below, and three in the wing.
If we were, eurself, desiring to build in accordance with this general plan, we should incline to add another hundred dollars and make the chambers higher-certainly not legs, than 9 feet; the lower story being 10.
In the next number we will furnish another is room below for a parlor in front, a bed-room “cheap and convenient farm house," costing in the rear of this, and for a dining room, $1000 to $1200.
THE MINER. not having visited it myself, but am assured
by the parties who discovered it, that it is sufThe Minor.
ficient for manufacturing purposes; and from Believing, first, that the mining interests of their description, I have no doubt the beds are Wisconsin rank only second to the Agricultural. very extensive. The importance of this disand secondly, that those interests would be covery will appear, when we consider that promoted by the record of important facts, Kaolin is found in but very few places in the discoveries and statistics, we have decided to
United States; and nowhere, that I know of, open a Department for that purpose in the in sufficient quantities, to justify the investFarmer, which being the only journal exclu- ment of capital necessary to manufacture it, sively devoted to the industrial interests of the but here. State would seem to do less than justice to I hope to explore this part of the State myitself and to the undeveloped mineral resources self sometime during the next summer, after of the State, should it fail duly to recognize which I shall be able to furnish you with more this important source of our wealth and pros- extended and important information on this perity as a commonwealth.
Mazo MANIE, Feb. 18, 1862. Henceforth, let it be understood, therefore, that all practical miners and scientific gentle
Tho Lako Superior Copper Regions. men who desire the advancement of our mining interests and who may be able to commu
The Ontonagon Miner gives the following
statement of shipments from the copper mines nicate anything of value on the subject, are
of that district for the past season : hereby cordially invited to make themselves at
Tons. Uos. home in this department of our paper. Pub
National,......................... 1,868,196 or 934 196 lished in convenient form for preservation and
3,760,800" 1,880 reference, we doubt not that some enterprising
1,328 gentleman in each mining district, will gladly
3,039 “ avail himself of its columns for the purposes
683 above named.
799 Ogima, ............
1,360 Evergreen Bluff,................ 125,895 «
1,895 Kaolin, or Porcelain Clay-Beds of it in Wisconsin Ridge, ...
844 MR. EDITOR:--The Kaolin of which I spoke Toltec,
4,445 4 2 455 the other day, and upon which I promised to Bohemian,...
15,160 4 7 1,160 furnish a short article, is found near Grand Total...................... 0,020,731“ 3,460 731 Rapids, on the Wisconsin river. It was first In looking over some statistics of production noticed by Mr. John Poad, and others, who
of the mines of this region, we had the curios
ity to compare the increase therein shown with were exploring that region for Mineral Veins, the increase of population. We find that in and specimens of it brought back and present. 1854 the population of the two copper counties
of the Upper Peninsula (Houghton and Ontoned to me. The party afterwards sent a box
agon) was 7,985; the production of ingot copof it to England to have it tested, and it was per was 1,488 tons, and the value about $495,pronounced to be equal to the best English
200. This would give a yield of 373 lbs. to
every man, woman and child, making each one Clay.' It may be necessary for me to say, for
a producer to the amount of $75 60. In 1860, the benefit of some of your readers, that Kao after an interval of six years, we find the lin is the Chinese name for porcelain clay,
population amounting to 13,810 souls, producing
6,000 tons ingot copper, worth $2,400,000.that material out of which China-ware (so ex This is at the rate of 866 lbs., or $173 20 to pensive in this country) is made.
each individual. The increase in the six years,
as exhibited by the above figures, is, for the I cannot speak of the geological position population,' about 74 per cent. ; for the proand extent of this clay bed as I would wish, I duction and value, 310 per cent.
Prof. Whitnoy's Burvey of the Lead Kinos-First SCIENCE, ART, STATISTICS. Vol. of the Geological Report of Wisconsin.
From Hunt's Merchant's Magazine. There is an old adage to the effect, that, if The Arctic Expedition of 1860. we employ a doctor we should not refuse to
OFFICIAL ACCOUNT OF THE RECENT VOYAGE OF take his medicine. But, unless we are mists THE UNITED STATES, BY DR. HAYES. ken either in the character of the Geological
[Concluded from Feb. No.] Report just published or as to the settled con- My party being necessarily small, I could victions of practical miners in the Lead Region not send into the field more than a boat's crew of Wisconsin, a majority of those most directly
of able-bodied men, and these I had always
considered as merely auxiliary to the dogs, concerned in the progress of the mining inter-and, without the dogs, altogether unavailable ests will find it difficult to accept the conclu for the services to be performed. sions of Prof. Whitney in relation to the lead-|
| My anxiety was fully shared by Mr. Sonn
tag, the astronomer of the expedition, and my bearing character of the Lower Magnesian able second in command. He early volunteerLimestone.
ed to go south to endeavor to open communica
tion with the Esquimaux of Northumberland It is nevertheless true that the State can Island, with the hope of obtaining dogs. His afford to know the facts, and if there is really
former experience when with Dr. Kane had
familiarized him with all the phrases of Arctic no lead in the lower rocks, or if there be not a travel, and no one could have been better fitted sufficient quantity to warrant the expense of for the the task. Besides the usefulness of
the proposed journeys, it, was peculiarly in working the mines to that depth, the sooner
harmony with his active and enterprising we find it out the better. It should not be for- spirit. His offer was accepted, and he left gotten, however, that previous explorations
the vessel on the 22d of December, with a
sledge and nine dogs, accompanied by the Eshave led to directly opposite conclusions, to
quimaux Hans, intending to make the journey wit: that there are undoubtedly immense quan- and return during the moonlight period then tities of workable mineral in that rock.
setting in. It is my sad duty to inform you
that he died while absent. The question at issue is one of great import- It appears, from Hans' report, that the im
mediate cause of Mr. Sonntag's death was cold. ance to our State, and it is hoped that the
Hans, upon his return, stated that they trayProfessor has not been influenced by pre-con elled the first day to Sutherland Island, where ceived notions to take a position which the they camped in a snow hut, and were there
detained two days. Their next camp was at facts will not fully warrant. The mining ex- Sorfalik, a deserted Esquimaux station on the perience in England stands in favor of the coast, fifteen miles below Cape Alexander, lower deposits, and there are said to have been
where they built another snow hut. They set
off next day directly for Northumberland Isdiscoveries of lead in the Lower Magnesian, land. The ice, although covered with a light where it crops out along the streams; so that snow, appeared to be sufficiently strong. Mr.
Sonntag walked in advance of the sledge, and, practical miners may reasonably be expected when about five miles from the land, he came to be skeptical as to the soundness of Professor upon thin ice, and broke through. Hans asW.'s conclusions until extensive and well di- sisted him out of the water, and they immedi
ately put back for Sorfalik. Before that place rected explorations in the lower rock shall
was reached Mr. Sonntag was insensible, and have been made with invariably negative re he died soon afterward. His remains were sults.
subsequently brought to the vessel, and were
interred near the observatory. Of the Report as a whole, and upon this!Hans succeeded in reaching the Esquimaux;
but by over-driving and injudicious manageparticular subject, we shall take occasion to ment, five of the dogs were killed, and the respeak more fully when we have given it a more maining four were permanently injured. I
had now only six animals. The Esquimaux thorough examination. It is handsomely print
1 came to the vessel some weeks later, and from ed on excellent paper, with numerous wood them I obtained by purchase a sufficient numengravings and maps, and, if scientifically ber to make two teams of seven each.
| It was not until late in March that the ice correct, will be an honor to the State.
I formed around Cape Ohlsen, and the land being too mountainous for sledge travelling, I forms, and the flag which was used upon the was not, until that time, able to set out north- occasion has covered the most northern known ward. At that period I made a preliminary land upon the globe. journey to Fog Harbor, and there established Although thus early in the season the ice in & provision depot. I availed myself of this op- Kennedy Channel was everywhere much deportunity to visit Rensselaer Harbor, Dr. cayed and unsafe, and in some places was enKane's winter quarters. No vestige of the ad tirely gone. In one extensive pool's flock of vance was discovered. She has probably water-fowl was discovered. I entertain no drifted out to sea with the ice. During this doubt that the ice of Kennedy Channel was journey the coldest temperatures of the cruise broken up and dissolved at a very early period were recorded. On one day the thermometer of the summer. It was in this channel that sank to 664 degrees, and on another to 68 de- Dr. Kane discovered an open sea, at a period grees below zero. We camped at night on this, of six weeks later, in the summer of 1854.as well as on all subsequent journeys, in the Before reaching the vessel I lost all but seven snow hut of the Esquimaux.
of the remaining dogs, and the ice having broActive preparations had been making since ken up around Cape Ohlsen, further exploraJanuary for the spring campaign, and we were tion to the northward was impossible during ready for the final start on the 4th of April.- the present season. The chief equipment consisted of a metalic life- | The six weeks subsequent to my return boat, twenty feet in length, mounted upon to Port Foulke were occupied in prerunners, provisions for a boat's crew of six paring the vessel for sea, in completing some persons for five months, provisions for seven unfinished surveys, in making magnetic and persons and fourteen dogs for six weeks, to- other observations, in collecting specimens of gether with a careful allowance of fuel for the natural history, in photographing the scenery above named period. We started from the and objects of interest in the vicinity. The vessel on the above-mentioned date, with our schooner had been much damaged by the ice entire equipment, the boat and its cargo be- encounters of the previous summer, and it was ing drawn by the whole available ship's com- found impossible to restore her original pany and fourteen dogs. Mr. Radcliff, with strength. Being without a carpenter, a large two men, were left in charge of the vessel. share of the labor of repairs fell upon Mr.
Upon reaching Fog Harbor we made nearly McCormick, the sailing-master of the expedia due north course, intending to reach the tion, of whose ready ingenuity and practical west coast and travel thence upon the land ice.skill I cannot too warmly express my acknowlWe soon encountered hummocked ice of extra-ledgements. The ice broke up around the vegordinary thickness, through which it was often sel on the 10th of July, and we put to sea on necessary to break a passage with axes and the 14th. shovels. It finally became evident, from the
After much difficulty and two trials we slowness of our progress, that the entire sum
um reached the west coast, twelve miles south of mer would be consumed in reaching the west
Cape Isabella, and, being unable to pass the land, even if the boat could be transported to
cape, we dropped anchor, and on the 28th I it at all. Being well assured that nothing
made a journey to the north side of the cape could be accomplished with the boat expedi
in a whale-boat, and from an elevation of six tion, I sent the main party back on the 28th
hundred feet obtained a view to the northward. of April, and continued northward with three in
with three In that direction, fifteen miles above Cape Isacompanions and two sledges.
bella, the ice was solid and unbroken as far as The ice grew worse as we advanced, and we the eye could reach. were fourteen days in reaching the west coast, To the eastward the pack ice was heavy and a distance, in a direct line, of only forty miles. impenetrable. To penetrate the strait under From this fact you can form some estimate of these circumstances, with the view of reachthe character of the ice over which we travelling a practicable point for future sledge operaled. The severity of the labor broke down the tions with my reduced force, (for I had now only dogs and I was compelled to feed to them a five dogs,) was clearly impracticable, and bedouble ration, thus consuming rapidly the lieving that I was not justified in incurring the provisions, and proportionally shortening my heavy expense of another year's absence withnorthward journey. Reaching the west coast out a prospect of corresponding results, I reat Cape Hayes, we travelled along the land luctantly abandoned the field and turned through Kennedy Channel until the 18th of southward. May, when, our provisions being exhausted, Taking Whale Sound on the way, I complewe were compelled to turn our faces south- ted the survey of that remarkable inlet, and ward. The latitude attained upon that day obtained there an excellent set of magnetic was 81 degrees 35 minutes, a degree of north- determinations and some photographs of the ing which I believe not to have been exceeded natives, the glaciers and other objects of inor equalled by any explorer except Sir Edward terest. Parry. The land was taken possession of in After boring through the ice of Melville the name of the United States, with the usual Bay, for 150 miles, we reached the southern
water, and entered the harbor of Upper Navik NATURAL HISTORY.
The "Sapsucker," shall ho be Killed or Proteoted! ber we reached Corham, or Lievely, and were Me. EDITOR:_The farmer, although comthere similarly occupied. We were ready for sea again on the 6th, but a succession of south-pletely dependent on Nature and her laws, is westerly gales detained us until the 17th, generally ignorant of them—sometimes to an when we again put to sea, and having a fair
incomprehensible degree. Perhaps this is not wind, we were, on the 22d, 200 miles to the southward of Cape Farewell. From that time so much to be wondered at, from the fact that until the 9th of October we encountered con- educated men sometimes teach them with arstant southerly weather, with frequent gales. When off Halifax we sustained serious damage,
guments calculated to mislead the ignorant, the and were obliged to put into that port for re most absurd doctrines, which are oftentimes pairs. We are now again ready for sea, and
productive of the most mischievous results. expect to leave this port to-morrow. I have to regret that we could not accom
These arguments have weight with the farmer plish a greater northing, but' situated as we in a great many cases, from the fact that they were, with Smith's Strait to cross, and with a small force at command, I can but regard the
are made by men who have the reputation of gummer exploration as fortunate and success being scientific, and who are supposed to unful. The field of research, although more limi- derstand the subjects of which they speak. ted than I had anticipated, was, however, new, and my observations in different departments
A lecture on destructive birds (including the of physical and natural science will, I feel as- Sapsucker Picus villosus,) delivered by Dr. Hoy sured, meet the approbation of the patrons of lof Racine before the Illinois Horticultural's.the expedition. I am well satisfied that they will be found
ciety, is an illustration of this fact and another fully to justify the labor and expense which instance in which carelessness or ignorance is they have cost. The unfortunate accident
allowed to circulate doctrines unsound or false which occasioned the untimely death of Mr. Sonntag caused a serious loss to the expedition.in The system of observations and experiments to the faith with which they are received and which we had planned in concert had already
y the credibility of the authority by which they accomplished important additions to Arctic science, when death deprived me of his in- are advanced, valuable assistance; and with the duties inci-! This lecture is reported in the « Illinois dent to Arctic exploration in the field pressing constantly upon me, I was not always able to Farmer,” Vol. VII., No. 1, page 17. execute the plans which we had devised. My
The Dr. illustrated the lecture with speciofficers, however, on all occasions contributed their best assistance, and I was by them re- mens of birds, insects and sections of wood. lieved of many onerous duties. I am especial. After describing the Sapsucker and mentioning ly indebted to Mr. Radcliff, assistant astronomer, for his sealous assistance in the work at
the different birds, it could not and should not the observatory, and for his assistance in ta- be confounded with, he remarks that some naturking photographic views; and to Messrs. alists contend that this bird is insectivorous. Knorr and Starr I owe obligations for valuable aid in collecting specimens of natural history
but he affirms that although “it may occasiand other scientific duty.
onally take up a beetle, its food is the liber I will mention, in conclusion, that I am still
and cambium bark of trees, and his drink the of opinion that Smith's Strait can be navigated with steam. Under sails alone I am satis
sap, hence its name the Sapsucker;" the Dr. fied that it cannot. It is my hope to be able then describes sone of its habits as follows: to renew the attempt with a small steamer.With this view I have left some stores at Port
“The Sapsucker is a migratory bird, and Foulke and at Upper Navik.
arrives in Racine, Wis., about the 15th day of With the hope that this may find you in the
April, not varying more than five days. On enjoyment of health and happiness, I remain, very sincerely, your friend and servant,
his arrival he attacks the sugar maple, pine, - J. J. Hayks.
spruce and silver poplar; but the sugar maple To Henry Grinnell and others, New-York,
is the favorite at this time. He also attacks Committee on behalf of the American Geographical and Statistical Society.
thrifty growing fruit trees. The damage to be