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Astringents which by the thickness of their substance stuff as it

were the thin humours, and thereby stay fluxes. Rice, beans, millet, cauls, dry cheese, fresh goats-milk.

Astringents which by virtue of their glutinous substance restrain

a flux, and strengthen the looser parts. Karabe', mastich, spodium, hartshorn, frankincense, dried bull's pistle, gum tragacanth.

Astringents purgative, which, having by their purgative or ex:

pulsive power thrust out the humours, leave behind them astrictive virtue.

Rhubarb, especially that which is toasted against the fire: myrobalanes, tartar, tamarinds, [an Indian fruit like green damasens.] ?

Astringents which do very much suck and dry up the humours,

and thereby stay fluxes. Rust of iron, crocus martis, ashes of spices.

Astringents which by their nature do dull the spirits, and lay

asleep the expulsive virtue, and take away the acrimony of all humours. Laudanum, mithridate, diascordium, diacodium.

Astringents which, by cherishing the strength of the parts, do

comfort and confirm their retentive power.

A stomacher of scarlet cloth. Whelps, or young healthy boys, applied to the stomach. Hippocratic wines, so they be inade of austere materials.

OPENERS.

Succory, endive, betony, liverwort, petroselinum, smallage, asparagus, roots of grass, dodder, tamarisk, juncus odoratus, lacca, cupparus, wormwood, chamæpitys, fumaria, scurvy-grass, eringo, nettle, ireos, elder, hyssop, aristolochia, gentian, costus,

"Perhaps he meant the fruit of Karobe. - Note by Tenison,
? So bracketed in the original.

fennel-root, maiden-hair, harts-tongue, daffodilly, asarum, sar-
saparilla, sassafras, acorns, abretonum, aloes, agaric, rhubarb
infused, onions, garlic, bother, squilla, sow-bread, Indian nard,
Celtic nard, bark of laurel-tree, bitter almonds, holy thistle,
camomile, gun-powder, sows (millipedes), ammoniac, man's
urine, rue, park leaves (vitex), centaury, lupines, chamædrys,
costum, ammeas, bistort, camphire, daucus seed, Indian balsam,
scordium, sweet cane, galingal, agrimony.

CORDIALS.
Flowers of basil royal, flores caryophillati, flowers of bu-
gloss and borage, rind of citron, orange flowers, rosemary and
its flowers, saffron, musk, amber, folium [i. e. nardi folium],
balm-gentle, pimpernel, gems, gold, generous wines, fragrant
apples, rose, rosa moschata, cloves, lign-aloes, mace, cinna-
mon, nutmeg, cardamom, galingal, vinegar, kermes-berry,
herba moschata, betony, white sanders, camphire, flowers of
heliotrope, penny-royal, scordium, opium corrected, white pep-
per, nasturtium, white and red bean, castum dulce, dactylus,
pine, fig, egg-shell, vinum malvaticum, ginger, kidneys, oysters,
crevises (or river crabs), seed of nettle, oil of sweet almonds,
sesamium oleum, asparagus, bulbous roots, onions, garlick,
eruca, daucus seed, eringo, siler montanus, the smell of musk,
cynethi odor, caraway seed, flower of puls, aniseed, pellitory,
anointing of the testicles with oil of elder in which pellitory
hath been boiled, cloves with goats milk, olibanum.

An extract by the Lord Bacon, for his own use, out of the book

of the prolongation of life, together with some new advices in
order to health.'

1. Once in the week, or at least in the fortnight, to take
the water of mithridate distilled, with three parts to one, or
strawberry-water to allay it; and some grains of nitre and
saffron, in the morning between sleeps.

2. To continue my broth with nitre; but to interchange it
cvery other two days, with the juice of pomegranates expressed,
with a little cloves, and rind of citron.

"Baconiana, p. 167.

3. To order the taking of the maceration' as followeth.

To add to the maceration six grains of cremor tartari, and as much enula.

To add to the oxymel some infusion of fennel-roots in the vinegar, and four grains of angelica-seed, and juice of lemons, a third part to the vinegar.

To take it not so immediately before supper, and to have the broth specially made with barley, rosemary, thyme, and cresses.

[Sometimes to add to the maceration three grains of tartar, and two of enula, to cut the more heavy and viscous humours; lest rhubarb work only upon the lightest.

To take sometimes the oxymel before it, and sometimes the Spanish honey simple.]?

4. To take once in the month at least, and for two days together, a grain and a half of castor in my broth, and breakfast.

5. A cooling clyster to be used once a month, after the working of the maceration is settled.

Take of barley-water, in which the roots of bugloss are boiled, three ounces, with two drams of red sanders, and two ounces of raisins of the sun, and one ounce of dactyles, and an ounce and a half of fat caricks; let it be strained, and add to it an ounce and a half of syrup of violets: let a clyster be made. Let this be taken

(with veal) in the aforesaid decoction. 6. To take every morning the fume of lign-aloes, rosemary and bays dried, which I use; but once in a week to add a little tobacco, without otherwise taking it in a pipe.

7. To appoint every day an hour ad affectus intentionales. et sanos. Qu. de particulari.

8. To remember masticatories for the mouth. 9. And orange-flower water to be smelt to or snuffed up.

10. In the third hour. after the sun is risen, to take in air from some high and open place, with a ventilation of rosæ moschatæ, and fresh violets; and to stir the earth, with infusion of wine and mint.

TOIT,

1 Viz. of rhubarb infused into a draught of white wine and beer, mingled together for the space of half an hour, once in six or seven days. See the Lord Bacon's Life, by Dr. Rawley, towards the end. — Note by Tenison.

2 These two paragraphs are inserted in Blackbourne's edition as part of the paper; but they are not in the Baconiana, nor do I know where he got thein.

VOL. III.

3 II

11. To use ale with a little enula campana, carduus, germander, sage, angelica-seed, cresses of a middle age, to beget a robust heat.

12. Mithridate thrice a year.

13. A bit of bread dipt in vino odorato, with syrup of dry roses, and a little amber, at going to bed.

14. Never to keep the body in the same posture above half an hour at a time.

15. Four precepts. To break off custom. To shake off spirits ill disposed. To meditate on youth. To do nothing against a man's genius.

16. Syrup of quinces for the mouth of the stomach. Enquire concerning other things useful in that kind.

17. To use once during supper time wine in which gold is quenched.

18. To use anointing in the morning lightly with oil of almonds, with salt and saffron, and a gentle rubbing.

19. Ale of the second infusion of the vine of oak.

20. Methusalem water, of pearls and shells, of crabs, and a little chalk.

21. Ale of raisins, dactyles, potatoes, pistachios, honey, tragacanth, mastic.

22. Wine with swines-flesh or harts-flesh.

23. To drink the first cup at supper hot, and half an hour before supper something hot and aromatised.

24. Chalybeats four times a year.

25. Pilulæ ex tribus, once in two months, but after the mass has been macerated in oil of almonds.

26. Heroic desires.

27. Bathing of the feet once in a month, with lie ex sale nigro, camomile, sweet marjoram, fennel, sage, and a litile aqua vitæ.

28. To provide always an apt breakfast.
29. To beat the flesh before roasting of it.
30. Macerations in pickles.
31. Agitation of beer by ropes, or in wheel-barrows.

32. That diet is good which makes lean, and then renews. Consider of the ways to effect it.

MEDICAL RECEIPTS OF THE LORD BACON's.

The first receipt, or his Lordship's broth and fomentuiion for

the stone.

The broth. Take one dram of eryngium roots, cleansed and sliced; and boil them together with a chicken. In the end, add of elder flowers, and marigold flowers together, one pugil; of angelica seed half a dram, of raisins of the sun stoned, fifteen ; of rosemary, thyme, mace, together, a little.

In six ounces of this broth or thereabouts, let there be dissolved of white cremor tartari three grains.

Every third or fourth day, take a small toast of manchet, dipped in oil of sweet almonds new drawn, and sprinkled with a little loaf-sugar.

You may make the broth for two days, and take the one half every day.

If you find the stone to stir, forbear the toast for a course or two.

The intention of this broth is not to void, but to undermine the quarry of the stones in the kidneys.

The fomentation. Take of leaves of violets, mallows, pellitory of the wall, together, one handful; of flowers of camomile and mellilot, together, one pugil; the root of marshmallows, one ounce; of anise and fennel seeds, together, one ounce and a half; of fixsced two drams. Make a decoction in spring water.

The second receipt, shewing the way of making a certain ointment, which his Lordship called Unguentum frugruns, sive Romanum, the fragrant or Roman unguent.

Take of the fat of a deer half a pound; of oil of sweet almonds two ounces: let them be set upon a very gentle fire, and stirred with a stick of juniper till they are melted.

Add of root of flower-de-luce powdered, damask roses powdered, together, one dram; of myrrh dissolved in rose-water

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