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2. What symptoms or circumstances counter-indicate the use of ergot of rye?
3. Describe the treatment of a case of rupture of the uterus. 4. How do you distinguish between polypus, prolapse, and inversion of the uterus ?
5. Describe the mode of incursion, the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic hæmatocele.
1. Contrast the putrefactive changes in a child dead in utero, and retained for eight or ten days, with those of a still-born child coffined and buried for the same period.
2. Describe the distinctive characters of vital and post-mortem burns, referring to the fallacies that may present themselves in certain cases.
3. What method would you adopt for the detection of blood stains on dress, furniture, weapons, &c. ?
4. State a good differential test of arsenic and antimony deposited in Marsh's tube.
5. What process would you adopt for the detection of bichloride of mercury in matters vomited, or in the contents of the stomach ?
1. What is understood by the mean temperature of a place ?—what are the means by which it is determined ?—and what is the effect of altitude
2. Assuming the latent heat of water to be 142°, and that of steam to be 212°, how much steam would be necessary to melt 10 lbs. of water?
3. A lamina of zinc and one of copper immersed near each other in a dilute acid, and connected by a suitable interpolar, give rise to what is called an electric current; why will two slips of zinc, with same acid and interpolar, not give such a result?
4. Describe the gold-leaf electrometer; and explain how with the aid of a stick of excited sealing-wax you would give it an electric charge.
5. Give the process for preparing liquor arsenicalis, and the volumetric method of ascertaining its strength.
6. Write the formula of prussic acid, and that of Prussian blue; and give the successive steps of the process by which the former may be converted into the latter.
7. Nitrogen may be obtained by boiling a solution of nitrate of ammonia, or by passing chlorine into a solution of ammonia; what is the rationale of each of these processes ?
8. Describe the methods of insulating the narcotine, morphia, codeia, and meconic acid of opium ; and how to distinguish between the permeconate and persulphocyanide of iron.
9. How is the analysis of the serum of blood best made ?—and what is the process of Andral and Gavarret for deterniining the respective weights of its fibrin and globules ?
10. Mention the name, and write the composition, of the principle in bile which reacts upon the sugar in applying Pettenkoffer's test.
1. What is the product of fertilization in a Fern?
2. Describe the usual structure, position, and functions of stomata; giving instances of plants in which they are frequently inactive.
3. Describe the usual appearance and structure of wood-tissue (pleurenchyma), and the changes that take place in its structure as it advances
4. Why is it that the Talipot Palm must infallibly perish after having brought its inflorescence to maturity ?
5. How does the pollen of a Heath (Erica) differ from ordinary pollen ? 6. What are the usual explanations given of a free-central placenta ? 7. What is the position of the embryo in a Cocoa-nut? 8. How are Mimosee distinguished from other Leguminose ? 9. What are the botanical characters and principal medical plants of Convolvulacea ?
10. Distinguish the two principal suborders of Myrtacea, naming illustrative genera of each suborder.
II. How are Dioscoreaceæ known from Smilaceæ ?
12. Refer the plants before you to their natural Orders, and write a description of any one of them according to the following formula :
(a) Stem, General character.
stamens, noticing insertion.
Pistil, as to ovary, style, stigma, and placentation.
Arrangement of embryo in seed. Reasons for referring a specimen to a particular Order; general characteristics of the Order, and its geographical distribution.
EXAMINATION FOR DEGREE OF MASTER IN SURGERY.
1. Will you give me a description of the articular disease familiarly termed “white swelling,” as it affects the knee-joint; the early symptoms; the anatomical characters also of the disease in its early stages :
2. Suppose a case of chronic enlargement of the bursa, in front of the patella, about the size of a large orange; what will you find to be its structure and contents, and what would you consider the best mode of operation to relieve the inconvenience felt from it?
3. Suppose a case of strangulated femoral hernia, about the size of a hen-egg, requiring relief by an immediate division of the stricture; how will you proceed to divide the skin and the several subjacent strata safely, which are found successively to present themselves, before the knuckle of strangulated intestine is itself arrived at ?
4. How do you become certain that it is the intestine itself wbich is in view, and that you have divided the true hernial sac formed of peritoneum ?
5. Does the circumstance of the patient being a male or a female at all influence the operative proceedings?
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY.
PROFESSOR MÓDOWEL. 1. Mention the relations of the thyroid gland, and describe its minute structure.
2. Describe the development and order of union of the vertebral os. seous elements.
3. Give the relations and assign the function of the inferior laryngeal
4. The relations of the fascia iliaca.
5. Mention the blood-vessels which are divided, and those which are endangered, in the removal of half of the lower maxilla.
6. Describe the arytenoid cartilages, and their relations. 7. The peculiarities of the ribs in each of the sub-kingdoms of the vertebrata.
8. The chemical composition of fatty matters, and their uses in the animal economy.
SURGERY AND SURGICAL PATHOLOGY.
1. What bones are most frequently the seat of circumscribed abscess ? In what part of the bones does it generally occur? Mention the signs
and symptoms indicating its existence. What is the chief danger of the disease' Who described its occurrence in the head of the tibia? Mention the causes of the affection.
2. Who described "sudden abscess”? In what states of the system does it arise? What are the characters of the matter? How does the disease terminate ?
3. What forms of iliac abscess have been described by Velpeau ?
4. Mention the local causes which retard or prevent the union of fractures. What diseases of a constitutional character have the same effect: and, amongst these, is there any capable of destroying union already completed ? Mention the modes of treating disunited fractures. Who introduced the treatment by seton ?
5. What circumstances accompanying a simple fracture would be likely to render amputation necessary?
6. What is the nature of the affection of the breast, occasionally met with in new-born children ?
7. Mention the chief circumstances that contra-indicate the operation for cataract.
8. There are two forms of luxation of the bones of the fore-arm forwards at the elbow; mention the characters of each.
9. Enumerate the varieties of congenital hydrocele. 10. How would you treat encysted hydrocele of the spermatic cord ?
11. Who gave the first account of spontaneous hæmatocele? What other name has been given to the disease ? What is the pathology of the affection? Contrast its treatment with that of traumatic hæmatocele.
12. Explain the natural cure of congenital hernia.
13. Mention the different forms of dilatation of veins as given by Briquet.
14. What is Breschet's classification of aneurism by dilatation? Give the anatomical characters of cirsoidal aneurism.
1. How would you distinguish aqueous solutions of oxalic, tartaric, and citric acids ? 2. Aqua lauro-cerasi, unless kept from contact with air, becomes tur
how is this explained ? 3. A salt may require to be kept in a tight bottle from one or other of three causes; what are these ?
4. How would you ascertain whether a protosulphate of iron contained any persulphate, and whether the persulphate contained any protosulphate?
5. Describe and explain the process for making the tinc. ferri peracetatis.
5. Give the process for preparing what is called ammoniæ hydrosul. phuretum. Write the formula which represents its composition State the first change which it experiences by exposure to the atmosphere, and the actions which muriatic acid exerts upon it, and which it exerts on sulphate of copper.
7. What are the means by which you would ascertain whether oil of vitriol was arsenical, or whether it contained nitrous acid ?
8. Explain the successive steps of the process for searching for arsenic in the liver.
9. What is the effect of adding water to butter of antimony, and how may such effect be prevented ?
10. How is soluble tartar made ?-what is its formula ?-and what the effect of adding to a solution of it in water a few drops of acetic acid ?
BIBLICAL GREEK PRIZE EXAMINATION.
PROFESSOR SIDNEY SMITH.
Book of Numbers (LXX.). 1. Write brief notes on the following passages :α. και επηζονούσαν κατά γενέσεις αυτων κατα πατρίας αυτών, 6. και επιθήσουσιν αυτήν επ' αναφορέων. ε. ακάθαρτον επί ψυχή. 4. άλλ' ή εν φάσματι δείξει Κύριος. €. αλλά το πράγμα ουδέν έστι, παρά όρος παρελευσόμεθα. 2. What is the difficulty arising from comparing the census in the beginning of Numbers with the poll-tax in Exodus xxxviii., and the solution of it?
3. και λήψη πέντε σίκλους κατά κεφαλήν, κατά το δίδραχμον το άγιον λήψη, είκοσι οβολους του σίκλου. An objection to the historic truth of the Pentateuch, derived from the mention of the Shekel of the Sanctuary, may be answered from this passage ?
4. To what purpose was the öylov didpaxuov applied ? 5. Και εγένοντο πάντα. τα πρωτότοκα τα αρσενικά κατά αριθμόν εξ ονόματος από μηναίου και επάνω εκ της επισκέψεως αυτών, δύο και είκοσι χιλιάδες και τρείς και εβδομήκοντα και διακόσιοι. How does Kurtz deduce the number of boys in each family from this passage ?
6. And what is his answer to the objection hence arising ?
7. An objection has been taken from the extent of the sacrifices of the seventh month, Num. xxix., to the truth of the narrative; how is it to be answered ?