36. ν. 7. διά πίστεως γάρ περιπατούμεν, ου διά είδους. Explain this, correcting the E. V.

37. ν. 8. θαρρούμεν δε και ευδοκούμεν μάλλον εκδημήσαι εκ τού σώματος, και ενδημήσαι προς τον Κύριον. Αlford differs from Meyer; give the view of each.

38. V. 9. Διό και φιλοτιμούμεθα, είτε ενδημούντες, είτε εκδημούντες ɛúápeotoi aútų aivai. What is the objection to the ordinary rendering ?

39. Give Alford's, De Wette's, and Meyer's.

40. “We thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead; and that he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves,” &c. If the E. V. were correct, what should have been the Greek ?

41. Write a note reconciling this with the following passages :

ου δικαιωθήσεται εξ έργων νόμου πάσα σάρξτις εγκαλέσει κατά έκλεκτών θεού;

42. In what sense are we to understand “they which live” ?

43. Correct the E. V. in the sentence, “God was in Christ, reconciling the world,” &c.

44. τον μη γνόντα αμαρτίαν υπέρ ημών αμαρτίαν εποίησεν ίνα ημείς γενώμεθα δικαιοσύνη θεού εν αυτω. ου γνoντα would mean something different?

45. In what sense is un yvovta to be taken ?

46. Lev. vi. 25. Oūros ó vóuos rñs åpaprias. Does this passage seem to justify Alford's reference to it?

47. How does the course of thought in the argument bear on the question whether αμαρτια sin-offering?

48. βλέπω γαρ ότι επιστολή εκείνη εί και προς ώραν έλύπησεν vuãs. Give the different views as to the sense of this. 49. Write notes on the following verses :

And herein I give my advice: for this is expedient for you, who have begun before, not only to do, but also to be forward a year ago."

11. “Now therefore perform the doing of it; that as there was a readiness to will, so there may be a performance also out of that which

“For if there be a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not.”

50. Speculations about the “brother whose praise is in all the churches”?

51. Etymology and meaning of adpórns.

52. “He hath dispersed abroad, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness remaineth for ever.” Illustrate the true meaning by a passage in the Gospels ?

53. Discuss the sense of the following passage :

ix. 13. “Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal distribution unto them and unto all men."

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54. Write an explanatory paraphrase of the following passage :

X. 12. “ For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves : but they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise."

13. “But we will not boast of things without our measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even to you."

14. “For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as though we reached not unto you: for we are come as far as to you also in preaching the gospel of Christ."

15. " Not boasting of things without our measure, that is, of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly,”

16. "To preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand.”

55. αλλ' εν παντί συνιστάντες εαυτους ως θεού διάκονοι. . “In all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God.” Correct the E. V. here.

56. How does the Greek phrase distinguish between the sense here and that in the sentence, “Do we begin again to commend ourselves" ?

57. What is the exact meaning of otevoxwpia? 58. επιστεύσα διό ελάλησα, εγώ δε εταπεινωθην σφοδρα, εγώ δε είπα εν τη εκστάσει μου, Πας άνθρωπος ψεύστης. Explain the application made of these words of the Psalmist by St. Paul ?

59. Explain the passage itself in the Psalms; giving the E. V., and the probable connexion between the latter clause and the former.

6ο. ώς πλάνοι και αληθείς, ώς αγνοούμενοι και επιγινωσκόμενοι. State the difficulty in interpreting these phrases, as compared with the rest of the passage, and Alford's view.

61. Ý kapdia uñv arealátvétai. Give the sense, and the different views about it.




1. What does Butler mean by our original need of improvement in virtue: Show

a. That we need to guard against two distinct evils.

B. That this coincides with the view of human nature opened to us by the Christian dispensation.

y. That, from Butler's view, serious difficulties arise concerning a future state, and how these difficulties are obviated ?

2. State Butler's various objections to the sufficiency of the light of nature, and expand and illustrate each of them.

3. We are precluded from objecting to any portion of Christ's mediatorial office on account of its seeming inadequacy to the end proposed ; state fully how Butler shows this.

4. What definite form does the question of the evidence of Christianity necessarily take. Hence what objections only can be alleged against it? and how does Butler refute them?

5. Give an analysis of Butler's views respecting our incapacity of judging beforehand of what should have been expected in Scripture.



1. Butler shows that the whole of virtue cannot be resolved into benevolence. State his arguments.

2. His analysis of compassion seems to include somewhat faulty-and how does he show that this is not really the case ?

3. Point out why resentment is more restricted as to its gratification than any other particular affection.

4. State generally Butler's line of argument in order to prove that God is not, in the proper sense, the author of either moral or physical evil in the case of man.

5. How does Butler show that self-love does not wholly deceive men as to their conduct ?_and state his illustrations of the conduct of those influenced by it.

6. To what does Butler attribute the persuasion that there is some peculiar opposition between benevolence and self-love? He points out the errors involved in this; and urges the claims of benevolence on the ground of self-love ?

7. Does he consider our knowledge to be limited only by our natural capacities? and what account does he give of our position in this respect?

8. Butler intimates by a distinction between the parts composing the constitution of nature where we may expect to meet apparent defects, and shows that we have reason to believe them to be only apparent ?



1. Dr. Whewell objects to Mr. Mill's view that his principle of the correctness of the different conceptions used in colligation of facts is not true of the explanation of facts. How does he argue:--and state Mr. Mill's reply to him, and the instances used as examples.

2. Mr. Mill disputes the view entertained by some as to what efficient causes really are. State his argument, and his account of the origin of the error.

3. Compare Malebranche's and Leibnitz' views as regards the constitution of the world, with the opinion opposed by Mr. Mill, alluded to in the last question.

4. Discuss the law of induced electricity as an example of three of the Inductive Methods.

5. Comte agrees with Mr. Mill as to the nature and use of hypotheses for the discovery of the laws of phenomena; state them. Illustrate their opinions by the case of the hypothesis of a luminous ether; and also their difference from Dr. Whewell.

6. State the two cases of intermixture of effects. Which of these can be submitted to the experimental method for discovery of causes; and how are these causes ascertained in this case ?

7. State Mr. Mill's argument against accepting the truth of universal causation, on the ground of intuitive belief, as fully as you can. Butler agrees with him in one important principle which he employs ? Does Mr. Mill appear to you to go too far in his opinion ?

8. To what does Mr. Mill trace Locke's error in considering reasoning as only the comparison of two ideas by means of a third, and knowledge as the perception of the agreement or disagreement of two ideas ?—and whence did its plausibility arise ?



1. State and discuss the psychological distinction between thought and intuition.

2. What is the true psychological account of the principle of substance and the principle of cause, according to Mansel ?

3. Reid's appeal to fundamental laws of human belief is no answer to the philosophy of Berkeley and of Hume?

4. How is Logic related to Grammar, Psychology, and Metaphysics ? 5. Write the substance of Bacon's remarks upon the ars indicii. 6. What are the principles of Bacon's interpretatio nature ?

7. The views of Bacon, de arte retinendi, anticipated in some important respects those of later writers ?

7. What part is occupied by the Will in Stewart's psychological system?—and how does he employ it to explain the phenomena of habit, memory, and dreaming ?

Trinity Term.




תוצא הארץ נפש חיה למינה בהמה ורמש וחיתרארץ למינה :


ויתחבא האדם וישתו מפני יהוה אלהים בתוך עץ הגן:

אָז הוּחַל לִקְרֹא בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה :

I. i. 24. : 7

a. How is the form in explained by Gesenius? How is it accounted for by Dr. Wall?

6. How far does the latter explanation derive support from the LXX. and Peschito versions ?

C. Do the ancient versions give any support to the opinion that the number of the noun in the form a'd, in the second place where it occurs in the passage, is plural ? iii. 8.

: a. How do the Hebrew and Hebræo-Samaritan texts of this passage differ, and how is the difference to be accounted for ?

6. What evidence is furnished by the LXX. and Peschito versions, and the Targums, as to the original state of the text of the passage. 3.

iv. 26. a. Give the rendering of this passage by the LXX., and explain fully how it was durived from the original. 6. Translate Jonathan's paraphrase of the passage :

? ? ?

:? 4. xxiii. 5, 6.

: a. What reason is there for supposing that the suffixed in the word 378 is an interpolation? What evidence on the point is furnished by the LXX. and Peschito versions ?

6. What fact as to the suffix of the first person singular is indicated by the interpolation in this passage ?

c. With respect to one word in this passage the Samaritan text differs from the Masoretic? Which is probably correct? What inconsistency does the Samaritan text exhibit?

הוּא דָרָא דִבְיוֹמוֹהִי שָׁרִיאוּ לְמִסְעֵי וְעָבְדוּ לְהוֹן טַעֲפָן וּמְכָלֵין לְמַעֲיַתְהוֹן בְּשׁוּם מֵימְרָא דַיִץ ויענו בני חת את אברהם לאמר לו : שמענו אדני נשיא אלהים אתה וגו :

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