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AUTHOR OF SELECT WORKS OF THE BRITISH POETS.

NEW YORK:
D. APPLETO CO., 200 BROADWAY.

184 2.

KG9602

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

CONTENTS.

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Memoir of Oliver Goldsmith

Essay on the Poetry of Dr. Goldsmith

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CHAPTER I. — The description of the family of Wakefield, in

which a kindred likeness prevails, as well of minds as of persons 45

CHAPTER II. - Family misfortunes. — The loss of fortune only

serves to increase the pride of the worthy

50

CHAPTER III. – A migration. - The fortunate circumstances of

our lives are generally found at last to be of our own procuring 55

- A proof that even the humblest fortune may grant

happiness, which depends not on circumstances, but constitution 63

CHAPTER V. - A new and great acquaintance introduced.-

What we place most hopes upon, generally proves most fatal 68

CHAPTER VI. - The happiness of a country fireside

73

CHAPTER VII. — A town wit described. — The dullest fellows

may learn to be comical for a night or two

77

CHAPTER VIII. — An amour which promises little good fortune,

yet may be productive of much

82

CHAPTER IX. — Two ladies of great distinction introduced

Superior finery ever seems to confer superior breeding

93

CHAPTER X. — The family endeavor to cope with their betters.

The miseries of the poor when they attempt to appear above

their circumstances

97

CHAPTER XI. - The family still resolve to hold up their heads 102

CHAPTER. XII. - Fortune seems resolved to humble the family of

Wakefield. Mortifications often more painful than real

calamities

109

CHAPTER XIII. - Mr. Burchell is found to be an enemy; for

he has the confidence to give disagreeable advice

115

CHAPTER XIV.- Fresh mortifications, or a demonstration that

seeming calamities may be real blessings

119

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CHAPTER XV. - All Mr. Burchell's villany at once detected.

The folly of being overwise

126

CHAPTER XVI. — The family use art, which is opposed by still

greater

132

CHAPTER XVII. - Scarcely any virtue found to resist the power

of long and pleasing temptation

139

CHAPTER XVIII. — The pursuit of a father to reclaim a lost

child to virtue

149

CHAPTER XIX.- The description of a person discontented with

the present government, and apprehensive of the loss of our

liberties

156

CHAPTER XX. - The history of a philosophic vagabond, pursuing

novelty, but losing content

166

CHAPTER XXI. — The short continuance of friendship among

the vicious, which is coeval only with mutual satisfaction 184

CHAPTER XXII. -Offences are easily pardoned where there is

love at bottom

194

CHAPTER XXIII. — None but the guilty can be long and com-

pletely miserable

200

CHAPTER XXIV. - Fresh calamities

207

CHAPTER XXV.— No situation, however wretched it seems,

but has some sort of comfort attending it

213

CHAPTER XXVI. — A reformation in the jail. To make laws

complete they should reward as well as punish

219

CHAPTER XXVII. - The same subject continued

226

CHAPTER XXVIII. — Happiness and misery rather the result of

prudence than of virtue in this life. Temporal evils or feli-

cities being regarded by Heaven as things merely in themselves

trifling, and unworthy its care in the distribution

232

CHAPTER XXIX. — The equal dealings of Providence demonstra-

ted with regard to the happy and the miserable here below.

That, from the nature of pleasure and pain, the wretched

must be repaid the balance of their sufferings in the life hereafter 245

CHAPTER XXX. — Happier prospects begin to appear. Let us

be inflexible, and fortune will at last change in our favor .

CHAPTER XXXI. — Former benevolence now repaid with un-

expected interest

262

CHAPTER XXXII. The conclusion

280

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It cannot be said of this ornament of British literature, as has been observed of most authors, that the memoirs of his life comprise little more than a history of his writings. Goldsmith's life was full of adventure ; and a due consideration of his conduct from the outset to his death will furnish many useful lessons to those who live after him.

Our author, the third son of Mr. Charles Goldsmith, was born at Elphin, in the county of Roscommon, Ireland, on the 29th of November, 1728. His father, who had been educated at Dublin college, was a clergyman of the established church, and had married Anne, daughter of the Rev. Oliver Jones, master of the diocesan school of Elphin. Her mother's brother, the Rev. Mr. Green, then rector of Kilkenny West, lent the young couple the house in which our author was born ; and at his death Mr. Green was succeeded in his benefice by his clerical protégée.

Mr. Charles Goldsmith had five sons and two daughters.

Henry, the eldest son (to whom the poem of “ The Traveller” is dedicated), distinguished himself greatly both at

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