make room for a string of camels, into sheesh” is an abominable word, and the Street of David, a narrow lane ought to be abolished, but "Bak-seese!" guiltless of pavement, and with a de- can be beguiling beyond the power of scent of a step to every eight or ten refusal. paces. In the booths on either side In springtime the verdure of PalesBirmingham lamps and Manchester tine is said to be delightful, but it is alcottons are largely in evidence, but the most impossible for the autumn visitor West is little represented in the throng to believe these reports as he looks which

surging up the hill. over a country desert-like in barrenVeiled women shuffling along on large ness; hills of arid earth, and valleys black boots, which have a singularly covered with stones. It

only ungraceful appearance as they emerge when we drove out of Jerusalem, from the sheet-like wrappings; the emerged somewhat from the blinding poor Jew in greasy hat and long cloud of dust, and saw the swelling straight robe; the rich man, gorgeous outline of the hills stretching around, in purple plush and fur edgings; that we could realize the possibility of Greeks, Moslems, Armenians—they beauty or feel anything of the spell of swarm past in an unending stream, the Holy Land. We were glad to feel while the camel rears his scornful head that the streets of the old Jerusalem over all, and grey and white donkeys were many feet below the present level bear their picturesque riders to and of the city, and to confine ourselves to fro.

studying the formation of the country All that we had experienced in the and the life of the people, which seem way of insanitary conditions palled be- to have altered so little in the course fore the condition of the streets of Je- of eighteen hundred years. To live in rusalem, and the first impression of the Palestine is to have the words of the city can hardly fail to be painful. To parables brought before one at every ascend the Mount of Olives by a stony turn. The sparrows offered for sale in road penned in by two walls, and to the street, the Bethlehem find the summit disfigured by Bedouin searching for the lost coin from her huts of most evil-smelling condition, is headdress, the shepherd leading his a severe disappointment. To be asked flocks of sheep and goats—they are all a shilling admittance to see the Garden there, and the sight gives fresh meanof Gethsemane, walled in and laid out ing to the well-known words. One of in geometrical order, is neither more the most interesting visits which nor less than horrible, though hardly paid in Jerusalem was to the house of more depressing than the reality of Doctor Schick, a venerable German, that "Mount Zion," which has been in who has spent a lifetime in studying imagination the type of all that was the Temple, and in making a moael of noble and beautiful. To see the sick, the ancient enclosure, which is a mirthe maimed, and the blind they acle of delicate workmanship. The really are in Palestine is, moreover, a doctor's principal difficulty lay in disheartrending experience. The number covering the number of inches repreof beggars is so overwhelming that one sented by the ancient cubit. He tried must be adamant in self-defence, one number after another, and in each though there are occasions when the case was stopped in his work by findhardest heart softens, as, for instance, ing that the plan would not work out; when a small specimen of humanity, but at last he fixed on eighteen inches, clad in innocency and half a yard of when all became easy, and the complicotton, toddles after one and rolls its cated bits fitted together with the acbig brown eyes in entreaty. “Back- curacy of a puzzle.




Sixth Series,
Volume XV.


No. 2771-August 14, 1897.

From Beginning,













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In its deep cup-grassy,

coolSleeps the little roadside pool:


This dog was dull. He had so little wit Sleeps the butterfly on the weed,

That other dogs would flout him, nose in Sleeps the drifted thistle-seed,


But was he wretched ? Did he care Like a great and blazing gem,

How dogdom snarled, or even think of it? Basks the beetle on the stem.

He thought of nothing, but all day would

sit Up and down the shining rays

Warm in the sun, with placid vacant stare, Dancing midgets weave their maze.

Content, at ease, oblivious, unaware:

And all because—he had so little wit! High among the moveless boughs,

O happy dulness which is dull indeed, Drunk with day, the night-hawks drowse. And cannot hear the critic's-world's "Gi)

hang!" Far up, unfathomably blue,

Small bliss we get from our too-conscious August's heaven vibrates through.


We semi-dullards of the middle gang! The old road leads to all things good: To mark the rose, and know oneself a The year's at full, and time's at flood.

weed, CHARLES G. D. ROBERTS. And know that others knew,—there lies

the pang!



What is love?
Is it folly,
Is it mirth or melancholy?

Joys above,
Are there many or not any?

What is love?

Like eyes of angels, looking on thro' tears,
Thou lookest forth from brookside softly

Full faith is thine and constant, with no

The messages of love are thine to bear.
Forget-me-not! Love's fond petition filed
In thee, dear flower, and difference recon-

Friendship's fair offering indeed thou

artThe secret language of the heart to

heart. Argosy.


If you please,
A most sweet folly,
Full of mirth and melancholy:

Both of these!
In its sadness worth all gladness.

If you please.





From Cosmopolis.

ever people may say of the atmosphere ROYALTIES.

of courts and the insincerity of courtiers, the sovereign himself, if only left

to himself, if only seen in his own priBy royal I do not mean kings and em- vate cabinet, is generally above the perors only, or queens and empresses. vitiated atmosphere that pervades his I should have very little to tell of them. palace, nor does he, as a rule, while But royal, as is well known, has a wider speaking with perfect freedom himself, meaning. The families of all reigning dislike perfect freedom in others. sovereigns, whether grand dukes, Of course there are differences among dukes, princes, landgraves, electors, royalty as well as among commonalty. etc., are royalty, nay

certain Some sovereigns have become so accusmediatized families, families that have tomed to the daily supply of the very ceased to be reigning, and which are cheapest flattery, that the slightest very numerous on the Continent, claim divergence from the tone of their the same status, and may therefore in- courtiers is apt to startle or to offend termarry with royal princes and prin- them. Still most human beings like cesses. Princes and princesses may

fresh air. also marry persons who are not royalty, And have we not known persons who but in that case the marriage is morga- display their vitres and shake their natic—a perfectly good and legal form crosiers before our faces, far more than of marriage both from an ecclesiastical kings their crowns and their sceptres? and civil point of view, only that the There is a whole class of people in children of such marriages, though per- ordinary life who have become somefectly legitimate, cannot succeed to the thing, and who seem always to be throne; in many cases no great loss to thanking God that they not them. It has been my good fortune to other men are. They have ceased to be see a good deal of royalty during the what they were, quite unaware that whole of my life. I say "good fortune"

in becoming something, there on purpose, for, with all the drawbacks ought always to be or to remain someinherent in court life, royal persons en- thing that becomes or has become. joy some great advantages. Their po- They seem to have been created afresh sition is assured and well defined. It when they were created peers, temporal requires no kind of self-assertion, and or spiritual. wherever they appear, they have no But we must not be unfair to these equals, no rivals, and hardly any en- new creations or creatures. I have viers. They know that their presence known bishops, and archbishops too, in always gives pleasure, and that every England, who, to their friends, always kind word or look from them is highly remained Thirlwalls or Thomsons, and appreciated. They seldom have any in the second place only Bishops of St. inducement to try to appear different David's or Archbishops of York. My irom what they are, or to disguise what friend Arthur Stanley never became a they think or feel. What is the use of dean. He was always Stanley; Dean being a bishop, Stanley used to say, ex- of Westminster, if necessary. If he cept that you can speak your own mind! had been what he ought to have been, The same applies to crowned heads, and Archbishop of Canterbury, he would if some of them, and it may be some never have ceased to be A. P. Stanley, bishops also, do not avail themselves of his chuckle would always have been their privilege, it is surely their own just the same, and if his admirers had fault. No doubt, if a bishop wants to presented him with a mitre and crosier, become an archbishop, he has to think he would probably have put the mitre twice about what he may and what he on his head sideways, and said to his may not say. But a king or a prince friends what another bishop is reported does not generally want to become any- to have said on a similar occasion: thing else, and as they want nothing "Thank you, my friends, but a new hat from anybody, they are not likely to and an alpaca umbrella would have scheme, to flatter, or to deceive. What- been more useful than a mitre and a crosier.” With regard to royal person- dren Dessau was our world. When ages, they have the great advantage I was a child, the town of Dessau, that they are to their business born. the capital of the Duchy, conThey have not become, they were born tained not more than ten or twelve royal. I was much struck by the ex- thousand inhabitants, but the duke, traordinary power of observation of a Leopold Friedrich (1817-1871) was French friend of mine, who, when in really the most independent sovereign 1855 the queen and the Empress in Europe. He was perfectly irresponEugénie entered the Grand Opera at sible, a constitution did not exist, and Paris together, and were received with was never allowed to be mentioned. All immense applause, turned to his neigh- appointments were made by the duke, bor, an Englishman, and said, “Look at all salaries and pensions were paid the difference between your queen and from the ducal chest, whatever existed our empress.” They had both bowed in the whole Duchy belonged, or seemed most graciously, and then sat down. to belong to him. There was no appeal "Did you not observe,” he continued, from him, at least not in practice, what“how the empress looked round to see if ever it may have been in theory. I bethere was a chair for her before she sat lieve if more money was wanted, the down. But your queen, a born queen, dukes had only to issue a new tax, and sat down without looking. She knew a the money was forthcoming. And with chair must be there, as surely as she is all that one never, or hardly ever, heard Queen of England."


of any act of injustice. The duke was There must be something to hedge a rich, nearly the whole of the Duchy beking. While most people have to move longed to him, and he had large landed in a crowd, and hold their own even in property elsewhere also. Taxation was a mob—and it is difficult to move with low, and during years of war and disease when you are hustled and pushed- tress, taxes were actually remitted by royal persons are never in a crowd, and the dukes. The only public opinion have never to adopt a position of self- there was, was represented by the defence or self-assertion. Still there is duke's own permanent civil service, and a difference between royal persons also. certainly in it tradition was so strong Some of them with all their dignity that even the duke, independent as he manage to hide their crownin every-day was, would have hesitated before going life; others seem always conscious that against it. it is there, and that they must not con- But the duke himself was a splendid descend too low, lest it should tumble example of uprightness, fairness, and from their head.

justice. He belonged to one of the oldMy first acquaintance with royalty est reigning families in Europe. The was at Dessau, my native town. Much Hohenzollern, and even the Hohenstauhas been written to ridicule the small fen, were but of yesterday compared German princes and their 'small courts. With the glorious ancestors of the And it cannot be denied that the eti- Ascanian princes. They did not actuquette kept up by the courtiers, and the ally claim descent from Ascanius, the nobility, in some of the small capitals of son of Aeneas, nor from Askenas, the Germany is ludicrous in the extreme. grandson of Japhet, though some crazy But there is in the sovereigns them- genealogists may have done so; but selves an inherited dignity, a sentiment there is no flaw in their pedigree from of noblesse oblige, which demands re- the present duke to Albrecht the Bear, spect. The reigning duke of Anhalt- Markgrave of Brandenburg in 1134 Dessau was to us boys a being by him. Some people would probably say that self, and no wonder. Though the he belonged to a totemistic age. The Duchy was so small that on one occa- duke whom I knew, and who died in sion a troublesome political agitator, 1871, was the eighteenth successor of woo had been expelled from the Duchy, this Albrecht the Bear, and though his threatened to throw stones and break possessions had been much reduced in the duke's windows as soon as he had the course of centuries, he knew what crossed the frontier, to

chil- was due from him to his name, and to


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