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they have been brought up, and who cannot estimate or sources and recreation it will afford them. If taken up appreciate the value of any mutual resource; and, thirdly, in a liberal and conciliatory spirit, throwing aside preju. in those, niggardly in themselves, and narrow-minded dices, and offering them the advantages of their day, they towards others, who grudge every call that is made on would not be found backward to avail themselves of them, them, and dispute, on principle, of course, every effort and the library, and the reading room if it may be joined that is made to raise the classes whose degradation they to it, will become to them in one respect at least, and that admit, and whose faults and follies they are never slow to free from objection, what the public house has hitherto insist on. The co-operative principle, if it may be so been, and witho'it apy very great fault on their part, called, has been found in practice the most effectual namely the place of crening meeting after their work is mcans of neutralising these evil tendencies. By giving done, the reunion and centre of an agreeable and improvaid on conditions, it is wonderful how actively the be- ing social intercourse, which will bring classes together nevolence of our modern world is called into operation. with great mutual benefit, and promote that good feeling The Church Building Societies, the Educational Societies, which should be anxiously fostered between members of and the Committee of Council on Education itselt, have every community. We know well how many dissensions largely availed themselves of this co-operative agent; and differences there are in the world, how many there until we have learnt, under teaching of such general appli- are in religious belief, but here in general literature and cation, hardly to look for a gift, and still less to value it science where there may be differences, there are no when given. In our schools, we have practically found heartburnings nor jealousies, and it is delightful to find that it is not the chicapest, but those in which a good price such a briglit spot on which to build some rational lope is paid for a good education, that are most successful. of peace and spiritual improvement. As a practical quesPeople are prepared to exert themselves, and to pay for tion, the library is a great benefit to all. The farmer that which is worth their money. The chief element of has generally but a very small shelf of books to go to, the failure is worthlessness. If we attempt to palm off that labourer none, and thus both would willingly join, and in which is bad, and insufficient for its purpose, by highly- their due share and proportion, in aiding that which should colouring it, or in any way misrepresenting it, we shall be a benefit to all. "If the reading room be added to the signally fail, and materially injure that which we profess library, the farmer finds his convenience in seeing the a wish to promote. If we consider the past—or 'I fear paper of the day at a cheap and easy rate, and thus classes we must say present-state of many of our towns and are brought together the tendency of whose positions and villages, what reason have we to blame the labourer or employments has been to separate. In all cases where such mechanic for making the public-house or beer-shop his an effort has been made it has succeeded beyond cxpectaevening resort. It is but to him that which the club is to tion. The ground-work of our operations, therefore, in enthe higher classes, and with a better excuse. His home deavouring to establish libraries, should be to encourage and is too often comfortless ; library, or source of mutual in- foster the developınent of such institutions in the different provement or recreation he has none; his only chance of localities, calling local interest and influences into active hearing the news, seeing a paper, or having a gossip, is operation. I proceed to endeavour to point out how this in the public-house; and what is co:umenced in a de- may be donc." The agency I would propose would be a sire to pass a listless hour, or even to find mental local district or county association, offering to stimulate recreation, ends, as the phrase runs, • for the good local efforts by grants in aid, and otherwise to assist the of the house," in habits of drunkenness. In such a projectors. Through such an agency the subject may state, his three friends,indifference, ignorance, and very advantageously be brought under the consideratiou illiberality would leave him. Let it be our effort to see of the parties interested ; facilities may be afforded thein if we cannot rouse him from his hopeless state; and in of comparing what has already been done, and in localoffering him the advantages of his age without its cor. ities in all respects like their own, and assistauce offered respondent evils, endeavour to wean him from the day them in those matters of routine, which are often serious gerous part of his position, and to iinprove that which is obstacles to a successful movement, where the idea of good. Such is the desire of mental culture among the such an institution has never been entertained. Lectur better portion of the humbler classes, that the value of a on interesting and popular subjects have proved most uselibrary of useful, sound, and practical books would be ful pioneers, and a band of lecturers, offering their glatutious readily acknowledged, and sacrifices would be made to services, have often bruken up the ground and led to the secure such a benefit. A proof of this, for a kindred taking up and carrying out with spirit, institutions of a object, is given us in the readiness with which many of permanent and useful character.

There are prejudices the poorest will cheerfully increase their payments to respecting lectures; let us admit that they have been abused; secure the advantages of a better school for their children. that trusting to these as a sole means of education would They will pay for that which is in itself valuable, and be dangerous and very deceptive ; that classes for more likely to improve the condition of their children in the solid and practical instruction, is what is to be desired. world. There is no backwardness on their part, as may be Let all this be admitted, and it is admitted readily by readily proved by numerous instances in which good schools every one who seriously thinks of it. Still we must walk have answered, and become, to a certain cxtent, self- before we can run; and he knows little of the general state supporting ; but they will not pay, and they will not of the country who thinks that he can in the first instance exert themselves, and they are right, and too clear introduce classes into one tenth part of the town or village sighted to be imposed upon, for that which has the populations, without in some pleasurable manner leading mere cold sense of duty to impel them to it, and them to take an interest in the acquisition of that for

no fruit, either spiritual or which they have no taste nor desire. Lectures are the temporal. Let us, then, apply our experience thus incans of opening their eyes and understandings to these gained to the next step in the educational scheme. things, and if delivered by local lecturers they will be If they will pay cheerfully for a good school, why much more likely to be adapted to the taste, pot for a library to carry on their education.

We had the wants, and the condition of the hearers, who in the first case to deal with ignorant parents.

We by such preparatory, means will be raised to the are now, to a certain extent, on vantage ground, state in which a higher effort for their improvement and have to deal with those who are prepared to value the may be most advantageously made. effort made for them, who have made some progress and ner we shall have made two steps in a right direction. are desirous of further improvement, They are young

We shall have elicited a local effort, and we shall persons, earning good wages, and without the charges or have backed up and fostered that effort by such expenses of a family. They have the means of subscrib assistance as a grant in aid affords. There remains only ing. They have every inducement to inake the effort for the Society of Arts to extend its fostering aid to this, as well for their own further advancement as for the re. I by including such institutions within the range of its

of which they can


In this man

book purchases, and thus assisting them to form their 363 by donations. The circulation of books also continues libraries on the easiest terms. We have, then, a machi- on the increase, the reading-room has been much resorted nery complete by which these very desirable objects may to, and the lectures have been well attended. The fêtes be obtained, by which the education of the country, only and soirées of the past year were equally successful commenced in the school may be carried on, and that with their predecessors. The classes are, however, not improvement secured which the amenities of literature so well appreciated as they might be, but the Committee and the truths of science work out wherever they are trust that the inducements held out by the Palestine duly cultivated. These are not merely proposals, nor class, which originated in a suggestion made by Mr; theories, but have been practically worked out in instances Hairy Chester, and to which that «gentleman offered which inay be referred to; and although the effort is of too prizes of 60s. 30s. and 20s. and by the classes about to recent a date to speak with a becoming confidence of re- be formed under the direction of Vr. H. Stein Turrell, a sults, we may at least satisfy ourselves that if the princi vice-president, will work a beneficial change in this ples advocated be sound, they have so far at least borne respect. The Town Commissioners have refused to apthe fruits that might have been expected from them. In propriate a portion of the unoccupied premises at the the autumn of 1853, the llants and Wilts Educational Pavilion to the uses of the Institution. The report also Society was founded. It proposes as its objects to furnish refers to the labours of a Committee, organized for the a staff of lecturers, to contribute to the establislıment of purpose of raising a testimonial fund to the memory of Libraries and Reading-rooms, and to organise a system of the late Rev. F. W. Robertson, a vice-president. It is lectures during the winter months in the smaller village intended to place a medallion on his tomb, the subject of institutions, on the principal of the projectors mutually which will be the “Scholar teaching the Artizan," deassisting one another. In furtherance of the objects, it signed by Mr. E. W. Wyon. The Treasurer's report shows has endeavoured to remove the first obstacle in the way of that the receipts amounted to £252 16s. 6 d., and the ex. the lecturer, and dimivish the burden of those undertaking penditure £216 11s. 10d., leaving a balance in hand to assist, by establishing a depôt of diagrams, models, &c. of £36 4s. 84d. Moving on this basis, the society addressed itself to the HASTINGS.—The twenty-first anniversary of the Mechafriends of education, and to those most likely to take an nics' Institution was celebrated on Wednesday week, interest in its proceedings; and it has been answered when two meetings were held at the George-street by the reception into Union, in the six months passed since Assembly Room. At the morning meeting. A. H. Layard, the commencement of its operations, of more than Esq., M.P., gave an account of his discoveries at Nineveh, thirty-five town and village institutions, seven only of illustrating his remarks by reference to an excellent series which previously existed, and only five of which were in of diagrams, printed on linen. At the evening meeting union with the Society of Arts, thus showing the extended the Report of the Committee was read by Mr. J. Banks, area which the operations of the Society have embracod. the secretary. It stated that the origin of the institution In many of these institutions libraries have been formed was due to three young men-a chemist and druggist's and reading-rooms opened, for which a succession of apprentice, a journeyman tinman, and an ironmonger's lectures was found a useful means of preparing, thus assistant—who, with a desire to improve their minds, giving that stimulus to local interest and exertions which joined a Book Society which existed prior to the year in the commencement of such an enterprise is often re 1833. The periodical exchange of books was effected at quired. It has been already said that it will not yet do a public-house, and this they endeavoured to alter, but to point to results. The movement is too recent, and the without effect. At last they sat about obtaining the loan of whole working of the society too little developed to admit a school room, got up a public meeting, and, on the 23rd of any boasting or even feeling any undue confidence in April, 1833, the laws of the institution were sanctioned the progress that has been made. The society has received by the members, then reaching nearly 100. It has now the distinguished patronage of H.R.H. the Prince Albert, a well-selected library of 1,500 volumes; its reading-room President of the Society of Arts, ever ready to extend his is well supplied with papers and periodicals; and the aid and offer his countenance to an effort such as this is members number 244. " in the winter season, lectures on to raise and improve the social status of the humbler useful subjects are generally delivered weekly. This classes; and it is earnestly hoped that his confidence wili winter there had been upwards of twenty lectures. This not be misplaced, but that much practical good will be department is supplied, almost exclusively, by gratuitous gradually worked out among classes whose mutual im- | lecturers, chiefly from members of the institution, yet it provement has hitherto been too much neglected. Re- need not be ashamed at the results it has been instrumarkable cases of success in villages of an entirely mental in producing in the lecture department. The agricultural population, might be quoted, in which libraries institution possesses classes for writing, English grammar, and reading rooms have been established, and school and discussion. The teachers' services are all gratuitous. rooms enlarged or rooms independently taken for their Speeches were subsequently delivered by Mr. P. F. Roaccommodation ; such cases may cheer us for our efforts bertson, M.P., Messis. Burton and North, Rev. T. Vores, but for such purpose only would I refer to them. We A. H. Layard, M.P., and others. On the motion of are only putting on our armour; but if the measures I Mr. J. Banks, seconded by Mr. J. Rock, jun., Mr. Layard have pointed out can be satisfactorily harmonised; if unity was elected a life member of the institution. of design can be established between local eífort and the London.-On Monday evening April 23rd, Mr. H. R. assistance offered by a district board, I have no fear or Montgomery, delivered a lecture at the Pimlico Literary, misgiving whatever that even a greater result may be Scientific, and Mechanics’ Institution on • The Life and the product than the most sanguine bave anticipated. Writings of the Poet Moore." After the lecture the Willingly would I see the same effort made in other Chairman announced that a very handsome donation of districts, and we should then gradually acquire that know- books had been received for the library of the Institution ledge of the best mode of operation which is so essential from their respected treasurer, Mr. J. J. Fortescue, con

S. B. sisting of “ Buffon's Natural History, 18vols." “ Smollett's

History. of England," 15 vols.; Shakspeare's Works, Proceedings of Institutions.

History of Scotland;" “ Goldsmith's Roman History;" “ Lord Chesterfield's Letters, &c., &c., in all 129 vols. The

chairman stated that it was with regret that he had to BRIGHTON.—The third annual Report of the Mechanics' mention that the above was intended as a parting memento Institution, states that the present number of members is from their treasurer on his removing from London. 390, being an increase of 70 during the past year. The Several very interesting additions have also been made Library now contains 2456 valuable works, the increase to the library by the members and friends of the Institution during the year being 679 volumes, 316 by purchase, and during the present year.

to success.

To Correspondents.

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SESSION 1852-3. 10 (1.) Drainages of Lands (Ireland);- Index to Lords' Report. 705 ,1.) Devon and Dorset Railway :-Index to Evidence.

Delivered on 28th April, 1854. Erratum in No. 75, p. 408, col. 2.--The proceedings of the 138. Criminals (Ireland)— Abstract of Returns.

Clapham Literary and Scientific Institution are reported 181. Ale and Porter-Return. ander the head of Camberwell. The latter should have 187. Irish Office-Return. stopped at line 27, great humour and clecerncs8. From

189. Public Income and Expenditure (Balance Sheet)- Account. on the 21st inst, &c., refers to the Clapham Institution.

169. Accidents in Coal Mines-st Report from the Committee.
163. Emigrant Ships-1st Report from the Committee.
Eastern Papers (Protocol signed at Vienna)- Part 8.

Delivered on 2nd May, 1854.

163. Civil Service (Ordnance Department)-Copies of Warrant and

Regulations. Mox. Inst. British Architects, 8.-Resumed Discussion on the Turnpike Trusts --Fourth Report by the Secretary of State, with Drainage of Buildings and s:rzets in the Metropolis.

of Accounts
Chemical, 8.

Delivered on 3rd May, 1854.
Statistical, 8.-1. Mr. William Tayler, “A Statistical and

193. Infanticide-Return.
Historical View of the Statutes of the Realm." 2. Mr.

195. British Spirits --Account. F. J. Minasi, “On a Decimal System of Coinage."

200. Arctic Expedition-Copy of Instructions. TUES. Pharmaceutical, 11.-Anniversary.

166. Athlone and Galway Railway-Return. Royal Inst., 3.-Professor Tyndall, “On Flame."

82. Bills - Railway and Canal Traffic Regulation (Amended). Pathological, 7.

83. Bills--Militia.
Civil Engineers, 8.-Mr. F. Braithwaite, “ On the Fatigue Russin-Copy of Declaratious, Proclamations, &c.
and Consequent Fracture of Metals."

Agricultural Statistics (England)--Reports.
WED. Literary Fur 3.

Medical Charities (Ireland)-Second Report of Commissioners.
Royal Botanic, 31.-Promenade.

Delivered on 4th May, 1854.
Society of Arts, 8.-Mr. Waterhouse Hawkins, “ On Visual 178. Emigrant Vessels---Copies of Reports.
Education as applied to Geology."

198. Suspended Canonries, &c.-Return.
Microscopical, 8.

156. Orünance-Supplementary Estimate. THURS. Royal Inst., 3.-Mr. M. T. Masters, " On Botany."

203. Navy-Supplementary Estimate. Antiquaries, 8.

204. Army-Supplementary Estimate. Royal, 8.

al. Bill — Testamentary Jurisdiction. FA. Architectural Assoc., 8.

Delivered on 5th May, 1854.
Royal Inst., 8).-Prof. Tyndall, “On Some Phenomena 59. Bill-Criminal Procedure.
Connected with the Motion of Fluids.

Census of Great Britain, 1851, (Religious Worship and Educa SAT. Asiatic, 2.-Anniversary.

tion, Scotland)-Report and Tables.
Royal Inst., 3.-Dr. C. G. B. Daubeny, “On the Iinportance Emigration (North American Colonies) - Papers.

of the Study of Chemistry as a Branch of Education for Census of Ireland, 1851. Part 3. Report on the Status of
all Classes."

Royal Botanic, 31.

Delivered on 6th and 8th May, 1854.
Medical, 8.

57. (3.) Trade and Navigation-Accounts.
190. River Thames-Copy of Report.

201. Slave Trade-Return. PARLIAMENTARY REPORTS.

214. Deficiency Bills, &c.-Return.
194. Income Tax (Ireland)-Returns,

199. Burial Grounds-Return.

206. Poor Law Unions (Ireland)-Return. Delivered on 12th, 15th, 20th, 21st, 27th, April, 1854,

215. Committee of Selection-10th Report.

216. Railway and Canal Bills-5th Report from Committee. Par. Numb.

71. Bills-Stannaries Court (No. 2). 120. Courts of Equity--Returns.

85. Bills-Public Statues, 124. Public Debt-Account.

87. Bills-Railway and Canal Traffic Regulation (as amended in 147. Mail Packets-Return.

Committee and on re-commitment). 153. Militia-Return.

45 (a). Judgments Execution-Amendments to be proposed by Mr. 168. Railway Schemes-Return.

Craufurd. 168. Railway Acts--Return.

45 (1). Judgments Execution-Amendments to be proposed by Mr. 171. Arctic Expedition-Copies of Instructions.

Whiteside. 174. Nati Debt-Account.

Census of Great Britain, 1851, (Education, England and 98. Railways-Return.

Wales)-Report and Tables. 126. Increase and Diminution (Public Omices)-Abstract of Accounts. Queen's College, Cork-Report of the President. 148. Loan Societies-- Abstract of Accounts.

Loan Fund Board of Ireland -Sixteenth Report. 159. Court of Chancery-Return.

Delivered on 9th May, 1854. 160. Spirits-Account.

221. Ships “Sampson" and "Cacique" - Copy of Report. 116. British Museum-Account and Estimate.

84. Bill - Industrial and Provident Societies. 44. Local Acts-Reports from the Admiralty. 141, Steam Vessels- Return.

Delivered on 10th May, 1854. 145. Medical Practitioners-Return.

44. Local Acts (No. 49, Londonderry Bridge Bill; No. 50, London. 151, Irish Reproductive Loan Fund-Account.

derry and Enniskillen Railway Bill)-Reports from the 167. Captain Noble-Copy of Report.

Admiralty. 175. Distillers, &c.—Returns.

188. Grand Jury Čess, &c., (Ireland)-Return. 179. Army-Return.

205. Drainage (Ireland)-Return. 182. Hops-Account.

209. l'oor Relief (Ireland)-Return. 183. Workhouses (Ireland)-Return.

218. Excise Offices-Return. 184, Incumbered Estates Court (Ireland)-Return, &c.

219. Public Buildings (Downing street)-Return. 185. Quit and Crown Rents (Ireland)-Return.

222. Railway and Canal Bills-Sixth Report from Committee. 60. Bills-Burgh Boundaries (Scotland).

88. Bills – Witnesses (amended). 61. Bills-Criminal Conversation.

90. Bills-Chimney Sweepers. 65. Bills-Real Estate Charges.

91. Bills -- Manning the Navy. 63. Bills-Drainage of Lands.

92. Bills - Navy Pay, &c. 67. Bills-Holyhead Harbours.

Public Health Act-Roport from the General Board of Health, 73. Bills—Canterbury Bribery Prevention. 74. Bills-Cambridge Bribery Prevention.

PATENT LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1852. 75, Bills-Kingston upon Hull Pribery Prevention. 76. Bille-Maldon Bribery Prevention.


[From Gazette, May 5th, 1854.] 79. Bills-Witnesses. 69. Bills_Valuation of Lands (Scotland) (amendol).

Dated 4th March, 1854. 72. Bills-Oxford University (amended,'.

527. C. De Bergue, 9, Dowgate hill - Apparatus for bearing and

buffing purposes. :70. Bills-Hustings Expenses.

Dated 8th March, 1854. 66. Bills-Registrations of Births, &c. (Scotland). 78. Bills—Wreck and Salvage.

549. J. C. Edington, 23, Leicester square-Propelling vessels and Oxford and Cambridge Universities (Corpus Christi and Emanuel

firing guns.

Dated 29th March, 1854.
Colleger, Cambridge ;-Correspondence, Part 5, Supplement

722. C. Barlow, 89, Chancery lane-Permanent way.
to Part 2
Oxford and Cambridge Universitics (Christ Church, Oxford);-

Dated 1st April, 1854.
Correspondence, Part 6, Supplement to Part 1.

751. W. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's iun fields—Reduction of metallic Prisons (Scotland);--19th Report of the Inspectors, Part 4,

ores and salts. (A communication.)

Dated 6th April, 1854.

2594. John Henry Johnson, of 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Improve. 803. W. Richards, Barcelona ---Wet gas meters.

ments i: machinery for combing and preparing wool and Daled 7th April, 1854.

other fibrous materials. (A communication.) 807. F. R. A. Glover, M.A., Bury street-Two-wheeled carriages.

2676. Thomas Holines, of Pendleton-Improvements in ventilating

drying stoves. Dated 18th April, 1854. $28. S. J. Healer, Over Darwen-Steam boilers.

2689. Auguste Castets, of Paris, Improved composition for curing

diseases in the feet of animals. 20. J. Bernard, Club chambers, Regent street-Boots and shoes.

2754. Emmanuel Barthélemy and Tony Petitjean, of Upper John $94. 11. 14. Gibbs, 15, Bishopsgate street-Nitrate of soda. (A communication.)

street, Fitzroy square, and Jean Pierre Bourquin, of New

man street, Oxford street- Improved means of ornamenting 896. W. Denton, Addingban-Combing wool.

glass. Dated 19th April, 1854.

2768. I'rix Charles Jean Baptiste Sochet, of Paris— Improvements 898. J. D. Pfeifer, l'aris--- Bookbinding.

in obtaining motive power by reaps of heated gases. 899. M. I'cole, Avenue read, Regent's park-Drying and weighing 2802. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of 16, Castle street, Holfibrous substances. (A communication.)

born- Improvements in blocks for ships and other uses. 900. J. Kirkham, Tonbridge place-Consuming smoke.

2910. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of 16, Castle street, Ilol901. J. C. lladdan, Chelsea-Adhesire stamps and labels.

born-Improvement in "blasting powder" for mining and 902. J. Jeyes, Northampton-Pulp for paper-making.

other operations of a similar nature. 903. J. Briggi, Derby-Communicating from one part of a train to 2942. John Greenwood, of 10, Arthur street west, London bridgeanother.

Improvements in preventing drafts of air into rooms and 904.-H. Clarke, Lincoln-Cannons, guns, and fire-arms.

places when the doors and windows are shut. Daled 20th April, 1851.

3010. Francis Parker, of Northampton-- Improvement in the manu. 916. S. Vickers, Manchester-Manure.

facture of gaiters. 907. E. Bunt, 40, Walcot square, Kennington road - Extracting 232. Edward William Kemble Turner, of 31, Praed etreet-Treat. metals from minerals.

ing gold and other ores. 908. R. Richardson, 26, Great George street, Westminster-Joining 317. Farnham Maxwell Lyte, of Florian, Torquay-Improvements pipes.

in apparatus for ascertaining the depth of water, 909. J. l’ym, Bangor-l'ipes.

375. Joba Daric Morries Stirling, of the Larchce, near Birmingham 910, H. Brown, Ilalifax-- Combing fibrous materials.

- Improvements in the manufacture of steel. 911. J. M. Reed, 19, Northumberland street, Strand-Amalgams. 402. James Beall, of Effinghain place, Cheshunt-Improrements 912. G. Jones, Iron works, Sedler-Landing apparatus for mines.

in apparatus for suspending locking glasses in frames, 913. W. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Bricks or tiles. (A 430. Jaines de Wolfo Spurr, of 16, Kenyon terrace, Birkenheadcimmunication.)

Improvements in distilling coals, and bituminous and resi914 W. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Apparatus for discover

nous substances, and products thereof. ing the leakage or escape of gas. (A communication.) 472. John Davie Morries Stirling, of the Larches, near Birmingham Dated 21st April, 1854.

- Improvements in the manufacture of tubes and cylinders 9 5. T. Wood and S. H. Ieginbottom, Culchethi-Metallic pistons.

of steel. 916. F. B. Anderson, Gravesend-Spectacles.

487. James Medwing of the Blackfriars road-Improvement in 917. R. J. and F. W. Crickmer, Bermondsey-Cannon.

water guages for steam boilers. 918. C. Caminell, Sheffield-Permanent way.

506. Thomas Metcalfe, of 19, High street, Camden town-Im919. R. II. Collyer, Norfolk street, Strand-Crushing machinery.

provements in the manufacture of portable and folding bed920. W. and J Harcourt, Birmingham--Candlesticks.

steads, chairs, seats, tables, and cots. 921. S. Minshull and C. Austin, Birmingham-Securing lids of

522. Caleb Bloomer,' of West Bromwich – Improrements in spikes packing cases.

and bolts. 922. W. B. Sickens, Mark lane-Lamps. (A communication.)

544. William Clay, of Liverpool - Improved mode of manufacturing

axles, shaiting, and other like solid articles which present a Dated 22nd April, 1854. 924. H. B. Barlow, Manchester-Metal nuts. (A communication.)

round figure in cross section. 925, P. J. F. Mouchell, Paris-- Trcating ores.

548. Henry Bernoulli Barlow, of Manchester-improvements in 026. J. Harlow, Moseley, Worcester-Paper, &c.

waterproofing and finishing textile fabrics and yarns. 927. T. F. Finch, Worcester-Buttons.

Sealed May 9th, 1854. 928. J. Gill, Marsala--Distillation of spirituous liquors.

2598. Jérome André Drieu, of Patricroft-Improvements in ma. 92. R. Galloway, Lambeth-Furnaces.

chinery for cutting velveteens and certain other fabrics to 930. W. Goodchap, Walbrook- Power by carbonic acid gas. (A

produce a piled surface. communication. )

2010. Edward Gregson Banner, of Cranham hall, Essex-Improro931. J. Warren, 75, Old Broad street-Railways.

ments in saddlery and harness. Dated 21th April, 1854.

2614. William S:eel, of Glasgow - Improvements in machinery or 9?2. C. E. Blank, Trump street-Reeling yarn into hanks.

apparatus for mashing malt. 934. C. llart, Iron works, Wantage-Thrashing machines.

2619. James Hill Dickson, of Evelyn street, Lower rcad, Deptford 936. J. Wilson, Croydon--Portable houses.

Improvements in the process of preparing fax, or εimilar

fibrous material, and rendering it fit for spinning and 938. J. Combe, Bellast-Ilackling machinery.

wearing. Dated 25th April, 1854.

2623. François Ainand Délande, of Paris-New metallic composition. 944. F. L. H. Danchell, Acton-Motive power.

2655. John Henry Joh.8on, of' 47, Lincoln's inu fields-Improve

ments in thrashing machines, and in apparatus connected

therewith. (A communication.) WEEKLY LIST OF PATENTS SEALED.

2663. George Dugmore, and George Haywood Millward, both of

Birmingham--- New or improved method of signalling or Sealed May 5th, 1854.

communicating between trains on railways. 2569. John Smith, Albion works, Bradford- Improvements in mill- 2696. Walter Henry Tucker and William Rashleigh Recres, both of stones for grinding corn), seeds, or minerals.

Tiverton-Improvements in locks. 2572. John Ilyde, of Sheficld - Improrements in furniture castors. 2767. John Walmsley, of Accrington, and John Inglam, of Back2574. Robert William Jearrad, of 17, l'pper Eccleston place, Ec

burn--Improrements in locis. clesion square-Improvements in steam boiler and other 2955. James Hunter Campbell, of No. 1, King's Arms yard, CJCfurnaces.

man street- Improvement in machinery for cutting corks, 2577. William Beckett Johnson, of Manchester-Improvements in 303. Alfred Vincent Newton, of 66, Chancery lane- Improveme..ta steam engines, and in apparatus for indicating the pressure

in bleaching textile fabrics. (A communication.) of steam,

357. Thomas Irving, of Mould green, near Huddersfield - Improve2583. Jonathan Grindred, and Alexander Hunter-- Improvements in

ments in obtaining a metallic and lustry appearance to stcanı engines.

fabrics and yarns, 2684. Henry Wiglerworth, B.M., of Netbury--Improrements in 595. John Henry Johneon, of 47, Lincoln's inn Acids- Improveconnecting together or coupling railway carriages.

ments in lighting. (A communication.) 2565. Robert Roughton, of Woolwich-Improvement in steam boil- 021. John Houston, junior, of Glasgow- Improvements in working ers, which is ap; licable to other vessels for containing ccm

steam boilers, and in apparatus connected therewith. pressed air. vapour, or gas.

634. James Garth Marchall, and Peter Fairbairn, both of Leeds 2586. Thomas Walker, of Birmingham-Improvements in sigral

Improvements in machinery for combing Hax, tow, wool, apparatus for the prevention of accidents on railways.

hair, and other vegetable or animal fibres.

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No. 78. Vol. II.]


[May 19, 1854.

Journal of the Society of Arts.



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Societies and Institutions at home, but also in the Colonics and the Continental States, and to illustrate it by Lectures, with practical discussions, a considerable outlay must be

incurred. FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1854.

The Council dcems it å duty to secure the funds of the Society from an expenditure which would interfere with

its ordinary proceedings, and therefore invites the coEDUCATIONAL EXHIBITION.

operation of ihe Members of the Society and of other

friends of Education. Friends of cducational progress about to travel abroad, The following subscriptions have been already received : who may be willing to assist the Council of the Society of

£. d. Arts, in obtaining foreign contributions for the proposed

H.R.H. Prince Albert, President 100 0 0 Educational Exhibition, are requested to communicato

Amount of subscriptions published in with the Secretary, who will point out, in reference to each

last number

458 19 0 country, the objects and documents particularly desired. Members of the Society of Arts, and of the Exhibition

SECOND LIST. Committee, are invited to facilitate the operations

the J. G. Appold Sub-committee for Correspondence, by communicating to J. Ames

5 the Secretary, the names and addresses of persons of the W. Best following description residing in foreign countries or in

George Dell the British Colonies :

Sir John P. Boileau, Bart

10 1st. Trustworthy persons residing at important seaports, J. Caplin, M.D.

1 0 or other places of easy commercial access, who would be J. Coulthard

2 0 0 suitable arents for receiving foreign donations of educa Joseph Curling

2 2 0 tional subjects, and for transmitting them to London.

W. Duckworth

5 0 0 2ndly. Persons taking an interest in educational matters, S. Freeman

3 3 0 to whom the programıne of the Exhibition should be Charles Hill


1 0 sent, for spreading a due appreciation of its usefulness, and P. H. Howard

2 2 0 procuring co-operation.

Captain L. L. Boscawen Ibbetson

3 0 3rdly. Persons connected with education through their Stephen Lewis, Jun.

2 2 0 official position, professional pursuits, commercial interests, G. Lowe, F.R.S.

2 2 0 or otherwise, who might be induced to become con J. J. Mechi

0 0 tributors of objects, drawings, or documents

N. Montifiore As the approaching exhibition is intended not only to J. Morrison extend the knowledge of existing educational appliances C. de Jurrieta

10 0 but also to promote the production of educational deside Rev. J. P. Norris

3 3 rata, communications pointing out the deficiencies which Rev. Arthur Rigg

2 2 it would be most desirable to supply, and, if possible, Dr. Skøy

1 suggesting means for supplying them, will be readily in T. Sopwith, F.R.S. serted in the Society's Journal, with a view to direct the

W. Spence, F.R.S.

10 0 attention of authors and inventors.

The Lord Bishop of St. Davids 10 0 On account of the shortness of the time before the open R. J. Spiers, Mayor of Oxford

1 ing of the exhibition, it is requisite that communications William Tassie

2 2 be sent in without delay.

Arthur Trevelyan

2 0 G. F. Wilson

10 0 The following copy of a despatch has been received from the Foreign office:

“ Stockholm, May 2nd, 1854. TWENTY-SECOND ORDINARY “ My Lord, In accordance with the instructions con

MEETING. tained in your Lordship's despatch No. 14, I addressed a note to Baron Stierneld, on the 28th of February last, re

WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1854. specting the Educational Exhibition proposed to be held in London in the month of June next. I have received

The Twenty-second Ordinary Meeting of the no reply from his Excellency, but I was visited yesterday One Hundredth Session, held Wednesday, by a M. Siljeström, one of the Directors of the new Ele- the 17th instant, the Very Rev. the Dean of mentary school in Stockholm, who informed me that he Hereford in the chair. was appointed by government to attend the Exhibition in London, and he expressed to me the desire to be informed

The following candidates were balloted for and upon what day it was necessary he should be present in duly elected Ordinary Members :London.

Albrecht, John

Bonham-Carter, John, M.P. “ M. Siljeström's appointment is officially announced in Barlow, Rev. J., M.A., Gregory, Isaac the Gazette of this evening, and it is further stated that F.R.S. he is to take with him such models, books, maps, dia

Spicer, William Revel grams, &c., as may conduce to the object in view, and the The following Institution has been taken sum of 666 rix dollars, (about 551.) is granted by his into Union since the last announcement: Majesty, from the Educational Fund, for defraying the necessary, expenses.

358. Hull, Mechanics' Institution. " I have &c.

A model and drawings of a Smoke Consumer, “ (Signed) W. G. GREY."

for land or marine boilers, &c, were exhibited

by Mr. Coupland. In this arrangement the fire The Council of the Society of Arts solicits attention to the intended Educational Exhibition at St. Martin's Hall,

was lighted in the usual way. When it became in Jupe next.

necessary to feed the fire, a series of false bars To give full development to this undertaking, to pro- below the centre of the grate were raised to supcure the co-operation, not only of the great Educational port the fire, while the fire-bars were lowered to




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