1810. The Greville Minerals.

Collected by Charles Greville.

Parliament for the sum of £13,727.

[See Book II, Chapter 2.]


1810. The Roberts English Coins.

Collected by Edward Roberts, of the Exchequer; Purchased by Parliament for the sum of £4200.

This Collection extended from the Norman Conquest to the reign of George the Third. It was purchased for the Collector's heir. *> V. >


1811. The De Bosset Greek Coins.

Collected by Colonel De Bosset. Purchased by the Trustees for the sum of £800.


1813. The Hargrave Library.

Collected by Francis Hargrave. Purchased by Parliament for the sum of £8000.

[See Book II, Chapter 3.]


1815. The Phigaleian Marbles.

Discovered, in 1812, amongst the ruins of Ictinus' Temple of Apollo 'the Deliverer' at Phigaleia, in Arcadia, built about B.C. 430. Purchased in 1815, for the sum of £15,000.

[See Book II, Chapter 2.]

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Purchased by

Book I, (XIX)

1815. The Von Moll Library and Museum.


Collected by the Baron Von Moll (Died . . . ). Purchased (at Munich) for the sum of £4768 (including the contingent expenses), out of the Fund bequeathed by

Major Edwards.

The Library of Baron Von Moll comprised nearly 20,000 volumes, and a considerable Collection of Portraits and other Prints. His Museum consisted of an extensive Herbarium and a Collection of Minerals. The purchase was completed in 1816.


1816. The Beroldingen Fossils.

Acquired by purchase; and the only considerable acquisition, made in this department, between Brander's gift of Fossils (gathered from the London Clay) in 1766, and the purchase of Hawkins' fine Collection, in 1835.


1816. The Elgin Marbles.

Collected, under firman of the Ottoman Porte, between the years 1801 and 1810—and chiefly in the years 1802

and 1803—by Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin

(Died 14 October, 1841). Purchased by Parliament in 1816 for the sum of £35,000.

[See Book II, Chapter 2.]


1816. The Montagu Zoological Collections.

Collected by Colonel George Montagu (Died 20 June, 18151, and arranged, as a Museum of British Booki, Zoology—and especially of Ornithology—at Knowle, in IntroducDevonshire. Purchased at a cost of £1100. TI0N'

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1818. The Burnet Library.

Collected by Dr. Charles Burney (Died 28 December, 1817). Purchased by a Parliamentary vote for the sum of £13,500.

[See Book II, Chapter 3.]


1818. Mrs. Banks' Archaeological Collections. Collected by Mrs. S. S. Banks, and by Lady

Banks; comprising a valuable series of coins, medals, prints, &c, and presented to the Museum by the Survivor.


1823—1825. The King's Library.

Collected by King George the Third (Died

1820); inherited by King George the Fourth, and by him transferred, on terms, to the British Museum.

[See Book II, Chapter 4.]


1824. The Payne-knight Cabinets, Library, and Museum.

Collected by Richard Payne Knight (Died 24

April, 1824), a Trustee; comprising Marbles, Bronzes,
Vases, Prints, Drawings, Coins, Medals, and Books.
Bequeathed by the Collector.

[See Book II, Chapter 3.]

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1825. The Oriental Collections of Claudius James Rich.

Claudius Rich was British Consul at Bagdad (Died 5 Oct., 1821). He made an extensive gathering of Persian, Turkish, Syriac, and Arabic MSS., and of Coins, &c. These were purchased by a Parliamentary vote.

1825. Sir Richard Colt Hoare's Italian Library.

Given, by the Collector, in 1825, and subsequently increased, by another gift.

1827. The Banksian Library, Herbaria, and Museum.

Collected by Sir Joseph Banks, P.R.s. (Died 19

June, 1820), and a Trustee. Bequeathed by the Collector, with a prior life interest, to Robert Brown (Died 1858); and by him transferred to the British Museum in 1827.

Sir Joseph's botanical Collections included the Herbaria, severally, of Cliffort; of Clayton (the basis of the 'Flora Virginica'); of John

Baptist Fusee d'Aublet (Died 6 May, 1728); of Nicholas Joseph Jacquin, author of the

'Flora Austriaca' (Died 24 October, 1817); and of Philip Miller, author of 'The Gardeners Dic

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[See Book II, Chapter 3.]


tionary (Died 18 December, 1771); with portions of Boo*i,

the Collections of Tournefort, Hermann, and £!£„L>Loureiro.


1829. The Hartz-mountains Minerals.

Collected at various periods and by several mineralogists. This fine Cabinet was for a considerable period preserved at Richmond. Presented by King George the



1829. The Egerton Manuscripts.

Collected by Francis Henry Egerton, Earl of

Bridgewater (Died 11 February, 1829). Bequeathed
by the Collector; together with a sum of £12,000, to be
invested, and the yearly income to be applied for further
purchases of MSS. from time to time; and with other
provision towards the salary of an ' Egerton Librarian.'
[See Book II, Chapter 5.]


1831. The Arundelian Manuscripts.
Collected, between the years 1606 and 1646, by

Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, &c. (Died

4 Oct., 1646); Given in 1681 by his eventual heir, Henry Howard, Esquire (afterwards Xllth Duke of Norfolk —Died in 1701), and at the request of John Evelyn, to the Royal Society; Transferred by the Council of that Society, in 1831,—partly by purchase, and partly by exchange—to the Trustees of the British Museum. The Collection includes the bulk of the Library of Billbald Pirckheimer, purchased at Nuremberg, by Lord Arundel, in 1636.

[See Book I, Chapter 4.]

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