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* Mr. Williamson, in a subsequent letter, addressed to your in cold water, did, in a short space of time, part with all the Buand on the Ist of December last, to which I have already impure matter it contained, or very nearly so; and it was alluded, has taken a very different view of these subjects. I rendered completely purc and very nearly white, by being boiled am far from presuming to contend against the fair principle of in soap and warm water about twenty minutes. All this was allosing to every man the right of changing his opinion, wherever without any exposure to the atmosphere. None is necessary to rexcarch and experience may induce him to alter it; but it must the whitening of the flax, however desirable it may be at a be concedel, as equally true, that much of the weight of authority favourable season of the year.' It will, perhaps, surprise you is forfeited to him, upon either side of a question, whose opinion to hear that Mr. Williamson attended this meeting himself. He is found to be recorded on both. I should be sorry, ho vever, if there saw a parcel of Irish fax taken in a yellow state, and put Mr. Williamson were to consider me as failing in personal con- into a course of being made white: he left it for a while urdersideration for him, although I may feel it a duty to myself and going that operation, but in the care of persons whose veracity, to the country, upon a subject of so much interest to both, to is known to him. He returned before it was finished, and animadvert with freedom upon those parts of his statement in witnessed its conclusion, whereby the fax was brought to a which he materially differs from me and from himself. The brilliant white in less than an hour from the time it was begun, gentlemen of the linen trade of Ireland are the only fair umpires by the simple means of soap and water only, and without any between us; and to them I appeal. At a meeting held at the exposure to the atmosphere. But supposing, which I cannot White Linen Hall, of Belfast, on Friday and Saturday the 5th admit, that the oxygen of the air is necessary to bleaching a and 6th of January last, which was attended by a number of good white, is it nothing to have removed the necessity of rethe most respectable bleachers, dealers, and manufacturers of sorting to those caustic materials which have been hitherto used that county, the whole process was shown ; and the sentiments in the course of a process at once dilatory, dangerous, and exof the meeting having been officially communicated to you by pensive. the Marquis of Downshire, I consider them suitable to me “THE MACHINERY.-It remains only now to report to you here
, and, therefore, I have annexed a copy of them to this whatever fell under my observation connected with the meletter . Now, let us look to that part which relates to the subject chanical part of the new process. The introduction of new
machinery, into any country, has disadvantages to encounter We, the subscribers, conceive it but justice to those ex- from ignorance or prejudice, or both ; but, much to the honour periments which were made by Mr. Lee in our presence, from of Ireland, I will say, that, so far from finding any hostile disbeginning to end, as well as to remove any prejudices which position to a system that threatened a subversion of all the might have been adopted by persons who have no idea of the ancient habits of the people, in respect to the great staple nature of the process, to state, -1st. That there is no necessity manufacture of their country, I met everywhere a kind and for water-rotting flax, to make it in any wise better, than, if encouraging reception; all professcd to feel an equal interest properly pulled and safely stacked, it will be without so doing with myself in the welfare of the new process ; and all were 2nd. That by avoiding the process of water-rotting the seed is desirous of understanding it. A complete set of machinery comsared from our own fax, equal, as we saw this day, to any im- prised four machines:-1. A Thrashing Machine ; 2. A Breaking ported.'a) The solubility of the colouring matter of unsteeped Machine ; 3. A Cleansing Machine; 4. A Refining Machine, Max in water, or soap and water, and the facility of bringing it, Objections were made to the machinery in many places where it after washing, to a pure and brilliant white, without the aid of was not understood, and the substance of them was these, any chemical agent, comes next into consideration. Mr. First, That it consumed too much time, and, therefore, cost too i iliamson considers the solubility of the natural colour of the much labour; and, secondly, that it occasioned great waste. far to belong in common to all fax, namely, that which has Experiments are stated to have been made by Mr. Williamson, been either steeped or dew-rotted, as well as that which has with a view to ascertain the extent to which those objections been submitted to neither process. I hardly know what is
were found to exist; and, therefore, it becomes necessary to meant by the colouring matter of fax that has been steeped or advert to his report of the results. In the series of samples, he de v-rotted ; its natural colour is obviously lost by the steeping, has sent you as he states, the following : -No. 6. A the strength of the fibre is reduced, and the flax itself has sample of unbleached fax, prepared according to the new method, assumed the colour of the animal, or vegetable, or mine ral | 32 ounces of which produced, on Mr. Lee's machinery, 3; qualities which impregnated the water in which it was immersed, ounces of unrefined flax, with more than
one hour's labour of imbibing with it adye, from whatever quality prevailed, so much one man. • No. 7. A sample of the same growth, prepared in in the way of the bleacher, that he can only get rid of it, as the same way, without steeping, but cleaned at a tax-mill
, Mr. Williamson once truly said, by the means of 'a tedious, produced 7 ounces, unhackled, with less than fire minutes' dificult, and dangerous process.' To show, were it possible
, labour.' No. 8. A sample of the same growth of Hax, steeped the general solubility of the colouring matter of all flas prepared or water-rotted, a like quantity of which, cleaned at a tiax-mill
, in every manner that is practised," Mr. Williamson has laid produced 7 ounces, unhackled, with less than five minutes before you, as he states, the following samples : –No. 1. A labour.' sample of water-rotted flax, perfectly white, that was bleached Mr. Lee, after a long defence of his machines, next in twenty-four hours with water. soap and water, and diluted refers to his visits to different parts of the country, and orymuriatic acid, without the intervention of alkalj.' No. concludes with a tribute of thanks to the Marquis of 2. A sample of dew-rotted flax, made white in the same time, Downshire for the kind attention he at all times received and with the like materials.' No. 3. A sample of Irish flax, from his lordship.(a): prepared after the manner of Mr. Lee, treated in the same way, and with similar success.' No. 4. A sample of fax imported from Pernan, apparently dew-rotted, treated in the same way, Proceedings of Institutions. made white in the same time, and with the same success.'
And No. 5. 'A sample of hemp have seen these several samples ; they are indeed made white, CLAPHAM.—On Friday evening, Nov. 18th, Mr. Joseph but they are of a pale deadly colour, differing from that pure Simpson, of the Islington Institution, delivered an inteand brilliant white which shows the wholesome condition of the resting and instructive lecture before the members of the fibre as well as its beauty. The staple of these specimens has Literary Institution, on “ The Times we Live in." Reing them, and I only wish they were of sufficient quantities to verting to periods antecedent to the age of railroads, Williamson) whether from the atmosphere, or from the direct the present day, the lecturer drew
a picture of the manapplication of the oxymuriatic acid, is necessary to the whitening ners and customs in the so-called "good old times." and of al fax.
' I am not of that opinion ; and I must appeal, from forcibly contrasted the disadvantages under which our position more strongly put than well considered, to the ancestors laboured, with the advantages enjoyed by the declaration of the gentlemen of the linen trade in his own present generation. To the progressive spirit of the art neighbourhood, at the meeting to which I have referred. The of printing he justly attributed the great advances made whole of their proceedings is annexed; but their last resolution during this century, and truly said that, through its mein speaking of the fax prepared after the new manner,
thus expresses the opinion of those present :- The said fax, after
1, thus passing through the refining machine, and being washed Maghuafelt, &c., read · Magherafelt Moneymore, Armagh, &c., for
and with the same success.
Icw 7-8, 3-4, and 4-4 Linens." Same column, line 46, for a. This paper was signed by only 'ten gentlemen, and not all read
And last word of the letter, read “accord," engaged in the linen trade.
instead of "
dium, what would formerly have required ages to com- tory of this country through several ages, remarking upon plete, was now effected in a single lifetime. The lecture the deeds of valour and heroism of its former inhabitants, afforded considerable satisfaction.
and its present position ; touching upon its form of GovernDURHAM.-—On Friday evening last, the twenty-eighth ment, which he designated as a very bad one, he pointed anniversary meeting of the Mechanics’ Institute was held out the abuses and corruption which were practised by in the reading room. The president, Mr. J. F. Elliot, every person in authority--- from the Sultan down to the occupied the chair, and opened the proceedings with a few lowest officer of Government. He gave some amusing remarks. The secretary, Mr. W. Hutchinson, then read anecdotes of the low state of civilization, the education of the Report, from which it appeared that at present the the inhabitants, and their ill success in attempting to number of members was 336, exclusive of life members. follow the other countries of Europe in the great march Of this number 163 are members of both the reading-room of progress, as also the wretched state of their army and and library, whilst the remaining 173 are members of the navy. He depicted in forcible language, the low moral library only. The income for the year ending September state of the people and the practice of infanticide, and the 30th, was £168 158. 9d., and the expenditure £159 5s. slavery carried on at Constantinople, which he believed The library has been increased by the addition of fifty to be worse than that of America. volumes, and a large selection of parliamentary papers SALISBURY.—The lecture on Nineveh," delivered on has just been received from Mr. W. Atherton, M.P. Wednesday last at the Literary Institution by the Hon.
LYMINGTON.-On Tuesday week, Mr. John Haas deli- and Rev. S. Best, of Abbot's Ann, attracted a very large vered a lecture on “Fables," to the members and friends audience. The hon. and rev. lecturer contrived to comof the Literary Institution. The lecturer traced the press within the limits of a single address a highly instrucorigin of parables and fables from remote antiquity to the tive and interesting epitome of the results of the valuable present period; and proved beyond a question that the discoveries of Layard, Botta, and others; pointing out the truths thus circulated were calculated not only to amuse antiquity and splendour of the buried cities, the power of the young, but, as in the days of old, to afford lessons of the commercial states of which they were the capitals, the caution and instruction to those of maturer years. striking evidence they afford of the literal truth of many
READING.—Mr. J. Boorne, the Honorary Secretary to passages of Scripture, which sceptical philosophers had tho Literary, Scientific and Mechanics' Institution, previously regarded as either mythical or allegorical; and delivered a lecture “On the Poetry and Genius of Long- deducing from the fall of Nineveh those lessons of fellow," to the members and friends of that Institution warning and watchfulness which are so peculiarly applicalast week. After some introductory remarks on poets and ble to a great commercial nation like England, which poetry in general, Mr. Boorne said that he thought it worships wealth like a deity, which lies midway in that would be no injustice to Dana, Emerson, Bryant, stream of civilization and greatness which has uniformly Whittier, and other noble sons of song in America, to flowed from the South-East towards the North-West, style Longfellow the poet of that country. In his writings, which has overflowed Assyria, Greece, Rome, the Netherrichness of imagery, wideness of sympathy, a manly lands, and Britain, and left all but the latter dry; and earnestness of purpose, with a mildness and felicity of which is now setting full upon the shores of North expression, were the qualities which struck the most America. At the conclusion of the lecture the Lord casual reader. He did not excel in the profound or Bishop of Salisbury, patron of the Society, proposed & sublime, in the majestic or philosophic; but in the beauti- vote of thanks to the lecturer, and took the opportunity of ful, the feeling, the sympathetic, and the descriptive, he expressing his own sympathy with the objects of tho was scarcely to be equalled, --certainly not surpassed. He Institution, which, in its twofold aspect, afforded opportuhad done very much to supply a demand—which he had nities to its members for the enjoyment of the pleasures greatly assisted in creating-for a class of pure and ples- of taste and imagination, and for the cultivation of the sant poetry, such as was referred to, and at the same time best feelings of the heart, by familiarizing their minds with illustrated by that piece of his “ The day is done.” A literary studies, while in the other department of it-the few years since, Longfellow spent much time on the con- scientific—it might be brought to bear upon the material tinent of Europe, in pursuit of his profession: and arts and manufactures of the country, and thus encourage Sweden, Holland, Germany, and Spain had supplied him studies which were as delightful to those who pursued with many subjects of verse, and he had translated much them, as they were beneficial to the country at large. of the poetry of those countries. In his writings there The Very Reverend the Dean seconded the vote of were no idle tales, no song without a healthy sentiment, thanks, which was carried by acclamation. The foreno piece without a lesson. These remarks were illus- going lecture was illustrated by thirty diagrams belongtrated by “ The Belfry of Bruges," “ The Psalm of ing to the Hants and South Wilts Lecturers' AssociaLife," "Footsteps of Angels,'
"“ The Village Blacksmith," tion, which already possesses a large collection, illustra&c., which were appropriately and effectively recited. tive of the following subjects :—Nineveh, 30; Solar “ Evangeline” was next spoken of as the best and most System, 23 ; Physiology, as regards Health, 10; Eastern artistic of Longfellow's compositions. It was written in Habitations, 10; Catacombs of Rome, 21: Paganism, 6; the old Latin hexameter, a metre seldom attempted by Nebulæ, 6; Optics, 6; Microscope, 6; Mechanics, 3; modern writers, but in which Longfellow had been most Missionary, 20; Australian, 10; Manufacture of Glass, 3; happy. Longfellow was no literary thief; he never Ditto of Gas, 1 ; Smelting of Iron, 1; Phantasmagoria appropriated the words or ideas of others; we therefore Lantern and Microscope-Natural History Sliders, 66 ; the more readily pardoned the occasional repetition of his Botanical ditto, 14; Astronomical ditto (plain), 30; Ditto
There was throughout Longfellow's writings a ditto (rackwork), 10. tinge of sorrow, if not of melancholy-a melancholy, STIRLING.--Taking advantage of the Exhibition of however, which did not depress downward, towards death, Photographic Pictures, from the Society of Arts, London, but served only to stimulate to life and action. He did Mr. Rae, the Secretary to the School of Arts, delivered a not cast a strong summer sunshine on our path, but lecture on Wednesday week to the members and friends shed a chequered autumnal ray. With him there were of this Institution On Photography, or the Production no unqualified pleasures. The lecturer recited many of Pictures through the Agency of Light.”. The lecpieces during his discourse, concluding with those which turer referred to the first researches made by Neipce, might be described as heroic, as “Excelsior" and " The Daguerre, Fox Talbot, Wedgewood, and Sir Humphry Light of Stars."
Davy, and said that the whole art depended on a very ROMFORD.--On Tuesday evening a lecture on “The simple fact or principle—the blackening action of light Manners, Customs, and Habits of European Turkey," was upon certain salts of silver. He familiarly explaincd the given by Mr. Percy St. John, in the hall of the Literary photographic printing-press—the production of negatives and Mechanics Institution. The lecturer traced the his- and positives-the fixing process--the various chemical
substances used, and the means employed for taking por Fishing STEAMER.---The Deep Sea Fishing Association traits and views from nature by the camera obscura. He are about to introduce a novelty—a fishing steamer: it has just proceeded to describe the various processes, such as the been launched in the Clyde. Thic steamer can carry four fishingcalotype on paper, the collodion on glass, the daguerreo-boats to the fishing-ground, where they will be lowered into the tipe on silver plates, and the albumenised process, which sea, while fishing will also go on from the steamer. was a substitute for the collodion on glass plates. Nature chinery of the vessel is of a new kind—there are neither paddles was herself the photographic painter; and although we almost instantaneously, without stopping the machinery or let
nor screw; and the vessel can be stopped, turned, or backed, had views innumerable of our ancient buildings and ting steam off. boary-crested piles, yet no labour of man, however great ANOTHER ARCTIC SEARCH.-It was unanimously agreed at his genius, could equal in faithfulness and delicacy of the meeting of the members of the Geographical Society, on touch the graphic delineations of Nature's artist-the Monday se’nnight, that the chairman, Sir Roderick Murchison, light of the sun, the crowning beauty of morning and the should solicit the Admiralty to send out another expedition to glory of the day. He considered that the art of photo- the Arctic regions, in the summer of 1854. The new Arctic graphy was only in its infancy, and that it was impossible expedition is intended to proceed in quite a contrary direction to conceive to what purposes it might not still be applied. Of Sir John Franklin and the officers and crews of the Erebus He rapidly sketched the new system of photo-printing, the and Terror discovery ships, now upwards of eight years absent application of photography to astronomy, and to the from England. value of this art as a means of collecting truthful ex A New DISCOVERY.—The Oficial Venice Gazette states, in amples of architectural details; and, in conclusion, exhi- a special article, that the Olympic Academy of Vicenza, having bited the stereoscope, an instrument for illustrating bino- carefully examined the discovery made by their tellow citizen colar vision.
Tremeschini (mentioned about six months ago) of electric telegraphy by secret transmission, has publicly declared it to be a
most successful invention MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK.
The commission appointed to test Mox. Inst. of Actuaries, 7.
its efficacy was composed of the Councillor-Delegate of the British Architects, 8.—Mr. C. Winston, “On the ap- The first experiment con-isted in sending and receiving a dis
Podesta, the Superior Commissary, and the Academic Council. plication of Painted Glass to Buildings in various patch in the common way, without secrecy. In the second exstyles of Architecture.”'
periment, a dispatch was sent secretly, and the answer received Geographical, 81.—Lieut-Gen. A. Jochmus, communicated through Sir
in the same manner, by the aid of the new apparatus. In the
Roderick Murchison, third, a dispatch was sent openly, and the answer received " Journey into the Balkan, or Mount Haemus; secretly, to show that the secret apparatus might be used or suswith a description of the detiles through this cele
pended at will. The results of the inquiry show :- 1st. That brated mountain range, and a comparison of the the apparatus of Tremeschini may be applied to Morse's telegraph. routes pursued by Darius, Alexander the Great, and 2nd. That when the dispatch is sent secretly it can only be re
Marshel Diebitch.” Tres. Civil Engineers, 8. — Resumed discussion "On Ocean detection. 3rd. That secrecy may be suspended or applied at
ceived so, any fraud in that respect being subject to immediate Steamers,” and paper by Mr. J. Leslie, “On In- pleasure. The report of the commission is highly eulogistic of clined Planes for Canals."
the invention. Botanical, 8.--Anniversary. WED. Society of Arts, 8:—Mr. A. Fraser,“ On the Consumption of Smoke."
PATENT LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1852. Geological, 8.-Messrs. W. R. and H. Binfield, “ On
APPLICATIONS FOR PATENTS AND PROTECTION ALLOWED. the Occurrence of Fossil Insects in the Wealden
From Gazette, 18th November, 1853.
Dated 5th September, 1853.
&c. Royal, 94.-Anniversary.
Dated 22nd October, 1853. Tark. Zoological, 3.
2443. J. F. Mermet, 23 Red Lion street, Holborn-Elastic spring in
a tube, the lid of which moves down and up, according to Antiquaries, 8. Photographic, 8.
Dated 1st November, 1853. Bar. Asiatic, 2.
2521. J. Crowley, Sheffield--Construction of ovens and furnaces. Medical, 8.
2523. J. Hansor, Wandsworth road-Illuninating gas.
2527. II. Tylor, Queen street, London-Chair bedstead.
2529. W. R. Palmer, New York-Spike threshing machines.
printing yarns, NOVEL APPLICATION OF Glass.—The Prussians have put 2533. R. Circhbutt, King's road, Chelsea-Woodcutting machines. glass to a novel use. A column, consisting entirely of glass,
Dated 2nd November, 1853. placed on a pedestal of Carrara marble, and surmounted by a
2535. F. A. Gatty, Accrington-Bath for heating and distilling. statue of Peace, six feet high, by the celebrated sculptor Rauch, 2537. W. A. Gilbee, 4 South street, Finsbury--Levelling apparatus. is about to be erected in the garden of the palace at Potsdam.
(A communication.) The shaft will be ornamented with spiral lines of blue and white. 2539. W. Maltby, Cawborough-Prerenting collisons on railways. THE ROYAL OBSERVATORY at Brussels has just been placed in 2541. F. Lipscoinle, 233 Strand-Steam power, and regulating same.
2543. H. Brierley, Chorley, Lancashire-Spinning and knitting eletric communication with the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, machinery. for the purpose of facilitating the determination in a direct 2545. R. G. Helyes, Southampton row, Russell square- Fastening manner of the difference of longitude between the two establish..
ends of India rubber springs. ents. This operation is one of extreme delicacy, as well as of
Dated 3rd November, 1853. kreat importance to geodesy. The electric communication is
25 47. P. McGregor, Manchester-Spinning and doubling machinery. made in such a manner that every oscillation of the pendulum 2548. W:Woord, 128 Chancery lane -- Abstracting and consuming ut Brussels will be represented with accuracy at Greenwich, and 2549. J. Moffatt, Birmingham--Candlesticks. (Partly a communi. fie ceru. The observations are to commence this week.
cation.) PHOTOGRAPHY ON TEXTILE FABRICS.-Messrs. Wulff, of 2550. C. Reeves, jun. Birmingham-Swords, bayonets, &c. Parie, bare placed before the French Institute some specimens of 2551. T. Irving Dueton, Yorkshire - Preparation of wool for patography on linen, oil cloth, chintz, &c. This discovery | 2552. B. E. Duppa, Malenagner Ilall, Kent-Colouring photographio will be of great importance for architectural ornamentation and
pictures. ser usetul purposes. Such pictures can be cleaned by wiping, 2553. w. l'atterson, Edinburgh -Chairs, aar, they can be washed, and a portrait on linen or long-cloth 2355. G. Duncan and J. Boyd, Liverpool, and J. Backy, Knotty Ash, can be forwarded in a letter. As, moreover, these photographs
near Liverpool-Cask manufacturers' machinery. 7. be obtained at a cheaper rate than those on metal or paper, 2557. J. H. Tuck, Pall Mall - Motive power, and for raising liquids.
2556. E. Goddard, ipswich-Gasburners. the art will become more popularized. Messrs. Wulff keep their
Datal 4th November, 1853. parecedure yet secret, but it is thought that they operate on a 2559. G. Yasmyth, of Brabant Court-Steam boiler furnaces. paration of iodized collodion.-Builder.
2560. W. Hindman, Manchester-Steam boilers, and tixing saine.
2561. W. G. Ginty, Manchester-Manufacturing of combustible gases 2023. Henry Jeremiah Wife, and James Newman, both of Birmingfrom water, &c.
ham-Improvements in the manufacture of buttons. 2562. W. Crosland, Hulme-Governing speed of engines.
2070. William Ilall, of the Colliery, Castlecomer-Improvements in 2503. W. Racksterr, Royal Military Academy, Woolwich-Buffers.
the conversion of peat into charcoal. 2364. W. E. Newton, 66 Chancery lane--- Machinery for crushing ores. 2121. William Smith, of Little Woolstone, Bucks--Improrements in (A cominunication.)
implements for tilling and preparing land for crops. 2565. H. II. ligginbottom, Ashby de la Zouch--Water closets. 2136. George Spencer, of Cannon street, west-Improvements in 2566. H. Pratt, Broughton street, Worcester-Kneading dough, clay,
supporting rails of railways. &c.
2149. Sydney Sinith, of Hyson Green Works, near Nottingham.2567. W. Foster, Lister place, Bradford-Looms.
Improvements in governors for steam engines. 2568. J. H. Johnson, 47 Lincoln's inn fields--Malleable iron manu. 2203. Hirain Tucker, of Massachusetts, U.S.-Improvements in the facture, &c. (A communication.)
art or process of applying colours to a surface by means of a Dated 5th Norember, 1853.
liquid. 2569. J. Smith, Bradford-Millstones.
2205. William Farmer, of Fulham Brewery-Improvements in 2571. J. Harrison, Crewe-Steam engines.
apparatus for preserving provisions. 2572. J. Hyde, Sheffield-Furniture castors.
Sealed Vovember 17th, 1853. 2573. C. Carrand W. K. Ilorsely, Seglich, Northumberland-Steam 1215. John Lee Stevens, of King William street, City-Iinprovements machinery and pumps for mines, &c.
in grates and stores. 2574. R. W. Jorrad, 17 Upper Eccleston place, Eccleston square- 1217. James Thomas George Vizetelly, of Peterborough court, and Steam boiler furnaces.
Henry Richard Vizetelly, of Gough square-Improvements 2575. J. Rubery, Birmingham-Open caps for sticks of umbrellas,
in printing machines. (A communication.)
Sealed November 18th, 1853. 2577. W. B, Johnson, Manchester-Steam engines, and pressure
1222. John Haskett, of Wigmore street.---Improrements in anchors, indicator.
to be called the “Ferdinand Martin Safety Anchor." (A 2578. E. Kesterton, Long acre-Springs for carriages.
Certain 2579. II. Pershouse, Birmingham-Deposition of metalg.
improvements in kitchen ranges or fire grates. 2550. J. Todd, Fish street hill-Spindles and bearings for lathes, &c. 1227. John Ryan, of Liverpool strect--An apparatus for purifying 2581. M. L. J. C. V. Falconi, Paris, and 4 South street, Finsbury
liquids in a ready and economical manner Composition for preservation of the dead.
1231. George Sant, of Norton Lodge, Mumbles, Swansca-Improve. 2583. J. Grindrod, Liverpool-Steam engines.
monis in clocks or timekeepers. 2584. H. Wiglesworth, Newbury-Coupling railway carriages.
1327. John Macdonald, of Henry strect, Upper Kennington lane2585. R. Roughton, Woolwich--Steam boilers, &c.
Improvements in and applicable to lamps; also applicable 2556. T, Walker, Birmingham-Railway signal apparatus.
to apparatus for lighthouse signal purposes ; part of the 2587. A. V. Newton, 66 Chancery lane-Preventing fraudulent
invention applicable to other useful purposes. abstraction of property. (A communication.)
1601. John Fell, of Chorlton upon Medlock - Improvements in the Dated 8th November, 1853.
treatment of certain oils. 2588. J. Onions and S. Bromhead, Peckham- Machinery for paper
1864. William Edward Newton, of Chancery lane-Improved prepaand papier maché.
ration or composition to be applied to pigments, for the 2589. J. Gardiner and W. W. Wynne, Great Marlow, Buckingham
purpose of facilitating the drying of the same. (A commushire-Gas stoves.
nication.) 2590. E. H. Graham, Maine-Firearms.
2064. James Gascoigne Lynde, jun., of Great George street-A 2591. H. Chamberlain, Kempsey, near Worcester-Brick tubes and tilos.
pressure governor or self-acting apparatus for regulating the
flow of water. 2592. G. F. Parratt, 27 Victoria strcet, Pimlico-Life rafts.
2124. Richard Laming, of Millwall, Poplar-Improved process for 2593. E. L. Hayward, 196 Blackfriars road--Rozer of door and other
purifying gas. locks.
2150. John Bårsham, of Kingston upon Thames Improvements in 2594. J. H. Johnson, 47 Lincoln's inn fields- Machinery for preparing
the mannfacture of bricks, tiles, and blocks. and combing wool, &c. (A communication.)
2186. Gcorge Peabody, of Warnford Court-Improved machinery for Dated 9th November, 1853. 2596. B. Dangerfield, and B. Dangerfield, Jun., West Bromwich
dressing and warping yarns. (A communication.) Steam boilers.
Scaled November 19th, 1853. 2597. T. Dunn, Windon Bridge Iron Works, Pendleton; J. Bowman,
1239. William Edward Newton, of Chancery lane-Improved machiPlaistow, Essex ; and J. Dunn, Bellevue terrace, Pendleton
nery or apparatus applicable for pumping water, and supply- Machinery for raising, &c., heavy bodies.
ing steam boilers with water, and maintaining the water 2598. J. A. Driew, Patricroft-Cutting velveteens, &c. &c., to produce
therein at a proper level. (A communication.) piled surfaces.
1244. William Fulton, of Paisley-Improvement in the treatment, 2599. J. Brown, Darlington-Coke ovens,
and scouring or cleansing of textile fabrics. 2000, W. Dicks, Floore, Northampton-Wheels for carriages.
1246. St. Thomas Baker, of King's road, Chelsea---Improrements in
1251. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of Castlo street, Holborn WEEKLY LIST OF PATEXTS SEALED.
- Improvements in rotary engines, to be driven by steam or
any vapour, fluid, or gas; and in boilers or generators to be Sealed November 16th, 1853.
used in generating steam or gas for driving the aforesaid or 658. Joh! Talbot Ashenhurst, of Upper John strect-Improvement other engines, or for other purposes. (A communication.) in pianofortes.
1252. Thomas Isaac Dimsdale, of Kingstown, near Dublin-Improve1206. Jean Jacques Joseph Janin, of Gerrard street, and Alexander
ments in purifying coal gas, and in disinfecting sewage or Seymour, of the Strand-Certain improvements in the manu
other fetid matters, and in absorbing noxious gaseous exhafacture of boots and shoes.
lations. 1733. George Spencer, of Manor road, Walworth-Improvements in 1251. William Carr Thornton, of Cleckheaton-Improved machinery springs for carriages.
for making wire cards. 1780. George Katz Douglas, of Chester-Certain improvements in
Sealed Norember 21st, 1853. the permanent way of railways.
1260. Henri Joscph Scouttin, of Naetz, France-Improred plastic 1870. Richard Farmer Brand, of South terrace, Willow walk, Ber
compound, applicable to various ornamental and useful mondsey--Certain improvements in firearms and ordnance.
purposes, 1897. John Perkins, of Manchester-Improvements in the manufac- 1262. Auguste Edouard Loradoux Bellford, of Castle street, Holborn ture of oils.
- Improvements in navigable vessels, to be employed in all 1920. Alfred Vincent Newton, of Chancery lano-Improvements in
waters, and to be propelled or impelled by sails, steam the distillation and purification of resin oil. (A communi
power, or other means. (A communication.) cation.)
1289. Thomas Singleton, of Over Darwent-Improvements in looms. 2016. Astley Aston Price, of Margate-Improvements in treating 1945. John Webster Cochran, of Gower street-Improvements in wash-waters containing soap, oils, saponified or saponifiable
machinery for crushing, grinding, and pulverizing stone, materials, and in obtaining products therefrom.
quartz, or other substances.
WEEKLY LIST OF DESIGNS FOR ARTICLES OF UTILITY REGISTERED.
Date of Registration.
No. in the
Improved Paletot or Cont
H. J. & D. Nicoll
Regent street and Cornhill.
1 Prince's street, Fitzray square
Albert Robert Cunningham Kensington
10 Paradise place, Hackney
Charles Suffell .......... 132 Long Acre
No. 54. Vol. II.]
JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF ARTS.
[Dec. 2, 1853.
Journal of the Society of Arts
as in the case of ordinary flax. The leaf is from 4 to 7 inches in length, and from 3 to 5 inches
broad; it grows in clumps, from a depressed stem, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1853.
something like an iris. The leaf is very paren
chymatous or fleshy, provision for the removal of THIRD ORDINARY MEETING. which must be made in any machinery intended WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1853.
for the preparation of the fibre. The native mode The Third Ordinary Meeting of the One Hun- is to scrape the leaves with a cockle shell, thus dredth Session was held on Wednesday, the 30th tediously separating the fleshy portion from the ultimo, William Bird, Esq., in the Chair. fibrous ; and the peculiarity of this successful
The following candidates were balloted for but laborious process should not be overlooked. and duly elected :
It is stated that, on trial, the strength of this Allan, Thomas Lee, Philip B.
material was found to be much superior to many Aston, William MacAlpine, William
others in common use, as the following proporBarrett, Richard Marcoartu, Arturo de
tions will show :--Silk, 34; New Zealand Flax, Blews, W. H. M.
McCormick, William Boulton, George
Merchant, Thomas 23 4-5ths.; Hemp, 16 1-3rd. ; Flax, 11 3-4ths. ; Browa, William
Moseley, Rev. Henry, M.A. Pita Flax, 7.” Specimens of Chinese muscles, Canoing, The Right Hon. Murray, Andrew
containing the Artificial Pearls alluded to in a Viscount Newcastle, His Grace the
previous number (Vide Vol. 1, p. 587), were Coe, Jobs
likewise shown. The Paper read was :Cunningham, Henry Dun- Peel, Sir Robert, Bart., M.P.
ON THE CONSUMPTION OF SMOKE,
BY ALEXANDER FRASER.
“ Smoke CombusDrummond, Henry, M.P. Robinson, Frederick Elliott, George Augustus Smith, William Henry
tion,” it is unnecessary to premise that, under Fergus, John, Al.P. Standring, Benjamin, Jun. the prospective alteration of the law with regard Fife, The Earl of
Stanley, Lord, M.P. to furnaces, the subject, interesting as it is to the Foley, John Hodgetts Stansbury, Charles Fred.
public generally, must be particularly so to the Hodgetts, M.P.
Topham, James Tell
Society of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. Goode, William James Travers, John Ingram It is not intended to enter upon the various Green, Stephen
Wallenn, William Henry theories which have been advanced upon the Grosvenor, Lord Robt., M.P. Wallis, Thomas Henry Harrowby, The Right Hon.
subject, or to discuss the many inventions before Wells, William, M.P. the Earl of
Westminster, The Most the public, still less to bring forward any new Hervey, Rev. Lord Arthur Noble the Marquis of
theory, but to give the "results of absolute work," Hills, Rev. George, M.A. White, John
in a successful attempt to remove the smoke Hooper, John, M.D. White, John Francis
nuisance from an extensive London brewery and Hutchinson, Rev.Jas. M.A. Wilson, John Robert Jackson, Ralph Ward
its neighburhood. Messrs. Truman, Hanbury, Winstone, Benjamin James, Jabez Wovendon, Joseph
Buxton, and Co. have for inany years been Knight, Valentine
Zetland, The Earl of desirous of removing the nuisance from their Also the following as Honorary Corresponding densely-populated neighbourhood, and for this
purpose had tried most of the plans which Fresenius, Professor, of Wiesbaden
Kasteele, M. Van de, of previous to 1847 gave reasonable hopes of
It is unnecessary to allude to the The following Institutions have been taken various plans which have been tried, though it into Union since the last announcement : may be excused if the writer refers to a partially 310. Galway, Royal Institution.
successful attempt of his own.
The boiler (a 311. Hexham, Mechanics' Literary and Scientific Institution.
spherical one, without a tube) was set in the 312. Spalding, Mechanics' Institute.
ordinary way, until the return side-flue reached Previous to the reading of the paper, the the fire-bars, when it was made to descend, and Secretary drew attention to some large and mag- was connected with a cast-iron box, placed on a nificent Photographs, which had been received level with the furnace. This was repeated on from the Imperial Printing Office, at Vienna, the opposite side of the fire. The boxes being and which, though unequalled in superfices by highly heated by the action of the fire, caused å any British specimens, had been produced by an rapid combustion of the smoke passing through English lens, made by Ross. Also to a garment them; but unfortunately, the consumption of the or cloak, manufactured from New Zealand flax, smoke caused the destruction of the smoke-conprepared in the native manner, which had been sumer—the box was destroyed by the heat inside sent for exhibition by Mr. W. Stones, who, in as well as outside. Fire tiles were afterwards a communication to the Secretary, said, that "it substituted, but shared the same fate. should be remembered that this fibre is obtained A general remark may here be made respectfrom the leaf of the plant, and not from the stem, ing many of the plans tried at the brewery,