cipal staircase should be removed from No. 69, and that two staircases Book Hi,

be erected on the area 70 and 79, one on each side of No. 80. The hall Cbap.vn.

entrance (No. 2) would be lighted by the skylight already existing in

the roof, and by a corresponding opening to be made in the upper floor. AKD p10_

The site of the principal staircase, No. 69, would be occupied by a large Jectoes.

room, seventy-five feet by thirty-five, giving an area of two thousand

six hundred and twenty-five feet, exactly like the one opposite to it (No.

58) in height as in every other respect, with a floor on a level with the

rest of the building.

There are blank windows on the north side of the principal staircase Present that would have to be cut through to light the new room, and additional Ro"*" light could be admitted if necessary. On the south of the projected GALLIiErnew room is a narrow room, ninety-four feet by twenty-four (No. 3), designated as the Roman Gallery, the light of which is very defective, especially on the side of the windows opening under the front colonnade. The Collections of Antiquities contain some large objects, more interesting archseologically than artistically, for which light on each side of them is very desirable. If the wall now separating the staircase from No. 3 were removed, and pilasters or columns substituted (the upper part of that wall in the floor above might likewise be removed if desirable), a room ninety-four feet by sixty, giving an area of five thousand six hundred and forty feet, admirably adapted for antiquities of this kind, would be obtained.

At the western extremity of the Roman Gallery (No. 3), and turning Tbestees1 southward, are the Trustees' room (No. 4), two rooms for clerks (No. 5 and 6), and the study of the Principal-Librarian (No. 7). It is proposed to remove all the partition walls inside the space occupied by No. 4, 6, and 5, and by the corridor on the east of No. 4, and to open windows on the west side at the same height, and uniform with those in the gallery No. 17, of which this part of the building would then be a continuation, opening a communication like that on the corresponding side on the east (between No. 56 and 63). The Egyptian Gallery might thus be extended to the total length of four hundred and sixty-five feet.

By removing the corridor and study No. 7, as well as the projection Nkw Buildon the north side of the house now occupied by Mr. Caepenteb, So far Ings Ox west as the point at which it would intersect a prolongation to the south of the west wall of the first Elgin Room, a plot of unoccupied ground, one hundred feet by seventy-five, might be turned to great advantage. The interior arrangement of this newly acquired space would depend on the purposes to which the Trustees should think fit to apply it: whether, for instance, it might be advisable to throw into it the third GraecoRoman Saloon (No. 10), which is now by common consent too narrow, or whether the western part of that plot of ground had not better be set out as a continuation of the Elgin Room, which should be carried



No. 11.

Cliap. VII.



Space Acquired (No, 4,5,6,7, 10,11,13).

Buildings On No. 31


Alteration Of Present Print Room.


CASE, No. 27.

through the end of the above room (No. 10) and of the Lycian Room (No. 13). Before finally deciding this point it would be imperative to determine what is to be done with the Lycian Room, which is in an unfinished state, because it neither is nor ever was large enough for the collection for which it was intended; whilst, on the other hand, it contains objects which onght never to have been placed there, and which ought to be removed. Until the keeper of the department has before him a correct plan of all the space which he may eventually have at his disposal, and until he has well considered how the objects to be placed ought to be arranged,;he cannot give a decided opinion upon any scheme for building on the plot now under consideration. For the present purpose it is enough to say that the Trustees' room and those annexed (No. 4, 5, and 6), giving an area of about two thousand nine hundred and fifty feet on the ground floor, and a large piece of ground, one hundred feet by seventy-five, may be beneficially applied to the Department of Antiquities.

No. 14 and 18 are the two Elgin Rooms, containing the finest reliqnes of Greek art in existence, which have remained unarranged for years, owing to the difficulties which the space hitherto available presented for their definitive arrangement, and to the uncertainty of the final appropriation of the space No. 31. It seems, however, to be generally admitted that on the unoccupied plot of ground, No. 31, a continuation of the second Elgin Room should be erected of the same width, to include the Print Room, the floor of which should be lowered to the general level of the Museum ground floor, and its width extended westward about seven feet. Another gallery might thus be formed altogether four hundred and seventy-five feet long and thirty-seven wide. Should it not extend farther than the southern extremity of the first Elgin Room (No. 14), its length would be three hundred and thirty feet. The plot of ground, No. 32, ought also to be applied to the accommodation of Antiquities. The study No. 23 should be done away with. The two lower flights of the N.W. staircase, No. 27, should be taken down and reconstructed in No. 26 and 36, with the necessary alterations to reconnect them with the two upper flights, which would remain as they are now. The studies No. 28, and passage No. 29, should be cleared away, as well as those above them, together with the lower part of the western wall of No. 27, the southern wall of that space being continued to No. 30, thus forming a passage or gallery, about twenty-two feet wide, for communication between the Northern Egyptian Gallery and the new gallery to be erected at the north of the Elgin Rooms. From the new passage thus formed there should be an opening on the south side, and a flight of steps to descend to the gallery which is to be built on No. 32. There would be room under the new staircase, in the space No. 36, to form an additional study for the Printed Book


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Department, where it is much wanted. Upon No. 32, a gallery should B°<» HI, be erected from the basement, like the Assyrian Gallery, No. 15, to both ^^J"' of which access might be had by two handsome staircases, descending SIRlJCTORS north and south of No. 19, from which it is taken for granted the *«» P*oPhigaleian Marbles and other objects, now there, would be removed, the ,ECT0Mcentral space being applied to better purposes.

It does not appear to your Committee that any farther accommodation for Antiquities can be procured on the ground-floor, without interfering with rooms now appropriated to the Library.

On the north side of the upper floor, all that portion marked 21, 32, Nbwoal31, 30, 29, 33, 28, and 27, on the plan of that floor, now occupied by 33" «"oN°E Geology, Palaeontology, and Mineralogy, should be transferred to the SOw On No. Antiquities. It would be desirable to remove the two studies, marked l321, at the western extremity of that floor, and to add so much more space to the gallery for exhibition.

But before proceeding farther, your Committee wish to make one or SpAC1! r0K two remarks on the advantages which all the galleries on the upper T]gs ON floor offer for the exhibition of Antiquities, even of considerable size Nob-to Dpand weight, were any of the space on this floor wanted for such objects. "•K *"»»■ With respect to light, as all these galleries may, if requisite, be lighted Fitness Of by skylights (those on the east and west being so already), they will so UPPER'L"OH' far meet with the approbation of those who are considered judges of the puri.osks. kind of light peculiarly required for the exhibition of sculptures. The size of the rooms gives ample space for the public exhibition of Antiquities, including statues, not much less than life-size, if necessary; whilst the galleries, though lofty, will not dwarf them. Competent critics have pronounced that it is a mistake to suppose that all sculptures look better in magnificent rooms. The solidity of the Museum building, throughout, leaves no doubt of its upper floor being strong enough to receive ordinary marble statues, not to speak of busts and smaller objects. The floor of the western end of the northern gallery, marked No. 21 and 32 on the plan, offers extra solidity, as it rests on substantial walls at intervals of twelve feet from each other. Your Committee have been assured by their architect that a mass of marble, weighing several tons, might be safely deposited on any part of that floor.

With respect to the northernmost central portion (No. 33) of the Stl-iuks. galleiy now under consideration, it could not be better applied than to studies for the officers of the Department of Antiquities. Five such studies might be formed therein, each eighteen feet by sixteen, opening on a corridor six feet wide and eighty-four long, in which might be kept the Departmental Collection of Books for the common daily use of the occupiers of those studies.

The whole of the eastern side of the upper floor, including rooms 35 to

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