sui bus 9mit 234nia tua inroqmetros, aid to vas43.dt gedre b There never was a time on the march parties, row ai Cum se in marchiis Douglasus 189rg Y Since the Douglas and the Percy met,189 of Persao obviam daret, at our dorm But it was marvel an the red blood ran nosy Fuit mirum, si effusius Joggst fitrw As the rain does on the street. ng said I tad Cruor imbre non manaret of 910m 44. Christ our (13) bales bete, 90 to seodtoo to domine balled deilg Miserere nostrum And to the bless us bring muderobi Et nos salute dona This was the hunting of the Cheviot on ni estar Venatio ista finit sie of God send us all good ending ovewod eoiogio Sit nobis finis bona 1 I brid add to Expliceth Richard Sbeale temp. P. Lemp, Geo. EVers Plicit O.

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(Si ulli sint lectores)

Arrideant, precor, veneres,
Et gratiæ, et amores.

(13) i. e. Better our bales, remedy our evils. Bp. Percy.

The author of this ballad, as the reader may see by the expliceth, is RICHARD SHEALE, a gentleman not to be confounded, as honest old Tom Hearne has done, with a Richard Sheale who was living in 1588. Nor is the to be confounded with a Richard Sheil who is alive in 1820, writing tragedies and other jocose performances. I wave the objection arising from Chronology, as that is a science I despise, therein imitating Lady Morgan, the Edinburgh Reviewers, Major Cartwright, and various other eminent persons. For (to take one instance from the works of the first cited authority) might not Mr Richard Shiel of 1820 be as capable of writing a ballad in the days of Henry VI. as the wife of the Grand Condè of intriguing with a king who was dead before she was born? (See, if extant, Lady Morgan's France.) My objections to their identity are of a graver and more critical nature. Ist, Richard Shiel of Chevy Chace is an original writer, which nobody accuses Richard Shiel of Evadne of being. 2dly, Although in verse 38, Second Fitte, the ballad-monger, had an opportunity of bringing up the children with their mothers to serve as a clap-trap, he has not done so; an omission of which the tragedymonger of Ballamira would never have been guilty. 3dly, The people in the poem of the rhymester are decent men, who talk plain language, whereas the people in the Apostate are stalking-talking rogues, who discourse in the most sarsenet phraseology. 4thly, and lastly, The ballad of the Percy and Douglas (teste Sir P. Sidney) moves the heart like the sound of a trumpet, whereas the tragedy of Adelaide puts one to sleep more effectually than a double dose of diacodium. Wherefore, I am of opinion, that Mr R. Shiel now extant is not the author of Chevy Chace. Q. E. D.

I have done with Chevy Chace; but as I am in a garrulous disposition, I wish to add a few words. Every true lover of English literature, must acknowledge the great benefit conferred on it by Bishop Percy, in publishing his Relics. That work has breathed a spirit of renovated youth over our poetry; and we may trace its influence in the strains of higher mood, uttered by the great poets of our own days. The Bishop was qualified for his task by exquisite poetical feeling, a large share of varied antiquarian knowledge, and general literary acquirements-united accomplishments, which he possessed in a greater


degree perhaps than any of his contemporaries. But since his time, and in a great measure in consequence of his work, and those which it called forth, so much more is known with respect to early English literature I might say with respect to early Englises, that I think a general collection of our old Enhistory-and the taste of the public is so much more inclined to such glish ballads, comprising of course those of Percy, Ritson, and others, which may merit preservation, is a great desideratum. Little skilled as I am in such subjects, I could point out deficiencies in the plan or the details of every work of the kind I have ever seen-deficiencies however, which I have not time to notice, nor perhaps would this be the proper place to do it, or I the proper bef person, after travestying the first of old ballads into Monkish Latin. I should require in the Editor high poetic taste, a deep and minute knowledge of the history and antiquities of the country, a profound acquaintance with the customs, the language, the heraldry, the genealogy of our ancestors, a critical judgment with respect to ancient poetry, and a perfect familiarity with all our poetic stores, ancient and modern-besides, what are not so common as may be imagined, undeviating honesty and fidelity. It may be asked, where could a man possessing such an union of high qualications be found for such a purpose. I could name one, although I am almost ashamed to do so. He, to whom I allude, has written so much, that the public could have no claim on him, if, (to borrow the elegant compliment of the old king to Dr Johnson,) he had not written so well, as to give us the same right to call on him to adorn our literature, as we have to expect a successful general to stand forth in defence of our land.io em seu al


Yours, &c. &c.typ

O. P.

DUBLIN, May 31, 1820.


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Discovery of a new Island off Cape Horn. Buenos Ayres, Jan. 7.-A new island has been discovered off Cape Horn, in lat. 61 deg. long. 55 deg., by the ship William, on a voyage from Monte Video for Valparaiso. The same ship having been despatched by Capt. Sherriff, of the Andromache frigate, to survey the coast, had explored it for 200 miles. The captain went ashore, found it covered with snow, and uninhabited. Abundance of seals and whales were found in its neighbourhood. He has named the island New Shetland.

Expedition to the Frozen Ocean. Advices from St Petersburgh, dated March 22, state that a new voyage of discovery will be undertaken this summer in the north. This expedition will sail from the mouth of the Lena for the Frozen Ocean, in order to examine the coast of Siberia,

and the islands which were discovered to the north of it some years ago. As it is not yet ascertained whether these supposed islands may in reality be one main land or not, and as hitherto they have only been visited in winter, it will be interesting to know how far the ice will permit vessels to advance during summer, and to determine its extent.

Africa By the latest information, it seems that the expedition under the command of Major Gray, on whom the direction devolved after the death of Major Peddie, has returnuned to Galam, on the Senegal, after a most harassing journey through the country of the Foolado. Mr Docherd, the surgeon attached to the expedition, had, with a few windividuals, however, proceeded onwards to Bammakoo, in Bambarra, from whence accounts have been received from him, dated twelve months since, expressing his hopes of procuring the necessary permission to proceed further. Markets, it seems, were held twice every week at Sandsanding and Yamina, where provisions were reasonable, and every sort of European merchandise in great demand, especially articles of finery for the dresses of the females, who are fond of showy colours. Among other things were Manchester prints in great abundance, which seemed to meet a ready sale, and which must have been conveyed by the caravan from Morocco across the Great Desert. Lieutenant Lyon, of the Royal Navy, who was the friend and fellow traveller of the late Mr Ritchie, is appointed to succeed that gentleman as British Vice Consul at Mourzouk, the capital of Fezzan, in Africa, for the purpose of facilitating and attempting discoveries. By the Magnet, which left Cape Coast on the 23d March, we learn, that Mr Dupuis had proceeded to Cormassie, to enter upon his functions as Consul at the Court of the King of Ashan

tee, and had arrived in safety and been well received.

Opinion in regard to British Metaphysicians, by the Germans..-At the last Leipsig fair, many new works on Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics made their appearance. A hasty glance of several of these, enabled us to understand the general opinion entertained in Germany of the metaphysicians in Great Britain. Reid, they say, did little; Dugald Stewart is not an origi nal writer, but eminently distinguished by the beauty and grace of his style. Gregory, Thomas Brown, a man of great promise as the physician, ingenious, but not original. a bold and original thinker, and brings forcibly to recollection the period of the deep thinkDarwin a visionary, Paley ing Hume. an amiable but superficial writer. Playfair the mathematician, a writer of powerful metaphysical articles in the Edinburgh Re-


University Text-Books.-In Germany, France, Italy, Sweden, and Denmark, it is an invariable practice with the professors in the different Universities, to publish, for the use of their pupils, text-books of their courses of lectures. The universality of the practice, is a decisive proof of its utility. We have been always surprised to find this accommodation for students so little regarded in our Scotch Colleges; although, in the few cases where it has been adopted, the greatest benefit has resulted. All of us remember with delight, the pleasure and advantage we derived from the excellent Text-books of Dr Walker, Professor Frazer Tytler, Professor Dugald Stewart, and Professor Playfair; and many now pursuing their studies in the University of Edinburgh, anticipated, from the lately published admirable Text-book of Dr Brown, important assistance in the difficult and abstruse studies of Moral Philosophy and Metaphysics. The want of Textbooks is particularly felt in the classes of Logic, Medical Jurisprudence, Natural History, Practice of Medicine, Theory of Medicine, and Materia Medica.

Variation of the Magnetic Needle. In a former volume of this Magazine, we mentioned that the excellent observations of Colonel Mark Beaufoy, made at Bushy-Heath, near Stanmore, in Middlesex, had shown that the magnetic variation to the westward of the true north had uniformly increased, on taking the means monthly, until the beginning of the last year, after which it had fluctuated, but giving a mean variation of 24° 37′ 0′′ in the first three months of 1819. The observations since published by the Colonel in a contemporary Journal, seem to show that this was the maximum variation, occurring in February or March 1819: because he finds the monthly means, since the begin

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Aurum Millium.-Mr N. Mill has discovered a new metal resembling gold, and nois As person whose experience had shown possessing some of its best qualities, which -ichimsthat inquitting the American coasts he calls aurum millium. In colour, it reanthere was an increase of twelve deg. of Fah-sembles 60s. gold, and is nearly as heavy in Jarenheit's scale in the temperature of the sea specific gravity as jewellers' gold. It is in a few hours run from the mouth of the malleable, and has the invaluable property Delaware, found also on approaching the of of not easily tarnishing. It is very hard - coast of Portugal, that the mercury in the band sonorous, and requires care in the s tube of the thermometer sunk from 69 de-working The price of it being from 4s. grees, dat which it stood in the open sea, to to 4s. 6d. an ounce, will not be an ob360 degrees, when his ship was about three stacle to its general use: and for beauty 3or four miles from Cape St Vincent and there is not any metal that exceeds it, and subsequently, that in beating through the it is susceptible of an exquisite polish. VOL. VII. 2 T

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Description of Norway-The following account of the appearance of Norway, as distinguished from Sweden, is given by Bedemar :-Norway, he says, consists prin cipally of a mountain-basin, surround ed by the remains of an elevated platform, the exterior border of which, jagged by deep cuts, and ascending to a great height, hes around the whole of the ridge of the principal range of mountains. The sea has penetrated to this border, through the abysses which have been open ed; and the wester stones, and an illjudged industry, have circumscribed within the vallites the scanty woods which rum through the basin itself. On the outside descend only mountain turrents, short in their course: the large streams belong to the centre of the land. **** They form many beautiful and high waterfalls, and many large lakes in their course. On the Cunts only are a few towns to be found ;

the rest of the country is covered with insulated dwellings; brown log-houses, surrounded by a few corn-fields and extensive meadows, small and independent pos sessions, suited to the independent and sturdy character of the people. In the vis cinity of rivers, which are at times nearly invisible from the quantity of timber floats ing down them, numerous saw-orlls are to be seen; and a few iron and copper works are to be met with in the spaces cleared from wood. Along the sea share, habitations, solitary or in groupes, surrounded with implements for fishing, and caring fish, appear like so many nests in the green hollows among the rocks. Over all this, an atmosphere generally clear, delightful, and invigorating, is spread as far as the 69 -70 of latitude, after which we meet with deep and impenetrable fogs, a sea like lead, and the melancholy silence of an uninter rupted wilderness.



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knight, then King at Arms; to be illus trated with engravings, in one volume royal Sro.

Rosamond, in two volumes; a sequel to Early Lessons; by Miss Edgeworth.

Views of the Remains of Ancient Buildings in Rome and its Vicinity; by M. Du Bourg.

An Encyclopedia of Antiquities; being the first ever edited in England; by the Rev. T. D. Fosbrooke, M. A. author of British Monachism, &c. to appear in 20 4to numbers, at 3s. each.

Dr J. Gordon Smith, Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence in London, is preparing for the press a work on that subject, which is intended to serve the double purpose of a Text Book to his Lectures, and a Guide in the management of professional evidence in the public courts. It is expected to be. ready early next season.

In a few days will be published, by Capt. James Gifford, R. N. price Is the Unitarian's Defence; being a Reply, in part, to the late Rev. D. Anderson's Sermon, which was preached before the Deanery of Gower, and was published at their request.

The Rev. T. Jebb has in the press a vo- . lume entitled Sacred Literature; compris, ing a Review of the Principles of Composition laid down in the Prelections and Isaiah, of the late Robert Lowth, D. D. Lord Bishop of London; and an application of the principles so reviewed to the illustration of the New Testament, in a series of critical observations on the style and structure of that Sacred Volume.

A new edition of Mr H. Neele's Odes and other Poems, with considerable additions, is in the press, and will speedily be published.

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