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move the authorities to pull down the the pulpit stair and, gathering up the houses as "unfit for human habita, skirts of his Geneva gown, raced down tion.” But though that is being much the aisle and into the vicarage, nearly done now, still there are many terrible knocking over Mrs. Bloose, who was at plague spots in the day of dwellings in that moment triumphantly carrying a London, and some of our other large pink 'shape into the dining-rooi, cities, of which Jasper Court and its which she had been coaxing all the abominations are only too faithful a Morning to stand up straight in the picture.

dish. Mrs. Bloose was not a prepos“Stephen Remarx” has been so much sessing person. She would have made read that it may seem superfluous to a moderately successful monthly nurse. give any extracts, but also it is so much As the doctor's wife she was a failure. in the front rank of books describing She could not enter into the subtleties London clergy that we cannot pass it of her husband's sermons. To her it over. Stephen Remarx, the enthusias- mattered little whether evolution could tic, eager-hearted young curate who he made to square with Christianity, or goes to St. Titus, Ho on, is the “very Darwin with Moses. But neither could antipodes" of his vicar. He “came up she take a mothers' meeting, nor keep from Oxford brimming over with so- servant. Thirty-three cooks had cial enthusiasm. He had studied Po- come and gone in twenty years, and litical Economy, he had read all the now she managed the kitchen herself. Socialistic literature of the day, and Tle doctor and the dinner suffered in devoured his Daily Chronicle; he had consequence; but, as she remarked to frequented Pusey House; he had read the female pew-opener, 'Anything for both the Booths, the “General” Wil- a quiet life.'" liam and the more particular Charles; The responsibility of private patronhe had dived into the reports, and at- age is just alluded to, when Stephen tended the meetings in connection with Remarx is given a valuable West End Oxford House and Toynbee Hall; he living. “Well, hang it," said the Marhad formed in his mind an idea of East quis, with a levity scarcely consistent London Church work, very different with the sacred duty of appointing a from that which he found at St. Titus." spiritual father for twelve thousand How different will be seen from this souls, “hang it, I don't care who has picture of the Vicar! “Doctor Bloose the beastly living;

all parsons did not visit the sick, because he had equally cussed in my eyes nowadays.” a tendency to faint away if the walls His sense of responsibility is about of the room in which he might happen equal to that of a patron we have met, to be were less than fourteen feet high. who, on being told two clergymen were He seldom rubbed up against his par- waiting to see him, because of a living ishioners, for fear of receiving from in his gift being vacant, vowed to bethem an addition to the liveliness of his stow it on either one who wore person. He had once during a sermon beard! scen what he at first thought was

Whyte Melville is an instance of an Protestant miracle; one of the ink blots author who is delightful when ne on his

manuscript began to move writes on subjects in which he is at across the page as if on legs, suddenly home, but who founders about terribly realizing that it was no blot, but one when he touches on others. We should of those marvels of the universe which suppose his idea as to clergy man owe more for the pleasure of existence would be that if a parson rode straight to the carelessness of man than to the he could not go far wrong, and he decare of the Creator. The good doctor scribes con amore Parson Dove and the turned a deadly white, and, regardless pretty Miss Cissy. But the heroine in of the fact that he was in the midst of “Uncle John" is made to work impos. convincing his little flock of the ab- sible miracles, when, as a cure for dissurdities of Pantheism, he fled down appointed love, she takes to going down





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to Smithfield periodically to visit the cloth when he was “problematically pipoor, and within a few months reforms ous, and indubitably drunk.” Even in the drunkards, saves the policemen Miss Austen's books, which from the brutality of fighting ruffians, tioned just now, Edmund Bertram is educates the children, and reforms all tłe only one who regards Holy Orders the homes. More wonders still happen as at all a sacred calling; the others when her wedding takes place, as two seem to look on their livings simply as hundred of her humble friends line the an aid to their marrying. It was durstreet in her honor on either side of the ing the Oxford movement and lates church door. How so many of the that higher standards for the clerical poorest of the poor can get away from life were held up in fiction, notably in their work is not stated. It is Whyte books by Rev. W. Gresly and Rev. F. Melville who gives us a wicked parson, E. Paget. The “Owlet of Owlestone Abner Gale, in his Exmoor romance of Edge,” by the latter, is a series of “Katerfelto.” And yet Abner Gale, with sketches of clergymen's wives; there is all his schemes of murder and treach

the society woman, the hypochondriery, claims our pity as we more or less acal invalid, the fast and flirting wife, kucw the demon of jealousy which pos- the learned one, and the too affection. sesses him, and we also feel for him ate wife, who is always fearful of her having his deep-seated love rejected. husband doing too much for his health,

It is perhaps being behind the scenes and so succeeds in making him do far in novels which in general prevents us too little for his parish; lastly, there is making such harsh judgments as we the perfect wife, the true helpmeet, do in real life. The axiom is always who, like Catherine Elsmere, had her true that savoir tout c'est pardonner tout. heart and soul in her husband and her Like the critic in art, so the author too work, teaching, nursing, making herought to have a sympathy almost al- self the mother and friend of all around vine in its universality, and be able to her. "The Curate of Cumberworth" is show us the hidden workings of a soul, an amusing story of over-zealous so that we should feel the temptations, young man, who begins work in too and not only as in life see alone the fall niuch haste, but experience does it, as or the conquest. The student of char- Mrs. Micawber would say, and though acter ought also to perceive that what he flounders into many scrapes, eventare narrowly called the defects of any ually everything comes right. “The kind of art that is really genuine Vicar of Roost" gives us contrast product of human nature are truly in. somewhat like Stephen Remarx of a separable from its qualities, and if self-indulgent vicar, thoroughly carerightly considered will be found to be less of his parish and unfit for his post, qualities themselves. So Hamerton re- and his self-denying and high prininarks on art, and we believe the same cipled curate, whose only fault is that regarding authorship.

he is too meek and unselfish. The really bad cleric in fiction 1s We have spoken of the East End misrather conspicuous by his absence; sioner; there are many more sketches sometimes one is just mentioned, of him than of a missionary to foreign painted very black to throw up by con- lauds, of whom indeed we only rememtrast the shining whiteness of his suc- ber two: St. John in “Jane Eyre” and cessor. Bute Crawley was a very com- Norman May in "The Daisy Chain.” mou type of man of the early part of Miss Yonge depicts Norman fresh from this century; it was a time when the gaining honors at Oxford, and witn ideal of what Church work should be ber two: St. John in "Jane Eyre” and was very low, or we might say, in most career, political or other, that he should cases, non-existent. Even hard drink- acopt, giving up all former ambitions, ing was considered, if not exactly as a being ordained, to go as missionary to virtue, still hardly a vice, and Bute New Zealand, enthusiasm spurring him Crawley was often like too many of his ou amid the objections of many who






thought such promising youth Crockford, “who have renounced their wasted.

Orders," there is “George Geith” (Mrs. Miss Yonge has several good clerical Riddell), who becomes accountant in sketches. Robert Fulmort takes orders the City, and Mr. Hale in "North and from mixed motives, unbappiness in South," the novel which we think is the love for one, but a stronger reason is most charming of all Mrs. Gaskell has t) atone for the harm worked by his written. That she, in her tales of couufather's gin distilleries, by giving up try-town society, of doctors, lawyers, himself and his money to try and stew land-agents, and country squires, some of the evils which had suddenly should so seldom mention any clergy become known to him. Maurice Fer. seems rather curious, but probably the ral: is another favorite character of reason lies in her family having been our's, and Clement Underwood we re- Dissenters, and she must have seen less gard with mixed feelings; he is a cocky, of rectory and vicarage life than of disagreeable boy at first, and then a ministers' households, one of whicii priggish young curate, but real hard she describes in “Ruth.” By the way, work conscientiously done, and the one of the most deli ous bits in dedeepening experience of life, eventually lightful old “Cranford” is when Aga piake him a thorough-going earnest Jenkins is taking in the pompous and priest, able later on to worthily take Honorable Mrs. Jamieson with his Robert Fulmort's place as head of his traveller's tales. “Yes,

my dear clorgy-house and London parish. We madam, they were heathen-some of suspect, however, that Clement would them I regret to say were even Disalways have the narrow-mindedness of senters!” one leading idea, and be unable to ex- In “The Heart of Life” 1 we meet tend much sympathy to those who did with three very individual characters not see things exactly as he did. There in Canon Bulman, Doctor Clitheroe, is a rather amusing incident when and Mr. Godolphin; in all three the Clement is at his first curacy (a very reader becomes immensely interested, High Church one), and goes to and the tragic endings of two of them some connections at a distance, and is come upon him with quite a shock! asked whereabouts his curacy is. He Doctor Clitheroe, the D.D., not benetells, expecting to have the

ficed, but holding an important post ceived in horror, but all the party are (connected with Reports on Education) quite out of reach of the thermometer under government. The reader, who of London churches. This, by the way, like all his many friends, is taken with sounds ideal, but it was only that the his unselfish, unworldly, serious, and party were ignorant of the differences, beautiful character, is terribly taken not that they rose superior to "lighi," aback in volume three to discover in him "low," and “broad." The “Three a fraudulent speculator, who is justly Brides" has a good rector and curate; condemned to seven years' penal servithe latter goes madly in for cricket, buitude. “He was a genius,” said Lord has a pull-up in time by the bishop de- Wargrave. “Invalid ladies to whom ferring his priesthood, and he atones he administered the sacrament were his for previous carelessness by his self- principal clients. No one else that I sacrifice when the parish has a break- know has managed to live off the Gosout of typhoid fever. The rector's bride pel in precisely the same way.” “Mr. wlien coming to her new home ques. Godolphin was happy in the double tions her husband about society round, consciousness of valid priestly orders but all he knows of it is that they will and £3,000 a year. His voice had as be within reach of Doctor Easterby, many tones in it as an harmonium, and “one of the greatest lights of the En- he was able, therefore, to modulate it glish Church,” which to her is scarcely in a beautifully sympathetic manner. an answer.

Of clergy like those on one page of 1 The Heart of Life (W. H. Mallock).




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In appearance he was like a statue of its worm-eaten boards, its green baize dignity culminating in a bust of benefi- curtains above them, and its shabby cence.” One of the most touching cushions and hassocks; the faint musty things in this clever book is the sermon smell for which partly damp, and which Mr. Godolphin preaches in the partly the remains of our decaying an. North Devon village where Doctor cestors were responsible; the village Clitheroe has lived, and been known choir in the gallery bawling out I will and beloved, the Sunday after his dis- arise,' to the accompaniment of various grace has been made public; Mr. musical instruments, which had always Godolphin, who is charitable but up- been dimly associated in my mind with right, shows both qualities on that oc- King Nebuchadnezzar and his image casion, when he makes evident he can of gold-all these things brought back hate the sin and yet love the sinner. vividly to me the days of my boyhood;

Canon Bulman had a different charity days that seemed then far more remote --he had the sort which believed all than they do now. I am afraid my things when said in the way of scandal; mind was a good deal more occupied he delighted so much in abhorring vice with memories and vain regrets than that he was always talking of it. He with the prayers and the rector's subbusied himself so much in pointing out sequent homily. This, like all his disthe way they should go to others, that courses, was constructed on time-honhe comes to shipwreck himself. This ored and unvarying lines. Firstlyis how he is described at the beginning What was so and so? was it this? No. of the book: Canon Bulman bad all Was it that? No. Was it something the air of a sanguine and strenuous else altogether improbable? Again no. traveller on the road of duty, of hard What then was it which led to the work, and of preferment; his devotion agreeable discovery that after all it to democratic principles

only was very much what the untutored equalled by his taste for aristocratic mind would have pronounced it to be persons.” It was the Canon's reading at first sight? Secondly–How prayers which is mistaken by a listener this doctrine illustrated by examples for the equally monotonous sound of from Holy Writ? Examples from Holy grinding coffee. Bishop Bloomfield's Writ numerous, and more or less aphousehold devotions for each day in the posite followed. Finally, brethren, week had been used at Glenlynn for how did this great truth come home to

than half century, and the all of us? The unsatisfactory concluaforesaid listener “could not suppress sion being, that it ought to come home a smile when he heard the Canon, ob- to us all in many ways, but that, by viously much against the grain, con- reason of the hardness of our hearts, it strained to prefer the following petition didn't. Then there was a great scutto Providence: ‘Make us humble to fling of hob-nailed boots, a great sigh our superiors; affable to equals; of relief, and we were dismissed. This kind and condescending to the poor and is an amusing and faithful sketch, but needy.' It was a petition, however, of it is only a surface one, and cannot which the Canon need have had no per- compare with that given in. “Adam sonal fear, for it was plain when he Bede” of the church and its service on rose from his knees that in his case it the Sunday that poor 'Thias Bede is had not been answered."

buried. That is a poem in prose; the The best account of the construction description of the farm left to Sunday oi a sermon we think we ever met with peacefulness, the family walk through is in “Thirlby Hall,” by W. E. Norris. the fields, the quaint old fashions in We will give it in ertenso with the de- the church, the old clerk, the gallery, scription of the church: “The next day and the turning up; and lastly, the being Sunday, my uncle and I of course vicar, Mr. Irwine, looking round went to church in the morning. The his people, “in his ample white surplice olg square seat in which we sat, with that became him so well, with his pow.







dered hair thrown back, his rich brown low callings in which men are obliged complexion, and his finely cut nostril to do good work at a low price were and upper lip; there was a certain vir- forbidden to clergymen; was it their tue in that benignant yet keen counte- fault if their only resource was to turn nance, as there is in all human faces out very poor work at a high price? from which a generous soul


“Fathers cast their sons on clerical out.”

instruction to find them ignorant after Speaking of sermons reminds us of many days. The state of mind in Becky suggesting that Rawdon Craw, which you take a billiard cue or a dice ley might "go into the church,” and of box in your hand is one of sober cerher preaching an imaginary sermon for tainty compared with that of old-fashhim. No doubt she would have been ioned fathers like Mr. Tulliver, when able to do it with “forty-parson power," they selected a school or a tutor foi as Byron says!

their sons." The clergyman who takes to tutoring Men have various reasons for taking simply and solely to raise his income, Holy Orders; among bad reasons are, without any natural aptitude for the solely because of a family living, weariwork, is well given in the “Mill on the ness of some other profession, or as a Floss.” How many marriages we hear means of a social rise, and this last of on a very small living, with the view is spoken of in “Alton Locke," ignis fatuus of pupils, and how many a when the tailor-hero goes to


his poor couple find later that it is a sorry cousin at Cambridge. The latter says, case of first catch your hare; but the “I have chosen the right road, and poverty of clerical incomes is an in- shall end at the road's end; and I adcreasing difficulty, more now than vise you-for really as my cousin I when the “Mill on the Floss” came out, wish you all success, even for the mere We hear of clergy giving up livings, credit of the family—to choose the emigrating and taking to farming as same road likewise." an alternative to starving in England. “What road?" It seems almost as though the clericai “Come up to Cambridge by hook or status must be altered, and our clergy by crook, and then take Orders.” will have to become celibate, or work Alton laughed scornfully. “My good at some manual labor like some Dis- cousin, it is the only method yet dissenting ministers throughout the week, covered for turning a snob (as I am, or leaving their spiritual duties for Sun- was) into a gentleman; except putting days. George Eliot speaks of the par- him into a heavy cavalry regiment. My son-tutor thus: “There are two brother, who has no brains, preferred pensive forms of education, either of the latter method. I, who flatter mywhich a parent may procure for his self that I have some, have taken the son by sending him as a solitary pupil former. If you are once a parson all is to a clergyman; one is the enjoyment of safe. Be you who you may before, the reverend gentleman's undivided from that moment you are a gentle neglect; the other is the endurance of man. No one will offer an insult. You the reverend gentleman's undivided at- are good enough for any man's society. tention. ... In those less favored You can dine at any nobleman's tabie. days than these it is no fable that there You can be friend, confidant, father were other clergymen besides Mr. confessor if you like to the highest Stelling who had narrow intellects and woman in the land; and if you have large wants, and whose income by a person, manners, and common sense logical confusion to which Fortune, marry one of them into the bargain, Albeing a female well blind- ton, my boy." fold, is peculiarly liable, was pro

That character is fate is shown in the portioned not to their wants but to sliort after history of this despicabie their intellect; there was but one way sneak, who had the tailor-soul ingrain, of raising their income;' any of those though he prided himself on rising so




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