said Q: for so is hir Ma' intention therin fully to satisfie the middle waie towardes the northe, it was founde 80 the said Q: And if shee shall seeme desirouse to difficulte a matter to conducte hir Matie upon so shorte treat thereof as beinge not satisfied, the said Killigree warninge so fare with suche a traine as usually followe sball take this for his instructions to speake therin. hir in the progresse, as shee hirself was nowe of lat

As to the first matters of twoe bookes or writynges induced to cutte off a good part of that jorneye, and to made prejudiciall to that Q. any waies : certaine it is that muche also the rather because otherwise she could not the Q. Matie by no maner of 'meanes bath other harde conveniently returne to London before the tyme of the therof before this tyme of Melvills comioge, nor can

Parliment which is appointed at Michaelmas: And upon learne of any that haue hard therof, for if shee had the thise and such like causes he shall saie that he hard Q. of Scotes maye be well assured that should not baue reported, the jorney mentionede for the interviewe this had other cause to complaine thereof then she had yeare was staiede, wherof he hard also said that the when a certaine booke was secreatly written three yeares Queenes Matie was verio sorie, for there appeared in hir paste in the tyme of a parliment by one of the

parlament a verio

great good will to have had it taken place. house who without sollicitation of that Q: was punished: Theise are the matters wherof the said Killigree beinge and therby hath so dearly paide by longo imprisonmente thus instructed shall deale in with that Q: Amongst all not without evident daunger of his life for his audacitie which he shalbe most carfull howe to understands used therin as it is harde to thinke that any other dare certaynly what is done by that Q: in the matters of presume the like: And therfore seeinge the Q: there Shane Onele and Rokeby: And shall doe what he can hereth of theise writinges and that the Q* Matie requireth to cause the Queene not only to disclose the same but to the Q: bir good sister to give hir some light howe to desist from intermedlinge therin at all: And besides his come to the knowledge therof, and not to spare in the dealinge with the Queene, he shall take some care howe disclosinge therof any meanes that shee shall thinke to understand truly what Shane Onele hath done with meete for the comynge to the truth thereof, wherein

shall the Erle of Arguile or with M'Clane or any other of the appeare howe good a minde bir Matie hath not only to Irishe Scotes for his supporte and what offers and requests satisfie the Q. of Scottes, but to do any thinge that maye he hath made and howe fare he hath therin proceaded : tende to the preservation of bir titlo honor or dignitye and after knowledge gotten herof he shall deale with from any detriment: And bowe earnestly Randolphe the Erle of Murray as he shall see cause to devise howe denieth the knowledge of any suche thinge Melvill the aides intended for Shane Onele maye be staide, for understandeth: in so muche as Randolphe maketh which purpose he shall use suche perswasions as he shall earnest sute that the Q. of Scotes maye be intreated to 800 meste, amongst which none ought more to move the cause triall to be mad thereof to the uttermost, sub said Erle or any other beinge indeed relligiouse, then mitinge himself to most extremitie if therin he be any that the said Shane Onele is an open Rebbell having no wise founde cupable.

pretence but only to maintaine him selfe like a barbare The other matter of openinge bir letters is answeared and tyrant, and aideth himself principally by suche as allreadie by the Marshall of Barwicke, who deniethe the uphold the Popes Authoritie in that realme, ffor which same to be done by him: but that the french man the purpose he letteth not to keepe friers and pardoners carier of the letters would needs of him selfe open the which by stelth have recourse to Rome: and therby same, at Anweke beinge with Yr John Foster who also fortifieth himself to truble the comon quiet of the denieth any thinge to be done by him worthy of blame: Realme : Besides this the Erle of Murray is to thinke And to the intento the truth therin maye be knowne the howe unkindlie the Q* Matie myghto take it to see said Killigree shall do well to take information of si suche a barboruse rebell, fearinge nether God nor man, Jobn Foster, by his hande writinge, in what sorto the

to have his aide to continew his rebellion by the meanes same was done, and so make reporte for the excuse of of suche faithfull persones in Scotlande as haue by hir the matter. And as to the takinge of a Perrot by the Maties meanes and no smale costs had preserved to them Marshall of Barwicke which is also denied to be taken, in tyme of daunger the libertie

not only
of their

Country but to be bought of the carier offeringe the same to be but also of their conscience: And so the said Killigree so!de, let the same Marshall make trew declaration of his shall therin do his endevor to interrupte all aides from doing therin by his writinge and so make reporte to the thence: And yet shall not make Shane's power to said Q: The liko let him doe of the occasion of his last appeare suche as if hir Matie shall please to deale with staye of Melvill and the manner therof, wberin as it him shee hath cause to entreate any person in Scotlande seemeth no manner of intention was to offends that Q: to forbeare the aidinge of bim: And as sone as he can bat only a disposition in the Marshall to keepe order in finish his message to the Q: and procure answeare he that towne boinge a frontier towne for warre in the shall returne with speed. absenco of the govnor: And if upon the reportes hereof

E. E. THOYTS. made to that Queene shee shall not be satisfied upon knowledge thereof, whatsoever the Qus Matie maye reasonably doe for hir further satisfaction shall not be


HANTS.-A white marble memorial stone has lately There hath been also a motion made by Melvill to the been discovered in the box of an old-fashioned Q* Matie for a meetinge to be this Somer betwixt bir mangle in the neighbouring parish of Preston Matie & that Q: whereunto bir Matie hath alreadie made Candover, where it had been buried for at least answear howe it cannot be nowe this Somer conveniently, thirty years. beinge so lately moved, thoughe they both would desire it: hand side has been roughly chiselled off, so that

The stone is word, and its leftAnd therfore except the game be renewed Killigree eball saie nothinge therto: But if it be, he maye saie that the following transcript is to some extent conhe had nothinge comandemente to saie therunto but that jectural. From the parish registers it appears he harde some speeche therof in the Courte here where that S. Evans, rector, was buried September 12 ; the Offecers of the houshold

did alleage it to a thinge the day of the month has been broken off from the impossible to have suche provisions as weare meete for stone. He was a scholar of Winchester College, the honours of both the Queenes upon 80 shorte a warninge; and that wher hir Matie bir solfe desired to have born at Barton, Bucks, admitted 1617, tben aged you as fart in progresse as to Notingham beinge but in eleved, afterwards scholar of New College, Oxford,

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qui fuit


B.C.L., Fellow 1627–41. Is anything else known already in Earl Spencer's library by the end of of him í It is possible that other memorial stones September, or first week in October, at the very might be found in the same receptacles in other latest, 1811; and of the remaining four (I cannot places. Browu Candover Church has long been find that there ever were more than soven), one, viz, disused and is now pulled down. A description of it the 'Cato,' was no longer in Dibdin's possession in in 1839 is given by Mr. Dutby in his 'Sketches of March, 1815; and as this book was one of the the Valley of the Itchen.' This memorial is not four offered for sale in the 'Nosegay, it is clear mentioned.

that the 'Nosegay'must have been published before Reliquiæ Samuelis Evang

the date just mentioned. Mr. Maddison is misEccl'iæ venerandi retro Pastoris

taken in stating that. The Game of Chess,' 'Rey(Cine)rario hoc posita [sic] Resurrectio' manent nard the Fox,' . Cato,' &c., went to Althorp. The

former two certainly did, also the History of (T)beologiæ adytis versatus,

Jason,' and these three only, the only copy of (Utriu)sque Juris, Canonici et civilis, Peritus, Eruditionis Variæ,

Cato' ever possessed by Earl Spencer having Ingenio Felicis,

been bought by him in 1789. What has become Eloquentiæ Purioris,

of the Lincoln copy I know not; it was sold, as Judicii apprime sagacio

already stated, in March, 1815, and was no more (Et qu)od Summu' Theologi decus est

heard of till 1840, when Payne & Foss bad it for (Verit)atis, Fidei Justitiæque tenax, Hæreticis gravis,

sale in their catalogue for the year (price 521. 10s.). Vere Catholicis gratus,

I have never been able to trace it from that date. (Xti)anæ Eccl'iæ non erubeffendus

F. NORGATE. (L)aborantis vulneribus et ruinis,

P.S.-Mr. Maddison says that Dean Jeremie (Aequo) animo Cum diu illachrymasset Coelu' anhelavit

gave the Chapter Library a copy of Caxton's 'Lives &

of the Saints,' "which, altbough insignificant in Transmigravit.

comparison with what we have lost, and wanting (Ae)tat. 54° Salutis 1658° Sept.

in the title-page, is still worth a good deal of VICAR. money." Can this be the 'Golden Legend,' which

Mr. Blades says, in addition to other defects, wants TAE 'LINCOLN NOSEGAY.'—The true history no fewer than sixty-five leaves at the beginning? of Dibdin's dealings with the Dean and Chapter of No other book printed by Caxton can with any Lincoln Cathedral has never yet been written, and propriety be called 'Lives of the Saints,' except, probably never will be-certainly not until some- perhaps, the 'Festial.' Whatever it may be, if thing more than has hitherto been divulged is it has lost its title-page, it cannot be a Caxton. brought to light. In the mean time it may be well to correct some erroneous statements which have DUOLOGUE. — I have seen this word three times been made respecting it. In an article on the lately in the Daily News, the last time in the Lincoln Cathedral Library which appeared in a number for April 17, p. 3, col. 1. The passage recent number of the Library (vol. iv. pp. 306-12), runs as follows: the writer (Rev. A. R. Maddison) says that “The Babble Shop' at the Trafalgar Square Theatre “ Dibdin, who afterwards exposed the ignorance will this evening give place to a duologue entitled . Din. of the Chapter, as well as his own impudence, in ger for Two;', written by Mr. R. C. Carton, author of what he was pleased to call the 'Lincoln Nosegay,' and Mr. Yorke Stephens."

• Liberty Hall.' It will be played by Mr. Cyril Maude persuaded the Chapter, through Sub-Dean Bayley,

A duologue is, therefore, a piece in which there who happened to be in residence when he visited the library in 1816, to let him purchase the Car- are only two actors. Such pieces seem to have tons for a very inadequate price, and that he Paris many years ago. But I do not find duologue

originated in France ; at any rate, I saw one in was accordingly “ allowed to carry off The Game in any French or English dictionary in my possesof Obess,' 'Reynard the Fox,''Oato,' &c., which now repose in the Althorp Library.” Now the sion, and when I first saw the word a month or two Lincolo Nosegay' is without a date ; but while ago, it struck me as an altogether new


F. CHANCE. the fact of its containing a reference to the second

Sydenham Hill, volume of Dibdin's Ames,' which was not printed before 1811, suffices to prove the impossi- RECOVERED MS.—The current number of the bility of the conjectural date of 1808 given in the Jewish Quarterly Review contains a masterly British Museum Catalogue, it is, on the other hand, analysis of a newly-discovered manuscript, a work equally certain that Mr. Botfield was wrong in on Jewish theology, written by one Jacob fil saying that "some of the Caxtons appear to have Judah, who acted as Chazan or Precentor of the been inspected by Dr. Dibdin so late as 1816" London synagogue, A.D. 1287. The synagogue (* Notes on the Cathedral Libraries of England,' referred to was situated close to the Guildhall, 1849), since three of them are known to have been the space being now occupied by the present

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Sheriffs' Court. It was the sole place of worship and, in short, the whole lollipop tribe-a glorious allowed to the Jews of London by the famous Arch- company ! Shenstone, in his delightful poem bishop Peckham.

"The Schoolmistress'- the exact date of which I Tho volume now brought to light contains, among do not know, but Shenstone died in 1763-does other matters, a draft form of a bill of divorce not mention sugar-plums amongst the good things current among the London Jewe. A document of on sale at “the buxter's savoury cottage": he this character must, as a rule, specify the town or speaks of “pastry kings and queens," various ripe city in which the deed is executed, and if it be fruits, and Shrewsbury cakes, but not of bull'ssituated on a river or stream, such river or stream eyes, bard bake, &c. The "sugared cates". with must be distinctly rendered. In the present in which the old lady rewarded her "fairy throng" were stance the form gives “the City of London, probably some kind of sweet biscuits, especially as situated on the rivers Thames and Walbrook.” It gingerbread y-rare” is mentioned in the next will be borne in mind that the Walbrook, A.D. line. What were the "sweetmeats ” alluded to 1287, then a running stream, passed directly by Mercutio in his “ Queen Mab” speech ?-not, through the Jewish quarter, Catte Street, now I fancy, what we mean by sugar-plums or bonGresham Street ; consequently it was peculiarly bons. applicable to a Jewish divorce executed in London. If any one, too wise in his own eyes, should feel The Thames is given phonetically “ Tamise.” inclined to point the finger of scorn at a note on

M. D. Davis. sugar-plums, I can only reply that I am very far

from pointing the finger of scorn at sugar-plums Queries.

myself-I mean real and palpable sugar-plums, as

I am not at all ashamed confess, in the words of We must request correspondente desiring information Robert Brough's pretty poem slightly altered :on family matters of only privato interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the

Still I'm fond of cakes and hardbake. answers may be addressed to thom direct.

JONATHAN BOUCHIER. "EREWHILE.”—Is it correct to use erewhile in the WROTH. — Writing under date December 4, sense of “ere long,” or “presently," as it seems to 1640, Sir John Leeke says (Hist. MSS. Commisbe used by Mr. William Watson, in his ' Prince's sion, vii. 435) :Quest'? A reviewer in the Literary World of “I received lately a most courteous and kind letter April 28 considers “Mr. Watson's description is from my mistress the Lady Mary Wroth......She wrote particularly happy” in passage of which these me word that...... the King hath given her son a brave are the opening lines :

living in Ireland.” And through the corn-land wending many a mile,

Can any one tell me whom the Lady Mary And through the meadow-land, he came erewhile

married as her second husband ? Her first one To where the bighways parted.

died in 1614, and his only son in 1616. Perhaps this is a correct use of crewhile; but it

W. O. W. seems strange and now, and it is certainly different

THE TOTEMS IN THE BRITISH ARMY.-The from Hermia's application of what is apparently the same word in Midsummer Night's Dream, goat of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers (23rd RegiII. q. 273. When, in her surprise and sorrow, she ment) is well known, and also the goat of the

I have read (in

Royal Carnarvonshire Militia. passionately exclaims,

some French paper) that there is a British regi. I am as fair now as I was erewhile,

ment which is preceded by a stag. Is it true; or she manifestly refers to the past, and the word is not rather this would-be stag a mistake for the erewhile is simply equal to “ formerly.” Is there Welsh goat ? any autbority for Mr. Watson's employment of In a more general way, Are there in the British the word ? Perhaps there is a mystery somewhere, army animals acting an honorary part as a kind for the reviewer calls Mr. Watson “a poetical of living ensigns or totems (as anthropologists bee sipping at the boney of Mr. William Morris.” would say nowadays) in the same way as a white

THOMAS BAYNE. goat leads on to drill or to war the sons of the Helensburgb, N.B.

Gadarn and of Cadwallader ? H, GAIDOZ.

22, Rue Servandoni, Paris, SUGAR-PLUM8.—As pothing is too great or too small for the net of dear old .N. & Q.,' may I GERMAN 'NOTES AND QUERIES.'— Is there a hope that I shall be not only pardoned, but com- German publication of the same character as mended, for introducing this sweet subject? How 'N. & Q.'; it so, could you kindly give me the far do sugar-plums date back in our history, or in name and address of publisher ? If there is none the history of any other nation? By sugar-plums such, do you know of any German magazine or I mean sugared almonds, bull's-eyes, acidulated other publication which admits queries to its drops, barley sugar, peppermint lozenges, toffee, columns ?


Robert MONTGOMERY MARTIN.-Perhaps some And when any is passing out of this life, a bell shall correspondent of “ N. & Q.' may be able to promote be tolled, and the minister shall not then

slack to do his the object of Mr. J. H. Reddan, H.B.M.'s Vice- last duty., And after the party's death, if it so fall out,

there ehall be rung no more than one short peal, and consulat Ciudad Bolivar, who has addressed to one other before, and one other after the burial.” me a courteous letter, of which the following is an Has the use of the passing bell quite ceased ; and extract. I hope thé • Dict. of Nat. Biog.' may when? From the words of the canon, I suppose yet embrace Martin. Webb’s ‘Irish Biography' that the one short peal” differed in the manner knows him not.

of its being rung from the passing bell, so as to “I shall feel extremely obliged if you can afford me give notice of the death. Now the “ one short any information concerning the late Robert Montgomery Martin, author of History of the British Colonies. peal” is lengthened into one, in some places, an • Ireland before and after the Union,' and many other hour long, any time after death. Another query works on Ireland. All that I have been able to glean suggests itself. Is the passing bell in use in other 80 far concerning that gentleman reduces itself to the countries ?

E. LEATON-BLENKINSOPP, following items. He is said to have been born in co. Tyrone in 1803, and to have died in 1870 (but I can find THE STANDISA FAMILY.—I shall feel obliged no notice of his death). It is believed that he lived in if some reader will refer me to any books or pubDublin during the latter years of his life, and that he lished records concerning the Standish family, who was educated for the medical school, probably in Trinity College. But this last does not appear to have been the flourished at Duxbury, Lancashire, in the eighteenth case, for after a most careful search I can find nothing century.

T. B. whatever about him in the registers, nor do the Rev. Dr. Abbott (Librarian Trin. Coll. Dub.) nor Mr. Miller

"SALLER MONY." — In the church accounts (Registrar T.C.D.) know anything about him. The pub- of Hartland, Devon, this appears as a source of lishers of his works appear to have been J, B. Nichols income from the earliest date, 1597 to 1609. On & Sons, 25, Parliament Street, London,"

one occasion it is written "Sallery." The amount W. J. F.

in each year was about 40s., and sometimes 58. or Dublin.

68. was paid for collecting it. I suppose cellar POSTIL. To "postell_upon a kyrie." Is money is meant, but I should be glad to know the this Skelton's ? Todd's 'Jobnson,' 1818, refers nature of the tax, and how it came to form part of me vaguely to “Skelton's Poems” for it; but I the church revenues. R. PEARSE CHOPE. have not succeeded in verifying this reference.


MAGAZINE WANTED. I wish to know the name

and date of the magazine in which an article on the HÔTEL DE GENES.—Can any one ipform me kingdom of Sheba appeared, by a Berlin savant, what is the legend of the Hôtel de Gênes at a translation of an old document, within the last Genoa ? It is supposed to be haunted—but by two years.

Miss KEEFS. whom, and why?


ROBERT, DUKE OF NORMANDY. — On what St. OBERT.-Who was St. Obert, or Bert, in authority is a still existing Welsh threnody, or whose honour a play_was celebrated by the elegy, attributed to the unhappy Robert, Duke of Baxstars, or Bakers, of Perth on December 10 ? Normandy? It is said that the lament in question

J. E. WALLACE-JAMES. was composed, with other poems, in the language ARCHER FAMILY.Where can I obtain any Is there any reason for believing that the verses

of his gaolers, during his imprisonment at Cardiff. information of the Archer family, of Lincolnshire, date from so early a period ?

B. L. R. O. Yorkshire, Durham, Cumberland, or Northumberland, other than the very brief potices contained in

STRASSBURG CATHEDRAL. A small octavo Memorials of the Archer Family, published 1861. volume, entitled · Description de la Cathedral de What are the arms of above branches of this Strasbourg,' printed in 1817, has the following family?

G. H. R.

note in MS. affixed :THE PASSING BELL.-In the 'Diary of the Duke [name cut out] has brought from Paris a model of Stettin's Journey,' published in the Transactions of this cathedral in silver; it is most elaborately exeof the Royal Hist. Soc. (vol. vi. p. 7) the following an inch to two feet, French measure, is nearly two feet

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cuted and accurately made upon a scale of one-twelfth of

in height, and is allowed by Mr. Soane and Mr. Porden, “Parishes expend much money in harmoniously- the architects, who have been at Strasburg, to be the sounding bells...... They do not ring the bells for the most perfect piece of workmanship they ever beheld, dead, but when a person lies in agony, the bells of the and is worthy of a place in any publick museum or Parish he belongs to are touched with the clappers, until private collection of superior works of art. N.B.- The ho either dies, or recovers again. As soon as this sign is épire is the highest in Europe, and is 171 feet higher given, every body in the street, as well as in the houses, than St. Paul's." falls on bis knees, offering prayer for the sick person." On the cover is “To Sir Gregory Page Osborne This is, of course, in accordance with canon Ixvii. Turner, Bart., who is in the possession of the silver (1604),—

model alluded to." This has been sigoed, but the

occurs :

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signature is erased, but may have been “ J.
Soane,” in whose library this volume is now.

Where is now this silver model ?

Sir John Soane's Museum.

(8th S. iii. 327, 371).

I beg leave to assure Dr. TAYLOR that I meant “DIMANCHE DE QUASIMODO.”—The first Sunday after Easter is usually termed “Dominica in Albis," the beart of the arugment. His writings are too

no disrespect, and only wished to arrive at a name which needs no explanation; but in a French missal I find it styled “Dimanche de to be overlooked'; and, though I differ from him

well known and, in many instances, too valuable Quasimodo.” What is the origin and meaning of on a hundred points, Í am thankful for what he this term ?


has taught me in many ways. Ventnor,

His production of authority is a matter that WRECK OF WOLVERINE, 1855.—Where can I demands from scholars the most serious attention. find an account of the wreck of H.M.S. Wolverine My own view of the matter is that I never for a op Courtown Bank, August 11, 1855, of the moment anticipated that he would attach any sufferings and rescue of her crew, and of the court decisive value to the spellings in Domesday. It martial on the survivors ?

BEAULIEU. cannot be too clearly understood that Domesday

abounds with the most ludicrous mistakes, and SERENE HIGANESS. - What is the exact mean is only of value when properly collated with and ing of this ; and how is it differentiated from controlled by other authorities. It could not be Royal Highness"? In the newspaper and otherwise. The Anglo-French scribes had to spell magazine accounts of English Court festivities of how they could words which had no meaning for the last century Serene Highnesses are often them, and which they frequently could not promentioned.

We may illustrate this by considering When Oliver Cromwell assumed the post of what value we should attach to the spellings of an Lord Protector he was spoken of in official docu- Englishman ignorant of Arabic when be tries to ments as his Serene Higbness.

write down Arabic words.

A YORKSHIREMAN. For this reason even modern English pronuncia“EXCEPTIO PROBAT REGULAM.”—Is this a legal spellings. It is, at any rate, English, and not a

tion is often of superior value to the Domesday maxim, meaning that a special exception implies the existence of a general rule; or is it a logical the case of Ockford it is an excellent witness.

mere travesty of it. And it is easily seen that in formula, equivalent to what is known as method of difference" in inductive reasoning, a When we are told that the Domesday names

The word “corruption” is continually misused. law of causation being confirmed by the absence of Everslage, &c., have become Yearsley, &c., we the effect when the presumed cause is removed ? The common acceptation of the saying-viz., that

naturally ask-how? There is, properly speak. every rule must have some exception—is, of course, due to the old and vicious habit of ignoring all

ing, no such thing as corruption." It is a term as erroneous in interpretation as it is false in fact. phonetic laws. These laws act with surprising

Chingford, Essex.

regularity; and when exceptions occur they are

not due to corruption, but to downright and in[Is not the question dealt with in Whately?]

teptional substitution of an apparently intelligible Capt. HERCULES DURHAM.—Douglas, in his syllable or word for one of which the meaning bas Baronage,' gives Capt. Hercules Durham as the been lost. Till this is better understood no prolast male of the Durhams of Grange. Can any of gress is possible. your correspondents tell me if this gentleman ever

The Domesday spelling Adford is, on the face became Sir Hercules Durham ?

R. S.

of it, absurd. If Ad- was written for at, it is at

once conceded that the scribe was writing down Aust. - In the village of Colerne, Wilts, a what he could not pronounce and did not undernumber of the inhabitants are named Aust, which stand. If, in another instance, he (or another appears to be a very uncommon name in England. scribe) wrote Acford, he was clearly trying to reSome, and probably all of them, are descended from produce the A.-S. acford, originally ac-ford, i. l., one Ferdinando Aust, whose grandson, bearing oak-ford. Cf. Ash-ford. The A.-S. acford is corthe same Christian dame, died about fifty years rect, because spelt by an Englishman; for the referago, leaving sons and daughters. I presume Aust ence, see Kemble. The A.-S. āc-ford can appear in is a foreign dame; if so, of what nationality would modern English in the forms Acford, Ockford, or Ferdinando Aust be?' I shall be obliged if any Oakford, all regular developments, petrified at one can give information respecting the first person varying dates ; and when we collate Ockford with of the name who settled in the village. G. N. the A.-S. form, we see at once that the Anglo


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