Booit, Milward, at Scio, whom I found prepared and ready,' he Ti'ikpcol- reports. 'We conferred about "the Maid of Smirna" Thetmtm" which he cannot yet obteyne, without an especiall cotnDeuanmss. maud [from the Porte]. I brought with mee from Messina the Bishop of Andre, one of the islands of the Arches, a man of good learning and great experience in these parts. Hee assured mee that the search after old and good authors

was utterly vairie The last French ambassador had

the last gleanings. Only of some few he gave mee notice as of an old Tertullian, and a piece of Chrisostome . . . which may be procured to be copied, but not the original!. . . . Concerning antiquities in marbles, there are many in divers parts, but especially at Delphos, unesteemed here, and, I doubt not, easy to be procured for the charge of digging and fetching, which must be purposely undertaken. It is supposed that many statues are buried to secure them from the envy of the Turks, and that, leave obteyned, [they] would come to light, which I will endeavour as soon as I am warm here.' After mentioning that he had already procured some coins, he adds, with amusing naivete, 'I have also a stone, taken out of the old pallace of Priam in Troy, cutt in horned shape, but because I neither can tell of what it is, nor hath it any other bewty but only the sir T. Roc antiquity and truth of being a peece of that ruined and A^umui, famous building, I will not presume to send it you. Yet lLuasjj I have delivered it to the same messenger, that your Lordirrgotiitumt, ship may see it anj throw it away.'

Two years afterwards the ambassador has to tell Lord Arundel a mingled story of failure and success: 'The command you required for the Greeke to be sent into Morea I have sollicitted [of] two viziers, one after the other, butt they both rejected mee and gave answere, that it was no tyme to graunt such priviledges. Neare to the port they have not so great doubt and therefore I have Booii, prevailed with another, and [have] sent Mr. Markham, Thkvoiassisted with a letter from the Caplen Bassa, whose juris- ^"a*tm

diction extends to all the islands and sea-ports Muarmss.

On Asia side, about Troy, Zizicum, and all the way to Aleppo, are innumerable pillars, statues, and tombstones of marble, with inscriptions in Greeke. These may be fetcht at charge, and secrettly; butt yf wee ask leave it cannot be obteyned; therefore Mr. Markham will use discretion iwa, rather then power, and so the Turks will bring them for NogoUatiTM, their proffitt.' 'p16*'

Roe's report encouraged Lord Arundel to send an agent, named Petty, on a special exploring mission into various parts of the Ottoman Empire. The agent thus selected was eminently fitted for his task, and showed himself to be a man of untiring industry. Very soon after Petty's arrival at Constantinople, Sir Thomas Roe wrote to the Duke of Buckingham an account of his successful researches, and he prefaced it with an acknowledgement that 'by conference with Mr. Petty, sent hither by my Lord of Arundell, I have somewhat bettered my sckill in such figures. We have searched all this cyttye/ he proceeds to say, * and found nothing but upon one gate, called anciently Porta Aurea, built by Constantine, bewtifyed with two mighty pillars, and upon the sides and over it, twelve tables of fine marble cutt into historyes,—some of a very great relevo, sett into the wall with small pillars as supporters. Most of the figures are equall; some above the life some less. They are—in my eye—extremely »o«tothe decayed, but Mr. Petty doth so prayse them, as that he Buckingham, hath not seene much better in the great and costly collec- 11 M".v> 1625>

° * A fpututtwns,

tions of Italye The fower to which I have most Pp 386-7.

affection are both brave and sweete . . . The

And BuckIngham.

Book I, relevo so high that they are almost statues, and doe but Thtcoj seerae to sticke to the ground.'

Thk Aeun' Iq October of the same year Sir Thomas sent an elaboDujanmss. rate account to the Earl of Arundel of the progress made Potbd PAK- Dy PETTY. and of his own exertions to provide him with Tition o» every possible facility. He told the Earl of the difficulty of

ANCIENT .... , ,

Marbles his own position towards the Duke of Buckingham, and Aetmdel besought him to admit of an arrangement by which the product of the joint exertions of ambassador and agent should be divided between the competitors. Petty, he reports, 'hath visited Pergamo, Samos, Ephesus, and some other places, where he hath made your Lordship great provisions I have given him forceable commands, and

letters of recommendation from the Patriarch. I have bene free and open to him in whatsoever I knewe, and so I will continue for your Lordship's command. But your Lordship knowing that I have received the like from the Duke of Buckingham, and engaged my word to doe him service hee might judge it want of witt, or will, or creditt, if Mr. Petty, who could doe nothing but by mee, should take all things before or from mee. Therefore to avoid all emulation, aud that I might stand clear before two so great and honourable patrons, I thought I had made agreement with him for all our advantages. Therefore we resolved to take down those sixe mentioned relevos on Porta Aurea, and I proceeded so far as I offered 600 dollars for four of them, to bee divided between his Grace and your Lordship by lotts. And if your Lordship liked not the price, Mr. Petty had his choice to forsake them. But now, I perceave, he hath entitled your Lordship to them all by some right that, if I could gett them, it were an injury to

divide them But I am sorry wee strive for the

shadowe. Your Lordship may beleeve an honest man, and

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your servant, I have tried the bassa,—the capteyne of the Booki, Castle,—the overseer of the Grand Signer's works,—the Ttcolsoldiours that make that watch,—and none of them dare meddle. They [the sculptures] stand between two mighty pillars of marble, on other tables of marble supported with less pillars, uppon the cheife port of the Citty, the entrance by the Castle called "The Seaven Towres," which was never opened since the Greeke Emperour lost it, but a

counterscarfe and another wall built before it

There is butt one way left in the world, which I will practice If I gctt them not, I will pronounce [that] no

man, no ambassadour, shall ever bee able to doe it;— 110610

7 Arumlel,

except, also, the Grand Signor, for want, will sell the sooet.,ieMj

LaStle. lip. 114-440.

Just before the date of this letter Petty had suffered shipwreck on the coast of Asia, when returning from Samos. Together with his papers and personal baggage, he lost the fruits of long and successful researches. But his inexhaustible energies enabled him to recover what, to the men about him, seemed to have hopelessly perished He found means to raise the buried marbles from the wreck. 'There was never man,' wrote Sir Thomas Roe, with the frank admiration of a congenial spirit, 'so fitted to an employment; that encounters all accidents with so unwearied patience; eates with Greekes on their worst dayes: lyes with fishermen on plancks, at the best: is all /w> thinges to all men, that he may obteyne his ends, which p «s are your Lordship's service.'

To Dr. Goaoe, one of the chaplains of Archbishop Abbot, Sir Thomas Roe continued the narrative of Petty's zealous researches, and of the success which attended them. 'By my means,' he wrote, 'Mr. Petty had admittance into the best library known of Greece, where are loades of old Book I, manuscripts, and hee used so fine arte, with the helpe of Tltcol some of my servants, that hee conveyed away twenty two. I«ct<» or j thought I should have had my share, but hee was for him

THB ABi'N- °"

Deuabmss. selfe. Hee is a good chooser; saw all, or most, and tooke, I thincke, those that were and vvilhe of greate esteeme. Hec speaketh sparingly of such a bootye, but could not conteyne

sometyme to discover with joy his treasure I meant

to have a review of that librarye, but hee gave it such a blow under my trust that, since, it hath been locked up under two keys, whereof one kept by the townsmen that have interest or oversight of the monastery, so that I could

do no good My hope is to deale with the Patriarch,

/i.,p.5(x). and not to trust to myselfe, and to chances.'

In November, 1026, Sir Thomas further informed the Duke of Buckingham that 'Mr. Petty hath raked together two hundred peices [of sculpture], all broken, or few [of them] entyre. . . . Hee had this advantage, that hee went himselfe into all the islands, and tooke all he saw, and P 570; is now gon to Athens.' In subsequent letters and despatches oiSTw'i the diplomatist returns often to this unofficial branch of his duties, and makes it very apparent that Petty's zeal had, for a time, spoiled the market of the agents who followed in his track.

Lord Arundel was not less ably served by the factors and representatives whom he employed in Italy, in Germany, and in the Netherlands. But the story is far too long to be told in detail. Their success in collecting choice pictures and other works of art was so conspicuous that when one of them had an interview with Rubens at Antwerp, to give a commission from Lord Arundel, the great painter—himself, it will be remembered, an eminent

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MS.S. at Norfolk House;

Ticmcy's" collector also—said to him: 'I regard the Earl in the light

Arundel, p. 489.

of an evangelist to the world of art, and as the great sup

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