which were

* Zung Pirance, the son of erle Dragabald,

Was dirlit with lufe of fair Meridiane;
Scho promest him hir luve evin as he wald,

And in ane secret place gart him remane,

Blawand ane kandill by art magiciane,

In frost and snaw, quhill day licht on the morne.” A considerable number of the romances here recited appear to have been equally popular in England, about the period of the Complaynt ; for, the language in which they were composed, was understood with equal facility, in both kingdoms, and the manners of the lower classes were not essentially different. In “ a Letter; whearin, part of the entertainment vntoo the queenz Maiesty, at Killingwoorth castl in Warwik Sheir, in the Soomerz Progress, 1575, is signified,” we are presented with the following curious enumeration of romances and songs,

then popular in England. • Captin cox, an od man I promiz yoo: by profession a mason, and right skilfull, very cunning in fens, and hardy az Gawin ; for his tonsword hangs at his tablz eend: great ouersight hath he in matters of storie : for as for King Arthurz book, Huon of Burdeaus, The foour sons of Aymon, Beuys of Hamton, The squyre of lo degree, The knight of courtesy and the lady Faguell, Frederik of Gene, Syr Eglamoour, Syr Íryamoour, Syr Lamweil, Syr Isenbras, Syr Gawyn, Olyuer of the castl, Lucres and Eurialus, Virgels life, The castl of Ladiez, The widow Edyth, The King and the Tanner, Frier Rous, Howleglas, Gargantua, Robinhood, Adam Bel Clim of the Clough & William of Čloudésley, The Churl and the Burd, The seuen Wise Masters, The wife lapt in a Morels skin, The sak full of nuez, The Seargeaunt that became a Fryar, Skogan, Collyn Cloout, The Fryar and the Boy, Elynor Rumming, and the Nutbrooun 'maid, with many moe then I rehearz heere : I beleeue he haue them all at hiz fingers endz. Then in philosophy, both morall & naturall, I think he be az naturally ouerseen : beside poetrie and astronomie, and oother hid sciencez, as I may gesse by the omberty of hiz books : whearof part, az 'I remember; The sheperdz kalender, The ship of Foolz, Danielz dreamz, The booke of Fortune, Stans puer ad mensam, The hy wey to the Spitlhouse, Julian of Brainsfords testament, The Castle of Loue, The booget of Demaunds, The hundred mery Talez, The book of Riddels, The seauen sororz of wemen, The prooud wiues Pater Noster, The Chapman of a peniwoorth of wit : Beside hiz auncient playz, Yooth and Charitie, Hikskorner, Nugize, Impacient pouertie, and heer with, Doctor Baords breuiary of health. What shoold I rehearz heer? what a bunch of ballets & songs, all auncient! az, Broom broom on hil; So wo iz me begon; 1 roly lo; Ouer a whinny Meg; Hey ding a ding ; Bony lass vpon a green; My bony on, gaue me a bek; By a bank az I lay : and a hundred more, hath fair wrapt up in parchment, and bound with a whip cord. And az for allmanaks of antiquitiee (a point for Ephemerides) I weene bee can sheaw from Jasper Laet of Antwarp, vnto Nostradam of Frauns, and thens vnto oour John Securiz of Salsbury. To stay. you no longer heerin, I dare saye hee hath az fair a library for thees sciencez, and az many CRIT. Rev. Vol. 35. May, 1802.


goodly monuments, both in prose & poetry, & at afternoonz, can talk as much without book, az ony Inholder'betwixt Brainfoord and Bagshot, what degree soeuer he be," &c. P. 245.

We must also offer a transcript from p. 289.

• It only remains, therefore, to state the process, which has been observed, in preparing, for the press, an edition, which claims the merit of scrupulous fidelity, with whatever defects it may be in. cumbered. Of the Complaynt of Scotland, only four copies are known to be extant; one of which is deposited in the British Museum ;- another belongs to his grace the duke of Roxburgh ; a third to John M Gowan, esą.; and the fourth to Mr. G. Paton. All these copies were imperfect; but three of them have been completed from each other... The two last have been constantly used in this edition, and the Museum copy has been occasionally consulted. For convenience of reference, the pages in this edition correspond exactly with those of the ancient copies. The orthography of the original, however barbarous or irregular, has always been preserved, except in the case of obvious typographical blunders. With all his respect for ancient authors, the editor has never ceased to recollect, that no ancient of them all, is so old as common sense; and he is ready to admit, that the preservation of an obvious typographical error, has always appeared to him, as, flagrant à violation of common sense, as the preservation of an inverted word or letter; a spe. cies of inaccuracy, which the most rigid antiquary does not hesitate

to correct. To enable every person to determine, whether this lie cence has been abused, a list of such alterations is subjoined. In marginal quotations of classical authors, which were generally very erroneous, without being capable of illustrating any point of orthography for grammar, the true reading has been silently restored. With re

spećt to the punctuation, as that of the original was almost constantly erroneous, without any attention to system, it has been corrected when necessary; and the semicolon, which does not occur in the original, has been sometimes employed.?

The glossary is ample, and in some respects curious. In p. 347 of the second progress of sheets, the author expresses a strange opinion, that the fishermen on the east coast of Scot

land, instead of retaining the rough old dialect of their fathers, are, forsooth, of Flemish and Danish origin!

With regard to the work itself—The Complaynt of Scotland, which here becomes almost an appendix to Mr. Leyden's prolix, digressive, and retrogressive dissertation—it is printed not as a classic, but in fac simile, with all the confusion of the original edition. Upon this plan, we might print the Greek and Roman classics, not with the elegance and clearness of modern typography, but in the confused manner of the manuscripts !. We suspect that the editor of the Maitland Poems would have fdllowed a different method ; but he is, we believe, sufficiently disgusted with the barren field of Scotch history and antiquities, in which the greatest labours have been repaid not only with in

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gratitude, but with calumny. It is an ancient saying, that neither the wealthy, nor the valiant, nor even the wise, can long flourish in Scotland; for envy obtaineth the mastery over them all ;' says sir David Dalrymple, in his Annals, vol. II. p. 209, translating the words of old Fordun.

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RELIGION. l. Art. 14.--Sermoris by the Rev. John Wight Wickes, M.A. Svo. 8s. Boards. Carpenters. i801.

7. THE conflict in which we have been so unsuccessfully engaged has given place to the prospect of a happier intercourse between the two hostile countries; and the memory of enmity and malignant passions should least of all be preserved in discourses from the polpit. . Indeed a writer does ivot consult his own interest by introducing such topics ; for, if they might have been thought necessary to act upon the feelings of an audience at the moment of delivery in the stillness of the closet, and at a distant period of time, allusions to local circumstances are either entirely forgotteri, or fail to operate on the mind. We must: repeat it, that a preacher has a field sufficiently extensive for the greatest abilities, without wandering from his records. Man in the sight of God is his subject. The only conflicts that he is to speak of, are the conflicts with his wicked and base passions: the victories are over himself; the triumphs are those of our Saviour. Whatever should be uttered by a preacher does not belong to man in this or that nation, but to man in every quarter of the globe; and every thing, however praise-worthy,' hoDourable, or glorious it may be in other places and in other circumstances, if it be intended to excite animosity, revenge, or passion, sagainst a fellow-creature, is totally out of place in the pulpit.

We are led to the repetition of such remarks by the following extract.

* Threats of extirpation are melancholy to consider. A relentless enemy, determined upon our utter ruin; cannot be successfully resisted without unanimity on our side ;; without great and voluntary sacrifices, personal exertion, and zealous activity. These things are necessary for our preservation į they are still needful, as the means of connteracting force; they are essential to the maintaining our freedom, our laws, our religion, nay, even our existence as a happy pation. The hardships we at present sustain may indeed be accounted great; but the contest is become the result of necessity, not of will. In such a cause, though great are our difficulties, yet glorious is the conflict. We are contending for all that is dear and precious to us, as men and as Britons, And is not comparative evil better than su. perlative misery? - Is it not more prudent, will it not be more wise, to be patient under a known and temporary hardship, rather than foolishly draw upon ourselves the horrors of an invasion, by secret conspiracies, disloyalty to the best of monarchs, and injudicious illfounded complaints against the ruling powers ?-Should we not, rather, fired with a becoming resentment, warmed with patriotism, and zealous for our own doniestic happiness, resolutely strive to over* come ?-Should we not, with promptitude and alacrity, step for. ward as one man, subduing the spirit of party , firmly uniting in onc bond of unity among ourselves, and attachment to our government, contend for our lives, our property, our religion, our families, our

country?-Reason would suggest the propriety of action-self-pre. servation enforces the necessity of resistance. P. 343.

Now what would have been thought of the preacher, if, when our armies were preparing for the invasion of France or Holland, he had expatiated on the necessity of the French to resist us, and, placing himself in their situation, had endeavoured, by all the motives of religion, to combat the measures of government But if it - be right on one side of the water for the preachers of the Gospel to

be spurring on their hearers to active exertions in the field, the same must be allowed to those on the other side ; and thus the class · whose office is to breathe nothing but good-will and love towards men are employed in practices totally opposite to those of our Saviour and his apostles. Surely the dignity of the character in which a Christian audience is addressed by a preacher of the Gospel ought to inspire a very different conduct: and we shall hope that our opposition to such an abuse of the clerical office during the war may excite some clergyman to a full examination of the subject during peace, and to lay down such precise rules, that hereafter his brethren may be employed solely in soothing the calamities of warfare ; and that it · may be disreputable to abuse the pulpit by the introduction of questions adapted only for the house of commons or the field of battle.

Throughout these discourses, the allusions to domestic or foreign politics are frequent : the language is too much studied ; and morality prevails over the peculiar truths of the Gospel. We very much suspect that the ideas conveyed to a hearer by the following sentence must have been very indistinct, as we were obliged to peruse it twice, with some attention, before we could apprehend the preach. er's meaning.

• Should the cold deliberations of prudential caution anticipate ensuing misery consequent of ignorance, and concomitant with de. pravity ; avarice itself, when guided by interest, would unbend and be charitable.'

Similar passages occur in severalof the discourses; and if an audience. might 'speak in terms of approbation of some of them, it must be rather from the supposed harmony of the periods than a judgement formed on their arrangement or perspicuity. From some passages,

P. 312•

however, we are inclined to hope for better things in future from this writer; and if he study to make his discourses level to the ca. pacities of those a little below the common average of an audience, they will be equally intelligible and pleasing to the highest and most learned. Less attention to finę writing, as it is called, will enable i him to write better; and his success will be still greater if he ani. mate his thoughts and discourses by a more frequent appeal to the grand truths and sentiments conveyed by the inspired writers. Art. 15.-Twelve Sermons. By John Grose, A. M. &c. 8v.


Boards. Rivingtons. 1801. Instead of affecting any claim to literary merit from these discourses, our author observes

that they are only exhibited as a part of those professional labours in which he is constantly engaged. Now, as there are upwards of ten thousand clergymen engaged in similar labours, if each should follow this mode of exhibiting his labours to the public, our press would be weighed down with the rhetoric of the pulpit. But this motive for introducing discourses to notice is no more satisfactory than another mentioned in conjunction with itthe ardent wish of promoting the cause of religion and virtue. We should hope that every clergyman is affected by the same laudable desire ; yet it is not necessary that his exertions should appear beyond the limits appointed by his ecclesiastic governors. For the general character of this work, we will adopt the writer's own words.

• The doctrines which are principally enforced in these discourses are, the fallen state of human nature, the turpitude, and guilt of sing--the purity, and extent of the moral law,--the absolute need of an expiatory atonement for sin,--and the full, finished, and perfect redemption, which Christ hath accomplished for the guilty. And whilst they point out from the authority of Holy Writ, that Christ is the way, the truth, and the life,—and the only name given under heaven whereby we can be saved ;--they no less recommend to our serious attention the morality of the Gospel, and the inseparable union of faith and practice.Whilst they assert the absolute need of regenerating grace, and the blessed agency of the Holy Spirit, they uniformly urge the importance of cultivating those Christian graces, which peculiarly adorn our holy religion. These are the prominent features of the discourses now offered to public view; and which are written in strict conformity to the doctrines contained in the articles, homilies, and liturgy, of our excellent establishment.'

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P. ii.

It is so seldom, in modern discourses, that the articles, homilies, and liturgy, are referred to, that this peculiar characteristic of our author's mode of writing should be mentioned, much to his praise : and we will add another commendation- We mean, that, with the strongest attachment to the church, he is devoid of that bitter and persecuting spirit which has at times disgraced too many of its members.

There is also a mistaken zeal, when we prostitute the venerable Aame of religion, to advance only our interests or opinions; and

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