New Zealand Flax.

Irish Straw.

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kindly promised their valuable assistance in promoting Proceedings of Institutions.
the investigation of this curious fibre. Having heard that
the plant was cultivated in the Botanic-gardens here, I
visited them, and found such was the case. Mr. Fergil-

ALTON.-The Mechanics' Institution has now been son, the curator, at once pointed it out, and very cour established 16 years, and during that time it has accumuteously offered to give me specimens to take with me. Iated a library of 1,011 volumes. During the last winter I procured a sufficient quantity of the leaves for analysis, fifteen lectures were delivered on various subjects, and two and submitted them to Professor Hodges, of the Queen's exhibitions of dissolving views, and three of microscopic College, Belfast, and chemist to the Chemico-Agricultu- objects, were held. An analysis of the members showed ral Society, for examination and report. The following that there were, of subscribers paying ten shillings per is the result of his analysis, annexed to which is given annum and upwards, professional men, &c., 23; tradesthe composition of the Irish Flax :

men, 37; of subscribers paying eighteen pence per quarter, “Laboratory, Chemico-Agricultural Society, Belfast,

tradesmen, 9; mechanics, 47; and apprentices, &c., 24; 24th November, 1853.

making a total of 140. “ An analysis of New Zealand Flax, and Irish Flax Straw. of Wandsworth, delivered a very instructive and interest

BATTERSEA.-On Tuesday evening, Mr. A. Coleman, One hundred parts of each contain respectively :

ing lecture to the members and friends of the Literary

and Scientific Institution, “On Combustion." The lecture Water



was illustrated by experiments; and the principle of the Organic matters



Davy Lamp, Gas-lights, Argand burners, Oil lamps, and Ash



Ventilation were explained in a clear, intelligible manner.

The vicar took the chair, and, at the close of the pro100.00 100.00

ceedings presented the thanks of the meeting to Mr. Ash per cent. in plants dried

Coleman. at 212° Fahrenheit.


3.20 One hundred parts of the dried leaves of New Zealand on Wednesday, the 23rd of November. It has been

BURY.-The inauguration of the Atheneum took place
Flax gave 1.64 parts of nitrogen, while 100 parts of Irish erected by public subscription, in consequence of the in-
Flax Straw gave 0.53 of nitrogen. The Ash of New sufficient accommodation in the premises occupied by the
Zealand and Irish Flax respectively contain:-

Bury Mechanics’ Institute. The building consists of a
New Zealand Plant. Irish Plant.

large, lofty, and spacious Lecture Hall, gallery, and Potash



ante-rooms; the Hall is 85 feet long by 43 broad, and is Soda



25 feet high. There is also a gallery capable of accomChloride of Sodium. 8.75


modating from 150 to 200 people. On the ground-floor Lime


19.88 there is a news room, 43 foet by 15 feet; a museum, 43 Magnesia



feet by 30 feet; a library 30 feet by 17 feet 6 inches ; Oxide of Iron



lecturers retiring room ; onc class room, 30 feet by 17 feet 6 Sulphuric Acid



inches; and a committee room. In addition to the above Phosphoric Acid



there are also, in the basement, three good class rooms, Carbonic Acid


and the requisite offices necessary for such a building. Silica



On this occasion, E. Grundy, Esq., of the Wylde, the

President for the year, after referring to the donations of 100.78

99.31 the late Earl of Derby, and the patronage of the present "(Signed) “ JOHN F. HODGES, M.D., Earl, introduced Lord Stapley, M.P., whom he requested “ Chemist to the Society."

to preside over the meeting. The following gentlemen The excess of silica spoken of as the cause of brittle, were also on the platform :-The Bishop of Manchester ; ness does not appear in the analysis, but I think the non-che Rev. C. Richson; the Rev. Dr. Vaughan; J. Chectham, fibrous portion of the Phormium terar” is more incor- Esq., M.P.; N. Starkie, Esq., M.P.; J. Smith, Esq., of porated with the fibre than in the “ Linum usitatissi- Liverpool; Richard Fort, Esq., of Read Hall; the Rev. mum," and this combination may partly account for the the Rector of Bury, who is one of the Directors, and many brittle nature hitherto generally attributed to the fibre. other influential gentlemen of the town and neighbourIf the silica exists in combination with the alkalies potash hood. The Noble Chairman, after a few introductory or soda, which I presume may be the case, I do not see observations on the value of education, said, that five any reason why such a silicate should not be soluble in years ago, in 1848, it was proposed to erect a new hot water. Acting on this idea, I have tried the effect of Athenæum: in two years the funds were so forward as to boiling the leaves and rolling afterwards : in fact, adopt-justify its promoters in beginning the building; in 1850, ing a system similar to Watt's patent, which, though not the corner-stone was laid, and now they had to congratuyet perfectly applied to Irish flax so as to please the linen late themselves on its completion. There was one person, manufacturers, may eventually be successful, and indeed whose name was connected with this building, to whom appears the most likely way of managing this New Zea- he was not at liberty to refer ; but this he would say in land flax. As yet I have no result to lay before you of his father's name, that there was no man in public life, these experiments, except that I deprecate the use of of whatever political party, who was more deeply and much alkali to soften the plant, or the use of fire heat sincerely interested in this great question,—the question in drying it, having found both add greatly to the of the age,-the question of national instruction ; no man brittleness of the fibre in the green state.(a) When I more sincerely anxious to further instruction, and to raise have any further information to give worth notice, I all classes, especially the working classes, in the social shall communicate such at once; in the mean time the scale. The Rev. Mr. Thorburn, M.A., read the report facts I have stated and the analysis of the plant, will, of the trustees on the building of the Athenæum, and also without doubt, prove interesting to many readers of your a statement of the classes now in operation. The architect, useful journal.

Sydney Smirke, Esq., had estimated the cost of the

Athenæum at upwards of 4,0001. Towards this sum was (a) I found the plant dried by fire-heat rather quickly very supplementary sources, the sum of 4,4811. The expendi

raised by public subscription, rent of Hall, and other its tenacity, and was not subsequently improved by slow-drying ture had been, for contracts for the building and superinat a distance from the fire. The amount of alkali used in tendence, 3,4681.; for fitting up furniture and other bleaching linen a peared destructive to this fibre ; but I inatters, 1,0381 ; and for the bazaar and exhibition, 3681. ; should not like to state this positively, without another trial. making a total of 4,8741.; and leaving a balance now due

. 13.12

to the treasurer of 3931. The Directors' report was then provement in this respect. People were alarmed when read, froin which it appeared that in the first quarter of they saw what a quantity of " fiction" was read by the the Atheneam's operations, there were 454 inembers; in meinbers of a Mechanics’ Institute; but was no fiction the second quarter, 537; in the third quarter, 584; and / read by those who were not members? In order to raise during the fourth, the present quarter, there were 700 | the standard of reading, the great point was to lead the members. The receipts up to the present time had been members to read with a purpose. Endeavour to interest

121., and the expenditure 3121. ; leaving a balance of 521. a man in some particular subject, furnish him with a The Rev. C. Richson then addressed the meeting on strong inducement to seek information respecting it, and the advantages to be derived from Mechanics Institutions then provide him with books, or with a living teacher to and similar societies. The Bishop of Manchester dwelt assist him. To the success of classes of continuous study ou the duties of employers to the employed in assisting a system of examinations, diplomas, and rewards was to provide better education for the operative classes gene- essential. It was hoped that such a system would be rally. Mr. J. Cheetham spoke to the value of libraries organized under the auspices of the Society of Arts, but in torns like this, and also of the importance of village nothing could be done without the co-operation of the libraries. The Rev. Dr. Vaughan spoke of the advan- institutes. Music and drawing classes should be estabtages of education, as the forerunner of a nation's great lished in every institution. It was not creditable to Dess: and alluded to those great but expired cities of Brighton, with a population of 75,000, that it had no bygone ages in illustration of the sentiinent. Mr. Smith, public drawing school, or School of Design. The pupils of Liverpool, and Mr. Richard Fort, of Real Hall, also should be taught to draw at once from the round, and addressed the meeting.

not from the flat. The late Mr. Butler Williams's BRIGHTON.- A special general meeting was held at the method of drawing from graduated models was highly Mechanics' Institution, on Thursday, the 24th of Novem-commended. In learning to draw, the pupils should be ber, for the purpose of receiving a letter from Mr. S. Ro- taught how they saw; and what were the causes of the bertson, presenting a model of the Holy Land, the pro- differences between the real shapes and the appearances perty of the late Rev. F. W. Robertson, M.A., Vice- of things. How few people could give an explanation President of the Institute ; and also for hearing a lecture of the reasons why they saw only the lecturer's face and from Mr. Harry Chester, on the subject of “ Mechanics' not his back! One of the causes why the French excel Institutes." The Committee had invited the members us in architecture, and in the manufactures into which of three or four other institutions in the town to be design enters, was the general instruction in drawing present, and a numerous audience was collected. After from models in that country. Classes for research were premising that they were to expect, not a display of also recommended. Why should not some of the eloquence, nor a philosophical disquisition on education, members devote themselves to the pursuit of different but a plain business-like talk about institutions, with a branches of natural history? One class would take up view to practical suggestions for their improvement, Mr. the subject of the geology of the neighbourhood, Chester adverted to the presence of the members of the another the entomology, a third the birds, a fourth the other institutions, and pointed out the importance of a botany, a fifth the marine productions, &c., &c. Refriendly co-operation amongst them. It struck him, as a cently evidence of a highly contradictory character had stranger, that in such a place as Brighton it might have been given by scientific men before a Committee of the been better to have established one very large institution, House of Commons, on the subject of the rainfall on instead of dividing their strength among five distinct chalk; some insisting that the rain which penetrates baidies; and he s'iggested that, if it were not now too the surface of the chalk is retained in large rivers and late to effect a junction, some kind of federation might immense lakes in its substance; whilst others as contistill be established. Each of the five institutions might dently declared, that the rain penetrates the substance of delegate one or two representatives, who should sit at a the chalk, and finds its way into the sea at the feet of Central Committee, to promote the general interest of the clitts. In the neighbourhood of Brighton it had the institutions, and to provide for such joint action as been said that many such streams, issuing from the chalk, might be found possible. He expressed his regret were to be seen. Why should not such questions be and surprise that the Pavilion, whose numerous and examined and ascertained from actual observation, by spacious rooms were open to the givers of balls and the geological class of this institution ? Photography concerts, to “ Wizards,” and all sorts of shows, was was becoining exceedingly popular. Why should not a not allowed to be used by these institutions. He photographic class be formed ?" The object should be to pointed out their great value, as affording opportunities furnish various inducements to persons of various tastes for the association of different classes, for innocent and pursuits to join the institution. Facilities should be amusements, the occupation of dangerous leisure, provided for the prosecution of such pursuits. Lists of for occasional and systematic instruction. Such institu- books bearing upon them should from time to time bo tions were necessary. Without them schools and exhibited in the library. Mr. Chester strongly pointed churches wanted a necessary supplement. It was use- out how necessary it was not only to extend but to imless to provide schools, if you did not provide the means prove the education of the whole people, high and low, of using and completing what was acquired in them. It rich and poor, young and old, and urged upon the was useless to provide churches and clergy, if you left the members of the institutes that they should connect those people without innocent amusements and beneficial em- bodies with the educational system of this country, and ployment for their leisure hours. The question was, how bring their influence to bear upon it. He explained the Gocould these institutions be best improved ? They should vernment system of pupil-teachers, and showed what great continue to provide newspapers and circulating libraries, advantages it offered to the children of the poor. He sugand amusing lectures, to hold soirees, and to take ex- gested that all the pupil-teachers of the different public carsions ; but they should do a great deal more than this. schools in Brighton and its vicinity might be admitted free, The extension of their libraries could now be effected at or at a very low payment, to the institutes. This would

great reduction of the prices of books and maps, in be a great advantage to the children, would connect them in favour of those institutions which were in union with the early life with the institutes, and the institutes with their Society of Arts. The Duke of Wellington's Despatches, schools, and excite a mutual interest. One of the great which ought to be in every library in the kingdom, but evils of the day was the early age at which children were on account of their high price (eight guineas) were in removed from school. Let the institutes endeavour to very few, could be had through the Society of Arts for counteract this tendency. Some employers of labour in fons guineas. The statistical returns recently made to different districts had provided prize-funds, for the reward the society showed that the reading of this institution of children being at some public school, and above twelve was above the average, though there was room for im- years of age, who passed the best examination in certain

specified subjects. This had an excellent effect. Why session. Thanks were voted by acclamation to thə should not the five institutes of Brighton combine to lecturer. collect a special fund, and to institute similar exami. HEREFORD.--The first soirée for the season of the Litenations? If the subjects selected for prizes were selected rary and Philosophical Institution was given on Friday with judgment, the standard of instruction in the schools last. The Venerable the Archdeacon of Hereford premight be raised by directing the attention of the teachers sided; and in his inaugural address referred to the proto art and science and industrial training. This would gress which the Institute had made during the past year. have most important results, and excite such an interest Mr. Jelynger Symons then read a paper on “The Nature in education as would prove of the highest value. What and Capabilities of Milford Haven," the peculiar mercanimmense good might be accomplished if these bodies tile and military capacities of which were, he considered, would thoroughly exert themselves in promoting the unequalled by any other harbour in the world. Rio and cause of education, instead of leaving it exclusively to the St. Francisco might rival, but did not surpass it. Cork clergy, and a few benevolent and energetic gentlemen and Naples were no more to be compared to it than the and tradesmen. He did not recommend the institutes to Wye with the Thames as navigable rivers. The pecuestablish day-schools of their own, for that would intro- liar features of Milford were that the entrance was nearly duce all sorts of religious differences and difficulties, from due south. From the mouth of the haven, lying which it was essential that they should keep clear; but between St. Ann's Head on the west to Sheep's Island they might promote education in many ways. They on the east, the width was two miles and a furmight collect the statistics of education; they might long, which narrowed to one mile and three furlongs at show how many people in Brighton could neither read the narrowest point between the east and west blockhouses. nor write; they might promote the efficiency of the Over three-fourths of this entrance (with the exception of schools and raise the ages of the scholars. When this a few rocks, easily blasted or buoyed,) there was water was done, but not till then, there would be candidates in enough to float the largest vessel at the lowest point of abundance for the Institute, and candidates well quali- spring tides-varying in depth from fifteen fathoms at the fied to profit by its advantages. Mr. Chester then turned west to seven fathoms at the east side; and the depth of to the subject of social reforms, which he desired to see the main channel, and of the greater part of the entire promoted by the Institutes. The working classes were width from shore to shore, continued up the whole course too apt to seek through political reforms an improvement of the haven, ranging from sixteen to nine fathoms up to of their social position. He advised them to seek social Weare point, where it shallowed to five fathoms, thus afreforms as the sure forerunners of political improvements. fording an area no less than eight miles in length, and Politics they must carefully avoid, as opposed to their ranging from half a mile to a mile and a half in breadth; fundamental rules, and as fatal to that union of all deep enough and large enough to contain nearly all the classes of opinion, which was one of their greatest trea- fleeis in the world, with a good bottom for anchorage sures ; but political economy they might and ought to throughout. Nor was this all, for, owing to the turn to entertain. He briefly explained the English Law of the N.E., which the harbour took almost immediately Partnership with unlimited liability, and contrasted it above its mouth, ships, once entered, lie sheltered from with the French and American partnerships en com- every wind that blew. This immense advantage was enmindite; and recommended the members to inquire into hanced by the nature of the shores, which were sufficiently the subject, to diffuse information respecting it, and to co- high on all sides to protect the loftiest ships, and were operate with the Society of Arts in endeavouring .to peculiarly free from gullies and eddies which could procure an amendment of the law. The same advice disturb the lake-like calm which reigned perpetually was given with reference to the duties on paper, the on its deep and placid waters. As to the topographical enormous duties on wine, oceanic postage, &c. They position of Milford Haven, it was several days' sail

, even were also urged to promote an improvement of the dwell in ordinary winds, nearer to America and most of our ings of the poor, the establishment of baths and wash- colonies than Liverpool, with which it was impossible to houses, allotments, early closing, &c., &c. They were avoid comparing it. Without exaggerating the difficulties not to undertake these matters themselves, but to collect of the navigation up St. George's Channel, round Anand diffuse information, with a view to excite an interest glesey, and up the Mersey, it will not be denied that they respecting them. The Institutes ought to represent the were formidable, both as regards time, cost, and actual intelligence of their neighbourhood, and to act as pioneers danger. As regarded internal transit, Milford Haven of improvement. They ought to collect and diffuse in was but about 15 miles further from London than formation on the subject of vaccination, to point out to the Liverpool ; and it was for all England, incomparably the poor how much the recent statute for compulsory vacci- best starting point for the entire western hemisphere. nation was calculated to benefit them, and so to smooth The Rev. Dr. BARTLETT then read an elegantly written the way for its satisfactory working. Museums were then paper on the drama of ancient Greece. Having observed briefly touched upon. It could not be expected that that the word opaua meant "action" and its motives there should be five good museums in Brighton; but the directly, and that in it the course of the story and the five institutions might contribute to one common museum. feelings of the parties concerned were judged of by what How much would education be promoted if, in every was said and done by the actors, rather than from any town where there was an Institute, there was also a description of circumstance or sentiment, he went on to museum, rich in all the natural and artificial products of trace the origin of the drama to the love of imitation, the locality! Exchanges of specimens might now be and to point out its elements in the war dances of the made between the institutions in union with the Society savage tribes, and the representations of religious events of Arts. Every Institute should form a collection of which were common to almost all nations. Europe, howlocal prints and antiquities. They should have exhi-ever, owed her drama to Greece ; and that circumstance bitions of useful inventions, for which arrangements might had induced the lecturer to limit his remarks that be made through the Society. The exhibition of evening to the Greek stage. The origin of tragedy, photography, which the Society lent to the institutions in to which he should particularly refer throughout, was union, was highly popular. It was first sent to Woburn, very simple, consisting only of a choral ode, accomwhere it was exhibited for ten days, at the expiration of panied by music and dancing, at festivals held in honour which the Institute there had cleared a profit of 1001., of Bacchus, and at the close of the vintage. Of these and had obtained one hundred new members. Attention was odes, some were grave and lofty in style, and these gave called to the Journal; and the address—of which the above rise to tragedy ; some less retined and more licentious, is a very meagre account was concluded by a reference forming the precursors of comedy. The theatres of the to the laws which injuriously affect institutes, and to Greeks were open to the skies; the performances took the probability of their being amended in the next place in broad daylight, and no female actors



allowed. The performances were a species of religious | Tuurs. London Inst., 7.-Mr. F. Warren, “On the Cotton ceremonial ; they commenced with sacrifices, and the

Manufacture.” professed aim of the author was to render amusement Antiquaries, 8. subordinate to moral instruction. Whatever the execu

Royal, 8.

FRI. tion might be, the aim was noble. The requisite scenery

Astronomical, 8.

Philological 8. of the ancient tragedies was extremely simple—the

Sat. London Inst., 2.-Mr. M. T. Masters, “ On Elementary outside of a temple, a mansion, or a palace, or the

Botany. interior court of either, sufficed for most of the incidents,

Royal Botanic, 31. The lecturer went on to describe the interior arrangement

Medical, 8. of the Greek theatre: the tiers of seats for the spectators of various ranks; the orchestra, or position of the chorus, PATENT LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1852. identical with the modern pit ; the altar in front of the stage, called the umede, a sacrifice to the gods upon

From Gazette, 25th Nov., 1853. wbich generally commenced the performances; the per

Dated 10th November, 1853. manent stage, usually representing the front of a temple 2601. J. Atkins, Birmingham-Ashpits for grates. or palace; the scene, and the proscenium. He then ex- 2603. Lieut. W. Rodger, R.N., 9 Stanfield street, King's road,

Chelsea-Anchory. plained the nature of the chorus, whose office it was to 2604. J. Stevens, Darlington Works, Southwark bridge road-Bear utter moral reflections or comments upon the action or ings of axles for gas meters. the speeches of the characters, but never to actively inter- 2605. s. Mead Folsom, Massachusetts-Instrumentfor ironing clothes, fere, although never permitted to leave the stage. They

&c. (A communication.) heard plots, but might not tell of them ; witnessed crimes, 2606. P. A. Le C. de Fontainemoreau, 4 South street, Finsbury,

Preventing accidents on railways. (A communication.) but were not permitted to stop them.

Dated 11th November, 1853. Portsea.--On Wednesday sennight the first lecture of 2607. W. Parker, Birmingham--Bearings for machinery. the season was delivered at the Watt Institute, by Mr. J. 2008. S. Sturm, Carpenter's buildings, London--Machinery for optical Spence, “On the Screw Propeller.” The lecturer stated 2609. A. A. N. S. de Montferier, Paris, and 4 South street, Finsbury that not less than seventy claims had been registered for --Rotary steam engine. different modifications in the form of the screw. Among 2610. E. G. Banner, Cranham Hall, Essex-Saddlery and harness. the most prominent was that by Mr. F. P. Smith, who 2611. H. Walker, Gresham street west-Communication between was allowed the use of a steam vessel by the Lords of the 2612. J. Willis, Wallingford-Buckles. Admiralty, for the purpose of making experiments, which 2013. R. Dryburgh, Leith-Holding stares whilst being cut. were very satisfactory. Mr. Scott's patent, also Mr. J. 2014. W.Steel, Glasgow-Machinery for washing malt. Maudslay's, and the boomerang propeller of Sir Thomas | 2615. J. Pratt, Heldham-Machine for forging, drawing, &c., spindles, Mitchell, were then alluded to, and the results of a variety 2616. H. Hilshaw, Birch, near Middleton, Lancashire-Spinning of trials of each were given. The lecture was illustrated

machinery. by a number of models.

2618. A. Easton, Barnard's Inn-Liquid for producing light.

2619. J. H. Dickson, Evelyn street, Lower road, Deptford-PreRoyston.-On Tuesdays, the 22nd and 29th, Novem

paring flax, &c. her, two lectures were delivered at the Mechanics’ Institute, 2621. J. M. Lerien, Davies street, Grosvenor square-Expanding by Mr. George Grossmith, on “ The Recent Writings of

table. (A communication.)

Dated 12th November, 1853. Charles Dickens,” and “English Notions of American 2623. F. A. Délande, Paris, and 4 South street, Finsbury square Character.” On both occasions the audience appeared

_New metallic composition. highly delighted with the humerous and mimetic talents 2624. H. Hilshaw, Birch, near Middleton, Lancashire, and R.

Hacking, Bury--Spinning machinery. displayed by this popular lecturer.

2625. J. Gedge, 4 Wellington street, Strand-Consuming smoke. SHREWSBURY.-On Tuesday evening, the 22nd ult., (A communication.) Mr. Elsmere delivered his second lecture on Botany and 2626. J. Gedge, 4 Wellington street, Strand-Metallic compounds. Vegetable Physiology, at the Shropshire Mechanics’ Insti- 2827. w. Austin, 27 Holywell street, Westminster—Manufacture of tution. The subjects of this lecture were :-The leaves,

casks. which were described as the lungs of plants—the circula- 2628. T. De la Rue, Bunhill row-Paper manufacture. tion of the sap—the flower-the fruit. The lecturer next

2629. W. Austin, Holywell street, Westminster--Sewer trap.

2630. C. Busson, Paris-Finger-keyed musical instruments. treated of the age of trees, and then took a glance at ve

Dated 14th November, 1853. getation as it is found in the different parts of the globe, 8632. W. Hadfield, Manchester-Looms. and concluded with some interesting observations on the 2634. H. Willis, Manchester street-Organs and free-rced instrustudy of nature. The lectures were both well illustrated 2636. M. Gray, Glasgow-Weft forks for power looms. with a large collection of preserved plants. A vote of 2640. M. Fitzgerald, Sorrel Island, Clare, Ireland --Communicating thanks was unanimously accorded to Mr. Elsmere for his between parts of railway train. instructive lecture.

Dated 16th November, 1853. 2650. J. Ellerthorpe, Kingston-on-Hull-Stopping railway train.

2652. J. R. and R. and J. Musgrave, Belfast-Hot air stores. MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK, 2654. J. Ronald, Paisley-Fixing colours on yarns, &o.

2656. D. Pratt, Birmingham-Arrangement for raising thimbles. Mon. London Inst., 7.-Mr. J. Phillips, " On the Philosophy | 2658. W. F. Greenfield, Ipswich-Communicating between parts of of Geology;"

railway train.
Entomological, 8.-Mr. A. R. Wallace, (continuation 2660. J. Bristow, Bouverie street, and H. Attwood, Holland street.

Blackfriar's road - Marine boilers.
“On the habits of the Butterflies of the
Amazonian Valley."

Dated 17th November, 1853."

2662. J. Clare, jun., 21 Exchange buildings, Liverpool - Manufacture Chemical, 8.

of bar and sheet metals, and machinery for same, and apToes. Horticultural, 2.

plication thereof. Linnæan, 8.

2664. S. and S. V. Abraham, Lisle street-Communicating informaCivil Engineers, 8.—Mr. J. T. Harrison, “On the

tion to persons in charge of railway trains. Drainage of the District to the South of the Thames." 2666. J. Banfield, Birmingham-Railway signal. Pathological, 8.

2670. A. Hoffstaedt, Albion place, Surrey-Artificial ultramarine, WED. London Inst., 2.---Mr. T. A. Malone, “On Elementary


Sealed November 23rd, 1853.
Society of Arts, 8.--Dr. Glover, “ On Miners' Safety 1267. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of Castle street, Holborn

- Improved method of treating flax and hemp, whereby they Ethnological, 81.-1. Baron de Bode, “ On the different are brought to such a state that they may be carded, spun,

and woven by machinery, such as is now employed in the races occupying the provinces of Asterabad and Mazanderaa, on the southern shores of the Caspian

manufacture of cotton and wool into yarn and cloth. (A

communication.) Sea." 2. The Hon. Secretary, “ On an Anglo Saxon 1269. John Harcourt Brown, of Artbur's Seat, Aberdeen-Improveskull exhumed by J. G. Akerman, Esq., from an ments in apparatus for bottling or supplying vessels with Anglo Saxon cemetery, near Salisbury."


of a paper)

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1271. Henry Turner, of Wilson street, Limehouse-New mode of

applying hydraulic power to windlasses, for weighing anchors,

and lifting heavy weights. 1276. William Babb, of Gray's inn road-Improvements in the ma

nufacture of hats, caps, and bonnets. 1288. Alexander Porecky, of Bishopsgate street Within-Improve.

ments in the manufacture of umbrellas and parasols. 1311. Illingworth Butterfield, of Bradford, Yorkshiro--linprovements

in and applicable to looms for weaving. 1313. Ebenezer Nash, of Duke street, Lambeth, and Joseph Nash, of

Thames parade, Pimlico-Improvements in the manufacture

of wicks. 1330. William Green, of Islington-Improvements in treating or

preparing yarns or threads. 1332. Richard Archibald Brooman, of Fleet street-Improvements in

firearms. (A communication.) 1375. John Chisholm, of Ilolloway- Improvements in the production

or manufacture of artificial manutes. 1382. Thomas Russ Nash, of Leigh street-Improvements in flters. 15:36. Noble Carr Richardson, of South Shields-Improved capstan. 1576. William Rice, of Boston, Lincolnshire-Improvements in har

ness for horses and other animals. 1618. Henry Bate, of New Hampstead road, Kentish Town-A new

fire-escape, which he denominates the “Ignevador." 1688. Charles Goodyear, of St. John's wood- Improvements in

spreading and applying India rubber, or compositions of

India rubber, on fabrics. 1630. Charles Goodyear, of St. John's wood-Improvements in the

manufacture of brushes and substitutes for bristles. 1731. Thomas Gray, and John Reid, both of Newcastle-Improved

mode of manufacturing files and rasps. 1772. Benjamin Collins Brodic, Jun., of Albert road, Regent's park

--Improvements in treating or preparing black lead. 2026. John Mackintosh, of Pall Mall-Improvements in breakwaters. 2079. Isaac Southian Bell, of the Washington Chemical Works,

Newcastle upon Tyne-Improvements in the manufacture of

sulphuric acid. 2094. Edmund Leyland, of St. Helens, Lancashire--Improvements in

apparatus for the manufacture of sulphuric acid. 2208. James Smith, of Law Hill, Perthshire-Improvements in

scythes. 2229. John Phillips, of Birmingham-Improvements in shaping metals.

Sealed November 25th, 1853. 1275. William Babb, of Gray's inn road-Improvements in the manu

facture of hair trimmings. 1278. George Irlam Higginson, of Meeting house lano, Dublin-Im

provements in machinery or apparatus for evaporating or

concentrating liquids. 1279. Frederick Russell, of Regent's park-Improvements in raising

windows, shutters, blinds, and similar appendages. 1282. Louis Auguste Deverte, and Charles Eck, of Argenteuil, near

Paris-Improved machinery for combing wool.
1325. Joseph Brown, of Lcadenhall street — Improvements of

elastic spring beds, mattrasses, cushions, and all kind of
spring stuffing for upholstery work generally; making them

lighter and more portable.
1381. Benjamin Biram, of Wentworth, Yorkshire-Improvements in

working and ventilating inines, 1513. Pacifique Grimaud, of Paris-A new ærogaseous drink, which

he calls “Grimaudine."
1525. Charles Topham, of Hoxton-Improvements in apparatus for

measuring liquids, gases, and other elastic Auids, and for
regulating the flow thereof; which apparatus may also be

applied to the obtaining of motive power,
1585. John Getty, of Liverpool-Certain improvements in ship-

building 2170. Edward Thomas, of Belfast--Improvement in the construction

of looms for weaving.
2340. Nicolas Callin, of the Roman Catholic College of Maynooth-

Means of protecting iron of every kind against the action of
the weather, of rain, river, spring, ond sea water, so that iron
thus protected may be used for rooting, for cisterna, pipes,
gutters, window-frames, telegraphic wires, for marine and
various other purposes.

Sealed Vorember 28th, 1853.
1312. William Smith, of Salisbury street, Adelphi-Certain improve-

ments in the inachinery for, and method of, making and lay-
ing down submarine and other telegraphic cables; which
machinery is also applicable and is claimed for the making

of ropes and cables generally.
1323. Alfred Whaley Sandereon, of Cable street, Lancaster-Improve-

ments in preparing effervescing powders, 1340. Edward Wilkins, of Queen's road, Walworth-Improvements

in pots and vessels for the growth and cultivation of plants. 1341. Altred Hardwick, of Liverpool--Improvements in propelling


1350. Joseph Whitworth, of Manchester-Improvements in machi.

nery for perforating or punching paper, card, and other

materials 1352. William Thorold, of Norwich-Improvements in the construc

tion of portable houses, and in machinery fer raising, moving,

and lowering the same. 1378. Edward Blackett Beaumont, of Wood Hall, Barnsley, York

shire-Certain improvements in bricks and tiles. 1406. Henry Bernoulli Barlow, of Manchester-Improvements in

machinery for spinning, doubling, and twisting cotton and

other fibrous substances. (A communication.) 1493. James Worrall, Jun., of Salford-Certain improvements in

machinery or apparatus for washing, bleaching, and dyeing fustians, beaverteens, cantoons, satteens, twills, and other

textile fabrics. 1496. George Robinson, of Manchester-Certain improvements in

apparatus for roasting and dessicating coffee, cocoa, and

chicory. 1629. Jacob Brett, of Hanover square-Improvements in photo

graphy. 1874. George Deards, of Harlow, Essex- Improvements in lamps. 1962. Thomas Herbert, and Edward Whittaker, both of Nottingham

-- Improvements in warp machinery employed in the manu

facture of purled and other fabrics. 2087. Robert Drew, of Bath, and John Bayliss, of Birmingham-Im

provements in stay and other like fastenings. 2095. Thomas William Gilbert, of Limehouse-- Improvements

sewing sails and other articles. 2117. Adolphus Singleton, of Manchester-Certain improvements in

machinery or apparatus for grinding and setting doctors, used in calico and other similar printing machinery. (A commu

nication.) 2179. Aristide Michel Servan, of Philpot lane-Improvements in dis

tilling fatty and oily matters. 2218. Robert Brisco, of Low Mill House, St. Bees, Cumberland, and

Peter Swires Horsman, of Saint John's, Beckermet, in the same county-Certain improvements in the preparation of

flax and other vegetable fibrous substances. 2219. Moses Poole, of Avenue road - Improvement in the manufac. ture of pulp for papermakers. (A communication.)

Sealed November 30th, 1853. 1337. Hesketh Hughes, and William Thomas Denham, both of Cot

tage place, City road - Improvements in pianofortes. 1356. Hesketh Hughes, and William Thomas Denham, both of Cot

tage place, City road — Improvements in machinery for

weaving. 1439. Joscph H. Penny, and Thomas B. Rogers, of New York-Im

provemert in the manner of constructing machinery for propelling vessels, and other machinery, which they term a crank

propeller. 1445. Arthur Parsy, of Crescent place, Burton crescent-Invention of

a revolving engine, to be worked by steam, air, gases, or

water. 1534. Joshua Ilorton, Jun., of Staffordshire-Improvement or im

provements in steam boilers. 1569. John Imray, of Lambeth-Improvements in obtaining motivo

power. 1634. James Parkes, and Samuel Hickling Parkes, both of Birming

ham-Improvements in the manufacture of certain drawing or mathematical instruments; also in packing or fitting same in their cases; which said improvements in packing or fitting

are also applicable to the packing or fitting of other articles. 1702. James Naylor, of Ilulme--Improvements in lamps. 2110. Alfred Vincent Newton, of Chancery lane-Improved machi.

nery for crushing and grinding mineral and other substances.

(A communication.) 2188. Alfred Vincent Newton, of Chancery lane-Improved mode of

constructing steam boilers; applicable also in part to tho

construction of condensers. (A communication.) 2239. Robert Brisco, of Low Mill House, St. Bees, Cumberland, and

Peter Swires Horsman, of St. John's, Beckermet, Cumber. land-Certain improvements in machinery for hackling flax,

heinp, China grass, and other fibrous substances. 2249. Isaac Ambler, of Maningham, near Bradford - Improve.

ments in preparing or combing wool and other fibrous

substances. 2287. Henry Goddard, of Castle gate, Nottingham-Improvements in

stoves and kitchen ranges. 2289. John Rubery, of Birmingham-Improvements in the manu

facture of umbrella and parasol furniture.' (A communica

tion.) 2295. John Henry Johnson, of Lincoln's inn fields-Improvements in

apparatus for compressing or rarefying air or other elastic

Huidy. (A communication.) 2311. Charles May, and James Samuel, both of Great George street

-Improvements in joining the ends of the rails of railways


Date of Registration.

No, in the



Proprietor's Name.


Nov. 26


Portable Lever Boot Front Blocking


John Yates.......

249 & 250 Whitechapel road.

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