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Booki, Freeman. C triers, again, were bought by Edmund Waller,

Tiitcot- the poet, for the decoration of Beaconsfield.

L*cto» or Still more strange was the fate which befell certain other

THE ARUK- O

Delias Mss. marbles which Lord Henry (by that time Duke of NorFolk) caused to be removed from Arundel House to a piece of waste ground belonging to the manor of Kennington. These the owner seems to have regarded as little better than lumber. It is therefore the less surprising that his servants took so little care of them as to suffer them to be buried, in their turn, beneath rubbish which had been brought to Kcnnington from St. Paul's, during the rebuilding of that cathedral. By-and-bye, precious marbles, excavated amidst so many difficulties arising from Turkish barbarism in Asia Minor, had to be re-excavated in England. Many years after their second burial, some rumour of the circumstance came to the knowledge of the] Earl of BurLington, and by his efforts and care something was recovered. But the researches then niade were, in some way, interrupted. They were afterwards resumed by Lord Pktre. 'After six days' of excavation and search, says an Narrative i>y eye-witness, 'just as the workmen were going to give over, printedn! they fell upon something which gave them hopes Upon uZatd" "f father opening the ground they discovered six statues, Family, some of a colossal size, the draperv of which was

pp. 11)1—120. i

thought to be exceeding fine.' These went eventually to Worksop.

Some Arundelian marbles were, it is said, converted into rollers for bowling-greens. The fragments of others lie in or beneath the foundations of the houses in Norfolk Street and the streets adjacent.

The Stafford-House portion of the collections—which included pictures, drawings, vases, medals, and many miscellaneous antiquities of great curiosity—was sold by auction in 1720. At the prices of that day the sale produced no Booki, less a sum than £8852. Thicoj. The Arundelian cabinet of cameos and intaglios, now so LECT°Ror

D » THE ARUN

famous under the name of 'The Marlborough Gems/ was D&iakmss. offered to the Trustees of the British Museum for sale, at an early period in the history of the institution. The price asked by the then possessor, the Duchess Dowager of Norfolk, was £10,000. But at that time the funds of the nascent institution were inadequate to the purchase.

It affords conspicuous proof of the marvellous success which had attended Lord Arundel's researches to find that the remnants, so to speak, of his collections retain an almost inestimable value, after so many losses and loppings. They are virtually priceless, even if we leave out of view all that is now private property.

When the Arundelian MSS. were transferred, in the years 1831 and 1832, to the British Museum, their money value—for the purposes of the exchange as between the Royal Society and the Museum Trustees—was estimated (according to the historian of the Royal Society) at the sum of £3559. This sum was given by the Trustees, weia, partly in money, and partly in printed books of which at&!$ the Museum possessed two or more than two copies. The whole of the money received by the Royal Society was Pp *«. unexpended by its Council in the purchase of other printed books. So that both Libraries were benefited by the exchange.

It may deserve remark that a somewhat similar. transfer had been contemplated and discussed during the lifetime of the original donor. The project, at that period, was to make an exchange between the Royal Society and the University of Oxford. The University induced Evelyn Book i, to recommend Lord Henry Howard to sanction an exTmcoti change of such MSS. 'as concern the civil law, theology, ^""run'- and other scholastic learning, for mathematical, philosophiBtuAHMss. ca]^ and such other books as may prove most useful to the Homri.0 design and institution of the Society.' But at that time, H March, afjer much conference, it was otherwise determined.

16G'J.'

The heraldical and genealogical books belonging to the original Arundel Library were given, at the date of the first transfer of the bulk of the collection to the Royal Society, to the Heralds' College. They still form an important part of the College Library, and they include valuable materials for the history of the family of Howard.

CHAPTER V.
THE COLLECTOR OF THE HARLEIAN MSS.

'A soul supreme, in each hard instance tried,
Above all pain, all passion, and all pride,
The rage of power, the blast of public breath,
The lust of lucre, and the dread of death.—

Pope, Epistle to Robert, Earl of Oxford, in the Tower.

'Whether this man ever had any determined view besides that of raising his family is, I believe, a problematical question in the world. My opinion is that he never had any

other Oxford fled from Court covered with shame,

the object of the dcriBion of the Whigs and of the indig-
nation of the Tories.'—Bolingbkoke, Letter to Sir IF. Wyndham.

The Hakley Family.Parliamentary and Official Career
of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford. The Party
Conflict* under Queen Anne.Robert Harley and
Jonathan Swift. Harley and the Court of the
Stuarts. Bid Harley conspire to restore the
Pretender?History of the Harleian Library.The
Life and Correspondence of Humphrey Wanley.

Robertharley was the eldest son of Sir Edward Harley, Book I,

of Brampton Bryan, in Herefordshire, by his second wife, Tmcoi,

Abigail, daughter of Nathaniel Stephens, of Essington, in ^iutm

Gloucestershire. He was born at his father's town-house "iahmss. in Bow Street, Covent Garden, in the year 16G1.

The Harleys had been a family of considerable note in Th«hablbi

d _ Iamilt.

Herefordshire during several centuries. Many generations of them had sat in the House of Commons, sometimes for boroughs, but not infrequently for their county. Sir Edward itnoxi, sided with the Parliamentarians during the Civil Wars. lie Tmcol was, however, one of those moderate statesmen who, in the

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words of a once-celebrated clerical adherent and martyr of Lkianmss. their party, Christopher Love judged it 'an ill way to cure the body politic, by cutting off the political head.' In due time he also became one of those 'secluded members' of the Long Parliament who published the 'Remonstrance' of 1056, and who were then as strenuous—though far less successful—in opposing what they deemed to be the tyranny of the Protector, as they had formerly been in opposing the tyranny of the King. Sir Edward Harley promoted the restoration of Charles The Second, and sat in all the Parliaments of that reign. He distinguished himself as a defender of liberty of conscience in unpropitious times; and he won, in a high degree, the respect of men who sat beside him in the House of Commons, but were rarely counted with him upon a division.

The first public act of Robert Harlet of which a record has been kept is his appearance with his father, in 1688, at the head of an armed band of tenantry and retainers, assembled in Herefordshire to support the cause of the Prince of Orange, when the news had come of the Prince's arrival in Torbay. Iiari.*y"s jn the first Parliament of William and Mart Robert

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Tam Harlet sat for Tregony. To the second lie was returned by the burgesses of New Radnor. The first reported words of his which appear in the debates were spoken in the course of a discussion upon the heads of a 'Bill of Indemnity.' 'I think,' said he on this occasion, 'that the King in his message has led us. He shews us how to proceed for satisfaction of justice. There is a crime [of which] orey's God says, He will not pardon it. 'Tis the shedding of ,rf.ix>J, w. innocent blood. A gentleman said that the West was "a

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