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Farming, a love of the profession Hartley's breech loading cannon, Langstroth bive,............176, 321
necessary .......... 323

(illustrated,)....

Large armies of aucient times,... 476
Parmers' high school in Pa.,.... Heroes of industry, (poetry,). ... 450 Land monitors....

gardens,................ Hives,..............56, 176, 258, 321 Lawton blackberry, (illus) 338,180, 139
Deeds.................

Hogs, dry food for,....

· 168 Laying fowls classified,..... 131
boys,........

how to raise, .....

Legislative,.................116, 158
Par we ty.......

Home, (poetry,)......

.. | Leicester shee P,....
Katteniog, choice of animals,...

education, rules for,.....
119 | Lesch d ashes,.....

123
Feeding, regularity in,........... 13 truth at.................... 513 Lines, (poetry,)....

.......... 354
and fattening stock........5

Honey locust helge,,............ 485 Lice, remedy for farm stock,..... 168
the farm horse,.......

1 Chinese mode of taking...... 501 | Life, *tatistics of human, ....... 610
box B, ................
218 Horn distemper,.......

209 | Liquid grafting wax,......... 259
for beef vs. milk,............ 253 | Horseg, abuses of, (illus.)...8,4

fire, .....

477
oats to horses,..............

ahuses of old,..

List of the killed,.............
Figures on dress parade.......... 357 teams vs. 0x,....

Lile constantly parroring,.......
Firing mortars, ................. 477

influenza in,.....

Little chi drep, plays lor........
Flocks, shoddy and noils,........ 21 lampass in.......

12 orphan,................
Flower seede, time for planting, 136, 2

and humanity,...

Light, ventilation in stables...329, 332
Fowls for the farm, 14, 199, 200,

bots in, ...........

Love of country and home,......
253,.....................4
raising,..........

the wonderful,...........
Fowl-keepere, hints to,..255, 381, 457 feeding,...,

... 210 Low heads for winter protection
Foretelling storms,..............

censu.,.....

17+

of trees,............57, 95, 141
France, statistics of,....

srpall.
210 Lumber trade,.....

19
progress of agriculture in,... 48 breeding,......

251
Fruit garden, ................14, 461 cavalry ......

291
Fruits in Wisconsin,.............

cure of cribing,...

29
Truit trees, wou ding the bark,..

with heaves,.......

Machinery, .................305, 388
hardiness of,......97.

feeding oats to,....

381 Machines for woman's work,..... 190
setting out,........... Horticulture, progressive,....143, 176 Madison Normaland High School, 393
Fuel, comparative value of ......

in Japan, ......

311 | Manufacturing interests of Wis., 61
House, cheap and convenient, (il Madure, test of value,........... 86
lustrated,)...... ......10

yard, the farmers meal chest, 49
G.
for poultr,

Manures, use of straw for,...... 203
Housekeeper, let er from,.

150 action of,...........320, 328, 321
Games...........

Ilyacinths,.....................

99 Making the best of circumstances, 308
Gardens,.....
......25, 260, 300
Hydrophobia, ...............

94 Markets,............74, 115, 155, 197
city vegetable,.............. 214

Massachusetts agriculture,....... 89
Geology, ...................152,

Measure cake,.................. 192
Geological wonder,....
2:20

Melodeon, the prize, (illust.)..... 608
Geographical conundrum >,... 113 Illinois state bort. society,....... Meadow land, fall va turing of,... 4.9
Girls, going wi h the....... ... 72 Impbee,...........

Measles.........................
Good arivice................. 2 2 Imports, sugar,...........

Meat, receipe for curing ......... 165
Gophers, how to trap....... 166 Important, if irue,......

Merrimac No. 2, plan to destroy
Grin crops of 1860,.......
Interet, mode of computing,.,

the Monitor,..

313
markete...........
31 Influenza in horses, ..........

Mid winter, (poetry.)....
in Eogland, ....
371 Indian romance,...........

Mining....104, 188, 189, 221, 203, 204
in western Europe, ... 449
Industry and legislative retreach-

Military,...............115, 156, 233
Grafting wax, ....

ment..
Microscope, ........

145
Grape growing.....

135
Insects injurjous to vegetation,...

Mints of the United States,.... 220
enemy........

253
Harrison,.......

159
Blilk, quality of,...

325
gralling, .....
293 Ink, recipe for,...

152

crop of The United States,.... 379

cropol
Delaware,.........
60+ Incidents of travel,

fever in cowg,.....

379
Green soiling s.ock,.....

168
Invention, dew,..

2:20

Milking stor 1, a two story,....... 498
Great men, origin of,...... 231

lowa State Fair,..

316

Manuring soils,
Grass, bad eTerts on colts........ 173

eminently sound,..

Morai beauty,...
lands, seeding and manuring, 326

Wury,................. 111
Iron, effects of frost on,.
23 Mole draining,........

255
cut too clo e, ...

325
Labe Superior,......... 19

Mortar for building,....
Ground hog day,......

68
experimént, ......
434 Mutton and dogs,......

119
Gunpowder,.......
Italian queens,....

Mushroom',.........

216
Gypsum, ........
12

Mul hing, ...........

.217, 376
Maple geed,.............

263

Vuck, treaiment of .....2.2, 281, 453
Japanese paper,................ 20 Muscular strength,.............. 318
Ilabit of writing...........

313

Japanning and varnishing,...... 344
Hamburg Polant heng,.......... 160 Just acro:s the river, (poetry,)... 350

N.
Hams and sidee, how to cure,.... 112 Jute as a substitute for cotton,... 495
Iaross, take care of,........

Johnny cake, excellent receipe op, 152 Nat'onal Association for the Ad-
Harris on insects,......
159

vancement of Social Science, 319
Here,. ................

271
K.

National Buregu of Agriculture,.. 124
Harvest h lp...

Meatot in the school ro m,..... 319
Harvey, Gov., Ceath of

198

Kentucky, crops in,............. 6 News from the war, (poetry,)..... 148
Hay, value of.......

213
Rensba count y fair,............ 479 Nine cher,....................

402
cut early for milch cows, 289
Kaolin, or porcelain blay,....... 104 Notes of travel, ...............

276
loss by selling .......
Knitting machines,..............:06

European travel......... 402
Haying ......

(illustrated,)........... ... 106 | Northern and Southern troops,...
Hays', Dr., late voyage, .....
Kitty's choice, (poetry,).

Nothing like leather,...........
Hent for tempering too.9,......

November and its work,......... 449
Healthy man,.............
lleales and disease, 23, 69, 111
112 221, 212, 310,........ 351

0.
Hearthstone conversation......... 25 Lake Superi r copper regions,... 101
Hedge, how to have a bushy, (ill.) 43
irod,.............. 19 Obituary,.........

118
Hen ...................5), 160, 499 La Crosse Fair,,........ ....... 400 Os ober and its work.........

eating egg ............... 293 Lampass in horses,.............. 12 Ode to the memory of Gov. L. P.
Ilay business,.................. 286 Language of animals............ 174' Hervey..............

87

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Page.

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Old mayuscripts reproduced,..... 348 Save your fodder,.............. 371

Page.
Open tbe windows,....

Salubrity of the southern states, .. 265 | Tares, dogs ard rheep,.......
Opinions about learning to shoot, 358 School, duty of parents to the,... 510

Telegraph experiment,........
Orchard and fruit garden,....

houses, plea-ant,..........

472

Atlantic,..
Ornamental shrubs,..........

Scient fic gardening, ..........

295

new field,..........
Oscillations of war.............
Ecratches, cure for,........... 130

lines, new,...............20, 4
Ox teams vs horse teams,....... Scarcity of Arabian mares,....
Oxen, working.............

Sted cord, how to save,..... 127 Thistles, Canada, how to kill,.
quantity of food for....
Severe winter:,...

| Thoughts, stuff for,............. 22)
Fewing machines,............... Tin mines of romwell,

Seven chi dren, the, (poetry,)..... 18 Toba co and maize, (poetry,).....
P.
Shade irees,.....

Top dressing,.........
Sheep for spring market, graining, 130

Treas. Report Wis State Ag. Soe'y 85
Pacific telegraph,............... 101

vs cattle,..............

207 Transportation, what gov't pays,. 33
609

shearing,...................
Paper, materials for,...........

209
Parental influence,.............. 110

breeding.................... 2 2
Pasturing muwing lands, autumn, 371
vg. wheat grow ng,.....

U.

286
shelter for,........

......15. 348
Pears, ...........

288
Pear, 'Duchess d'Angouleme, (iliu) 299 dogs ant taxes...

287 United States, mints of,.......... 220
foot rot in,

University commercial school,....
blight on the................ 283

481
wintering .......

| Useful and beautiful, the,........
Peas, to prevent bugs in,........ 133
among potato,.........216,

husbandry in New Mexic),,
vinter, ...................

south down,...

.... 15
early varietit 8,,....

843

tobacco juice for,.....
Perry russet, (illustrated,)....... 68
Sheboygan County ag'l society,

Varnishing and japanning,...... 241
Pension bill.....................2 23:
Shoddy, ...

Vegetation, effec', d-pth of soil on 870
Pgking down roses,......... 343
Shot and shell,,..............

Vermia on caitle, colts, pigs,..... 133
Shiloh,................
Plants affected by fro: t-to restore

Veterinary cinc ............... 330
Plant portior,.........

177
Silk, something about,...

Village or farm house, (illus ).... 125
Skim-onlik calves,.......129, 167, 278
Plays for little children,..........
Ples for fruit gewiog,..... .. 460
Slavce in the south,............. 470

W.
Smut, how to kill,
Pleasart school houses, (il us.)... 472
Plowing deep.....
Snow scu pture,............ .. 110

Wall Power, the,.....
among corn,......
Soil ng dairy cows......

........

Wxlworih county fair,..........
Political, .........

..34,
80 ly, retentive power of.......

Water, how to purily,.....
Soldier's grave,........

......12
Politeness necessary among inti-

for stock, pure,............. 332
mate friends,...
473

355
Eoldier health..........

drop of, imprisoned at the cre.
Potatoes, how to raise,...........)

boys, God bless our gallant

ation, .................... 219
how to keep ............ 193, 494

(poetry,).................. 518

War, (poetry ).......... ...... 32
potato yeast .........
Some things I have learned...... 450

of the rebellion,...35, 70, 233, 398
Population of the world .........

some things about the sea,.....

475
Positive and negative character,..

ve.industry,................ 145
Sondet, (war poetry,)........ 2

borticulture and the......... 503
Poultry, few words on halching

Sorghum,.................. 126

crop 1862........
and rearing...........174, 334

Wasbing on and Frankl 0,.....
118

... 474

Wasp and bee, (poe ry,)....,

and cotton, .......
fattening 10 France,......... 2

124
Wax moth,.......

293
Portage city seed store,.........

convention in Ohio,....
237

Welcome back, (poetry,)......... 473
Powder, way the charge should be

or imphee...........

Soul made visible..........
decreased for large shot,... 313

West, the for.................... 267
150

Western Europe, yield of grai in, 419
South down shet P,..........
Power and re ources of the nation,

White mountains, .......
Powe, how to make oun young.... 4

......470
Prusing, best time,.......
Premiums, "Faraer" for,..
Spare the birds,.....

Whitney's survey of lead mines,. 105

316
Prices of harveut help,......

Wheat growing in coopection with
Sparrow!, nov l art of commerce, 309

vin
Spavid, to cure,....

to cure,.............
Prairie, the, (p etry,).........

Bbeep.................... 26
10

Wilkes, corinodore, (illustrated.) 133
Pupishment of children, ..... 473
Speech, origin of, ............... 110

Wilson's Albany strawberry, (ill.)
Pudding, how to make,.....
Spring cops, what shall we seed

Windows, open tbe,............. 224
wild,..................... 167
Statistics of the grain crop of '60, 1

Winter protection of (rchard and
Q.
of France,......

garden..
Stars and stripes .............

pears,...........
Quality of milk,

how to move trees in,....
Steamboat, the first,.........1.2, 267

Winttring sheep,......
Queer trade,....

Stories about children and things
in fo eign lands........... 36

Widowed sword, the........

Wit and wisdom, 29, 71, 112, 150,
Stock, cooking food for,...... .... 49

192, 274, 352,......
Strawberry culture, anqual renew-

Wis State Ag. Society,......... 316

ing...................... 257
Backs for cattle,....
10 Wil-on's Albany, (illustrated) 133

Wheat midge fly and weevil,..... 244
Reading........................
22)

Whi ewach, a brilliant stucco,....

profis. ...
Railways in Chii, ...... ...... 113

Woman's work, machines fr....10
Strawberries,......

3 3
Ruiny-uay thought,....

in gou hern Ilinois,....

Wool clip,.....................
Kegil rty in feeding horses,.....

806
12 Straw for madure,..............

army consumption of,.....

203
Bed, white, 20 ! blue, (poetry,)... 153 burbiog,.....

grow rs, thou, hts of........ 171

......... 450
Rock of danger,................ 224 Stray leares from the book of na.

gro.ving.................... 456
oil business,................ 305

tuie,........

. 346

ratters .................... 250
Royal Ag' Society of England.... 372 Sock feediog and fattening,

growin: in St. Croix Valley .. 288

...
Hort Society, exhibition of .. 3.5

Wrld. Am rica the gravary of the, 37

growing in New Mexico,...
Bules for the selection of male ani.

Work, d your ow, .............

raising, horses,.............
mals for breeding,.........

...... 147

population of the, ....
9 Surar jo ports, ................. 102
Rye coffee........................

World's fair, 39, 7), 115, 231, 26,
and sugar makirg, (illus.)... 411

363, 445,...

... 487
btet excitement....

... 118

Writing, habit of,.....
cane, successful experience,.. 85

.............
S.

in common schools,..........
cape, working up,........... 376

Suitors, the, (poetry,)............
Sanitary measures for the soldiers, 355 Suppose 80, (poetry,)............

Y.

30
Bapsucker, (illus.)...16, 184, 219, 107 Swamp lands for grass and cran-
Eait for farm stock,..............

.... 402
7

berries,................... 441 Yeast, potato.....

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"We have beon" a reader of the Farmer for many years, and would not part with its company for ten times its cost "—Le Stur (Minn.) Herald.

"It contains a vast amount of most interesting matter."—Appleton Crescent.

"It has improved mightily" — Waupun Times.

"Contains a great variety of articles in the departments of Agriculture, Horticulture, Stock, Bees, Mining, Mechanics, Health, News and Home Miscellany, &c. has become a State Institute, which our farming communities will do well to patronize if they study their own interests." —Racine Journal.

"The Farmer is one of the indispensables of every farm or household, as a hand-book of valuable information respecting Agriculture, Horticulture, the Mechanic and Domestic Arts, &c." — Prescott Transcript.

"The best monthly Agricultural Paper in the West, and one which farmers may rely upon implioitly—Hudson (Minn.) Democrat

"It is orowded with articles of great interest.-"—St. Croizian

"The Editor is an able writer and gets up a grand good piper."—Eastern (Maine,) Farmer.

"It is a home publication riohly worth the one dollar asked for it, and every farmer should help to sustain it."—Waupun Times.

"It is the cheapest and best publication in the country forthe money."—Watertown Rep.

"We are proud to say, it is the best looking as it is one of the most valuable agricultural journals in this western country."—Milwaukee Sentinel.

"In our opinion the Wisconsin Farmer is superior in several respects to Eastern periodicals of the same cliss."—Oreen Lake Spctator.

"A very interesting Agricultural periodical; is edited with ability * * * and ranks among the best industrial journals published.'—Toledo (Ohio) Blade.

"If it is not worth one dollar a year we never seen a publication that was. Try it."— Manitowoc Tribune.'

"The Wisconsin Farmer is better adapted to their wants and is, in all respects better suited to the farmers of this State than any eastern paper can be."—Kewaunee Enterprize.

"In the 14th year of its existence; having stood through the times—good and bad—the faithful advocate of the true interests of Agriculture in Wisconsin.— Wisconsin Pinery.

"Greatly improved of late and may now be ranked anions the leading agricultural periodicals. • * * Should be liberally supported.i'—Aror(A Star, (Hudson.)

"Every farmer should pride himself in sustaining it."—Juneau Co. Argus.

"Now gotten up in the best of style, and deserves the support of every Wisconsin farmer."— Grant Co. Witness.

"One of the papers that every intelligent farmer considers indispensable.—Racine Journal.

"The Editor, Prof. Hott, is untiring in his efforts to furnish valuable agricultural information, specially adapted to this section of the Union."—Kenosha Tribune.

"It meets the wants of our farmers exactly, and this number alone is worth the price for a year."—Northern (Minn.) Statesman.

"The Farmer is now acknowledged to be the best periodical of the k'nd in the country, and it is certainly progressing."—Chilton Times.

"Much careful attention and ability mirk tho editorial department.—P. da C. Conner.

.' The best monthly ever issued in Wisconsin. Every family on a farm, or even with a garden, ought to have it."—Baraboo Republic.

"A sound practical and attractive home journal, and especially adapted to the wants of the industrial class in the Northwest.— Waushara Argus.

"Replete with interesting matter pertaining to Agriculture, Horticulture, Rural Economy, Mechanics, Educational Interest, the development of the resources of the State and Union, and other matter of general and special interest.''—Sparta Eagle.

"It would be a valuable acquisition to every household. Exceedingly cheap at one dollar a year"—Beloit Journal Ijr Courier.

"One of the most interesting and attractive periodicals in the country."—Monroe Sentinel

"Prof. Hott has returned from the London Exhibition, and now makes the Farmer even more than usually entertaining."—Jackson Co. Banner.

"The Farmer is one of the handsomest agricultural papers published. Tire Editor having returned from his tour through Europe, in future numbers of the work will give us tho fruits of his labors and observations."—Kenosha Times.

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Statistics of the Great Grain Crops of 1860.

Great anxiety has been felt by all who feel an interest in the character and progress of the Agriculture of our young State, in the statistical results of the great grain crops of 1860. Individuals accustomed to making such calculations, had made what were regarded, out of the State, as wild estimates, and the Farm Committee of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, after careful observation in the graingrowing districts published an estimate which was received by the Eastern press with incredulity and declared extravagantly absurd.

We believe that none of those estimates claimed more than twenty-five millions of bushels of wheat; that of the Farm Committee claimed twenty-two millions of bushels. This last was likewise our own published estimate, after pretty extensive travel over the State, though we dared to believe that the figures furnished by the statistics would prove the calculation to have been quite moderate.

But to settle the matter and to make the Statistical Tables as complete, accurate and incontrovertible as possible, we asked of the Legislature of last winter certain amendments to the law for the collection of statistics, which should have the effect to compel a full and faithful performance of duty on the part of collectors. The amendments were made, and the returns furnish the most gratifying evidence of the improved efficiency of the law, as well as of the moderation of the crop referred to above.

Now what does really appear from those returns as tabulated and published by the Secretary of State? Why, the wheat crop of

1860 was, not 15,000,000 bushels, as the Michigan Farmer admitted, nor 16,000,000 as was generously allowed by sundry papers further East, nor 22,000,000 as was "extravagantly" claimed by the Farm Committee, nor 25,000,000 as had been "wildly" estimated by various individuals resident in the State, but TWENTYSEVEN MILLIONS, THREE HUNDRED AND SINTEEN THOUSAND, THREE HUNDRED AND SIN, AND ONEHALF BUSHELS!

The number of acres sown was 1,112,630,.62; from which we determine the average per acre to have been twenty-four and fifty-five hundredths bushels '. An aggregate and an acreage not equalled, we will venture to say by auy other State in the Union.

Wisconsin, as a State, has numbered but twelve years, and yet for the production of this greatest Northern staple, wheat, leads the van of the States! Verily, the Badger farmers have a right to hold up their heads, and every citizen may be proud of our noble Wisconsin.

Details of these statistics will bo published

in the Report of the Secretary of State and in

the 6th Vol. of Transactions of the Wisconsin

Suite Agricultural Society, both now in press.

But meantime it will be of interest to our

readers to know what counties took the lead in

this immense production of wheat:

Dane ranks first, sowing 130,145 acres,

and gathering 3.005,885 bush.

Dodge county fecund, gathering 2,295,357"

ltock third do 2,180,584"

Fond dn Lac fourth do 1,775,3«5"

Walworth fifth, do 1,675,449"

Columbia sixth do 1,390,647"

Waukesha sevonth,....-do 1,246,676"

The corn crop was likewise large, exceeding

our expectations by one or two millions, as

Wisconsin has never taken rank among the

great corn-growing States. Number of acres planted, 373,418.48; number of bushels, 12,046,178.

Of oats there were 336,394 .87 acres sown; number of bushels harvested, 18,834,937J.

These are, of course, the heaviest of our grain crops, and they are certainly worthy of our fertile soil and of the unsurpassed energy and enterprise of our people.

Comparative Values of Fuel.

When the cold season is upon us we arc compelled to turn our attention to the supply of fuel as one source of warmth. In this country, three articles arc used for this purpose, viz.: Wood, coal and peat. Of these, wood is mostly in use. It is evident to the most superficial observer, that there is a great difference in the different kinds of wood brought into our markets in regard to the amount of heat thrown out by them while undergoing combustion.— Experiments have been instituted several times, to ascertain as near as might be the actual difference in their amount. Among these experiments, those of Mr. Bull of Connecticut, several years ago were \ery satisfactory.

The most recent statements that we have seen, are the following, which may be interesting to many of our readers.

Taking good shell bark hickory for the standard, and calling that Kit), and supposing all the different kinds of woods to be sound, and reckoning by the pound, the table will read thus:

Shell bark hickory, 100 Hard niaj.lc, 50

Pignut,.. 95 White elm, 58

Wuiteoak, 85 Ked cedar 50

Whito ash 77 Wild cherry, 44

Dogwood,(cormua,) 75 Yellow pine, 74

Scrub oak, 73 Chestnut, 52

White hazel, 72 Yellow poplar, 51

Apple tree,... 70 Butternut, 52

Ked oak 09 White birch * 49

Whitobeech, 65 White pine, 52

Yollowoak, 00

These several results must be only approximations to the truth. It is very evident that the soil and latitude in which these woods grow must have some effect on their value as fuel. Wc know that they do in regard to their properties lor timber.

Flax Cotton.—The New York Evening Pout

of the 10th says:

If King Cotton is not likely to be dethroned by his uncrowned rival, Flax, lie is destined to get a severe poke in the ribs, which will make his seat uneasy. We have seen several specimens of the new commodity to-day, which come nearer to the genuine article than any that have yet fallen under our notice. They are to be seen at the office of Latson & Abbott, No. 159 Water Street, where fabrics of the same material are also to be inspected. Flan

nel, calico, drilling, and thread have all been made of the new flax fibre, and with a remarkable degree of perfection. New processes for preparing the fibre give great encouragement to those who are embarked in the business. Mills for the manufacture have already been erected in New York and in New England, and will soon be in operation, not only working the flax, by itself into fabrics, but working it in connection with wool and cotton. American ingenuity is about to succeed in a line in which the English and French have hitherto failed.

Agriculture in Nicaragua.

lion. A. B. Dickinson, writes to the Country Gentleman, from Nicaragua, as follows:

DIMINUTIVE SIZK Or THE CATTLE OP NIOAHAIIUA.

The cattle in these localities are about onehalf the size of those of the Eastern, Middle and Western States of North America. 1 have never seen a bullock slaughtered here, that would weigh oflO pounds in the beef, nor have I ever heard of one that weighed SIM) pounds. The average net weight of cattle here does not exceed 0i10 pounds, while in the Northern States it is as high as 000, and 1 have seen whole droves of cattle in the New York market, that would average .SOU pounds each in beef. Indeed, it is no uncommon tiling for several to be slaughtered during the holidays weighing in the neighborhood of 1,-;oo pounds each. The net weight of "Washington," the heaviest bullock which I recollect of seeing killed for beef in the States, was, if I remember rightly, over 2,100 pounds.

HOW THE COWS ARE MlLKED.

The cows of this country generally give about as much milk as a goat, say from two to three quarts per day. Before they milk the cow, they always tie the calf to her fore leg. Then they carefully crawl up behind the calf, and the cow is cheated out of what little milk she has, under the supposition that she is giving it to her calf. To attempt to milk the cow without having the calf tied to her fore leg, would be considered by the natives as simply preposterous. Besides being "kicked inio the middle of next week," they would fail to get a single drop of her milk, which she wouldn't think of giving down to anybody but her calf.

BUTTER AND CHEESE.

On the cattle estates the milk is manufactured into cheese, resembling what is known in the United States as pot-cheese, with the exception that this is pressed. It is largely used by the inhabitants, and brings from In to 12 cents per pound in the market. Due hundred cows in this country will make no more, however, than twctily-hve in the Northern States, as the former do not give more than one-fourth the quantity of milk which the latter do, and even that not half so rich. Butter is, as it

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