THE SECOND EDITION IN ITALIAN OF THE signs, wonders, and instances of Divine providence LIFE OF ST. LABRE.— The “ Vita del servo di which were noted in England during the years Dio Bento Giuseppe Labre Francese, scritta dal 1661-2. The titles of the different parts are: suo medesimo confessore, Venezia, MDCCLXXXIV, Eviautos Tepaotlos, Mirabilis Annus,' &c., 4to., Presso Simone Occhi con licenza dei superiori, e 88 pp., with frontispiece, 1661; 'Mirabilis Annus privilegio," is the second edition of Marconi's Secundus,' 4to., 84 pp., 1662; 'Mirabilis Annus most interesting and curious account of this poor Secundus; or, the Second Part of the Second martyr. This volume, of which the Serenissima Year's Prodigies,' 4to., 54 pp., 1662. They were Repubblica di San Marino, Provincia di Rimini, evidently written by fanatic Nonconformists. Has possesses a copy, is so rare that it is not even this pamphlet been noticed by any writer on such mentioned in what professes to be a complete matters ; utilized by Calamy or other NonconLabresque bibliography at the end of “Cenni formist historian ? 'Is it rare ? Storici sulla vita del santo Pellegrino Benedetto

SOMERSETENSIS. Giuseppe Labre, scritti da Vincenzo Sardi, canonico teologo della cattedrale di Solmona. Roma, 1891."

LEMGO.--This town, in Lippe-Detmold, is said Are any copies of this precious edition kaown to What is the origin of the name, and from what

to have been founded in the twelfth century, exist in England ? The Bibliothèque Nationale bere hath it not.


language is it derived ?

STEINFELD.-I have had in my possession an

old book of plain chant, printed at Verdun, in
France, for the use of Premonstratensian churches. THE POETS LAUREATE OF ENGLAND.
This is the title :-

(8th S. ii, 385, 535.) Processionale ad usum sacri et canonici ordinis Præmonstratensis moderno cantui accomodatum in rubricis to a book of mine with this title, published in

Reference has recently been made in ‘N. & Q.' quibusdam elucidatum, &c.

Jussu Reverendisi in Christo patris, Ag. D.D. Claudii 1879, which has long been out of print. MR. Honorati Lucas præmonstrati Abbatis et Generalis, sua COLEMAN has also mentioned a paper I read before fungentis et Capituli Generalis authoritate.

the Royal Historical Society, on the Origin of Verduni apud Claudium Vigneulle MDCCXXVII, the Office of Poet Laureate. This paper is also At the end of it there are some Latin hymns in difficult to obtain; and as there is at present so handwriting :

much discussion afloat as to the next possible 1. Deus æterne in cujus potestate humana conditio holder of the office, it may be interesting to recall consistit animas omnium Fidelium Defunctorum quæ- what were the duties and emoluments connected sunnus ab omnibus absolve peccatis, &c.

with it. In 'N. & Q.,' 8th S. i. 254, a list of the 2. O quam digne est colenda

Poets Laureate was given, but without dates or
Quam devote reverenda
Martyrum memoria, &c.

other details. At that time Lord Tennyson was 3. Ad sancti Hermanni...... [The word rhyming with alive, and no question had arisen as to his suc* cumulum" is illegible.]

As, on political grounds, the two greatest Miraculorum cumulum, &c. 4. O lilium beatum Divæ pergratum Rosæ, &c.

poets of the day are debarred from taking the 5. Lucer natanti luminis prædari facta

office, it is to be hoped, for the credit of our nominis nequivit, &c.

national poetry, that no more laurelled and pen6. Potentine præpotens coli sacer, &c.

sioned bards may be appointed. And on the front page an inscription, also in

The office of Poet Laureate may be traced back handwriting, stating that the book belonged to to the appointment of Geoffrey Chaucer in 1368. the Abbey of Steinfeld, “Ecclesiæ comparat Stein. He was succeeded in the office for more than feldepsi, 1738."

two hundred years by various poets, who have I have been told that there were in Germany usually been described as volunteer laureates. two places called Steinfeld, one in the Eiffel dis- The first to hold the office and pension by royal trict, in Westphalia, and another in the Aix-la- letters patent was Ben Jonson; and from his Chapelle district, near Eupen, and I should like to appointment until the death of Tennyson the get some further information with regard to both roll of the Laureates has continued almost un. localities, but more especially respecting the latter, broken. The first letters patent granted to Ben as the book was given me by Frau Aloys Pütz, Jonson bore date at Westminster the first day of of Heinsberg, a small town in the Aix-la-Chapelle February in the thirteenth year of the reign of district.

CHARLES BURION. King James.” The pension then granted was a 51, Sale Street, Darby.

hundred marks of lawful money per annum; but

soon after the accession of Charles I. Jonson PAMPHLET.-There is in my possession a pam- petitioned for an increase, which was granted in phlet containing accounts of various prodigies, new letters patent, dated March, 1630, his pension


being raised to a hundred pounds per annum, with life, Dryden was displaced on the accession of “one terse of Canary Spanish wine yearly." The William III., and Nahum Tate lost the office on emoluments remained nominally the same unti), the death of Queen Anne, being succeeded by in 1685, James II. deprived Dryden of the annual Rowe, who was in favour with George I. butt of sack or canary. In the case of Henry Until the appointment of Thomas Shadwell by James Pye, an annual allowance of 271. was made King William III. there were no official duties in lieu of the wine, and this has been continued attached to the office, but he commenced to peruntil now. In 1714 the office of Poet Laureate form a certain duty by composing an ode to the was placed in the gift of the Lord Chamberlain, sovereign on his birthday, and another on New as it still is. During the lifetime of the late Lord Year's Day, and such odes were regularly written Tennyson he drew 721. per annum from the Lord by all his successors down to the year 1813, when, Chamberlain's Department, in the second class of on the death of H. J. Pye, the custom fell into the Civil List, as Laureate. He also received from disuse. The laureate odes were sung to music, comthe Lord Steward's Department annually the sum posed by the Court musician, before the king and of 271. for a "butt of sack.” These figures are court. During the mental illnesses of George III. taken from official documents. For many years these customs fell into abeyance, and Pye was the Lord Tennyson received another grant from the last Laureate to compose official odes at regular Government, but this was not in relation to his periods. office as Laureate.

This, in a very condensed form, is an outline of Our Poets Laureate bave never been solemnly a few of the principal features in the history of an crowned in public, nor have any examinations office which must always possess an interest for been held to inquire into the fitness of candidates every reading man, and the table given below may for the post.

be useful for reference. Political feeling has more frequently influenced In conclusion, mention may be made that the the selection than poetical merit; and although Graphic of Jan. 7 contains excellent portraits of the appointment has in most cases been held for twelve of our English Poets Laureate.


Date and Place of

Date of

Place of Birth,

Where Educated. Appointment. Death. Burial. Geoffrey Chaucer... London, 1328. Cambridge (?)


Oct. 25, 1400 Westm. Abbey Sir John Gower 1320.....

Sept., 1408 ... St. Mary Overy,

Southwark John Kay ....

About 1462 Andrew Bernard... Toulouse.....

Nov., 1486... 1522 or 1523 John Skelton Norwich, 1461

Oxford and Camb. 1489

June 21, 1529 St. Margaret's,

Westminster Robt. Whittington 1480......



About 1535 Richard Edwards Somersetshire, 1523. Corpus Christi, Oxf. 1561

Oct, 31, 1566 Edmund Spencer... London, 1552..... Pembk. Hall, Camb. Feb., 1590... Jan. 16, 1599 Westm. Abbey Samuel Daniel...... Taunton, 1562 Magd. Hall, Oxford 1598 Oct. 13, 1619 Beckington

THE FOLLOWING WERE APPOINTED LAUREATES BY ROYAL LETTERS PATENT, Benjamin Jonson... London, June 11, 1573 St. John's, Camb.... Feb.1,1615/6 Aug. 6, 1637... Westm. Abbey Sir Wm. Davenant Oxford, Feb., 1605 Lincoln College...... Dec. 13, 1638 April 7, 1668 Westm. Abbey John Dryden Aldwincle, Aug. 9,1631 Trinity Coll.. Camb. Aug. 18, 1670 May 1, 1700... Westm. Abbey Thomas Shadwell Norfolk, 1640..

Caius Coll., Camb. 1688

Dec. 6, 1692... Chelsea Church Nahum Tate......... Dublin, 1652

Trin. Coll., Dublin 1692

Aug. 1, 1715... St. George's

Southwark, Nicholas Rowe...... Little Beckford, 1673 Westminster School 1715

Dec. 6. 1718... Westm. Abbey Lawrence Eusden Yorkshire

Trinity Coll., Camb. Dec. 24, 1718 Sept. 27, 1730 Coningsby Colley Cibber London, Nov, 6, 1671 Grantham School... Dec. 3, 1730 Dec. 12, 1757 Danish Church,

London, William Whitehead Cambridge, 1715 Clare Hall, Camb. Dec. 19, 1757 April 14, 1785 South Audley

Chapel. Thomas Warton ... Basingstoke, 1728...... Trinity Coll., Oxf, May, 1785... May 21, 1790 Trinity College,

Oxford Henry James Pye London, Feb. 20, 1745 Magd. Coll., Oxford 1790

Aug. 11, 1813 Pinner Church Robert Southey ... Bristol, Aug. 12, 1774 Balliol Coll., Oxford Oct. 4, 1813 Mar. 21, 1843 Crosthwaite Wm. Wordsworth Cockermouth, April 7,


St. John's, Camb.... April 6, 1843 April 23, 1850 Grasmere Alfred Tennyson ... Somersby, Lincoln

shire, Aug. 6, 1809 Trinity Coll., Camb. Nov.19, 1850 Oct. 6, 1892... Westm. Abbey During the Commonwealth the office of Laureate was in abeyance, but Thomas May, a poet, who held the office of Parliamentary Historiographer, aspired to the post.


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John Hall, oF BASINGSTOKE (8th S. ii. 249, tioned in Joboson (under “Goblin"), who was, 414, 430, 515, 536).— There were Halls in Basing- of course, aware that the words in question were stoke before 1595. G. W. M.'s William Hall, much older than the factions. Derivations of this whose will was registered in that year and who kind were probably, in the first instance, given aswas buried in the Holy Ghost Chapel at Basing- a sort of joke or play upon the words, which people stoke, was the second son of Richard Hall, Bayliff in ancient and mediæval times were usually much of Basingstoke, who died 1604/5, and grandson fonder of than we are.

W. T. LYNN. of Richard, first Warden of the Holy Ghost, who

Blackheath, died 1558. These Halls had no arms, for at the Visitation of 1622-34 the fact that John Hall and Ghibelline has often been given. Heylin

The derivation of elf and goblin from Guelf (William's brother) was then bayliff is recorded, (Cosmography,' 1670, p. 130) says, “Some are of but there is no entry of arms. I can trace no connexion between these Halls and the “ John whereby we used to fright young children, was

opinion, that the fiction of Elfs and Goblins, Hall, gent.,” whose children were baptized at derived from Guelphs and Gibbelines.” Skinner's Basingstoke 1715-7. The tomb of John's son 'Old Etymology of the English Tongue' gives this Charles in the cloisters at Westminster bears no

derivation, sub voce “Goblins." arms; that of his son John, in St. Peter's, Oxford,

JAMES HOOPER. is covered by matting, if not buried under the

Norwich, organ.

H. HALL. 23, Cedars Road, Beckenham,

HERALDIC (8th S. iii. 28, 57). The exact blazon John Hall, Bishop of Bristol (1691-1710) came of the coat of arms, Gu., a fess engrailed between

old Worcestershire family; they were three estoiles arg., is not given in Papworth, but clothiers, and carried on a business that might by reference to p. 751 of that book possibly a clue well suffice to enrich them for several generations. may be had, for there are several coats of arms Thus, Richard Hall was minister of St. Helen's, mentioned very similar to this one, and differing Worcester, in 1553; Richard Hall, clothier, was only as regards the tinctures or partition lines. Chamberlain of Worcester in 1578 ; John, the If the fess had not been engrailed it would refer bishop, was born in Worcester 1632/3, a son of to the arms of the families of Esterham, Everard, the vicar of Bromsgrove. Burke quotes several or Harold.

A. Hall coats of the “ talbot heads and crusily,”

In the usual books of reference there are no three being apportioned to Worcester. Our mayors such arms given, but the following: Gu., a fess and aldermen in London have had to bear coat armour for many centuries

. Why should not these nebuly between three estoiles arg., for Everard, of Halls be armigerous ? The patronymic seems to

counties Essex, Northampton, and Norfolk.

J. A. have come to the surface in the reign of Edward IV. ; the Wars of the Roses having broken up New 'LIFE OF DANIEL DEFOE' (8th S. ii. 326, many feudal holdings, a new resident, settling in 417; iii. 37).- For some new facts regarding pam. a country parish, would build a new mansion and phlets attributed to Defoe MR. WRIGAT would call it "a Hall”; his son, abandoning an old family do well to consult the 'Memoirs of Sir John name, becomes so-and-só at the Hall, whence the Clerk of Penicuik,' recently edited for the Scottish full-blown name. Thus, a scion of the Norman History Society by Mr. J. M. Gray. Fitzwilliams, or Saxon if you like, became Simon at the Hall, and from this Greatford family many

INGULPA's CroYLAND CHRONICLE' (8th S. ii. claim descent. It appears to me that the three 467; iii. 15).—The evidence on which Ingull's 'Histalbots' heads” are an intentional variation of the tory and Charters' are proved to be forgeries is Fitzwilliams' leopards' heads, and the addition of marshalled with his usual ability by Mr. Henry

cross-crosslets" in the bishop's coat is a sufficient Thomas Riley in the Archæological Journal of distinction.

A. Hall. 1862. Mr. Riley gives good reason for his theory “The Hall” of John Hall is at Salisbury, and and 1415, and that Prior Richard of Croyland and

that the forgery took place between July 7, 1393, is now used, I believe, as a china warehouse. I possess an engraving of the interior of this “ Hall,”, cocted the plot between them. It was, Mr. Riley

Serjeant William Ludyngton, his counsel, consize 8} in. by 5} in., which A. H. is welcome to if suggests, to support the case of the convent against he will send an addressed envelope to

the people of Spalding and their supporters, who GEO. F. TUDOR SHERWOOD, Petersham House, Walham Green, S.W.

encroached upon the rights of Croyland, so the

convent maintained. Abbot Thomas Overton was MISTAKEN DERIVATION (8th S. iii. 46). -Al- blind, and prior Richard Upton managed the though Astarte had not heard, before reading business in London, where he spent two years and Miss Clerke, of the absurd derivation of elf and the very large sum, in those days, of five hundred goblin from Guelf and Ghibelline, it is men pounds. As Judge Ludyngton, as he had then


become, was one of the two umpires who settled des Hommes savans tirez de l'Histoire de Mr. the matter finally, it does not seem improbable de Thou,' printed at Berlin. Teissier obtained that Mr. Riley has hit on the very men who at it from M. la Croze, who professed to have least were aiders and abettors in the forgery. copied it from the original manuscript, entitled The above is only a summary of the conclusions in Pithoeana, sive excerpta ex ore Francisci Pithæi, the second of the two articles of the Archæological ando 1616,' and according to Des Maizeaux, in his Journal.

THOMAS WILLIAMS. edition of the 'Scaligerana ' and other -ana (Am

sterdam, 1740), La Croze wrote at the foot of his “HE THAT RUNS MAY READ” (8th S. ii. 529).

copy, "Tout ceci a été copié sur l'Original qui est Is not this a quotation from Cowper's Tiro- à Paris dans la Bibliothèque de Mr. Desmarets, cinium; or, a Review of Schools, which poem écrit de la propre main de François Pithou, neveu was dedicated to the Rev. W. C. Unwin on de Pierre et de François Pithou.” November 6, 1784, consequently of an earlier A list of ana will be found in Peignot's · Rédate than the two quotations given by MR. pertoire de Bibliographies Spéciales' (Paris, 1810), TERRY?

pp. 211-268. The author quotes “MelanchthoniBut truths, on which depends our main concern, That 'tis our shame and misery not to learn,

ana (à Jo. Manlio), Basileæ, 1562, in 8vo.,” but Shine by the side of every path we tread

adds"Nous ne connaissons cet Ana que par le titre." With such a lustre, he that runs may read.

I have failed to find any book with this title, and EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

doubt its existence. Io. Manlius (Mendel)-accord71, Brecknock Road.

ing to Jöcher, “Jacob"—is cited by Strobel, in

bis edition of Camerarius 'De Vita Philippi Me'IMITATION OF Christ' (gth S. iii. 9).-En- lanchthonis Narratio ' (Halæ, 1777), as the author closed is a copy of the title-page of the Imitation or compiler of 'Locorum Communium Collectanea of Christ, published in Belfast (not Dablin) in ex lectionibus Melanchthoni,' Basil., 1563; and I 1846, as given in 'N. & Q.' by S. H.:

imagine this to be the book referred to by Peigaot. “ The Imitation of Christ | in four books | with

R. C. CARISTIE. Practical Reflections / and | Prayers at the end of each chapter | translated from the French | By R. M. P. K. A FRENCH STONEHENGE (8th S. ii. 508).--Upon Belfast | Simms & M'Intyre, Donegall Street. I 1846." almost any wild common in the west of France

The copy I possess was purchased from the one finds Celtic remains, but they are more numerCistercian monks at St. Bernard's Abbey, Charn- ous on the west coast (Département du Morbihan). wood Forest, Leicestershire, in August, 1850. I The wonderful display at Carnac and the enoram told the book is now out of print.

mous granitic obelisks of Locmariaquer are bigger W. J. CHAMBERLAYNE, General. than any single block at Stonehenge, but a little Torquay.

broken. These remains are of many kinds,

called ANA : BIBLIOGRAPHICAL (8th S. ii, 224, 517).Your correspondent Q. V. rightly gives as an

1. Peulvens, pillars of stone. The best of them English title ending in "ana earlier than any that can be seen at Carnac. Dr. Murray has,” the 'Baconiana' of 1679. Two The largest, above 42 ft. in height, is at Plouarzel.

2. Menhirs (Ir. min-sul), long stone of the sun. correspondents, eager to correct Q. V., bave given Those at Locmariaquer, lying upon the ground and as earlier uses of the termination -ana, the one, broken, have been above 60 ft. high. “Thuana, Scaligerada, Perroniapa," the other “Perroniana et Thuana” (Col. Agrip., 1669), but

3. Kistvaen. The finest is on the island of the -ana they cite are not English, but French

Gavre Innės, near Locmariaquer. (and in the case of the 'Scaligerana' with an inter

4. The Dolmans (taal maen), table men in mixture of Latin). The 'Baconiana' of 1679 is,

stone. In English, cromlechs; in French, allées I think, the earliest use of an Eoglish title ending

couvertes. From 60 to 90 ft. long. in -ana, for though Lowndes cites an edition of

5. The Galgats, a kind of cairn. The largest the Baconiana' of 1674, 4to., Mr. Spedding makes is the Butte de Tumiac, on the Morbihan

beach. mention of no edition earlier than that published west of France, although more numerous there

These Celtic remains are not confined to tbe by Dr. Tenison in 1679. The earliest printed of the innumerable French

tban elsewhere. They are always in flat open ana, is the 'Scaligerana'

of 1668. If, however, places, like Salisbury Plain, Dartmoor, &c. See Des Maizeaux is correct, the term had been used

Fréminville's 'Finistère et Morbihan'; Souvestre, nearly balf a century earlier by François Pithou Les derniers Bretons '; Daru, ‘History'; Villethe younger, in the manuscript of his notes of marqué, 'Chansons populaires'; Merimée, “Sur the table-talk of bis uncle François Pithou the les Monumens de l'Ouest de la France." elder, which, however, was not printed until 1704,

BETHELL X. when it appeared, under the title of 'Pithoeana, The French Stonehenge, of which Gilpin speaks, in Teissier's 'Nouvelles Additions aux Eloges is near Carnac, in the Department of Morbihan, in Brittany. The stones are said to be about four day, and several Fridays. Boston has no dwellers thousand in number, and, according to M. Cam- whose names are like those of the days of the week. bry's 'Monuments Celtiques,' some of the stones Baltimore has two Fridays. Philadelphia has two which he measured are from 21 to 22 French feet Mondays and several Fridays. Brooklyn has five in height, without reckoning the part embedded Mondays and seven Fridays. This compilation in the soil.

J. CARRICK MOORE. does not take into account the German forms, It would be to the monuments in Brittany, as

such as Sonntag, Freitag, &c., which are of frequent seen at Carnac, Erdeven, St. Barbe, and on the

occurrence. The regular army does not appear Isle aux Moines, that Mr. Gilpin alludes.

to have possessed any owner of such names. HAROLD MALET, Col.


Brooklyn, U.S. George Borrow, in his entrancing book, The Bible in Spain,' describes a Druidical cromlech in LUCE (8th S. ii. 328, 353, 391, 435, 511).-It is Portugal. Though not what your correspondent so unusual for Prof. ŠKear to be inaccurate that requires, the account may be interesting to him.

I venture upon a question. On reference to “Whilst toiling along these wild wastes, I observed, a

Guillim's 'Heraldry, 1660, iv. ii. 273, also to little way to my left, a pile of stones of rather a singular Edmondson's 'Heraldry,'" Honour Civil,” p. 168, appearance, and rode up to it. It was a Druidical altar, I see that in both the description is substantially and the most perfect and beautiful one of the kind the same. The latter has :which I had ever seen. It was circular, and consisted of stones immensely large and heavy at the bottom, which porated in the first of King Richard II. Their coat

“The Company of Skinners were [cor, was) incorbeen fashioned by the band of art to something of the armour is Ermyn, on a chief gules three crowns or, with shape of scollop shells. These were surmounted by a caps thereunto

of the first." very large filat 'stone, which slanted down towards the In both the above works the ornaments of the crown south, where was a door. Three or four individuals are the usual strawberry leaves, nor are there any might have taken shelter within the interior, in which traces of crosses or fleurs-de-lys. What is the was growing a small thorn-tree."-Chap. vii.

actual grant? Is there mention in it of these W. A. HENDERSON. Dublin,

ornaments of the crown; or have they become

insertions or alterations ? ED. MARSHALL. THE “New LONDON TAVERN” (8th S. i. 188, Hazlitt, in his essay on 'Definition of Wit,' 284; ii. 312).-Surely many of your readers must says : well remember the famous “ London Tavern” of

Compagnons du lys may mean either the companions modern times (where so many dinners were of the order of the flower-de-luce, or the companions of enjoyed and important meetings beld), which Ulysses-who were transformed into swine---according stood on the site in Bishopsgate Street Within as you lay the emphasis. The French wits, at the DOW occupied by the noble counting-house of the restoration of Louis XVIII., with admirable point and Royal Bank of Scotland. Its successor is located trutb, applied it in this latter sense.” at the corner of Mark Lane and Fenchurch Street,

CONSTANCE RUSSELL. and is a remarkably good specimen of architec

Swallowfield, Reading. tore. Queen Elizabeth is said to have honoured TENNYSON AND THE GEM' (8th S. iii. 8, 57). the tavern which formerly stood on the latter site — There seems to be some mistake about this with her presence in returning from the Tower. matter in the American edition referred to by MR.

D. HARRISON. Davies. All three poems—'No More,' . ApaPERSSE FAMILY (816 S. iii. 7).—There is a book. creontics,' and A Fragment'-appear in my copy plate of a “Robert Parsons Persse," presumably of MR. HENDERSON's copy must, therefore, be im.

of 'The Gem'for 1831, the last being on pp. 242-3. Mogode, in the plain Victorian style, bearing perfect, unless there were two distinct editions of arms, Quarterly 1 and 4, Az., five fusils con- the annual that year. The poem is well worth joined in fess arg. ; 2 and 3, Arg., & lion ramp. (tincture not marked). Crest, On'a cap of preserving, and contains several fine and charactermaintenance a lion pass. (? tinctures). Motto,

istic lines. The close“Esperance en Dieu." This seems to be the only

Old Memphis hath gone down : book-plate of this family.


The Pharaohs are no more : somewhere in death
They sleep with staring eyes and gilded lips,

Wrapped round with spiced cerements in old grots NAMES OF THE MONTHS AND DAYS AS SUR- Rockhewn and sealed for ever. NAMES (8th S. i. 209, 227, 519). - The Chicago - would almost seem to have become adopted as a *Directory' contains the names of John and William “ familiar quotation” now. I have no note as to Sunday, of Joseph Monday, several persons named when The Gem' ceased to appear, but it must Friday, and Joseph Saturday. In New York, have become extinct long before 1861. there are Frederick, Joseph, and Lewis Sunday,

Geo. E. DARTNELL. Henry Monday, and four others, Philip Thurs- Salisbury.

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