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of two styles, and some parts are of later date, was owner of New Place at the time that mulsuch as the references to Westward Ho' and Sir berry trees were being planted. All trees had a Robert Shirley (1604–12). The appointment in charm for him; this slip was of a special, and then the Wardrobe is directly to the purpose.

rare, kind, to be planted in a special place, by the A. HALL. wish of the king himself, and it is

much more Your correspondent MR. A. Hall, at the than likely that he planted it with his own hand. last reference, quotes Martin Keyes, Groom This strong probability is strengthened by Clopton's Porter to Queen Elizabeth, at the building of assertion that he did so. Mulberry trees live long. Sandgate Castle, 1539. Reynolde Scott, Esq., In the garden of a house in Colchester, at least as was surveyor thereof, and Richard Keys, Esq., then old as the time of Shakespeare, there grew and being solo paymaster of the said works, I find that flourished and bore fruit abundantly, until 1884, at about that time a Richard Keyes, of Folkestone, the view that it was one of King James's mulberry

a noble mulberry tree. Tradition always supported was tenant of St. Radegund's Abbey, near Dover, 444 acres, value 131. 108. 4d.; and in Arch. Cant., trees; and when it was cut down for so-called vol. xi. p. 388 ; Reynolde Keyes occurs in a pay

modern improvements, a scientific man counted list of the forces raised in Kent to resist the Spanish two hundred and ninety-eight clear rings of annual Invasion 1588, being described as “ Corporall of growth, which would throw its origin back to the the feilde." We thus have Martin, Richard, and close of the sixteenth century. Its diameter at the Reynolde Keyes. Can their connexion with each base was six feet, at three feet from the ground other be now traced ? HARDRIC MORPHYN.

three feet nine inches, widening again to six feet

below the spread of the branches. Its wood was DICTIONARY (8th S. iii. 167).-Smart's Pro- sufficient to have made snuff-boxes and ornaments nouncing Dictionary'(Longmans, 1846) meets the innumerable. It was apparently prepared to live requirements of E. G. F. G. T. PEEVOR. quite as long again. Nothing now remains of it,

however, but its photograph. A FUNERAL BY WOMEN IN 1677 (86b S. iii.

CHARLOTTE CARMICHAEL STOPES. 185).-On May 31, 1892, I was the officiating minister at the burial in a Worcestersbire country old church of St. George, at Dunster, near the

ABBEY CAURCHES (86b S. iii. 188).—The famous churchyard of a girl aged thirteen months. The North Somersetshire coast, is an interesting in, coffin was borne on white cloths by four girls, who wore white gloves and who lowered the coffia into stance of a church that was partly monastic and the grave. This actual interment by the girls I bad have all read how that,

partly parochical in pre-Reformation times. We never seen before, but the other customs are not unusual in Yorkshire.

W. C. B.

Will Waddle, whose temper was studious and lonely,

Hired lodgings that took single gentlemen only; DRAUGHTS (8th S. ii. 186).-Cotgrave's 'Dic- and further that,tionary' has Dame, a at Tables, or -Will was so fat he appear'd like a tun, Draughts”; damer, to make a Queen, as Or like two single gentlemen roll'd into one. Pawn at Chests ; to double & man, or make a Much in the same way, Dunster Church consists king, at draughts"; "dames, the playe on the of two churches, standing together "enderways,” outside of a paire of Tables, called draughts"; as they would say in Yorkshire. The original “ damier, a Chesse-boord, or paire of Tables.” It church was founded in the reign of William the has been supposed that Seneca alludes to a game Conqueror, by Sir William de Mohun, who also somewhat similar to draughts, when be says built the castle and founded a priory of Benedictine “ Catrunculis ludimus," Ep. 106, 11.

monks. The church nominally belonged to the F. O. BIRKBECK TERRY.

priory, but was also used by the Vicar of Dunster To L. L. K.'s remarks hereon it may be added and his parishioners. But in A.D. 1499 a serious that “The Ladies' Battle,' in which the contest is dispute arose between monks and laymen, and between a man and a woman, is still accepted as ultimately the quarrel was referred to the Abbot the equivalent English for Scribe's Bataille de of Glastonbury and others as arbitrators. The Dames.'

W. F. WALLER, upshot was that it was agreed the vicar and his sac

cessors should have their choir distinct from that AN OLD MULBERRY TREE (8th S. ii. 384, 472, of the prior and his monks, From that time, 534 ; iii. 76).-Some of the doubts that are peren- therefore, the building has been of a dual chapially expressed regarding Shakespeare's mul- racter, and besides the altar at the eastern end (a berry, and the manufactures therefrom, are pro- part of the edifice known variously as the Old bably based upon disbelief in the asserted age of Church, the Priory Church, the Mohan Chapel, the tree and bulk of the stem. James I. wished and the Luttrell Chancel), there has also been to introduced the mulberry tree into England, and an altar on the western side of the central tower. many slips were planted in his reign. Shakespeare This portion (i.e., west of the tower) has ever since


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been used by the parishioners ; whilst with the in the portrait of the High Sheriff of Radnorshire disappearance of the Benedictines the other end in 1755 was probably merely his best suit, accordfell into & ruinous state. The historian Savage, ing to the fashion of the age, which he would in his ‘History of the Hundred of Carhampton' have worn on any dress occasion, either at Court or (1830), refers to it thus :

elsewhere. Bright colours were not in those days, "Oh that the voice of propriety and common decency, as Reynolds's portraits amply testify, confined to the voice that would command respect to the sacredness the army and the hunting field. I dare say the of the place, would call upon the living to honor the records of the Lord Chamberlain's Office would remains of the illustrious dead; then should we behold yield information as to the date when official the Chancel of Dunster Church restored to its former uniforms were first instituted for civilians. The venerable appearance, and the monuments of two once baronial families renovated by a judicious and well-timed date would, I fancy, be well within the present expenditure. The restoration of the table monument of century. George III. invented the “Windsor" the Lord John de Mohun and his lady, and of their uniform, blue coat with red facings, which is still effigies, with the necessary reparations of those of the worn, I believe, by the gentlemen of the Court Luttrells, a new floor, and some other repairs, would reflect that honor upon the living which we are so justly when at Windsor, and which is very possibly the anxious to see paid to the memory of the dead."

parent of all our civil service and diplomatic uni.

forms. It bas been the custom for high sheriffs to I may add that forty-six years later (in 1876),

wear at assizes a uniform or a so-called “ court " the voice of propriety and common decency was heard, and the reproach removed ; much the

dress," just the same as if they were attending & work in question being carried out by myself

, under levee, but I do not know whether they would be the direction of the late Mr. G. E. Street, R.A., the ordinary costume of a private gentlemad. As

guilty of contempt of court were they to appear in the well-known architect, and at the expense of Mr. Luttrell, of Dunster Castle.

regards appearance at a levee or other state HARRY HEMS.

function, if a man is not dressed according to the

Lord Chamberlain's regulations, he is simply reFair Park, Exeter.

fused admittance. Owing, no doubt, to the fact In reply to MR. JAMES HALL, who asks whether of many high sheriffs being deputy lieutenants, undoubted examples can be cited of parish churches and wearing the uniform of that office, the idea has that were partly monastic and partly parochial in gained ground that that uniform is the official pre-Reformation times, I would give as an example costume of a high sheriff.

J. H. M. the church of which I am incumbent. My church (Davington Priory) was originally two churches ARTHUR ONSLOW (1691-1768), SPEAKER OF under one roof, the western portion being the THE HOUSE or Commons (860 S. iii. 167).—Arthur church of the Benedictine sisters of Davington, Ooslow—eldest son of Foot Onslow, Esq. (ob. and the eastern portion of the building forming the 1710), returned as M.P. for Guildford, Surrey, in parish church of Davington. The two parts were 1689, 1690, 1695, and 1698—is said to have been divided by a low partition wall, in which were two born at Chelsea, Oct. 1, 1691. He matriculated doorways—at each side the altar of the sisters' from Wadbam College, Oxford, on Oct. 12, 1708, church - leading from one part of the edifice to then aged eighteen, but did not proceed to a degree the other. The whole building, viewed from the in that university. It appears that from about 1670 west door, would appear to be one church, as there to 1720 there is an almost entire absence of would be nothing to break the long line of the entries in the admission register of Wadham roof. The parochial part of the building has long College, consequently no record has been preserved since been destroyed, and the partition wall is of Ooslow's earlier education. In addition to this carried up to the roof and pierced with three it would seem that, prior to the appointment of graceful lancets. The present church, which was the present Warden, it was contrary to custom to originally the monastic portion, consists of a record in the college admission register particulars Norman nave and south-west tower (corresponding of the student's school or place of education. (Cf. with a tower which formerly stood at the north-Colline's 'Peerage,' 1779, vii. 248; Foster's west angle), and north aisle and porch of the Early ' Alumni Oxonienses,' 1500-1714, iii, 1090 ; GarEnglish period. CARUS VALE COLLIER. diner's 'Registers of Wadham College, Oxford,' Davington Priory.

1889, i. 435.)

DANIEL HIPWELL. Sherborne Minster was partly monastic, partly

17, Hilldrop Crescent, N. parocbial. See Hutchins's 'History of Dorset.' Arthur Onslow, five times elected Speaker of

H. J. MOULE. the House of Commons, son of Foot Onslow, was Dorchester.

born at Little Chelsea, Oct. 1, 1691. See Lysons's · ‘Environs,' vol. iii.

LEO COLLETON. High SHERIFFS' DRESS (8th S. iii. 188).—I do not suppose that high sheriffs have ever had any Ghost MINERS (8th S. iii. 205).-—Perhaps I distinctive costume.

The red coat, &c., shown may be allowed to suggest that 'Goblin Miners'

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would be the better heading. The ghosts of dead minors may baunt tbe mines, but the Kobolds are

Miscellaneous. spirits of another sort. Milton's line in ‘Comus'

NOTES ON BOOKS, &o. may be remembered :

The Gospel of Saint Luke in Anglo-Saxon. Edited by No goblin or swart faery of the mino.

J. W. Bright, Pb.D. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)

It is always a gratifying spectacle, and one that proThe spirits of the mines are often thought to be phetic Bishop Berkeley would have contemplated with gnomes, which are elementary spirits. They warn pleasure, when our cousins in the New World are found miners of approaching death by mysterious knock looking back with filial affection to the mother that ing. Barton, in his • Anatomy of Melancholy, bore them and to the rock out of which they were bewed.

The competent editor of this document of our oldest quotes the passage from Georgius Agricola con: English hails from the Johns Hopkins University, and cerning the Cobali or Kobolds. The word Cobali two of his collaborators, whose help he acknowledges, aro must be the same as goblin, which includes most Americans also. Dr. Bright follows the Corpus Christi spirits, but not ghosts. Burton distinguishes be- M8, at Cambridge, with certain variations indicated by tween ghosts and gobling. It is difficult to say from him. So long as his M8. makes a good grammatical

italics. With regard to these variations we venture to differ whether Sbakspeare uses the word to express & sepse we hold it is an editor's business to follow it, and devil or a ghost in the line from ' Hamlet,'- not to improve it by the arbitrary substitution of another Bo thou a spirit of health or goblin damned.

word for one which be considers less suitable. For Hamlet afterwards says, –

instance, in cbap. i. v. 5 all the MSS. he cites give “of

Abian tūne," of Abiab's town, a reading perhaps due, as The spirit I have seen may be a devil.

has been suggested, to the translator mistaking the vice So it is likely enough that he may have thought editor boldly displaces it in favour of gewricle, turn or

of the Vulgate for vico. Not liking this rendering, the at first he was addressing a devil which had course, which he finds occurring afterwards' in v. 8. assumed the appearance of the dead king.

The proper course would surely bave been to print tüne

E. YARDLEY. in the text, as Bosworth did, and suggest gewrixle in a Reform Club.

foot-note. Moreover, in this arbitrary emendation of his

text Dr. Bright is not consistent. In chap. vii, v. 29 MR. Black's notice of this curious old super- sundor-hålgan (Pharisees) by an error stands in the MS. stition is very interesting. As additional sources as representing publicani of the Vulgate. Here, how. of information on the subject, I may refer him to over, the editor leaves the word, without venturing to the Gentleman's Magazine for 1795, pp. 559, 739 ; a few verses afterwards (v. 34). The notes, for a school

displace it by the proper word, mänfullan, which occurs and to the Quarterly Review for 1820, P: 365 edition, strike us as meagre, having to do almost altoet seq. A copy of Agricola’s ‘De Re Metallica' is gether with the correspondence or discrepancy existing in the Mining Library here, printed at Basel, in between the translation and the Vulgate original. Some 1561. The woodcats' in it are very quaint. I linguistic and grammatical notes would have been more would point out an error in a foot-note in Mr. useful to a learner. Nevertheless, it is a handy little

volume, and it has a good glossary. BLACK's notice, where the date 1854 should read, I imagine, 1584.

H. T. FOLKARD. The Dawn of the English Reformation, its Friends and

Foes. By Henry Worsley. (Stock.) Public Library, Wigan.

WE question whether Mr. Worsley's volume does not AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (86 S. i. overpass the

line which disqualifies books for notice


our pages. History is our province. With theology we 515; ii. 99) :

may not intermeddle. The volume before us, though L'homme qui se bat et qui consoille,

dealing with historical facts, does so aloost entirely When I pointed out a reference to this saying in from the standing.ground of controversial theology. The • Kenilworth I did not remember that it is also quoted writer is an ardent Protestant, and consequently an at more length in Waverley, chap. xiv. Perhape this admirer of some persons and things which others at the will give EZTAKIT as much information as to its origin opposite pole of thought are wont to treat with little as he requires : “He (the Baron) used to have a per

favour. veree pleasure in boasting that the barony of Bradwar.

We are sorry when the events of the sixteenth cen. dine was a male fief. the first charter having been given tury are approached in a controversial spirit. That, at that early period when women were not deemed however, there is a call for literature of this kind we capable to hold a feudal grant, because, according to

are aware. It is, therefore, well that it should be proLes coustusmes de Normandie, c'est l'bomme ki se bast duced by scholarlike persons of the stamp of Mr. et ki conseille.""


Worsley rather than by those whose sole idea of writing

a history of the Reformation period is to copy Foxe and (8tb 8. iii, 140.)

Burnet. The bighest praise we can give . The Dawn of I suppose the words asked for by HOLLY are a vague true that it does for this country what D'Aubigné's

the English Reformation is to say, wbat is certainly remembrance of Charles Lamb's sonnet in Edith | Histoire de la Reformation' accomplished for the ConSouthey’s album on Christian names :

In Christian world Mary the garland wears :
Rebecca sweetens on a Hebrew's oars :

The Works of Heinrich Heine. Translated by C. G.

Leland. Vole. VII. and VIII. (Heinemann.)
Yet by my faith in numbers I profess

The two volumes now issued in Mr. Leland's scholarly
These all than Saxon Edith please me less. and careful translation are occupied with the contribu-

C, F. 8. WARREN, M.A. tions from Paris to German newspapers, and especially




to the Augsburger Zeitung. As such they are but mode. Intimations of Immortality,' one of the noblest poems of rately interesting to Englishmen, whose feelings Heine the century. Two more volumes complete the edition. never spares. His worst venom is, indeed, always chosen

WITH a capable and interesting in troduction by Mow. when he mentions things English, and he even ventures to impugn the English character for bravery. This he did, bray Morris appears (Macmillan & Co.) the “Globe"; however, to please his French hosts rather than his Ger- edition of Boswell's Life of Johnson. To the owners of man readers, and he always affects great indignation at few books these trustworthy and attractive “Globe”

editions appeal. Thousands read Shakspeare in the English patronage of things German, Among the con.

“Globo" edition, and thousands more will turn to the tents one finds his excuse when the back of the

“ Globe" Boswell. Among its many recommendations is Tuileries in 1848 proved him to have been in receipt of

a fine index. a pension from Louis Philippe, whom he always praised. It is impossible for Heine to write anything wbich does WE havo received Broad Norfolk (Norwich, Nornot contain flashes of brilliancy. In the present case folk News Co.). It is a reprint of an interesting one is most impressed with the accuracy of view and the correspondence' which has appeared in the Eastern insight--almost prophetic-be displayed in dealing with Daily Press. As the work appeared originally in things French.

Mr. Leland's introduction and notes the form of letters, it has not been possible to arrange remain very readable and often very pungent. He is at the material in alphabetical order; but the difficuliy no great pains to spare Heine, on whose transgressions has been obviated by an excellent index, Mr. Cozensin regard to taste he is, indeed, very severe. Mr. Leland Hardy, the editor, says that it is "perhaps the most also talks with obvious pride of having taken part in remarkable accumulation of provincialisms ever col. erecting and defending barricades in the Paris streets in lected in any county in the kingdom." Without 1848. We will not ask him, in the words of Molière, “que wishing to disparage Broad Norfolk, we cannot help diable allait-il faire dans cette galère.” He had, perhaps, our mind recurring to Miss Baker's Northamptonshire some reasons for taking part in a quarrel with which he Glossary,' Miss Jackson's 'Shropshire Word-Book," Mr. was unconcerned. To tell about the matter is, however, Atkinson's 'Cleveland Dialect,' and several of the Engwe venture to think, more than indiscreet,

lish Dialect Society's issues which we need not name, The London and Middlesex Note-Book. A Garner of every one of which contains far more information than Local History and Antiquities. Edited by W. P. W. estimate, we willingly admit that the various writers

the little book before us. Notwithstanding this overPhillimore. (Stock.)

have enabled the editor to garner a mass of curious Tais bandsome volume contains some important papers, information which will be of great service to the comespecially those on the Lord Mayors and Sheriffs of pilers of the Dialect Dictionary' which has been proLondon of the time of James I. The facts recorded mised for some years. Some of the words registered must have taken years in accumulating. We trust that here are new to us. Corder, for example, the mean. some day or other the compiler of these notices, or some ing of which does not seem clear. Rocks!af, in the one else treading in his footsteps, will give us an anno- sense of a tale, "an old woman's rockstaff,” we never tated catalogue of the Lord Mayors and Sheriffs from before heard of. It is, of course, a survival from the their beginning down to the present time. Foreigners days of the spinning wheel. Wind-jammer is, it seems, not infrequently make grotesque blunders garding the office and rank of the Lord' Mayor, but, on the other Puritan hatred for the "kist of whistles"?

an organist. Is it a modern invention, or a relio of the hand, we sometimes find our own countrymen showing equal ignorance, though they commonly err in the opposite direction. The schoolboy's diary of the London sights which he enjoyed in 1843 is amusing. Among other

Notices to Correspondents. objects of interest which he visited was the gallery containing Miss Mary Linwood's copies of paintings in We must call special attention to the following notices : needlework, an exhibition which has long been discontinued. The short paper on the hundreds of Mid

On all communications must be written the name and dlesex is useful. The writer points out that these address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but ancient “divisions of the country seem in danger of as a guarantee of good faith. becoming totally extinct.” We fear this is the case. We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. Ordinary works of reference seldom notice them. Before it is too late we wish some antiquary would compile a

To secure insertion of communications correspondente list of the hundreds, wapentakes, and rapes for the must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, entire kingdom. They are in many cases even older or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the land divisions than the counties of which they form signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to parts, and the names in some instances carry as back appear: Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to the earliest recorded Teutonic settlement, is, indeed, to head the second communication "Duplicate." they do not in some cases go back even further. Contributors will oblige by addressing proofs to Mr. Gloucestershire antiquaries will be glad to find here the Slate, Athenæum Press, Bream's Buildings, Chancery inscriptions to the memory of the Berkeleys, of Berkeley Lane, E.C. Castle, who are buried in Cranford Church.

W. J. GRUBBE.-Received; will appear. Vols. IV. and V. of the “Aldino" Wordsworth, edited ERRATUM.-P. 209, col. 2, 1. 16, for “ Paul Burley" by Prof. Dowden, have been issued by Messrs. G. Bell & read Paul Bierley. Son. Vol, iv, contains, among other things, “ Poems of Sentiment and Reflection," including The Character of Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The the Happy Warrior,'' Fidelity, and other pieces, to Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and which every Wordsworth lover is glad to turn. It has Business Letters to "The Publisher"-at the Office, also . The White Doe of Rylstone' and the * Ecclesiastical Bream's Buildings, Chancery Lane, E.C. Sonnets.' In the fifth volume appear the miscellaneous We beg leave to state that we decline to return compooms, ' Epitaphs and Elegiac Pieces,' the moderniza-munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and tions of Chaucer, &c., and, best of all, the 'Ode on the to this rule we can make no exception.


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