of womanhood. Delicately the wrin.

The speech in which, self accused kled hands draw the veil of love's in- (not as fearful and sorrowing, but “alcognito, and, though simple and pure legra e valorosa”) she confesses and in heart, the girl has a “ready wit and vindicates her deed before the judge wholly understands." Commonplace has a tragic pathos. Never does one enough is the plot that follows; the un- forget that the man she has tortured likeness which set it apart merely con- and slain is the lover she, without limit, sists in the reiterated expression of has loved. that unsullied innocence of soul. For

It is a masterpiece of dramatic vigor. never through all the griefs and joys and catastrophes of her wedded years

Signor vicerè, you must know that more does Elena lose her springtime grace of than a year ago Signor Didaco Centiglia, childhood. The divine flames—to quote seeing that by no other way he could have that most brazen of episcopal story. In the presence of my mother, my broth

my love, resolved to make me his wife. tellers-illuminate her heart and there

ers, and Pietro, his servant, he wedded me with open the eyes of her mind, but to at my own home, and for more than fifteen the very end she retains the untainted months shared my couch as my lawful huspurity of her playtime.

band. Then he, regardless of the fact Nor is this a single example of Ban- that I was his lawful wife, only lately, as dello's latent powers of characteriza- all Valencia knows, espoused the daughter tion. Painted in colors more vivid, if of Signor Ramiro Vigliaracuta—though not more distinct, is his portrait of wife of his she is none, seeing that I was Spanish Violante. The story (partially first married to him. Nor did this suffice and inadequately reproduced in Beau- him. Yesterday, as if I had been a woman mont and Fletcher's "Triumph

of ill-life, impudently he visits me and of

pours a flood of lies into my ears, being at Death”) is a narrative of savage

pains to make me believe that what was venge taken by a woman tortured into

black was white. Hardly had he gone crime. Didaco Centiglia forsakes his when he sent Pietro-whom you see here low-born wife, Violante, and openly to tell me he would spend the night weds another bride. For three days now past in my company.

To this Violante is as one stunned; she had I agreed, for the way seemed loved him with an illimitable loveshe open for me to take such revenge upon him wept and wasted away in her misery.

as I was able. Therefore, O most just Then, “so that for the future it should signor, have I come here that you may

know all from my lips. With denials or be less easy for men to betray,” she set

entreaties I have nothing to do, deeming weeping aside. It chanced one day,

too great cowardice to fear punishment she, being at her window, saw her lost for an act done wilfully and of deliberalover ride by. He, though abashed and tion. That my honor is safe suffices me. with changed color, drew rein and Last night, my lord, spurred thereto by greeted her. “Good morrow,

the injury received, I took such vengeance donna,” is his light salutation. “How upon my husband as seemed meet for the goes it with you?" "You give me good wrong which out of all reason he did me.

With these hands I drove from his vile morrow with your lips," she answers, smiling, “but in truth you have given m'avera, ed io a lui ho la vita levata. Ma

body his viler soul. Egli l' honore tolto me a very sad day, and how it goes quanto più si debba l'honore che la vita with me you know as well I." A

apprezzare, è troppo manifesto. double traitor, that night he returns to Violante and perishes miserably—this

Judging Violante to be of greater soul honor alone she accords him-at her than belongs to womanhood, the judge hands: “Tu ti potrai almen gloriare, sentences her to death, and she dies,

valorosa.” che per mano d'una donna, che amasti, still as before, “allegra e e ella te senza fine amava, sei morto.”

Had the sentence been to life, possibly even her indomitable courage might

have failed. 1 Bandello, Parte I., Novella xlii. (Fourth story of translations.)

It is self-evident that a gulf lies be







tween such heroines as Violante and not please God nor me-since your husElena and the puppets labelled good or band has done me such courtesy-that evil of earlier writers, Boccaccio him. I towards him do villany." So Galself not altogether excepted. Though gano left her. in his case, if his dramatis personce are Such episodes may be but breaks 10 puppets, the hand of a genius far other the chronicles of ignoble deeds and palthan Bandello's moved the marionettes. try crimes. Yet we need reminding

Of chivalry in either the earlier or the that such breaks are not so rare as we later novelle there is little trace. Italy have been led to imagine. The forbid-Dunlop is at pains to account for its den tree, the science of human nature, absence-was a land of merchants; the with the novellieri, as in Eden of old, soldier's life was held in low repute, was the Tree of the Knowledge of nor did a country split into small states Good as well as of Evil, and for them and warring factions afford a favorable it bore its Apples of Beauty as well as condition for the development of its “Apples of Wrath.” For the rest-I tional traditions corresponding to the quote from Boccaccio's

wordscycle of the “Cid" in Spain or the these stories will not run after any one Charlemagne legend of France. Never- to make him read them, and for him theless they are by no means wholly "chi va tra queste leggendo, lasci star without records of magnanimous gen- quelle che pungono, e quelle che dileterosity and chivalrous instinct. Boc- tano, legga.” caccio himself inscribed the exquisite idyl, best known as Alfred de Musset re-rendered it, of Lisa, the apothecary's little daughter who lay dying for love of the young king, Re Pietro di Raona.

From The Nineteenth Century. Bandello recorded the story of Anselmo

CHANTILLY AND THE DUC D'AUMALE. and Angelica, where the two feudal en

The castle and estate of Chantilly, emies are at strife each to outdo the and the collection there, celeother in "cortesia”—a plot which, while brated. The spot is a beautiful one. it faintly recalls the famous brother An immense forest forms thick and sister scene of “Measure for Meas- mantle covering the surrounding hills ure,”

," 1 is a measure for measure of and valleys. The castle rises amidst nobler fashion and unsullied import;

the waters, majestic and picturesque. and, to cite no more, the first story of Memories of great people cling around Ser Giovanni's “Pecorone” has the true this noble dwelling: the names of the note of generous romance. “Madonna” Montmorencys, the Condés and the -Galgano, her long despised lover, Bourbons, recur to the mind the moquestions the wife of Messer Stricco, ment one's gaze rests upon those walls “greatly I marvel wherefore you have which have sheltered so many illusthis night sent for me more than at any trious personages. Recollections of the other time, seeing I have so long desired last possessor mingle therewith and and followed you who ever refused to shed a new and enduring splendor on see me or to hear;" and she answered the noble pile. him that the praise with which her hus

A description of Chantilly Castle band had so greatly lauded him had would fill a large volume, and each of moved her “di non tesser più cruda.” the principal parts of the collections it Galgano said, “Is this thing true?” She contains would require at least three. answered, “In very deed, yes." “And

This is precisely the number of volumes other reason you had none?"

he de. to be devoted to the paintings by M. F. manded. She replied, “None." A. Gruyer, to whom the late Duc “Truly," then Galgano said, “it shall d’Aumale confided the task of compil

ing a catalogue with comments and en1 The original story is in Cinthio's “ Hecatom- gravings. Another scholar, M. Léopold miti,” Decade 8, Novel 5.

Deslisle, was chosen to enumerate the




riches of the library, which was added de Boutellier on account of the office to constantly and with the best taste of royal cup-bearer with which it was by a book-loving prince, himself the invested. author of an historical work, ably writ- In the fourteenth century the estate ten and enriched with valuable docu- passed into the hands nf Guy de Laval, ments. The other collections abound who sold it to Pierre d’Orgemont, chanin works of art and in arms of all sorts cellor of France. Marguerite, an heir. and all periods. Each one was to be ess of this Pierre d'Orgemont, brought the subject of monograph, with it back to the family from which she plates and figures supplementing the had sprung by her marriage with Jean descriptions. The work has already II. de Montmorency. Here the history been commenced, and will probably be commences to be piquant. The two continued by the Institut de France, to sons whom Jean lad had by his first which the Duc d'Aumale has be- wife fell out with their step-mother queathed (by will dated 1887) the estate and seized the occasion to oppose the and all that it contains, reserving only king, Louis the Eleventh, by joining the usufruct. The noble duke was a the Duke of Burgundy's party. This member of three sections of that emis enraged their father, who, in his judinent body-the Académie Française, cial capacity, summoned one of them, the Académie des Beaux-Arts, and the Jean, lord of Nivelle, in Flanders, to Académie des Sciences morales et po- appear before him and hear himself litiques. The other two divisions, the condemned to return to his feudal duty. Académie des Sciences and the Acad. This summons was made known by the émie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, sound of trumpets and the voices of might also have enrolled him, for there heralds-at-arms. But Nivelle was disare few branches of knowledge to tant; Jean turned a deaf ear, and failed which the duke was a stranger.

to put

an appearance. The call was Although the Chantilly estate has a repeated again and again, but still reconsiderable past and a feudal origin mined unanswered. Montmorency's dating pretty far back, the name is not fury then became ungovernable; he disancient. It comes from a clump of inherited his son and spoke of him as a lime trees (campus tiliæ), the remains of "felon” and a “chien.” His impotent which, it is said, are still to be seen in rage excited no doubt the caustic wit one of the avenues. There is good rea- of the clerks of his household, for they son to believe, however, that the origi- humorously said, “ce chien de Jean de nal trees have disappeared and given Nivelle, il s'enfuit quand on l'appelle.” place to others. What is more certain This has passed into a proverb, and is that a fortress existed there in the wlien a man will not hear, or runs off Middle Ages, built by the first owners when called, it is commonly said that of the land in the midst of swamps, “il ressemble à ce chien de Jean de Niwhere it was beyond the reach of the velle qui fuit quand on l'appelle.” missiles employed before the invention Jean II., remaining loyal to Louis the of cannon. On the site occupied by Eleventh, kept to his resolution to disthis fortress was erected what has since inherit his son, who remained in Flan. been called “the old castle.” This ders. The Comte de Horn, who was ancient stronghold, like many others beheaded with the Comte d'Egmont, antecedent to the twelfth century, was Jean de Nivelle's grandson. These formed, owing to the shape of the things are somewhat apart from our ground, an irregular pentagon, with a subject, but there is a connecting link projecting tower at each angle. The in the fact that Jean II. had, by Marlittle that is known of its history only guerite d'Orgemont, a son, named Guilreveals that in the tenth century it be- laume, who was the father of the falonged to the Count de Senlis, and that mous high constable, Anne de Montit afterwards passed to the branch of morency, the real founder of Chantilly that house which received the name of Castle. The old castle had become too small and resembled a prison. It was of the great Condé, of the Prince de the time when the Italian renaissance Conti, and of Madame de Longueville. was extending its ramifications into The Chantilly estate having thus beFrance just after the expeditions into come the property of the house of Italy made by Charles the Eighth, France, it ever afterwards remained so. Louis the Twelfth, and François Pre- The historians of the end of the sixmier. Utilizing the leisure given him teenth century are loud in their praises by his disgrace under François the Sec- of the beauties of Chantilly, and the ond, he built a new castle in the new pleasures enjoyed by the little court style, a mixture of the Roman architec- which Prince Henri II. held there. M. ture then being revived beyond the Cousin has written eloquently about it Alps, and of the elegant and variegated in his able work on Madame de LongueFrench architecture. The old massive ville. It is, however, to the Grand towers of defence had not yet been Condé that Chantilly chiefly owes its discarded, but their character had been renown. He not only embellished it changed. Instead of being a warlike internally, but caused Le Notre to lay element, they formed a decorative fea- out new gardens, make channels to ture. The defensive appearance sub- carry away the waters of the brooks, sisted, but was brightened by the en- and enclose the fish-ponds within solid larged windows and the openworked walls. Charles the Fifth had visited balustrades.

Chantilly in the time of the Constable; Lawns and flower-beds charmed the and later Henri the Fourth had come eye, while beautiful avenues stretched tiere, attracted, however, more by the away into the forest. Anne I., Duke of charms of the châtelaine than by the Montmorency, perished at Saint-Denis beauty of the spot and the sumptuousat the hand of Robert Stuart.. He was ness of the new château. The Grand seventy-four years old and had bad suf- Condé was visited there by Louis the ficient time to give his residence ai Fourteenth and all his court, whom be Chantilly an air of grandeur, which his entertained with a splendor that quite descendants have not failed to increase. dazzled Madame de Sévigné. EveryBut the work of the old warrior was body has read the letter in which she destined to undergo some vicissitudes. describes those festivities and relates His grandson, Henri II. de Mont- with such unaffected, inimitable art the morency, was, for a short time, the events of that famous day when Vatel idol of the people and the court. A killed himself:brilliant prince, but weak-willed, he al- On soupa, il y eut quelques tables où le lowed himself to be drawn into a con- roti manqua.

Cela saisit Vatel; il spiracy against Richelieu.

This was

dit plusieurs fois: “Je suis perdud'honneur; the last cry, so to speak, uttered by the voici un affront que je ne supporterai pas." feudal spirit. Henri lost his head at Il dit à Gourville: “La tête me tourne; il y Toulouse in 1632, at the age of thirty

a douze nuits que je n'ai dormi; aidez-moi eight years. With him the first ducal jusque dans la chambre de Vatel et lui dit:

a donner des ordres.” . . . Le prince alla branch of the Montmorencys became

“Vatel, tout va bien, rien n'était si beau extinct. His sister Charlotte, the most

que le souper du roi.” Il répondit: "Monbeautiful woman of her time, entered seigneur, votre bonté m'achève; je sais into possession of the sequestrated que le rôti a manqué à deux tables." property. She married Henri II. de "Point du tout,” dit le prince; "ne vous Bourbon-Condé, and thus it was that fâchez pas; out va bien.” Minuit vient; the eaglets of the Montmorencys be- le feu d'artifice ne réussit pas; il fut couunited to the fleurs-de-lys of

vert d'un nuage. Il coûtait 16,000 francs. France, and the bipartite escutcheon

A quatre heures du matin, Vatel s'en va was able to be sculptured by the Duc contre un petit pourvoyeur qui lui apportait

partout; il trouve tout endormi; il rend'Aumale on the walls of the restored seulement deus charges de marée; il attend château. This Princess de Bourbon

quelque temps; sa tête s'échauffait, il Condé-Montmorency was the mother

crut qu'il n'aurait pas d'autre marée; il


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trouva Gourville il lui dit: "Monsieur, je The Revolution swept down upon ne survivrai pas à cet affront-ci.” Gour- Chantilly as upon many other splendid ville se moqua de lui. Vatel monta à sa

residences. The old castle was demolchambre, mit son épée contre la porte et se ished, and the small castle would have la passa au travers du ceur, mais ce ne

shared the same fate had not the buyer fut qu'au troisième coup. La marée

delayed its destruction too long. This cependant arrive de tous côtés; on cherche Vatel pour la distribuer; on monte à sa

small castle, called the Château d'Enchambre; on heurte, on enfonce la porte, ghien, together with the stables, were on le trouve noyé dans son sang; on court turned into barracks. Under the Emà M. le prince qui fut au désespoir."

pire, the forest was an appanage or

Queen Hortense, and when the restoraSuch is Madame de Sévigné's account tion came, Prince Louis-Henri de Bourof it. To-day Vate! would have felt no bon re-entered into possession of the eswädcastress. In the absence of sea-fish tate and the ruins of the castle. He he would have fallen back fresti died in 1818, and his son, the last of the water fish, with which the ponds at Cordés, whose son, the Duc d'Enghien, Chantilly are abundantly stocked. He was shot at Vincennes, himself died would have artistically disguised the shortly after, the revolution of 1830. carp as turbot and the eels as rock lob-. He was found hanging to a windowsters. At a push he would have served fastening in the Château de Saint-Leu, breast of chicken as filleted sole, where he was then staying. Full light great has been the progress made in has never been throvep upon his tragic the culinary art in France since the end. By his will the youthful Duc days of Louis the Fourteenth. Yet d'Aumale was made universal legatee. they were not afraid to spend money. The immense fortune of the Condés A well-informed chronicler compiled an could not have come into petter hands. account of what it cost the prince to The young prince had the traditional entertain worthily his great cousin the valor of the Bourbons. Kis military king, and he estimated the expense at disposition, of which he gave such brlitwo hundred thousand livres, which is liant evidence in Africa was compled equal to eight hundred thousand francs with a passionate fondness for Wtof our money. But this is nothing in erature and art.

Early i in. lile, comparison with the millions of francs when master of his ideas, ne formed spent two centuries earlier by a mer- the design of bringing back to Chantilly chant of Florence to celebrate his its past splendors, and of using the rev. daughter's marriage.

enues of the domain for the completa Chantilly was still further enlarged restoration of the home of the Condés. and improved by the descendants of the The revolution of 1848, which troke out great Condé. They built a church, while he was governor of Algeria, preplanted the Parc de Sylvie, and erected vented him from executing his plans at various subsidiary buildings, or

that time. Popular with the army pleted those which were still unfin which he had led to victory, beloved ished. Thus the famous stables with and respected in Fralice,

he might marble troughs were built, which can easily have brought over his troops and hold two hundred and forty horses. commenced with the provisional

goyWhen Paul the First, Emperor of Rus- ernment a struggle, the issue of which sia, came to France, Louis-Henri de would scarcely have been

doubtful. Bourbon, grandson of the great Condé, But he preferred exile te civil wilr. gave, in the central rotunda which From this, and from the reserved at £1forms a riding school, a feast ending tude which he always maintained after with a sort of transformation

scene. his return to France, a writer has tried The screens which shut off the two to draw the conclusion th.it in subwings containing the horses were mitting to exile, and in ar pearing to drawn aside, displaying the entire sta- lend his words and actions

the passble to the sight of the guests.

ing of laws contrary to equiry and jus.


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