andria (Died 30 October, 1827). Purchased (at various Booh,

. , _ ,. Chap. I.

times) by .Parliamentary grants. I»t«oduc.


Of Mr. Salt's successive Collections of Egyptian antiquities the most valuable portions have come to the Museum; chiefly in the years 1823 and 1835. [See Book III, Chapter 3.]


1836. The Marsden Cabinet of Oriental Coins.

Collected by William Marsden (Died 6 October, 1836). Bequeathed by the Collector.

[See Book III, Chapter 3.]


1836. The Sheepshanks Collection of Etchings, Prints, &c.

Collected by John Sheepshanks (Died October, 1863); and Given by the Collector.


1837-43. The Canino Vases.

A selection from the superb Museum of the Prince of Canino (Died 29 June, 1840); acquired by successive purchases before and after the Collector's death.


1839. The Mantell Fossils.

Collected by Gideon Algernon Mantell (Died

November 10, 1850). Purchased by a Parliamentary grant.
[See Book III, Chapter 4.]


1841-1847. Syriac Manuscripts from the Nitrian Monasteries.

Collected by the Reverend Henry Tattam and by M. Pachot. Purchased by the Trustees, by three successive bargains, in the years 1841-1847.

[See Book III, Chapter 3.]


1842. The Harding Prints and Drawings.

Purchased, for the Trustees, by selection at the Collector's sale. The selection comprised 321 very choice specimens of early German and Italian masters; and was acquired for the sum of £2390.


1843. The Raphael Morghens Prints.

Purchased by the Trustees, by a like selection, at a public sale in 1843.


1845. The Lycian or Xanthian Marbles. Discovered by Sir Charles Fellowes (Died

1860) in the years 1842—1844. Transferred to the Museum at the cost of the Trustees in 1845.

[See Book III, Chapter 3.]


1847. The Grenville Library.

Collected by the Right Hon. Thomas Grenville

(Died 17 December, 1846). Bequeathed by the Collector.
[See Book III, Chapter 2.]

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1847. The Michakl Hebrew Library.

Collected by H. J. Michael, of Hamburgh. Purchased by the Trustees from his Executors.

[See Book III, Chapter 4.}


1847. John Robert Morrison's Chinese Library.

Collected by J. R. Morrison (son of the eminent Christian Missionary and Lexicographer—Died 1843). Purchased from his Executors by a Parliamentary grant. [See Book III, Chapter 4.]


1848. The Croizet Fossil-mammals.

Collected by M. Croizet in Auvergne. Purchased by the Trustees.


1851-1860- The Assyrian Antiquities.

Partly discovered by Austen Henry Layard.

Excavated at the public charge, and under the joint direction of the Trustees of the British Museum and of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in 1851 and subsequent years by the Discoverer, and by H. Rassam, and W. K.


[See Book III, Chapter 3.]

Boot I,

Chap. I. IntroducTion.

Booi J,

Chap. I. (l,IV)

Trow. 1853. The Gell Drawings.

Drawn and Collected by Sir William Gell (Died 4 February, 1836). Bequeathed by the Honorable

Keppel Craven (Died 1853).

[See Book III, Chapter 3.]


1853. The Stephens Cabinet of British EntoMology. .

Collected by James Francis Stephens (Died

22 December, 1852). Purchased hy the Trustees.

Although this Collection contained about 88,000 specimens, it cost the Trustees only £400.


1854. The Des-hates Tertiary Fossils.

Collected, in France, by M. Des Hayes. Purchased by the Trustees.


1855-1860. The Halicarnassian and Cnidian Marbles.

Discovered and excavated by C. T. Newton (then Vice-Consul at Mitylene) and other Explorers (earlier and later). In part Presented by Lord. Canning of Redcliffe (then Ambassador at Constantinople); and in part excavated and transported by the Trustees, with the aid of Parliamentary grants made in 1855 and subsequent years.

[See Book III, Chapter 3.J


Book I, Chap. I.

1856. The Temple Museum of Italo-greek and ^EODO°Roman Antiquities.

Collected by Sir William Temple (Died 1856) during his Embassy at Naples. Bequeathed by the Collector.

[See Book ITT, Chapter 3.]


1857. The Cautley Fossils from the Himalayas.

Collected by Major Cautley, during his service in India. Purchased by the Trustees.


1858. The Bruchmann Fossil Plants.

Collected by Bmchmann at and near CEningen. Purchased by the Trustees.


1859. The Carthaginian Antiquities.

Discovered,—and excavated (partly at the cost of the Trustees),—by Nathan Davis and others, during the year 1856 and subsequent years. The Davis Collection includes a series of Phoenician Inscriptions, some of which are of great antiquity. Purchased from the Collector. [See Book III, Chapter 3.]

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