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its prompt facilities for the ready dis. sidered that children when they are born patch of that life to any world but this. are to be treated as kittens are treated. Take the following out of ten thousand Unfortunate women, who are in a way to cases similar: the good people and the become mothers, seem to think that they excellent Lord Mayor of the city of are to deliver themselves as they can, and London were, “as men, magistrates,
to get rid of their infants as soon as pos
sible. This is a most frightful impression, and Christians, grievously shocked and outraged in their feelings. Kind but
“ Mr Hobler said that many women simple-hearted souls, they have studied
certainly appeared to be influenced by
that opinion. not the New Poor-Law-they know
“ The Lord Mayor — They deliver not its authors!
themselves as they please, and thiow their “ MANSION - House. · Yesterday, a infants into the privy or into the river, young woman, named Eliza Chandler, was and no prosecutor appears. Is this woman brought before the Lord Mayor under to be sent to the Central Criminal Court, the following circumstances :
or to be set at large ? “ Mr Cloake, of No. 3, Liverpool 6- The headle said that he had received Street, stated that the prisoner bad been no instructions on the subject. servant in liis faunily about eight or ten “ The Lord Mayor--Prisoner, have days before the 30th of July, when it was you any thing to say ? found that she had delivered herself of a “ Prisoner-Nothing, my lord. child, and thrown it into the water-closet. “ The Lord Mayor-- Is the surgeon She did not look at all like a person in here to give evidence ? the family way before the discovery was “ Beadle--No, I am not aware that made, and had an excellent character. he is. Upon being spoken to by her mistress, “ The Lord Mayor-- Nobody appears to she admitted that the child had been born think any thing of the business, serious as on the Saturday, the 27th of July. The it is. Į, however, consider it to be my porter found the child dead. Witness did duty to commit the woman to take her not appear to charge her with having trial at the Central Criminal Court. In committed any offence.
past times the parish officers used to pro" The beadle of the ward stated that secute in cuses of this kind now it seems the infant appeared to be a full-grown there are no funds with which to prosecute, child. He attended the inquest, which and desperate offences of this description was to the effect, that the child was may be committed with comprative imfound dead in the privy, but there was punity. If the New Poor-Law is to be not sufficient evidence to determine whe revised and altered, surely power ought ther it was born alive or not.'
to be given to the parish officers to pro" The Lord Mayor — Have you re secute persons guilty of disposing of their ceived any direction from any one to offspring in so shocking a manner. If the prosecute ?
lives of children are to be preserved, a " Beadlc-No. It was stated before change of this sort must take place. the coroner that the person of wl:om the " Mr Hobler agreed with bis lordship, child was born was in custody, and the that an important change should be made coroner said it was such a case as ought as regarded illegitimate children. to be brought under your lordship’s peareil to be very extraordinary that so notice.
much money should be expended in paying “ The Lord Mayor-Did she make those who worked the bill, and that 40s. or any statement before the coroner ?
50s. should be grudged where human life “ Beadle-She was not brought before wus concerned. him, as it was considered that it might “ The Lord Mayor- It is most extra. prove dangerous to her health to be ex ordinary that commissioners, and assistposed.
ant-commissioners, and clerks, should have “ The Lord Mayor--Has she made L.54,000 per annum amongst them for any communication as to who the father carrying the New Poor-Law into effect, of the child is?
and yet that a parish should not be allowed “ One of the inspectors of the police as much as 20s. to prosecute, in order to stated, that she said at the station-house prevent the practice of flinging poor chilthat the father was a journeyman baker. dren into destruction the moment they are
“ Mr Hobler observed that somebody born. There have been many destroyed ought to take the matter up, and that it since this law came into operation, more seemed to be looked upon very lightly than we have ever heard of, I am conindeed.
vinced. Now, the matter seems to be of “ The Lord Mayor- Since the passing ordinary occurrence. In this case, if the of the New Poor-Law, it seems to be con prisoner had not been very ill, and the
mistress had not entertained suspicion of punishment. The profit-and-loss cashher, we would never have heard a word account is, however, cited—the bal. about it. The parties never would have ance-sheet appealed to triumphantthought of looking into the place where it ly, in vindication of the New Poorwas found.
The effect of the example is Law and Whig principle of~ KILLING really frightful; we must have the sur
Perish for ever the geon's evidence, and I shall commit the
wretches, who-debited on the debtor prisoner for trial, and the Court, I am
side with human life coolly inmosure, will, under such circumstances, most
lated in rueful numbers--would salve readily pay the expenses.
the public as their own seared con“ His lordship then ordered that the
science, and interest public avarice by surgeon who examined the body of the
credit on the other slieet for one or infant should be required to attend and
more millions sterling of savings. give evidence.”
Theirs is the infernal system of the It might have occurred, we think, Thugs, who affect hospitality, and to the Lord Mayor, that as no funds sympathetically press assistance and were provided by the New Poor-Law asylum to unsuspecting travellers, in to prosecute for infanticide, it must whose murder they afterwards exult be clearly intended by its authors exactly in proportion to the purse and that new-born children should be the prize balance resulting. But, treated exactly as kittens are treated. were the Poor-Law Abolition ComThere would seem something personal missioners honestly desirous, as they and unfriendly in the sneer of Mr are capable, of rendering true accounts, Hobler, than whom, however, a bet. how would the balance stand ? In ter and more respected functionary their reports on various Unions in breathes not, about the extravagant which imposture was attempted, as rate at which people are paid for imposture is systematically practised working the New Poor-Law, whilst throughout, it has not only been the merest trifle was grudged where shown, but the disgraceful fact has human life was concerned-personal by themselves, on compulsion, been and unfriendly, we say, because Mr openly admitted and published, that Hobler must be supposed to know
credit was taken for hundreds or that one of the chief, if not the chief, thousands saved under the new system, workers and projectors of the law, is and for rates reduced, where on the the identical individual of penny-a- contrary thousands expended and rates line notoriety, who heretofore figured laid and paid had been in excess; or at his elbow, and was his debtor in where, as in Southwark, the thoumany pence for lines of information sands had been saved and the rates charitably furnished to the quasi-press. reduced solely by defying their orders pauper, then himself the slave of a aud excluding their system. So serving-man, and barely existing upon flagrant have been their falsehoods—SO reports of rapes and robberies, last self-convicting their forced, yet still dying speeches and confessions at incomplete admissions, that we stand the gallows. Infanticide, although entirely acquitted of a judgment too not specially pronounced legal, is harsh, when we assert our conscien. clearly as niuch part and parcel of tious impression that, in their own the New Poor-Law as pinch-pauper case, they are not worthy of credence diet, and the salary of the con mis- when unsupported by testimony of a sioners, or of Edwin Chadwick, Esq., less suspicious and more unimpeachbarrister-(!!!)-at-law.
able character. Infanticide is the wholesale practice From this hateful exhibition of dein China, if not the law of Confucius. praved principle and ossification of More advanced in the arts and sciences heart, let us hasten to escape. Forof civilized life than that world of tunately, we bave now only to request antediluvians, here the successors of attention to figures, and to leave the a missiou apostolic and almost of New Poor-Law Commissioners to fill divine origin are found (Oh! shame) up the blanks. Against their wilfully colleagued with Utilitarians, Unita- deceptive account of savings effected, riads, and Nothingarians, in a legisla- let them furnish a bill of particulars tion by which infanticide is indirectly of the charges shifted now on parish legalized by the absence of the cus rates, other than poor's rates as before, tomary provision for its prevention or or rendered necessary to carry the
New Poor-Law into effect, or there lieve that the rural police, as it was pro. out resulting.
posed to constitute the body by this bill, 1. Amount of coroner's and jury's and as it had been brought into operation fees and expenses formerly charged on in some districts already, could fulfil both
these duties. He wished to call the atpoor's rates.
tention of the House to a document which 2. Expenses of criminal trials resulting from inquests.
seemed to have been studiously kept out 3. Savings by the toleration of in of sight in the course of the discussion on fanticide.
this bill--the Report of the Commissioners 4. Commissioners' salaries and ex
of Enquiry into the State of the Constabulary
Force of the country. There were some penses.
curious details in the evidence annexed to 5. A levy of 5000 regular troops to
that report, which he thought it was the enforce the law. 6. A standing Rural Police of showing what must be the character of a
duty of the House not to overlook, clearly 25,000 men, with commissioners, &c.,
rural police formed upon the principles of to overawe the people, and guard work
this bill. It was proved that the prachouse prisons.
tice of the police, in those rural dis7. The cost of new barracks, to tricts where the force had been called be constructed against Union work. into existence, was to enter cottages and houses.
order lights to be extinguished, because, For the end will be, that every Union according to one of the witnesses ex: workhouse must have its barracks, amined, cottagers had no right to have so that the country will at length pre- lights to serve as signals to poachers and sent something in appearance like the marauders. It was also proved to be their Owenite parallelograms of social life; practice in other districts to enter cottages with the difference, that the barrack in the daytime, and see if there wus mutton fortress is built to keep in check the boiling in the pot on the fire, because a workhouse prison and pauper felonry. sheep might have been killed in the neighSuch is the state of the country, as
bourhood. He asked the House if these represented in the special department
practices were sanctioned, what would be. of Lord John Russell.
We shall con
come of the celebrated national dogma, that
every Englishman's house was his castle? clude with requesting the earnest at
It might be said that these were very salutention they are well deserving of, to the illustrations so apposite and hap
tary regulations, and referred only to the
labouring classes; but he (Mr D’Israeli) pily afforded by Mr D’Israeli of the
looked upon their rights as equally sacred latent objects of the intended work
with those of the rest of the community. ing, or the destructive tendency of the
Another part of the evidence was to the Rural Police Bill to constitutional li effect that the magistrates of Chelmsford berty. There is nothing speculative regretted extremely that trampers, as they about his observations ;-official docu were called, were not exposed to be arments prepared under the eyes of the rested for hiring beds in lodging-houses, Government, and by its own paid of whereas, if they only slept in the open air, ficials, are referred to, and his argu. they might be apprehended; but they conment is founded upon the system as gratulated themselves that the police under now practically, although partially, in their direction had entered houses and operation in Cheshire and elsewhere. examined beds to ascertain the character
of the occupants. How was this to be re6 Mr D'Israeli rose and said, -He had conciled with the sanctity of private dwellopposed this bill on its original stages, al. ings, which had always been considered though he had offered no factious opposi a very important principle of our social tion. Now that the measure had arrived arrangements? He could not support this at its last stage, he thought he was justified bill when he looked to the hurried and in entering his protest against it, and di unsatisfactory manner in which, at the end viding the House against its passing. Her of the session, this and other measures of Majesty's Government, and those who sup police had been introduced. Although ported this measure, seemed to have taken there might be a variation in the circumup the view that the first and sole duty of stances of the cases to meet which they a police was to maintain order; but he were brought forward, yet when he con(Mr D’Israeli) apprehended that in a free sidered the manner in which they had country like England, there was a co-or been introduced, he must believe that there dinate duty for a police, and that was not was an identity of purpose and a similarity merely to maintain order, but to respect of principle in all. The Birmingham Poliberty. He could not bring himself to be lice Bill, on its introduction, was founded
on a popular principle ; in a very few days and cavalry. The Reform movement, that was changed, and the prineiple of essentially Whig in its character, and centralization adopted. The present bill conservative of Whig places, was, on was founded on a report which recom the reverse, headed in its furious mended centralization,
freaks, and palliated in its incendiary The rights of Englishmen—"every outbreaks, by the Whig Ministers Englishman's house his castle,” in- themselves. They corresponded, from deed !! Where, we ask with the libe- Downing Street, with revolutionary ral and lofty-minded author of Vivian agitators, by despatches, as regular Grey-where are now thosc " rights" and as officially franked as orders to
- where that “castle,” sacred and in- Lords-lieutenant of counties, or manviolate so long against the profanations dates to the colonies. Thus, in eight of despotism, and the detested intrusion years—the first eight years—of Whig of an all-pervading espionage? Pro- ascendency, the country has been claim the law of the curfew at once, brought to the very verge of two sanlike the wily Norman tyrant, when guinary revolutions; the one revoluthe noble Saxon race of a former epoch tionary bantling being of its own bewere to be ground down into villanage, getting, to secure office—the other a and decimated of their numbers, to Frankenstein of its own creation no allay the restless fears, and swell the less, seeking its dispossession and debooty of the band of griping economists struction.
All other causes of popuof those days. Proclaim rather the lar discontent and disloyalty sink into curfew, we say, at whose sullen toll insignificance compared with the deepfires may be raked, and lights put out, seated and ineffaceable abhorrence of by the submissive serfs; for the despo- the Bastile law. All other causes of tism of William was enlightened and grievance, realor alleged, are but accesconstitutional by comparison with the sory, and contribute only to enlarge the more refined malice of Lord John, overshadowing proportions of this upaswhose blue-bottle myrmidons are tree, poisoning the social atmosphere, appointed to outrage the cottager's and blighting the vegetation of kindfireside, indecently to intrude upon ly feeling all around. Armies may the sanctity of the bedchamber, and march to enforce the law deformed recklessly to lord it in the cottage, -rural police, staff and cutlass in once inviolable and inviolate as the hand, may threaten recusancy or exeproudest and the strongest castle. cute vengeance-Sir Robert Peel may
No man, of the slightest powers of throw himself more rashly than galobservation and ratiocination,can doubt lantly into the breach for its defence, that the Poor-Law Abolition Bill is and fancy it chivalry—the Great Duke the root of all evil—the fretful blister himself may interpose his sevenfold plaster by which the body politic has shield, and wave his till now invincible been gradually excoriated and in- truncheon, in its defence-but vainly flamed into the mass of maddening all! The fiat has gone forth-thie humours, which at length have exas mind, stubborn and immovable, of the perated the unhappy patient wildly to land, has pronounced and sealed its rush into rebellion—to fire with blaz- doom-the peasantry and the operaing brand his neighbour's house-to tives of England say, and are entitled flourish the dagger athirst for his to say, with the proud barons of old, blood. The conflagration and san. “ Nolumus leges Angliæ mutari.” If guinary conflicts at Birmingham-the now the New Poor-Law, in all the organized outrages in Lancashire, nakedness of its atrocious principle, Cheshire, and Northumberland, are cannot, and dare not, be more than but counterpart demonstrations of po- partially carried ont, how shall it be pular fury against the New Poor. Law when the half million of unskilled Bill of the Bristol and Nottingham workmen, now temporarily absorbed burnings, and ferocious bandings of by railway enterprise, shall return to the Birmingham Union, so lauded and overlay the common labour market, patronised at the time in aid of the where their absence has tended to mainReform Bill. The difference—how tain wages, keep down the redundancy striking that difference !-is, that the of competition, and facilitate the workPoor-Law movement being anti. Whig, ing of the odious law? We assume to must be put down vi et armis ; and, if know, and from long intercourse and ex. constable and cutlass fail, by cannon perience ought to know, quite as much
of the middle classes, and infinitely course of one single jaunt, during one more of the labouring classes, than single summer, his Excellency diseither the Great Duke or Sir Robert; charged no fewer than 240 of these and presume, therefore, to tell them, ruffians, with a light-heartedness and that, while the first may be perhaps nonchalance adding peculiar grace to somewhat equally divided in sentiment, the clemency. He referred not for chainfluenced by high authority, and racter or circumstances of mitigation to therefore apathetic either way, there the judges who tried, but to the jailer exists no such division of opinion—no in whose custody they were ; and in such torpidity of feeling among the la- the jail of Clonmel, fifty-seven felons bouring classes. Never were they on were thus discharged in one hour, as, any given question so unanimous. With it may be supposed, not fitting com. them the New Poor-Law is the quesa pany for the 200 more honest men tion of life and death : they will have left behind. Not only were the sacred it not-they will brave all the pains functions of judges invaded, but venerand penalties of disobedience. Is the able judges themselves, and the chief Great Duke equally prepared to en. judges above all, grossly outraged counter all the consequences of their before the eyes of the whole people, resistance ? Let him, we beseech him, with all the reckless levity of a pamlisten no more to the Richmonds and pered buffoon. We shall not dwell the Salisburys, disqualified witnesses on the disgusting compost of farce and as they are in the mighty cause at fraud, of perjury direct and prevariissue. Red-herring diet is not too cation constant, which were the only luxurious for parish paupers, as by distinguishing features of the Nor. the one conceived; nor are they manby Viceroyalty, and the Secre. enamoured of their Bastile cages, or taryship of Lieutenant Drummond, as fattened and overfed to sauciness with brought out in the highest judicial their pork-water soup, as earnestly in
court in the land; where the latter was sisted on by the other, a noble guar
cited and compelled to become the dian and chairman of a Sussex Union. reluctant evidence, not alone of his Some people have strange fancies. own doings, but of the misdemeanours Thousands will crowd on a hanging- approaching to treason, and the lesser day to the gallows, and feast on the impeachments of falsehood, folly, and agonies of the dying wretch, from the perfidy of his own chief. Excellent was sight of which tens of thousands flee the rebuke of Lord Brougham in the with horror. Some noble lords, there House of Lords, on occasion of the may be, who have morbid appetites, contempt of these men for the forms and grave-digging propensities, only of justice, of their insult towards the for human suffering and inortal putres. persons, and scornful reversal of the Let them indulge: they may
decisions of judges. ransack churchyards, when Newgate “ Whoever had practised in our courts, felonry has been gloated on to satiety, whoever had presided over them, whoand new rigours have been imagined, ever had observed the mode in which the and torments feasted on. There they judicial business was carried on, whoever may be in their proper sphere; but had meditated on the constitution of these let them refrain from the workhouse; realms, as regarded its executive, legislathere, if the tenants are paupere, they tive, and judicial branches, must be preare not felons. It is one, and not the pared to say with him, that of all the least curse of the New Poor-Law,
branches of that constitution, the pure, that even professing Conservatives are
correct, and inflexible administration of to be found among its hardened advoe justice was by far the most material, cates.
(hear, hear.) It was this great power, How various and inconsistent the
this prodigious clamp, which bound socie
ty together. It was this great solar belt policy of the Cabinet! Whilst Lord
which guided and strengthened the whole John was carrying starvation and im.
system, formed as it was of discrepant prisonment among the honest labour. materials, of various sizes, from the lowing classes of England, because work
est to the most exalted. As long as that they cannot get, and to beg they are great belt continued firm and strong, and ashamed, Lord Normanby, the Vice retained its binding force, he utterly disroy of Ireland, was making royal regarded all perils with which the constiprogresses, and evacuating jails of all tution might be threatened. Give the their criminals and assassins. In the Crown all the desire to tyrannize imagin