5. The evidence of Christianity appears weaker than it really is if we confine our view to Butler's arguments. He acts consistently with the design of the “ Analogy” in omitting the strongest proof?

6. How does he argue as to the fair mode of determining the fact of a prophecy in Scripture being really such ? State how the question is affected by partial ignorance of the meaning of a prophecy, and give his illustrations of the treatment of such a case ?

7. Butler notices objections which may be brought against the argument from analogy, as used in defence of revelation; he shows that they are inconclusive, and points out a latent unfairness in them?

8. Contrast Aristotle's mode of viewing human virtue with that of Butler, pointing out their chief distinctions.

9. Πρός & γάρ αυτοί μάλλον πεφύκαμέν πως, ταύτα μάλλον έναντία τη μέση φαίνεται. Οίον αυτοί μάλλον πεφύκαμεν προς τας ηδονάς διό εύκατάφοροί εσμεν μάλλον προς ακολασίαν ή προς κοσμιότητα, Ταύτ' ουν μάλλον έναντία λέγομεν, πρός & η επίδοσης μάλλον γίνεται.

This passage might seem to assert a great corruption of human nature. Show that this is not so from the last clause; and explain Aristotle's meaning.



1. Butler considers and answers three objections which have been made against the present life being a state of probation for a future?

2. If it be permitted to judge from analogy, we can determine our state hereafter in some important respects ?

3. Discuss the question, Whether, and how far, analogy can be a safe guide (a) in practice and (7) in speculation ?

4. Give at some length the views of the Platonists and Stoics as to the soul's existence hereafter.

5. Both differed from Butler as to the probable development of the future being ?

6. The different speculative views of Plato and Aristotle respecting matter had an important influence on their ethical systems?

7. What is the objection of the Fatalist to the proof of religion from the will and character of God; and how does Butler reply?

8. In general, what proofs of religion would be undisturbed by the scheme of necessity, even if it were true; and why?

History and English Literature.



1. What view does Mr. Hallam take of the character of Louis IX.?

2. Write a short abstract of the history of France from the commencement of the insurrection of the Maillotins till the year 1392.

3. Give an account of-(a) the massacre of Vassy; (6) la paix mal assise ; (c) the battle of Moncontour.

4. What were the proceedings of the states-general at Blois in the reign of Henry III. ?

5. Give some account of the administration of Colbert.

6. Date, and principal measures, of the ministry of Maupeou, d’Aiguillon, and Terray?

7. What authority is there for the story of the imprisonment of Edward IV., after the battle of Banbury, by the Earl of Warwick?

8. According to Mr. Hallam, the reign of James II. may be divided by several distinguishing points of time, which make so many changes in the posture of government ?

9. Give an account of the great dispute in 1668 about the original jurisdiction of the House of Lords.

10. Burnet, speaking of the restoration of Charles II., remarks that “to the king's coming in without conditions may be well imputed all the errors of his reign.” What is Hallam's opinion, and what are his reasons for it?

11. Write a short sketch of the life of Sir Edward Coke. 12. Also of Canute the Great.

Experimental Physics.



1. If ammonia be added to a solution of chloride of mercury, a white precipitate is formed. Two different rational formulæ have been proposed for it; what are they?

2. If to 2N04 in the liquid state four atoms of water are added, two distinct liquid strata are produced; what is the composition, and what the colour of each ?

3. When a mixed solution of chloride of iron, nitrate of potash, and muriatic acid is boiled, NO2 is disengaged; explain the reaction.

4. 100 volumes of the gases produced when ammonia is passed through a porcelain tube, containing coils of platinum wire ignited to whiteness, were mixed with 60 volumes of oxygen, and exploded by the electric spark; and the residue left after the explosion was 47.5 volumes. Name the gases which composed the original mixture, and the volume of each.

5. The entire of the iodine of the iodide of potassium is not precipitated by sulphate of copper; what is the reason of this, and why is the precipitation rendered complete by the addition of sulphurous acid ?

6. If ternitrate of bismuth or terchloride of antimony be dropped into water, a white precipitate forms; what in each case is the nature of the precipitate, and how are they distinguished from each other?

7. What is the reaction between chlorine and ammonia, the latter being in excess !--and what that between iodine and ammonia ?

8. A pint of water, impregnated with sulphide of hydrogen, required for its décomposition 114.8 measures of the volumetric solution of iodine, including in 100 measures both of an atom in grains of iodine. Infer from this the volume of sulphide of hydrogen absorbed by the pint of water.

9. The chlorine developed by muriatic acid from 4 grains of commercial manganese, separated from iodide of potassium a quantity of iodine requiring for the discharge of its colour 84-5 measures of the volumetric solution of hyposulphite of soda, including in 100 measures {th of an atom of the hyposulphite. What percentage of pyrolusite did it include ?

10. Explain how you would determine by experiment the amount of sulphuric acid, and of the respective bases, in a mixture of the native sulphates of barium and strontium.

11. A mixture of barytes and strontites weighs, in the form of chlorides, m grains; and, in the form of sulphates, n grains. What is the amount of each base ?

12. Describe the mode of making the analysis of an alloy of copper, tin, and zinc; and assuming the percentage results of the analysis to be

Zinc, .





99.95 what is its atomic consitution ?

13. Explain what is meant when a crystal is said to be uniaxal or biaxal; and specify the uniaxal and biaxal systems.

14. Give the names of the hemihedral forms of the hexangular system, and the notation of each.

15. A compound form is sometimes met with which is an icosihedron, with two kinds of faces; in what system does it occur, and what is the notation of its dissimilar planes ?

[blocks in formation]

1. Describe the construction and principle of Dr. Wollaston's cryophorus.

2. Nitrogen gas is collected in a jar over water, the number of cubic inches is 4-75, the column of water in the jar stands 9.6 inches above the level of the bath ; calculate the weight of gas if the temperature of the air be 60° (f=0.52), the height of the barometer 29.56 inches, and the density of nitrogen = 0.972.

3. What weight of steam will be required to raise by its condensation a bath of 56 gallons of water from 55° to 82°?

4. If the combustion of 55.5 grains of anthracite melts one ounce av. of ice in a calorimeter, calculate by the chain rule the power of the coal in converting water at 60° into steam at 212°.

5. Give an account of Dr. Wells' experiments on which he founded his theory of dew.

6. Describe the principle of the method of oscillations, and show how it may be used to compare the intensity of the Earth's magnetism at different places.

7. What are the expressions for the intensities of the principal, partial, and derived currents ?

8. When the internal and external resistances are equal, prove that the intensity in the interpolar is a maximum.

9. Describe the construction and principle of the voltameter, in which the mixed gases are collected. What is the specific gravity of the mixture

10. What is the relation of the dip and magnetic latitude, according to Biot's theory?




Translate the following passages into English :1. Beginning, Ταύτα πάντα, έφη, ώ φίλε Σώκρατες, κ. τ.λ. Ending, ελκτέον εξόπισθεν κερδαλέαν και ποικίλην.

De Republica, lib. II. C. viii. 2. Beginning, Ποία δή, έφη, ταύτα; Ο μέν μοι δοκεί, κ. τ.λ. Ending, ό τι μή παιδιάς χάριν. Είκός, έφη.

Ib., lib. II. C. viii.

3. Beginning, Έτι τοίνυν ακριβέστερον ομολογησώμεθα, κ. τ.λ. Ending, τότε ουδαμή έστιν εστάναι.

Ib., lib. iv. a. xii. 4. Beginning, Επ' αυτό δή, ήν δ' εγώ, είμι, κ. τ.λ. Ending, τω όντι τωθαζόμενος δώσεις δίκην.

Ib., lib. v. c. xviii. 5. Beginning, Δεί δή, είπον, ημάς τοιόνδε νομίσαι περί αυτών, κ. τ.λ. Ending, τούτο διαμηχανήσασθαι.

Ib., lib. VII. c. iv.


Translate the following passage into Greek Verse :-
Beginning, What's he that wishes so ?.....
Ending, That fears his fellowship to die with us.

SHAKSPEARE, King Henry V., act iv. sc. iii.

Translate the following passage into Greek Prose :Beginning, If we would seize and comprehend the general outline of

history, Ending, or the nearest concerns of our own time.

SCHLEGEL, Philosophy of History.

Translate the following passage into Latin Lyric Verse :-
Beginning, The stars are with the voyager....
Ending, The day is brighter day.


Translate the following passage into Latin Prose :Beginning, Such is steadfastly my opinion of the absolute necessity... Ending, That point nothing else can or ought to determine.

BURKE, On Conciliation with Ameriea.

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