ning of April of that year, to have uniformly decreased. It further appears from the Colonel's statements, that the western variIlawation

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it was only 77 years before this period that the first authentic observations ations on the variation can be found, or in 1580, when the needle at London varied to the east 11-15 ng done -1899Jameson's Marine Thermometer. From many experiments made of late years by scientific persons, there seems every reason to believe that the thermometer is an instru ment of far greater importance to navigators The person already mentioned, having than it has been generally supposed. fert discovered many objections to the mode of vd bathe late celebrated Dr. Franklin was the using the thermometer recommended by person who noticed the great difference Colonel Williams, and having had several da between the temperature of the water on the thermometers broken, applied to different North American coast, in and out of sound-mechanics in various places to construct a ings, and suggested the use of a thermometer marine thermometer case for him, which as an indicator of an approach to that dan-would protect the instrument, and facilitate gerous shore, as it had been uniformly found its use, but unsuccessfully, until he some that the nearer any vessel approximated the time since applied to Messrs Gardner and Lushore,

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without at least a sufficient warning of the ด่า approach to danger, to allow of its being 079 avoided, unless the ship should be so entire sly disabled as to be totally unmanageable. ab The statements of Dr Franklin and Colosnel Williams applied only to the coasts of North America; and hence it came to be 30 generally supposed that the increased heat bof the sea, when out of soundings, was causined by the Gulf stream-current, which, issuoking from the Gulf of Mexico, sweeps to the to northward along the coasts of the United Natural History, Specimen from the to as -States it has of late however been esta- Cape.-A living animal of the antelope ofblished, that the decreasing temperature of species, called a Nhu, having the head the water, as any vessel approaches the of a cow, the mane of a horse, and the to coasts of Spain, Portugal, and Barbary, is hind part resembling that of a mule, was Isufficient to give warning to any attentive brought to England in the Barossa, to navigator of his approach to these coasts; from the Cape of Good Hope. These and it seems probable, from the experiments animals are inhabitants of Southern Africa, lof Mr Davy, (brother to the celebrated Sir but very rarely to be met with. The one sw Humphrey,) that the thermometer will be now brought home belongs to Lord Charles found to point out, not only the proximity Somerset. As of land, but also that of extensive banks be Aurum Millium. Mr N. Mill has dis1990 of bema doudw -&elin all places. 1 H-dena covered a new metal resembling gold, and nottaAs person whose experience had shown possessing some of its best qualities, which -ishimdthatoins quitting the American coasts She calls aurum millium. In colour, it reanthere was an increase of twelve deg. of Fah-sembles 60s. gold, and is nearly as heavy in Jasenheit's scale in the temperature of the sea specific gravity as jewellers' gold. It is vin a few hours run from the mouth of the malleable, and has the invaluable property adDelaware, found also on approaching the of not easily tarnishing. It is very hard -coast of Portugal, that the mercury in the band sonorous, and requires care in the s tube of the thermometer sunk from 69 de-working. The price of it being from 4s. ingrees dat which it stood in the open sea, to to 4s. 6d. an ounce, will not be an ob360 degrees, when his ship was about three stacle to its general use: and for beauty sor four miles from Cape St Vincent and there is not any metal that exceeds it, and subsequently, that in beating through the it is susceptible of an exquisite polish. VOL. VII.

Description of Norway-The following account of the appearance of Norway, as distinguished from Sweden, is given by Bedemar:-Norway, he says, consists prin cipally of a mountain-basin, surrounded by the remains of an elevated platform, the exterior border of which, jagged by deep cuts, and ascending to a great height, lies around the whole of the ridge of the principal range of mountains. The sea has penetrated to this border, through the abysses which have been opened; and the western storms, and an illjudged industry, have circumscribed within the vallies the scanty woods which run through the basin itself. On the outside descend only mountain torrents, short in their course: the large streams belong to the centre of the land. *** They form many beautiful and high waterfalls, and many large lakes in their course. On the coasts only are a few towns to be found;

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the rest of the country is covered with insulated dwellings; brown log-houses, surrounded by a few corn-fields and extensive meadows, small and independent pos sessions, suited to the independent and sturdy character of the people. In the vi cinity of rivers, which are at times nearly invisible from the quantity of timber floats ing down them, numerous saw mills are tó be seen; and a few iron and copper works are to be met with in the spaces cleared from wood. Along the sea shore, habitations, solitary or in groupes, surrounded with implements for fishing, and curing fish, appear like so many nests in the green hollows among the rocks. Over all this, an atmosphere generally clear, delightful, and invigorating, is spread as far as the 69

70 of latitude, after which we meet with deep and impenetrable fogs, a sea like lead, and the melancholy silence of an uninter rupted wilderness.

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knight, then King at Arms; to be illus trated with engravings, in one volume royal 8vo.

Rosamond, in two volumes; a sequel to Early Lessons; by Miss Edgeworth.

Views of the Remains of Ancient Buildings in Rome and its Vicinity; by M. Du Bourg.

An Encyclopædia of Antiquities; being the first ever edited in England; by the Rev. T. D. Fosbrooke, M. A. author of British Monachism, &c. to appear in 20 4to numbers, at 5s. each.

Dr J. Gordon Smith, Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence in London, is preparing for the press a work on that subject, which is intended to serve the double purpose of a Text Book to his Lectures, and a Guide in the management of professional evidence in the public courts. It is expected to be ready early next season.

In a few days will be published, by Capt. James Gifford, R. N. price Is. the Unitarian's Defence; being a Reply, in part, to the late Rev. D. Anderson's Sermon, which was preached before the Deanery of Gower, and was published at their request.

The Rev. T. Jebb has in the press a volume entitled Sacred Literature; comprising a Review of the Principles of Composi tion laid down in the Prelections and Isaiah) of the late Robert Lowth, D.D. Lord Bishop of London; and an application of the principles so reviewed to the illustration of the New Testament, in a series of critical observations on the style and structure of

that Sacred Volume.

A new edition of Mr H. Neele's Odes and other Poems, with considerable additions, is in the press, and will speedily be published.

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9VIT is proposed to republish, by subscrip tion, The Forms of the Church of Scotland, &c. &c. &c. published at Edinburgh in the year 1567, by Bishop Carsewell of Argyll, with an English Preface, Notes, and some account of the Bishop, &c.; by the Rev. James McGibbon, Inverary. This ancient and curious book, printed in the Gaelic language, at a period when there were but few books printed even in English, must be interesting to all the lovers of Čeltic literature. To them the single circumstance of there being now only one copy of the work known to be extant, will, independent of many other reasons which might be stated, but which are reserved for the Editor's Preface, be a sufficient apology for proposing to reprint this very rare and earliest specimen of printed Gaelic, as the only means, both of preserving it from being utterly lost, and of preventing the Gothic scepticism of future times as to its having ever existed. The prefatory letters addressed by Bishop Carsewell to the Earl of Argyll, and to the Reader, &c. it is proposed to accompany with an English Translation, as they contain matter, which may be deemed interesting to

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I. Upon the one page the Bishop's Gaelic text will be printed verbatim et literatim, and upon the opposite, for the accommoda tion of modern readers, it will be given according to the present orthography of the language, &c.

II. The work will be published in 8vo, on good paper, and will contain at least from 400 to 500 pages of letter-press.

III. It will be put to press when a com petent number of Subscribers is procureda period which cannot be distant, from the many inquiries and assurances of support which the Editor has received from various quarters.

IV. Price to Subscribers on delivery, 12s. 6d.

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Private Correspondence of David Hume, the historian, with several distinguished persons, 4to. £1, 11s. 6d.

Relics of Royalty or Anecdotes of
George III.; by Joseph Taylor. 5s.
The Life of Granville Sharp, compiled
from authentic documents; by Prince
Hoare, Esq. 4to.



Extracts on Education, from the most
popular writers, 18mo, 2 vols. 75. 6d.
Davenport sur la pronunciation Anglaise,

12mo. 4s.


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A Key to the above, and to the Italian and French; by the same. 4s.

A Key to Bland's Algebraical Problems; by J. Darby. 8s.

An Italian and English Grammar, from Vergani's Italian and French Grammar;

A Catechism of Chemistry; by an Ama- by M. Gincheny, 12mo. 5s. 6d. teur, 12mo.


Virginius; a historical tragedy; by J. S., Knowles, Esq. 36. 6d.

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Rural Employments or, a Peep into Village Concerns; by Mary Elliot. "25.

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House, London, containing Etchings of the whole collection, and a historical notice of each Picture; by John Young, keeper of the British Institution, 4to. £2, 2s. In dia Paper, £3, 3s.

Lectures on Painting, delivered at the Royal Academy, with additional Observations and Notes; by Henry Fuseli, P.P. handsomely printed in 4to, with a Portrait, and other Engravings. £1, 16s.

The additional Lectures in this Edition are sold separately, price 18s.


A New Geological Map of England and Wales, reduced from Smith's Map, exhibiting a general View of the Stratification of the Country, intended as an elementary map. 14s.

A Geological Map of England, coloured, with a Memoir, and an Index to the Hills; by G. B. Greenough, F. R. S. F. L.S. president of the Geological Society, on six sheets. £6, 68. or £7, 10s. mounted on rollers or in a case.


An Introduction to Modern History, from the Birth of Christ to the present time; by the Rev. G. Hort, 2 vols. 10s. 6d.

Narrative of the Political and Military Transactions of British India, under the administration of Marquis Hastings, 18131818; by H. T. Princep, 4to. £2, 10s.


A Law Glossary of the Latin, Greek, Norman, French, and other languages, interspersed in the commentaries; by Sir W. Blackstone, and various law Treatises upon each branch of the profession; translated into English, and alphabetically arranged by Thomas Taylor, 8vo. 9s.

Hale's Common Law, royal 8vo. £1, 10s. Reports of Cases in the House of Lords upon Appeals of Writs of Error in 1819; by D. Bligh, vol. I. part I. 8s.

A Treatise on the Law of Dower, with a View to the Modern Practice of Conveyancing; by J. J. Park, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. 8vo. 18s.

The Barrister; or, Strictures on the Education proper for the Bar; by Thomas Ruggles, Esq. 12mo. 6s.


A Sketch of the causes, extent, &c. of the contagious Fever in Ireland, in 18171819, with the System of Management adopted for its suppression; by William Härtz, M. B.

First Lines of the Practice of Surgery; by Samuel Cooper, 8vo. 15s.

An Inquiry into certain Errors relative to Insanity and their consequences; by G. M. Burrows, 8vo. 8s.


Lacon; or many things in few words; addressed to those who think; by the Rev. C. C. Colton, A. M. 8vo. 7s.

Studies of the Historic Muses, or a Philosophical Argument; by R. Lascelles, 4to. 12s.

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Memorabilia; or, Recollections, Historical, Biographical, and Antiquarian; by J. Savage. Nos. I. to VI. 1s. each.

Thoughts on the Love of Excelling and the Love of Excellence, 8vo. 6s.

The Quarterly Review, No. XLV. 6s. General Index to the Quarterly Review, Part II. 6s.

The Fancy; a Selection from the Poeti cal Remains of the late Peter Corcoran, of Gray's Inn, Student at Law; with a brief Memoir of his Life.

The Peerage Chart; or, Alphabetical ora List of the House of Lords for 1820. This ↑ Chart contains the following particulars of each Member:-Title; Title of the Eldest! Son; Surname; Dates of the first and last Creation; Precedence in the House; Age; if Married, Bachelor, or Widower; Number of Children; Knights of the Garter, Thistle, &c.; Lord Lieutenants; Privy Councellors; Roman Catholics; Peers whose income exceeds £50,000 per annum; Patrons of the Arts and Sciences; Peers whose Ancestry can be traced to the Conquest; and Peers' eldest Sons, who are Members of the present Parliament. There are also nine divisions, shewing by what means the Peerage was obtained, that is to say, whether by Naval, Military, Legal, or other Services; together with a list of the Spiritual Lords. Forming, upon the whole, a complete Peerage in Miniature. Price 5s. On canvass, in a neat case for the pocket, 8s. On canvass and rollers, 10s.

Miscellanies, in Prose and Verse; by Thomas Jones. 6s. 6d.

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The Amyntas of Tasso; translated by Leigh Hunt.

The Picturesque Tour of Dr Syntax, No V. Vol. II. 2s. 6d.

Sonnets, Amatory, Incidental, and Descriptive, with other Poems; by Cornelius Webb.

The View, and other Poems; by C. Leigh.

Tales of the Hall; by the Rev. G. Crabbe, 3 vols small 8vo. 18s.

Poems; by B. Barton, 8vo. 10s. 6d. Advice to Julia; a Letter in Rhyme, fc. 8vo.

Ismael, an Oriental Tale, with other Poems; by E. G. L. Balmæ, 12mo. 7s.

The Poetical Decameron; or Ten Conversations on English Poets and Poetry, particularly of the Reigns of Elizabeth and James I.; by J. P. Collier, of the Middle Temple, 2 vols, cr. 8vo. 21s.

Don Juan; Cantos I. and II., small 8vo. 78.


Principles of Political Economy considered, with a view to their practical application; by the Rev. T. R. Malthus, A. M., F.R.S., 8vo. 18s.

On the Principles of Political Economy; by David Ricardo, 2d edition, 8vo. 14s.

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Lectures on some important branches of Religion; by Thomas Raffles. 7s.

Sermons; by the Rev. D. W. G. Garrow. 10s. 6d.

Sermons, Illustrative and Practical; by the Rev. W. Gilpin, M.D., Rector of Pulverhatch Salop, 8vo. 12s.

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Sermons; by the Hon. W. Herbert. 4s. The Remonstrance of a Unitarian, addressed to the Bishop of St David's; by

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The present state of Chili, from the Réport laid before Congress; by Judge Bland, the Commissioner sent to that country by the Government of the United States in t 1818. 3s. 6d.

Kenilworth Illustrated; with designs by Westall. Part I. med. 4to. 10s. 6d. sewed. Geographical and Descriptive Delinea tions of the Island of Van Diemen's land, one of the Dependencies of New South Wales; by Lieutenant C. Jeffreys, R. N., 8vo. 5s.

An Account of Timbuctoo and Housa Territories in the Interior of Africa; by Elf! Hage Abd Salum Shabeanee, with Notes. 8vo. 12s.

Customs of the Manor of Taunton, and Taunton Deane. 2s. 6d.

The American Traveller's Directory, being a complete List of all the Direct and Cross Roads; and also, the Conveyance by Water, throughout the United States of America, &c. &c.; by John Mellish, Geographer and Map Publisher, Philadelphia."

A New Picture of Naples and its Environs; by Marien Vasi; Illustrated with' Maps and Views, 18mo. 10s. 6d.

An Itinerary of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Russia, being a complete Guide to Travellers through those Countries; by M. Reichard, with a Map. 7s.

An Itinerary of Spain and Portugal; by M. Reichard, with a Map. 7s.

VOYAGES AND TRAVELS. Prince Maximilian's Travels in Brazil, 4to. £2, 2s.

Journal of two Expeditions beyond the Blue Mountains, and into the Interior of New South Wales; by John Oxley, Esq. R. N., 4to. £2, 10s.

Modern Voyages and Travels, No III. Vol. III., containing Prince Maximilian's Travels in the Brazils, with numerous Engravings, 3s. 6d.

Journal of a Tour through part of the Snowy Range of the Himala Mountains, and to the sources of the Rivers Jumna and Ganges; by J. B. Fraser, Esq., with a Map, royal 4to. £3, 3s.

Twenty Views in the Himala Mountains, Illustrative of the foregoing Travels, Engraved from the original drawings made on the spot; by J. B. Frazer, Esq. To subscribers, £21,-Non-Subscribers, £26, 5s.

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