Book III, Chap. IV. Another Group Of ArciijsoloC.ists Anu Explorkrs.

from amidst the ruins of Carthage. Many of these, like
some of the choice treasures of Nineveh, are, in a sense, still
buried—for want of room at the British Museum ade-
quately to display them. The reader may yet, but too
fitly, conceive of some of them as piteously crying out
(in 1870, as in I860)—

'Here have ye piled us together, and left us in cruel confusion,
Each one pressing his fellow, and each one shading his brother;
None in a fitting abode, in the life-giving play of the sunshine;
Here in disorder we lie, like desolate bones in a charnel.'

Othsr rON



Tors Op The Galleries Op AntiQuities.

Many other liberal benefactors to the several Archaeological Departments of the Museum deserve record in this chapter. But the record must needs be a mere catalogue, not a narrative; and even the catalogue will be an abridged one.

Foremost among the discoverers of valuable remains of Greek antiquity, subsequent to most of those which have now been detailed, are to be mentioned Mr. George Dennis, who explored Sicily in 1862 and subsequent years; and Captain T. A. B. Spratt, who travelled over Lycia and the adjacent countries, following in the footsteps of Sir Charles 8pratt»nd Fkllows, and who enjoyed the advantage of the company jwiia and co-operation of two able and estimable fellow-travellers, ^uT*"' Edward Forbes and Edward Thomas Daniell, both of Ptoif llr) wuom> n^e *ne'r honoured precursor in Lycian exploration, p«8»im. 'have been many years lost to us.

The antiquities collected in Sicily by Dennis, at the national cost, were chiefly from the tombs. They included very many beautiful Greek vases, a collection of archaic terra-cottas, and other minor antiquities.* Some of the

* These were given to the Museum by Lord Russell, as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. Lord Russell was one of the earliest of marbles discovered by Spratt are of the Macedonian period, Book in, and probably productions of the school of Pergamus. Akothke

At Cameras and elsewhere, in the island of Rhodes, im- Ab°h1otoportant excavations were carried on by Messrs. Biliotti o,5TaAND


and Salzmann. These also were effected at the public charge. In the course of them nearly three hundred tombs BrU'"h

° » Museum;

were opened, and many choicely painted fictile vases of the and best period of Greek ceramography were found. Those "ea^"TM' researches at Rhodes were the work of the years 1862, 1863, and 1864. In 1865, the excavations at Halicarnassus were resumed by order of the Trustees, and under the direction of the same explorers, and with valuable results. In 1864, an important purchase of Greek and Roman statues, and of the sculptures from the Farnese Collection at Rome, was made. In the following year came an extensive series of antiquities from the famous Collection of the late Count Potjrtales. Of the precious objects obtained by the researches of Mr. Consul Wood, at Ephesus, in the same and subsequent years, a brief notice will be found in Chapter VI.

the Foreign Secretaries who began a new epoch, in this department of public duty, by setting new official precedents of regard and forethought for the augmentation of the national collections.



1 He was a scholar, and a ripe and good one,
Exceeding wise, fairopoken, and persuading;
Crabbed, mayhap, to them that loved him not;
But to those men that sought him, sweet as Summer.'—

Henry TUT.

'If a man be not permitted to change his political opinions—when be has arrived at years of discretion—lie mint be born a Solomoh.'

W. F, IlooK, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury,

(vol. viii, p. 337).

The Grenvilles and their Influence on the Political Aspect
of the Georgian Reigns.The Public and Literary
Life of the Bight Honourable Thomas Grenvillb.
History of the Grenville Library.

Book in, It was the singular fortune of Thomas Grenville to Thip' belong to a family which has given almost half a score of lTM"TM* ministers to England; to possess in himself large diploGreiwh" matic ability; and to have been gifted—his political opponents themselves being judges—with considerable talents for administration; and yet, in the course of a life protracted to more than ninety years, to have been an active diplomatist during less than one year, and to have been a Minister of State less than half a year. It is true that he was of that happy temperament which both enables and tempts a man to carve out delightful occupation for himself. He had, too, those rarely combined gifts of taste, fortune, and public spirit, which inspire their possessor with the will, have been somewhat the worse for that exclusion.

Nor was it altogether a self-imposed exclusion. There """" L

and confer upon him the power, to make his personal enjoy- Book Hi, ments largely contribute (both in his own time and after it) Th? to the enjoyments of his fellow-countrymen. It might be 0°UTTMER true, therefore, to say that Thomas Grenville was the gke»villk


happier and the better for his exclusion, during almost WHATWAS forty-nine-fiftieths of his long life, from the public service. TM TM" But it can hardly be rash to say that England must needs Thohas

Grenvu Aloop noM Politico Oppick?

was among its causes a curious conjunction of outward accidents and of philosophic self-resignation to their results. Untoward chances abroad twice broke off the foreign embassies of this eminent man. Unforeseen political complications amongst Whigs and semi-Whigs twice deprived him of cabinet office at home. But, no doubt, neither shipwreck at sea nor party intrigue on land would have been potent enough to keep Thomas Grenville out of high State employment, but for the personal fastidiousness which withheld him from stretching out his hand, with any eagerness, to grasp it.

It would, perhaps, be hard to lay the finger on any one The Pom. family recorded in the 'British Peerage" which so long and so largely influenced our political history, in the Georgian era of it, as did that of Grenville. During the century m

11 I'll -11 DURATION

(speaking roundly) which began with the suppression of the And Its Jacobite Rebellion of 1745, and ended with the Repeal of the Corn Laws, GRENViLLES.are continually prominent in every important political struggle. The personal influence and (for lack of a plainer word) the characteristic 'idiosyncrasy' of individual Grenvilles notoriously shaped, or materially helped to shape, several measures that have had world-wide results. But perhaps the most curious feature in their political history as a family is this: At almost every great




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Book in, crisis in affairs one Grenville, of ability and prominence, T„°p'v" is seen in tolerably active opposition to the rest of the Otthi" Grenvilles. In the political history of the man who t But" ^orms ^ne subject of this brief memoir the family peculiarity, it will be seen, came out saliently.

The political Grenvilles were offshoots of an old stock which, in the days of eld, were richer in gallant soldiers than in peace-loving publicists. The old Grenvilles dealt many a shrewd swordthrust for England by land and by sea, in the Tudor times, and earlier. The younger branch has been rich in statesmen and rich in scholars. Not a few of them have shone equally and at once in either path of labour. Pabektagi Thomas Grenville was the second son of the Minister of George The Third, George Grenville,—himself the second son of Richard Grenville, of Wotton, and of Hester Temple (co-heiress of Richard Temple, Lord Cobham, and herself created Countess Temple in 1749). He was born on the thirty-first of December, 1755, and entered Parliament soon after attaining his majority. In the House of Commons he voted and acted as a follower of Lord RockIngham and a comrade of Charles Fox, in opposition to the other Grenvilles and the 'Grenvillite' party. Had the famous India Bill of Fox's ministry been carried into a law, Thomas Grenville, it was understood, would have been the first Governor-General of India under its rule. His Shokt His first entrance into the diplomatic service was made in

DIPLOMATIC _„-„ Tx. . . T» • T

Cabxbx. 1782. His mission was to rans. Its purpose, to negotiate with Benjamin Franklin a treaty of peace with America. The circumstances beneath the influence of

Sec above, which it was undertaken I have had occasion to advert to,

chap-m, already, in the notice of Lord Shelborne. It is needless

w>m- to return to them now.

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