« ElőzőTovább »
" I am,
PETTITT'S FISHERIES GUANO.
chemists, and in agriculture animal substances, wholly or parSIR,--On reading the discussion upon the above paper, tially decomposed, have been always more or less resorted to.
dear Sir, yours respectfully, in the Journal of the Society of the 23d ult., I was rather
JOIN TURNBULL. surprised to notice that Mr. Pettitt is reported to have said,
" When your letter came I was absent, which is my apology " In reference to what had been stated by Mr. Campbell
, for being so long in writing to you. that Turnbull, of Glasgow, was the originator ofthis guano, Dugald Campbell, Esq.” he having, years ago, boiled up dead horses in muriatic The manufacture of artificial manures, is every day acid, and sold the produce as manure, he might observe becoming of more and more importance, and aware that that the real nature of Turnbull's manufacture was the the Messrs. Turnbull, of Glasgow, had bestowed their production of the cyanides from the nitrogen contained in experience and skill upon processes of this nature for a the animal matter for the manufacture of his celebrated number of years back, I was sure that, if a communicablue, the residuum only being sold for manure. This re- tion was received from this source, it would prove highly siduum would be totally devoid of ammonia, and would, in valuable and interesting: Under these circumstances, I fact, only be a mixture of the phosphate of lime (from did not like to relinquish the matter without an effort, the bones of the animal), and inert organic matter, or although, owing to pressing business, I was prevented animal carbon. This being the fact, no claim could be from writing to Mr. Turnbull sooner, and likewise I had maintained to the discovery of fish, or even animal guano, some little reluctance in addressing that gentleman, as I of any kind by, Mr. Turnbull, indeed there was no analogy was personally unacquainted with him, and I did not between the two manufactures,” for it was the impression know how far he might consider my requisition intrusive of myself, and I may also add, of one or two chemical
or otherwise. I trust you will accept this as an apology gentlemen sitting near me at the time, that no direct for my replying to a statement advanced so long back, contradiction, such as the above, had been given by Mr.
And believe me to remain, Sir, Pettitt to the statement which I made, and which may be
Your obedient servant, condensed as follows:- That many years ago, I think as
DUGALD CAMPBELL, many as ten, Messrs. Turnbull, of Glasgow, had manu
Analytical Chemist to the Brompton Hospital, &c. factured ammoniacal salts, and also manures, by the action
Quality Court, Chancery-lane, January 30th. of muriatic acid and likewise sulphuric acid, with heat, upon the carcases of dead animals, such as horses; and, that, therefore, this could not be Mr. Pettitt's invention, although claimed by him in his specification of a patent Proceedings of Justitutions. granted to him so late as last year.
Mr. Pettitt addressed the meeting in a very low tone of voice, and from where I sat, which was some distance
BATTERSEA.--The First Annual Report of the Literary behind him, I had great difficulty in catching what he and Scientific Institution states that the income of the said; but, however, had I heard his reply, I could only Institution, the increase of members, the number of books have reiterated at that time what I had stated before, in the library, and the circulation of these books, exhibit whereas now I am furnished with the best proofs of how gratifying signs of success. The want of sufficient accorrect I was in what I advanced, as the following letter commodation has prevented the establishment of classes from the senior partner of the firm of Messrs. Turnbull for elementary instruction, and it is only with some diffiwill show. It is a reply to a letter from me requesting culty that arrangements have been made for a French for any information upon the matter :
class. The number of volumes added to the library
during the year has been 200, comprising many standard “ Bonhill House, 25th January, 1854. "DEAR SIR, I am in receipt of your favour of the 19th, and works of a literary and scientific character. The number fcel obliged to you for claiming for our house the priority of of issues amounted to nearly 5,000, and taking the total those ammoniacal inanures that seem to be now-a-days the pumber of books at 1,300, this would show that each subject of so many patents. The more that can be produced book had been read four times. In the reading room the better for the country, and I wish them all manner of three daily papers are provided. Twenty-three lectures
have been delivered during the year, and the Report states " The first that we applied ourselves to, and I think the best, that they were very numerously attended. The income was the salts from the human urine-the urine was saturated of the institution since the 1st of December, 1852, has with sulphuric acid, and converted into a fine powder. We been 2131. 8s. 3d.; the expenditure 1981. 1s. 44d., leaving began this about the year 1833. Our next was night soil only a balance of 151. 6s. 1012, in the treasuror's hands. combined with ground wood.charcoal and gypsum. latter substances, our pyroligneous works furnished an abundant The number of members at present is 250. supply, the gypsum arising from the decomposition of acetate of
BrightON.—The eighth annual report of the Athenæum lime and sulphate of alumina. Then, in 1812, we took to and Young Men's Literary Union states that the number buying bones. dead horses, and other animals, which we dis- of subscribers now amounts to nearly 800. The financial solved in muriatic acid, and dried up into a powder. Sulphuric statement shows, in lieu of a deficiency of £70, a balance was again substituted for the muriatic acid, as giving agricul- in hand of £30 17s. Id., the total income being turally the best result. We even operated upon the bones of £637 lls. 10d. During the year 26 lectures were dethe whale, which, as far as I recollect, contained about as much livered, attended on an average by 540 persons at cach phosphate of lime as the others; for some years past it was lecture. done without acid--the flesh was dried at a low heat, and finally 35 weekly papers and periodicals.
In the reading-room there are now 14 daily and ground, and the bones in the same way. These were sold
There are at the separate.
present tiine two French classes in operation, and one We found ways of getting rid of the nuisance of the thing drawing class, and during the year there have been pretty well; but lately a firm set up in our neighbourhood, phonetic, Greek, and German classes. The discussion creating a good deal of smell, which we feared to get the credit class is still continued, and is believed to be the means of of, and gave up the manufacture altogether, and the police put diffusing much information. The total issue of volumes the other down.
from the library in the twelve months was 10,814. " I was sorry to give it up, for at this time such prodncts are CRIEFF.-As the stated lectures of the Mechanics' Inmuch wanted. We have always carried on this branch, in a stitution have not of late enjoyed the patronage of the great measure, for the benefit of our own farm, which has been general public, for whose benefit they were chiefly proa sort of hobby with us.
"In the manufacture of the cyanides it was only liorns and jected, the committee have resolved to discontinue them hoofs that were employed, and I may remark that we never
or at most to have them occasionally; they have, howhought any of those patents could be protected-indeed, we
ever, established private monthly meetings, strictly connever considered those processes patentable, the getting am- tined to the inembers, for the reading and discussion of monia from all such substances being so well known to the ola | papers on subjects of interest relating to literature, science
and antiquities. The first of these meetings was held on MAIDENHEAD.--- An interesting experiment, in connexion the evening of the 19th ult., when a most interesting with thc Mechanics' Institution, was tried here on Tuespaper on “Earthquakes” was read by Mr. Laurie Monzie, day evening, the 10th of January, in the first of a in which a general view of the phenomena attendant upon proposed series of conversaziones, or literary reunions, earthquakes, and their connection with volcanoes was which, though not so numerously attended as might taken, Mr. Laurie reserving the consideration of British have been expected, proved of sufficient attraction to earthquakes till the next monthly meeting. This, as elicit expressions both of pleasure and approval from the may readily be supposed, is a subject of great interest few who took part in its proceedings. The Rev. Chas. in this neighbourhood, which enjoys the unenviable noto Vansittart, of White Waltham, presided as chairman, riety of being the centre of earthquakes in the British and in his opening address remarked that all pursue some Islands. A copy of each paper read will be preserved by favourite study; all are more or less deeply interested in the secretary, in order that the committee may, at stated some art or science. We thought then, that if, by a intervals, publish a selection from them, for distribution friendly collision of sentiment, or a friendly rivalry of amongst the members and others.
intellectual warfare, we could induce the members of our CHELTENHAM.— The lectures delivered up to the close association to draw forth their intellectual treasures and of the past year at the Literary and Philosophical Institu- add them to the general fund and exchequer, we tion were by Mrs. Balfour (two) On Female Characters as might make these reunions desirable on many account. delineated by English Poets;” Mr. Horsley (six), “On the world. To allay unfounded prejudices, he stated that Chemistry:” the Rev. - Ward, “On the Negro Race;" they did not meet to discuss any itical or theological Mr. Ronna, “On Vinous Fermentation;" the Rev. C. H. subjects, but only to range over the wide and general Bromby, “On Education :" the Rev. J. J. Brown, “On field of literature, and, like industrious bees, to gather the Philosophy of Apparitions;" the Hon. and Rev.W.H. honey from its multiform variety. Mr. Noel next read a Lyttleton, "On Books and Reading;” and Mr. C. C. paper explanatory of his views with regard to these reClarke, “On Shakspeare.” A second course of lectures unions, and of his motives for haviug suggested them. is now in progress; and also six free lectures, “ On Prac- Mr. J. D. M. Pearce, of Craufurd House, warmly advotical Science,” to the working classes, by Mr. Bromby, cated this kind of entertainment, and his showed that Mr. Ronna, and Dr. Wright.
for certain classes of society there existed scarcely any DERBY.–The third annual report of the Railway means of rational and improving recreation. The ChairLiterary Institution states that the servants of the Com- man then read a short archæological essay, upon thh pany (the Midland Railway) do not give the institution history and antiquities of Shottesbrooke Church, whica that support which it was hoped they would do. The he illustrated by some rubbings from its monumentet number of members is 195. The library contains upwards brasses, made by Mr. Georege Holloway, “the learned of 1000 volumes; and the reading-room is supplied with blacksmith ” of the parish. Mr. Fletcher, Jun., wonud one daily paper and twenty-two weekly papers and peri- up the more solid business of the evening with a scientific odicals. There were five lectures delivered during the "lecturette"
Flame. year, two being gratuitous; and there are evening schools PortSEA.-Recently a lecture on the “ Marine Engine" for the teaching of reading, writing, and arithmetic. The was delivered to the members and friends of the Watt income was £75 9s. 5d.
Institute, illustrated by models and diagrams. The lecHALSTEAD. – The meinbers and friends of the Mecha- turer briefly reviewed the Marquis of Worcester's invennies’ Institution celebrated their anniversary on the 24th tions, and enumerated the gradual progress of speed instant by a tea party and soirée; after which Mr. Henry attained by the marine engine from the first trials to the Phillips, of London, gave his lecture on the “Musie of present time. Great improvements were then specified, all Nations." The audience was a numerous one, and and with respect to the weight of marine engines it was were highly delighted with the entertainments of the stated that the engine beams of the “ La Plata” weighed evening.
40 tons, which was 12 tons more than the whole of the LEVEN (VALE OF).- The Financial Raport of the Me- engines of the Cæsar'' line-of-battle ship; the engines chanics' Institution shows that the total income during of screw ships were now reduced to 2 cwt. per horsethe year 1853 was 1481. 3s. 7 d., and the total ex: power, and boilers originally 40 feet long were now rependiture 81l. 8s. 5d., leaving a balance in hand of duced to 10 feet only, by the admirable arrangement of 661. 15s. 2 d., to meet liabilities of 341. 15s. 24d. ; so tubes inside. It is supposed by some that 1260 parts (or that there will probably be a balance of 321. to begin the power) is to be obtained from coal, but that 430 parts only next session with.
have as yet been obtained : engines are now being worked LONDON. - On a recent evening Dr. Bowring de- with only 4lbs. per horse-power; and since the year 1843 livered a lecture to the members of the Mechanics’ Institu- the pressure used had been increased from 5lbs. to 21lbs. tion, on “ National, social, and domestic happiness, as For long voyages paddle-wheels were preferable, but for intiuenced by the progress of krowledge.” In the course commercial purposes generally, screws had the advantage, of his observations, Dr. Bowring pointed out, in a most being able to carry merchandize at one-third less cost than instructive manner, the inestimable benefits which had naddle-wheel ships. The only objection to “trunk enbeen conferred upon human society by the march of civil-gines" seemed to be the loss of heat by radiation, when ization, at the same time tracing out the great advances the trunk was exposed to the air. One great point in which had been made, both politically and socially, war ships was to keep the engines and machinery as low through the progress of knowledge. At the conclusion as possible, to be out of the reach of shot. In conclusion, of the lecture a vote of thanks was accorded to Dr. Bow the lecturer called upon the young members of the proring by general acclamation, upon the motion of Mr. fession to have a more humble opinion of theinselves, and Birkheck, seconded by Mr. Lane. In briefly returning a more exalted one of their trade. thanks, Dr. Bowring said that upon his return from China, Royston.—The annual report of the Mechanics' one time back, nothing had so much attracted his atten- Institute states, that during the past year 255 members tion, as denoting the vast progress which had been made and subscribers supported the Institute, being an increase in this country during the last quarter of a century, as the of 42 over the number of the previous year. The income establishment of mechanics' institutions. He had been from this source was £50 5s. 6d., being an increase of much struck in particular with those at Manchester and £7 19s. 6d. ; the total income, however, was only £90 5s. Liverpool, which he was happy to say had received every against £99 11s. 1$d. in the preceding year, owing to a encouragement from the wealthier classes. In London, difference in the sale of pon-subscribers' tickets. The however-and it was much to the disgrace of the metro- lectures were sixteen in number. The library has been polis-they had been left far behind by the provincial increased by the addition of 39 volumes, 22 by purchase,
and 17 by gift. The total number of volumes now in the
library is 875. The number of volumes issued was 1,065. that the institution was in a very prosperous condition, The treasurer's account shows a balance of £8 5s. 6d. in the number of members during the past quarter having hand.
been greater than in any previous quarter. An exhibition SAFFRON WALDEN.—The annual meeting of the mem- held in September last, left a profit of £97 4s. 10d., and the bers of the Literary and Scientific Institution was held on balance in hand up to the end of the year was £66 13.84d. Thursday evening, January the 12th. The chair was taken £35 of this amount has been set aside for the purchase of by Joshua Clarke, Esq., F.L.S., Mayor of Saffron Walden, philosophical apparatus, and £10 to aid a class for teachand Vice-President; supported by the Rev. R. Clutton, ing vocal music. The exhibition contained $50 articles, Vicar, Vice-President. The past year found the Society contributed by 150 individuals. It was kept open three in a transition state, which gave promise of progress and weeks; was visited by 7212 persons, including 866 school success; that expectation has not been disappointed. At children, who were admitted at three haltpence each; the beginning of 1852, new rooms were taken, and even- and the gross receipts were £176 18s. 10d. Several alteing members admitted at 25. per quarter, and the library rations in the rules were proposed and carried; one being enlarged by the purchase of £100 worth of books. In to alter the name of the institution—it is in future to be consequence the number of members had increased from called the Woburn Literary, Scientific, and Mechanics' 62, till there were now upwards of 180. The year 1853 Institution. Another was to provide for the election of found the Society in delt £60, and burdened by a loan of trustees. Lord Charles J. F. Russell, John Green, Esq., £30 in £1 shares, lent to aid the transition. To defray this, and Thomas Bennett, Esq., were unanimously elected a law binding the committee to spend half the surplus at trustees. Considerable discussion arose on a proposition least, after payment of establishment expenses, in books, for altering the mode of electing the Committee: the prowas suspended, and an effort was made to raise funds by position was not adopted. The whole of the committee an Exhibition of Works of Art, and such other objects for the past year were nominated for re election ; and five of curiosity as could be procured in the neighbour- others were also put in nomination. A ballot took place, hood, the admission to.which was, non-inembers, Is. 6d., ) and the result was the re-election of eleven of the old members, ls. This Exhibition was visited on two even- committee and one new member. ings, the second at a cheaper l'ate, by about 1000 persons. Windsor.-On Wednesday evening, the 18th ult., It not only answered the immediate object in view, but Mr. Fearn delivered his second lecture at the Windsor gathered around the Society an interest and secured to it and Eton Literary, Scientific, and Mechanics’ Institution, a patronage which has mainly contributed to its present “On the Modern Poets and Poetry of our Land," and reflourishing condition. The thanks of the Society are due sumed his subject by a consideration of the sentimental to all those ladies and gentlemen who, with remarkable poets, of whom Cowper, Kirke White, Scott, and Mrs. generosity, entrusted the committee with pictures, and to Hemans furnished examples. At the outset the lecturer the trustees of the museum for throwing that open to distinguished sentiment from sentimentality,— from that the visitors. £31 was thus obtained to the Society, and morbidness of feeling which pervaded productions of even the gentlemen who held shares in the Loan Fụnd having some of our best poets. Cowper showed himself a poet cancelled their claim to nearly the whole amount, the of sentiment in those beatiful lines, on the receipt of his treasurer was now able to declare a deficit of only seven mother's picture," in the winter morning walk, and shillings and one penny. During the year, 51 volumes other passages of the “ Task ;” and in the exquisite had been added to the library, 31 by purchase, and 20 by lines in Conversation,” descriptive of the converse of gift. It now contains 1,200 volumes, of which at least the two disciples with their risen Lord on their way to 700 distinct volumes have been taken out, and these 2,673 Emmaus. True sentiment was also conspicuous in the times, or each volume, on an average, 4 times; in- poems of Henry Kirke White, whose lines on concluding 91 in the class religious, 192 history, 261 biogra- sumption afforded the lecturer an apt illustration. Rephy, and 267 fiction. There are no volumes missing, but ligion, too, soothed and sustained the spirit of the amiable a little more care is desirable in their use. It is gratify- poet who so sweetly sang “ The Star of Bethlehem." ing to find that the Reading Room is much frequented in Sir Walter Scott was entitled to a place among the sentithe evenings. At the conversational meetings the mental poets by the beautiful lines in the "Lay of the average attendance has been from 50 to 60. At these Last Minstrel" on love of country, and Norman's meetings there has already been discussed this season- song to his bride in the Lady of the Lake," quoted “Friendly Societies," “ Formation of Opinion," “Se by the lecturer. In the writings of Mrs. Felicia Hemans, condary Punishment," &c. These subjects will be fol- (with the exception perhaps of Johanna Baillie, the lowed by “ Decimal Coinage,” “ Paper Duty,” &c. The purest of English poets,) sentiment abounded, and “The evening classes have been a complete failure, owing to Songs of the Affections” furnish an excellent exponent of the want of any stimulus at present ; a desire to learn sentimental poetry. Some quotations of striking beauty must first be excited by affording au enlarged library, and were given from this authoress. The lecturer considered a succession of talented lecturers. In former years lec- that great and beneficial effects were likely to follow the tures have been a total failure, but by engaging first-rate study of this class of poetry, and that reflections of a lecturers, publishing a programme for the season, from most salutary character were likely to be induced by the October last to March next, including musical lectures, perusal of poems where sentiment was to be found. The and issuing season-tickets at a low rate, 15s. reserved lecturer next considered original poets. Modern poets seats, 88. front, and 2s. 6d. back, and members at a were justly open to the charge of want of originality, but proportionate reduction, the success has been complete. much that is peculiar to the authors is to be found in There have been large audiences, and the expenses the " Queen Mal” of Shelley, and the “Childe Harold" (about £115) will be covered. Already E. Roberts, of Byron. The originality of the latter poet was illusDr. Jackson, Sir H. Bishop, Robt. Hunt (on Electricity), I trated by his exquisite lines on ".
• The Dying Gladiator." Buckland, Birt (on Astronomy, twice), have lectured No one possessed greater originality than Coleridge, who at the Iustitution; and Mr. Grossmith, and some local created a new order of poetic architecture, in which lecturers, are expected. Mr. Buckingham was to have slight incongruities would easily be pardoned when we delivered a lecture “On Nineveh," but cannot come. regarded the novelty and sublimity of the whole. A The relations with the Society of Arts were explained. quotation from “ The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" was The Institution has attained a position as one of the ac- given as an example of the peculiarity of this poet. In knowledged public Institutions of the town.
two living writers great originality was to be met withWOBURN. - The annual meeting of the members of the Eliza Cook and Procter (Barry Cornwall). The former Literary and Scientific Institution was held in the Town was original both in her choice of subjects and in her Hall on Wednesday evening, January 18th, Lord C. J.F. treatment of them. Some lines by her, founded on the Russell in the chair. The report which was read showed maxin that people should trouble their heads with their
own affairs," were quoted by the lecturer as eminently Fri. Architectural Assoc., 8.-Class of Design. original, and as showing how a great purpose may be
Astronomical, 8.-Anniversary. served by exposing a great folly, and excited inuch
Philological, 8. nerriment. · The Happy Mind” was also given as a
Royal Inst., 81.-Prof. Owen, “ On the Structure and specimen of the originality of this authoress. The lec
Homologies of Teeth."
SAT. London Inst., 2.-Mr. M. T. Masters, "On Elementary turer then observed upon the close connection existing
Botany." between poetry and religion, speaking of the great merit
Royal Inst, 3.-Prof. W. A. Miller, .** On the of James Montgomery as a sacred poet, and deplored that
Chemistry of the Non-Metallic Elements," the spirit of mysticism had crept into modern English
Roy. Botanic, 3. poetry. A revival of the true and the clear was needed
Medical, 8. in the modern poetry of our land. Truth is plain, visible, and transparent, and poetry is truth-the Bible one grand
PATENT LAW AMENDMENT ACT, 1852. poem. In conclusion, the lecturer noticed the bathos or the art of sinking in poetry, referring to Pope's admirable
APPLICATIOXS FOR PATEXTS AND PROTECTION ALLOWED. “Essay on Bathos," and specimens were given of the
[From Gazette, 27th January, 1854.] anti-climax, where the second line falls short of the sub
Dated 8th November, 1853. limity of the first
2595. G. Shepherd, 39, King William street, City--Railways.
Dated 19th Noocmber, 1853.
2689. A. Castets, Paris-Composition for curing diseases of feet of
animals. and Sir John Blackmore and others were cited for ex
Dated 5th December, 1853. amples of metaphor overstrained to the absurd and im- 2827. E. Lavender, Deptford - Apparatus for subjecting substance to possible. A cordial vote of thanks was passed to Mr.
the action of heat, &c. Fearn for his two lectures.
Dated 16th December, 1853.
Dated 27th December, 1853.
2996. E. J. Hughes, Manchester, sewing machines. (A communica-
Daled 28th December, 1853. CURIOSITIES OF THE AMERICAN PATENT-OFFICE.--A har- 3011. S. Barnes, Oldham-Looms. poon is described which makes the whale kill himself. The
Dated 7th January, 1854. more he pulls the line the deeper goes the harpoon. An ice 37. W. Aspden, Blackburn-Looms.
39. A. B. Baron Von Rathen, Wells street-Chimnies, flues, making machine has been patented, which goes by a steam
stoves, &c. eng ne. In an experimental trip, it froze several bottles of ice 41. J. H. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields-Agricultural machinery, of the size of a cubic foot, when the thermometer was standing and in communicating power thereto &c. (A communication.) at 80 deg. It is calculated that for every ton of coal put into 43. J. G. Taylor, Glasgow-Writing apparatus. the furnace, it will make a ton of icc. Seven new machines that
Dated 8th January, 1854. spin, twenty that weave, and seven that sew, are also described. 45. B. Burleigh, King's Cross-Railway switches and chairs. Esaminer Lane's report describes various new electrical inven. 49. W. and J. Garforth, Dukinfield — Railway breaks, &c.
47. R. A. Tilghman, Philadelphia, U. S.-Fatty and oily matters. tions. Among these is an electric whaling apparatus. by which 51. W. Taylor, How Wood, Renfrew-Prevention of smoke. the wbale is literally shocked to death. Another is an
Dated 10th January, 1854. electro-magentic alarm, which rings bells and displays signals 53. W. Brown, Bradford-Preparation of wool, &c. in cases o: fire or burglars. Another is an electric clock, which 55. Rev. W. R. Bowditch, Wakefield-Economising fuel, &c.
57. E. Townsend, Boston. U. S.-Sewing machinery. (A commuwakes you up, telis you what time it is, and lights a lamp for
nication.) you at any hour you please. There is an invention that picks up 59. J. R. Engledue, Southampton, and T. Berningham, Milbrookpins from a confused heap, turns them all round, with their
Furnaces. heads up, and sticks them in paper in regular rows.-American | 61. W. L. Tizard, Aldgate--Stamping, &c., gold and other ore. Courier.
Dated 11th January, 1854.
65. D. Semple, Aden-Stringed instruments. MEETINGS FOR THE ENSUING WEEK.
67. F. L. Bauwens, Pimlico-Fatty matters. Mox. London Inst.. 7.—Dr. A. W. Hofmann,“ On Organic 69. R. Lister, Scots wood-Distilling apparatus. Chemistry,"
71. H. B. Leeson, M.D., Greenwich-Gas burners. British Arch., 8.-Discussion - On the French method
73. A Pongon, Marseilles--Motive power.
Dated 12th January, 1854. of Constructing Iron Floors."
74. J. W. Wrey, 16, Upper Berkeley street west-Transmitting moChemical, 8.
tion. Entomological, 9.
75. T. Waller, Ratcliff- Register stoves. TUES. Royal Inst., 3.-Prof. Tyndall, "On Hcat."
76. T. E. Moore, St. Marylebone-Extinguishing fires. Civil Engineers, 8 – Mr. N. Beardmore: " Description 79. J. W. Partridge, Birmingham-Soap.
78. J. F. Boake, Dublin-Lamps or lanterns. of the Navigation and Drainage Works recently exe 80. J. Bethell, 8, Parliament street-Coke. cuted on the tidal portion of the River Lee." 82. T. F. Henley, Cambridge street, Piinlico-Colouring materials. Linnæan, 8.
83. A. E. L. Bellford, 16, Castle street, Holborn-Glass. (A comPathological, 8.
munication.) London Inst., 2.—Mr. T. A. Malonc, “On Elementary 85. J. H. Johnson, 47, Lincoln's inn fields—Glycerine. (A commu
81. S. Wilkes, Wolverhampton-Chairs and rails for railways. Chemistry."
nication.) Literary Fund, 3.
86. R. Maclaren, Glasgow-Moulding metals. Society of Arts, 8.--Discussion “On the Defects in
Dated 13th January, 1854.
90. T. B. Foulkes, Chester-Self-adjusting gloves.
91. J. Wilkinson, Manchester-Dies.
Dated 14th January, 1854.
93. J. Bird, St. Martin's lane-Taps and cocks.
94. J. Jeffreys, 37, Carlton villas-Mineral charcoal and coke. Roy. Soc. Literature, 81.
95. A. Dobson, Bolton le Moorg-Looms.
Dated 16th January, 1854.
98. J. Newall, Bury-Railway breaks, &c.
99. P. Grant, Manchester-Printing roller. Royal, 84
100. P. Blaker, Crayford, and W. Wood, 126, Chancery lan
101. G. F. Wilson, Vauxhall-Candles and night lights.
2805. George Williamson, of Glasgow-Improvements in applying 103. P. G. Julyan, 71, Bath street, Birminghan-Communicating
motive power. signals to engineers, &c.
2807. John Charles Wilson, of Redford Flax Factory, Thornton, 104. J. Spires, Lower Drummond street, Euston square-Boots and
Kircaldy, N.B.-Improvements in machinery for scutching shoes.
flax, hemp, and other fibrous materials. Dated 17th January, 1854.
2811. Henry Bessemer, of Baxter House, Old Saint Pancras road106. W. Brown, St. George, Camberweil-Printing machinery.
Improvements in the manufacture and refining of sugar. 108. E. Highton, Regent's Park-Suspending telegraph wires.
2854. William Edward Newton, 66, Chancery lane-Improvod ma110. R. Maclaren, Glasgow-Moulding mteal.
chinery for drilling or boring rocks and other hard sub112. K. Weber, Rechtberg-Boots and shoes.
Scaled January 28th, 1854.
1777. William Edward Newton, 66, Chancery lane-Improvements 114. W. B. Haigh, Oldham-Tennoning, mortising, &c., machinery.
in depositing metals or alloys of metals. 118. W. Batten, 74, Westbourne street, Pimlico-Self-acting efflu
Sealed January 30th, 1854. vium trap.
1779. William Thomas Ilenley, of St. John street road-Improve120. W. Thomas, Cheapside-Stays.
mente in modes of protecting wires for telegraphs. 122. C. Howard, 4, Trafalgar terrace-Iron.
1879. Louis Van Caneghem, of 6, Conduit street, Regent street, and Dated 19th January, 1854.
of 138, Faubourg St. Denis, Paris--Improvements in fas
tening corsets by a mechanical busk. 126. G. H. Bursell, Offord road, Barnsbury Park-Separation and 1948. William Vaughan, of Stockport, and John Scattergood, of recovery of metals.
Heaton Norris-Improvements in machinery, apparatus, or 128. A. Dalgety, Florence road, Deptford-Rotatory engines or
implements for weaving. pumps.
1953. Auguste Edouard Loradoux, Bellford, of 16, Castle street, 130. T. Webb, Stourbridge-Annealing glass and firing pottery.
Holborn-Improvements in the manufacture of certain
mineral oils and paraffine. WEEKLY LIST OF PATENTS SEALED.
2029, John Tayler, of Manchester, James Griffiths, of Wolverhamp
ton, and Thomas Lees, of Stock port-Improvements in Sealed January 27th, 1854.
steam boilers, and in apparatus applicable thereto, and to be 1766. Peter Armand Le Comte de Fontainemorcau, 4, South street,
used therewith. Finsbury, and 39, Rue de l'Echiquier, Paris—Improvements 2232. James Griffiths, of Wolverhampton-Improvements in steam in the manufacture of tiles for roofing.
engines. 1768. Fdward Herring, of Southwark-Improvements in the manu
Sealed February 1st, 1854. facture of sulphate of quinine.
1788. John Smeeton, of Limehouse-improvements in the manu1771. Thomas Foster, of Streatham-Improvements in the manu
facture of tablets and dial plates, applicable to shewing the facture of boots and shoes,
distances of carriages travelling, barometers, compasses, and 1820. William Hickson, of Carlisle-Improvements in canal and
time-pieces. river navigation, and in vessels to be used in such navigation, 1805. Antoine Joseph Quinche, of Paris Improved apparatus for and in the mode of propelling the same.
measuring distances travelled over by vehicles. 1823. Charlcs Butler Clough, of Tyddyn, Flint-Improvements in 1843. Robert Morrison, of Newcastle upon Tyne--Improvements in machinery, or apparatus for washing, scouring, cleansing,
apparatus for forging, shaping, and crushing iron, and other or steaming woven fabrics, either in the piece er garinent;
materials, a d for driving piles. also felts or fibrous substances, and corn, root, seeds, or 1868. Thomas Dewsnup, of Manchester-Improvements in obtaining similar matters.
motive power. 1826. Bartheleiny Louis Francois Xavier Fléchelle, of Paris-Im- 2207. Charles Maitland, of Alloa, and William Gorrie, of Roseprovements in the means of carrying, bedding, and bathing
mains, Midlothian-Improvements in apparatus for heating the injured, ill, or invalid persons.
water or other liquids. 1835. James Lee Norton, of 8, Holland street, Blackfriars-Improve- 2224. Joseph Fermont Van Waesberghe, of Lokeren, Belgium-Imments in obtaining wool from fabrics in a condition to be
proved manufacture of artificial vinegar. again used.
2308. George Lifford Smartt, of Entield - Improvements in vessels 1850. Thomas Young Hall, of Newcastle upon Tyne-Improvements
for preserving leeches and fish alive. in combining glass with other materials.
2615. John Platt, of Oldham--Certain improvements in apparatus or 1869. Thomas Kelley Hall, of Crewe-Improvements in forge ham
machines for forging, drawing, moulding, or forming spin
dles, rollers, bolts, and various other articles in metal. 1891. William Aldred, of Manchester, Richard Fenton, of Prest. 2639. William Smith, of Mauchline, Ayr-Improvements in ruling wick, and William Cronc, of Salford--Improvements in
ornamental figures. separating or recovering the wool from cotton and woollen 2678. Amédée François Remond, of Birmingham--Improvement or or other similar mixed fabrics, whereby the wool is rendered
improvements in the construction of steam boilers genecapable of being again employed.
rators. 1940. Frederick William Alexander de Fabeck, of 6, Portland road 2723. John Ilill, sen., and John Ilill, jun., both of ManchesterConstruction of viaducts, bridges, lintels, beams, girders,
Improvements in machinery for winding, doubling, and and other horizontal structures and supports.
spinning silk. 1985. Richard Roberts, Manchester-Improvements in the construc 2745. William Leigh Brook, and Charles Brook, jun., both of Meltion of casks and other vessels,
tham Milsl, near lluddersfield-Certain improvements in 2076. Michael Leopold Parnell, of the Strand--Improvements in the
preparing, dressing, finishing, and winding cotton and linen construction of locks.
yarns or thread, and in the machinery or apparatus con2167. Henry Constantine Jennings, of 8, Great Tower street
nected therewith. Improvements in treating and bleaching resinous substances. 2757. Joseph Stenson, of Northampton-Improvements in the ma2290. Charles Augustus Holm, of 21, Cecil street-Improvements in
nufacture of iron. machinery for raising or propelling elastic and non-elastic 2765. Joseph Michel llenri l'erodeaud, of Paris-Improved mode of fluids.
treating peat for the conversion of the same into an artificial 2467. Weston Grimshaw, of Mossley, Co. Antrim-Improvements in
coal, which may be used in that state or afterwards reduced steam boilers.
to coke. 2486. George Edward Dering, of Lockleys-Improvements in gal. 2815. Charles Buck, of Wellington-Improved apparatus for retardvanic batteries.
ing or stopping the progress of wheel carriages. 2612. James Willis, of Wallingford-Improvements in buckles. 2823. Matthew Andrew Muir, of Glasgow-Improvements in check 2643. Charles Emilius Blank, of Trump street-Improvements in
and fancy weaving. winding yarn into hanks.
2835. Richard Christopher Whitty, of Portland place, Wandsworth 2683. Patrick Benignus O'Neill, of Paris-Improvement in the
road-improvements in the construction of boiler and other manufacture of perforated buttons.
furnaces. 2737. Samuel Cunlitfe Lister, of Manningham, York- Improvements 2843. John Getty, of Liverpool--Improvements applicable to the in combing wool, cotton, and other fibrous material,
plating of iron ships, part of which improvement is also 2739. William Jones, of Kilney Cottage, Swansea--Improvements
applicable to the construction of boiler. in the manufacture of bricks.
2851. Joseph Robinson, of Denton Mill, Carlisle-Improvements in 2743. John Berry, of Manchester--Improvements in the machinery
mills for grinding corn and other substances. or apparatus for manufacturing wire fencing.
2875. Henry Bessemer, of Baxter House, Old St. Pancras road2744. William Calder, of Glasgow-Improvements in the treatment
Improvements in the construction of railway axles and and finishing of threads or yarns.