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plexity of concurrent causes, by which, him constituted his good fortune and at a national crisis, the scale

his greatness.” One other quality is, turned in favor of this country, baffles however, essential to a great analysis; but to Nelson, above all his

mander-the power of winning the contemporaries, honor is due.

love of his subordinates and so of obIt is Captain Mahan's great merit to taining their best services. This also have shown clearly that Nelson

Nelson possessed in a marked degree. far more than a fighting seaman. The Restive under incompetent superiors, great principle, that the offensive rôle he was always thoughtful of the welwas essential to the British Navy, fare of his inferiors. The man who, dominated his actions. In 1795 he just before Trafalgar, recalled the mail writes: “I have no doubt but that, if by signal because a petty officer of the we can get close to the enemy,

Victory had omitted to post a letter to shall defeat any plan of theirs; but we

his wife, and who refused to give to ought to have our ideas beyond mere

his valued friend the command of defensive measures.” He fully under seventy-four because it would rob a stood that, in certain circumstances, lieutenant of coming honor—"No, the loss of a squadron would be justi- Blackwood, it is these men's birth

if the enemy's project could right, and they shall have it”—could thereby be thwarted. When awaiting count upon the loyal support which the incursion of Bruix into the Med- never failed him in the hour of battle. iterranean, by which the British fleet Captain Mahan has given us incomwas placed in a position of great nu- parably the best life of Nelson that has merical inferiority, he thus writes io yet appeared. No other writer could St. Vincent: “Your lordship may de- have paid so worthy a tribute to the pend that the squadron under my com- greatest director of naval war-a tribmand shall never fall into the bands of ute which gains in force because of its the enemy; and, before

are de evident spontaneity. To the British stroyed, I have little doubt but that the nation the value of this book cannot be enemy will have their wings so clipped overrated. The principles which that they may be easily overtaken.” No guided Nelson to victory are eternal; one ever more perfectly grasped the the qualities he displayed have now a fact that risks must be taken in war; far wider scope than in his day. For no one certainly was ever more willing rapidity and certainty of movement to take risks for a sufficient object. favor the offensive, and, by conferring Yet Nelson, when determined to fight, a vast increase of possibilities, disleft nothing to chance, never neglecte:1 tinctly enhance the importance of the details, willingly accepted counsel, personal factor. Nelson was the most while never for a moment evading re- brilliant exponent alike of a national sponsibility, and

particularly policy and a national spirit. If we careful in imparting his views to his cling to the one and keep alive the captains.

other, the unknown future

be A rare combination of qualities is calmly awaited. thus implied. Captain Mahan sums

G. S. CLARKE. these qualities as follows: "For success in war, the indispensable complement of intellectual grasp and insight is a moral power, which enables a man to trust the inner light-to have faith

From The Argosy.

THE FOURTH MISS GYURKOVICS. -a power which dominates hesitation and sustains action in the most tre

(FROM THE HUNGARIAN.) mendous emergencies.” These quali- Every year the Gyurkovics of Taties-rare in due combination-met mási put the proceeds of the tobacco in Nelson, and “their coincidence with factory in their pockets and came down the exceptional opportunities afforded to Pesth to combine a visit to their

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brother the deputy with a little amuse- coats, and embroidered table-linen, peoment.

ple nudged each other and wondered Along the Corso in the mornings, on what dowry the girls had. The initithe ice in the afternoons, they were al- ated smiled, for they guessed how ways en evidence, while every evening at Mamma Gyurkovics contrived those theatres, balls or concerts they were to flounced petticoats and other smartbe seen enjoying themselves to the nesses of the trousseau out of her own scrape of fiddles and the popping of special industry of peach-liqueur, of champagne corks until the small hours. which, nevertheless, she continued to while, wherever they appeared a per- send each to her married daughters a fect stream of tips followed for coach- dozen bottles every autumn. mnen, waiters, gipsy musicians and all Two years ago the good lady brought sorts of hangers-on.

her fourth daughter to Pesth. Ella was Then, too, they moved about in such this one's name, and she was quite half an immense family party as reminded a head taller and a good bit more co

of patriarchal times; all their quettish than any of her sisters before young men were officers or government her. The young men who were introofficials, or rising young lawyers, and duced to her swore that she was out had the reputation of being ready to and away the prettiest of all the flirt with anybody at any moment, Gyurkovics' girls, and that meant that though it was understood they were not she was the prettiest of all the girls who marrying men. Whereas, on the other came to Pesth, be the others who they hand, it was well known that no eligi- might! With astonishing ease Ella ble parti who came within flirting dis- Gyurkovics took to the asphalt and tance of one of their sisters could possi- parquet of town life, having all the bly escape.

experience of her three preceding sisEvery year the Gyurkovics' parents ters to help her. From the very first brought a fresh daughter to Pesth and evening, in a five hours' sitting at supprovided her with a husband. Nobody per at the Bristol, she made a conquest knew how many girls still remained at of the gipsy orchestra, and home, but it is certain that as soon as chanted the first violin that at all the one was settled another appeared imme- concerts and restaurants nothing but diately to take her place. They were her favorite airs were to be heard. As all charmingly pretty and coquettish; usual the Gyurkovics fever seized all could dance seven Csardas running the young men in the town, and to all without feeling any fatigue, and could appearance it lay completely in Ella's sit night after night at the supper table power to decide which of them should till the dawn began to creep in without be conducted towards the inevitable showing any deterioration of their daz- crisis, to which all laid themselves zling complexions.

open. Nevertheless everything went To see one of them roll and light a awry. cigarette-after a glance at her brother It was certain Andreas Gabor the deputy for permission — simply whom Ella encouraged most markedly, turned your head! No wonder if after and, as her brother had occasion to a good lot of champagne, and the near point out later, her unexpected mismanproximity of a round white shoulder, agement of the affair ended in the an eligible partner began to murmur Gyurkovics family having to return to all sorts of ridiculous things, which their country home, after their fortwere promptly clinched by the young night was over, without having received lady's practical answer, “Please speak the proposal which was evidently their direct to mamma!”

due-a thing which had never happened It was thus that three of the Miss to them before! Gyurkovics had already found excel- Andreas Gabor, with whom the lent husbands, and had settled down, fourth Miss Gyurkovics had really falreport said, into the best of wives. len in love, was an exceedingly eligible When the shopkeepers in che Waitzner- and well-behaved young lawyer, pergasse were set to work upon lace petti- haps almost too correct in his behavior

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to fall in with the usual plans of the know how to face the approaching partcountry family.

ing. She pinned all her hopes on the A young man who set himself to farewell supper-party, at which all the check the waiter's bill while the supper Gyurkovics were to be entertained by Csardas was being danced, and who Gabor and his set; perhaps he meant to appeared to grow more and more cir- speak out on his last opportunity. He cumspect the more champagne he took, sat as usual at her side, and what with might well arouse the suspicions of the thought of parting and the tenderMamma Gyurkovics.

ness of Ella's manner, he came very "I believe that young Gabor is after nearly forgetting his prudent resolve of money," she observed to her daughter. the previous week; it a stupid "Perhaps it would be as well if you action on Ella's part which recalled him gave him his congé, so that he does not to his right mind. The gipsys were manage to spoil your other chances.”

playing Ella's favorite melody, and she But Ella was really in love, and was called across Gabor to her brother the not at all inclined to let Andreas slip. deputy. Somehow she contrived that he seldom “Milan, I want you to lend me three danced with any other girl, and was ten florins notes!" generally beside her out walking or on “What for?" the ice. When she touched his cham- "To give the gipsys.”. pagne glass with her own before drink- “Nonsense! That's my affair!" ing, and he saw her brown eyes look When she saw that he did not mean straight into his (in spite of her moth- to give her the money she loosed from er's warning frown), the young man's her arm a shining gold bangle, set with head, cool as it was, began to buzz with little brilliants, and tossed it into the strange fancies.

plate which the gipsys had handed “How can one think of marrying into round. The deputy brother seemed such a family unless one is a regular annoyed at first, then he began to Rothschild? I don't know what they laugh, and redeemed the bracelet with would expect; but-"

thirty florins. Gabor left this thought unfinished and Andreas Gabor buttoned up his coat, picked up Ella's fan, which lay beside "I should be a fool, merely fit for a her.

strait waistcoat, if I offered myself in "What a lovely fan! I should like to

such a family !" thought he; and with get one like it for my sister. Are they that he turned to the lady on his other very expensive?''

side, to whom he had only just been in"Oh, not at all! If you like I could troduced, and whose name he had not order one for you-only eighty florins!" caught, and began to make himself exThe young man bit his lip.

ceedingly agreeable. “Eighty florins!” he thought to him- And next day the Gyurkovies family. self; “just the third part of my month's left Pesth for their country. seat;. salary!"

Mamma Gyurkovics taking home with One of the young Gyurkovics was her the disappointing conviction that angrily finding fault with a waiter: he her fourth daughter was not the sucnad ordered Monopol, and they had cess that she had expected. brought him Promontore Monopol.

Do you take me for a cab-driver that It was eight months later and already. you serve me with Hungarian cham- mid-autumn. Andreas Gabor pagne?” he demanded in a rage. spending some time in the country with

“No, no! I cannot marry into such an his relations, for the quail-shooting, and extravagant family as this,” Andreas suddenly he remembered that he was in Gabor sighed to himself.

the neighborhood of the Gyurkovics. The fortnight was almost over, the "I ought to go and call," he explained Gyurkovics' money was almost finished, to his people. “I was always meeting: and it began to be time for them to pack them in the winter at Pesth.” and return home. Ella, who was as It was arranged that they should go. lovesick any schoolgirl, did not shooting in the direction of the Gyurko

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vics' house and drop Gabor to pay his bis lips; "What would you have?” he visit; so it happened that he found him- asked. “Mrs. Gyurkovics has such a lot self one middleday, with a gun on bis of children that she is obliged to set shoulder and a tired pointer at his heels, them all to work. The sons who rein front of the great old country house, main at home attend to the farm, the just outside the village, which he daughters manage tne kitchen and guessed must be the Gyurkovics' home. dairy. They scrub, cook, iron, prepare

"I hope I know them well enough to the market produce, make all sorts of drop in and take a plate of soup with- still-room confectionsout ceremony,” he thought hungrily as Andreas Gabor clasped his hands: “If he stepped across the courtyard. The you could only have seen them in house certainly showed no outward Pesth!" signs of magnificence, and testified in no Of course! because they spend down wise to the aesthetic tastes of its in- there what they earn here in a year's habitants. In the great empty, sun- hard work. I suppose in town they pass shiny forecourt, some guinea-fowl were for grandeesweh? They work the scratching up the sand; on the paling a whole year in order to enjoy that fortlot of milk-cans and wooden tubs were night in Pesth, and stint themselves in stuck upside down to dry.

nothing as long as it lasts!" Not a living soul did Gabor encounter as he stepped softly into the corridor Miss Ella Gyurkovics was not a little which ran along the front of the house. astonished to find that, in spite of the He did not dare penetrate farther in ironing episode, young Gabor repeated that direction, fearing to stumble upon his visit to her mother's house early in one of the young ladies in négligé per- the partridge-shooting season.

He haps, and turned instead towards the found her in the forecourt as laundry, under the big mulberry tree, proached overseeing some workmen, where the week's washing was going with a cloth covering her pretty hair forward and a whole swarm of maids from the dust. This time she did not were passing to and fro with baskets of attempt to escape from him, for she had linen, while the ironing-board stood in given up the hope of impressing him the shadow of the over-reaching thatch. with her grandeur; she made room for The gentlemen's shirts, with hem- him beside her on a heap of empty stitched fronts, which required special sacks, and when he sat down she let the attention and careful treatment, were cover slide off her hair on to her sorted out and put ready for Miss Ella's shoulders. She spoke of all sorts of iniron. For here was Ella herself with a different subjects. Then he suddenly white handkerchief tied over her hair interrupted. and her sleeves rolled up above the “Do you remember, Ella, that last elbow, her cheeks pink and warm from evening at Pesth, when we danced tothe heat of the iron which from time to gether? I did not think then that I time she tested against them.

should ever see you like this!" As she caught sight of the approach- The girl grew very red; then with a ing sportsman, and recognized who he quick, natural impulse she turned and was, she gave a cry and made a rush looked the young man full in the face. for the house, almost losing a slipper in "It matters very little. I did not her hurry to escape. Two or three please you particularly that eveningothers of the girls who were engaged nor can I please you much now!" with the family washing—and who “You are mistaken. Both then and were also the Miss Gyurkovics-fol- now you pleased and please me very lowed their sister's example; only the much indeed!" genuine washerwomen stolidly stuck “But better that evening in Pesth?'' to their business.

“On the contrary, much better here in Andreas Gabor went back to his rela- Tamási!" tions' house, and in the course of con- The girl shook her head doubtingly versation retailed this curious adven- and looked down at her leather country. dn pəsind 12110L 297 :uțsnog siq 01 əint

soled shoes just showing beyond her.

war

cotton skirt. The farm-man came to seemed to have said, “I shall be a lady fetch the sacks and they had to move, forever,” had learnt what was meant by Ella's heavy shoes making a crunching desolation and loss of children, and on the gravel as the young lawyer famine and the sword, and appeared inwalked beside her.

deed to have drunk the dregs of the "Why do I please you best here in cup of trembling. It seemed inconceivTamást?” she asked, looking at him able that fortune could have any bitover her shoulder with a smile.

terer draught in store for France. Because here I dare to hope that by The

between Germany and the side of a man of small means- France was over; the conquerors, in

He did not finish. Ella interrupted in final token of their triumph, had shown a very low voice: “It would depend so themselves in the heart of the capital, very much who the man was!"

and had settled into temporary occupaIf it were I ?

tion of the surrounding fortresses Ella seemed to weigh the proposal for which had held them at bay for so a minute or two, then she answered, many months. The storm seemed to "Please speak direct to mamma!”

have passed, and the time for taking Andreas Gabor went to Mamma stock of damages and projecting reGyurkovics straight away. After- pairs to have arrived, when, after wards Mamma Gyurkovics said to her March was more than half passed, we daughters: “I always knew that it was were startled by a fresh roll of thunder, necessary to impress a man, but I had rising from the very quarter where the no idea that household work and all last rumblings had but just died down. that sort of thing, would make such an Paris, ever the worst enemy of France, impression on a man of the world like had broken loose once more. MadGabor!"

dened by the tortures of the long A few months later Ella Gyurkovics' months of siege, its people—“fickle, imtrousseau was on view in show-rooms pressionable, credulous, capable alike of the Waitzner-gasse in Pesth, and of every heroism and every crime”-had every one was astonished at the ele fallen an easy . victim to men “who gance of the embroidered petticoats talked of plots against the republic, of and the lace-trimmed tea-gowns. And heroism, of combats; flattering, at the the following carnival Mamma Gyurko- same time, their material instincts, and vics brought her fifth daughter to town, blinding them with the two words who was even prettier than the four "treason' and 'misery.' The events of previous sisters.

the next ten weeks will never be forgotG. B. STUART.

ten by any one who witnessed them, though it were only through the eyes of the daily papers. Vleror Hugo has taught us to see in the Second Empire

the expiation for the crime of the 18th From The Cornhill Magazinc.

Brumaire; and surely the worst deeds PARIS IN JUNE, 1871.

of the Terror underwent retribution in It may be said without much fear of the squalid parodies of them perpecontradiction that no one now living traced by the Commune of 1871. Many can remember a period when the ten- of the leaders contrived to save their sion of interest in public affairs was own skins; it is amusing at this time, comparable to that which existed in the indeed, to look through the lists of conspring of 1871. Events had been mov- demnations and see how many were ing for some months past with a rapid- sentenced par contumace. There were a ity the like of which history did not re- few estimable men among them, of cord. We had seen the European cen- whom some perished in the storm of tre of gravity shifted before our eyes; brutal and indiscriminating vengeance the first military power in the world, with which the “party of order" disor what gave itself out for such, had graced their cause; while others have collapsed like a house of cards, and long since been merged in the bourflimsy cards at that. The nation which geoisie to which they once professed un

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