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also one of its most honourable incidents. His friendship Book I,
Chap. IV. for Ralega grew out of a deep interest in colonization. The colAnd the calamitous issue of that famous voyage to Guiana in 1617 which ARUNDEL had promoted was very far from inducing him to abandon the earnest advocacy of a resumption, in subsequent years, of the enterprise which RALEGH had had so much at heart. His efforts were more than once repeated, but the same influences which ruined RALEgh foiled the exertions of ARUNDEL and of those who worked with him.
He then turned his attention towards the wide field of Grant Book, colonial enterprise which presented itself in New England. pp. 807, seqq. From the autumn of 1620 until the summer of 1635 he, from time to time, actively supported the endeavours of the
James I, ' Council for the Planting of New England.' The Minute $85. in which that Council summed up the causes which induced
Book, May 15, it, at the date last-named, to resign its charter is an in- 1620. (R. 1.) structive one. It expresses, in few words, the views of Lord ARUNDEL and of his ablest fellows at the board :· We have found,' say the Councillors, in their final Minute, 'that our endeavours to advance the plantation of New SURRENDER England have been attended with frequent troubles and ExGLAND great disappointments. We have been deprived of near friends and faithful servants employed in that work. We have been assaulted with sharp litigious questions before the Privy Council by the Virginia Company, who had complained to Parliament that our Plantation was a grievance.' They proceed to say that a promising settlement which had been established, under the governorship of Captain Gorges in Massachusetts Bay, had been violently broken up by a body of speculative intruders who, without the knowledge of the Council of New England, had found means to obtain a royal grant of some three thousand
OF THE NEW
for their means, to restore what had thus been brought to LECTOR OF ruin, ARUNDEL and his fellow-councillors were constrained DELIAN MSS. to resign their charter.
Four years later the Earl formed an elaborate plan for Papers, vol. viii, $ 58. the colonization of Madagascar. But the events of 1639-40
soon made its effectual prosecution hopeless.
DEATH AT PADUA, 1646.
The latest notice we have of the Earl of ARUNDEL, from the hand of any eminent contemporary, occurs in the Diary of John Evelyn, and is dated six months before the Earl's death. In June of the preceding year (1645) EVELYN had paid a visit to Lord ARUNDEL at his house in Padua, and had then accompanied him to a famous garden in that city
known as the Garden of Mantua.' They had also explored vol. 1, p. 212, together some ancient ruins lying near the Palace of Foscari
all'Arena. When EVELYN l'enewed his visit in March, 1646, the Earl was no longer able to leave the house. I
took my leave of him,' says the diarist, ‘in his bed, where Ibid., pp. 218, I left that great and excellent man in tears, on some private
discourse of crosses that had befallen his family, particularly the undutifulness of his grandson, Philip, turning Domini. can friar; and the misery of his country, now embroiled in civil war. He caused his gentleman to give me directions, written with his own hand, what curiosities I should inquire after in my journey; and so-enjoyning me to write sometimes to him—I departed.' The Earl died at
the sixty-second year of his age. In compliance with the directions of his Will his remains were brought to England and buried at Arundel.
It remains only to add a few particulars of the character
and sources of the splendid collections which the Earl of Book I, ARUNDEL, by the persistent labours and the lavish expen- The.co diture of more than thirty years, had amassed. The surviving materials for such an account are, however, very fragmentary. Those which are of chief interest occur in the Notices of correspondence which passed between the Earl and Sir Delian ColThomas Roe during the embassy of that eninent diplomatist to the Ottoman Porte in the years 1626-1628.
The Earl's zeal as a collector, and the public attention which his personal successes in that character during his Italian travels had soon attracted, naturally excited a like ambition on the part of several of his contemporaries. Conspicuous in this respect were his brother-in-law the
Duke of BUCKINGHAM. ARUNDEL's success in amassing many fine pictures had, in like manner, already attracted the attention of Prince CHARLES to that peculiarly fascinating branch of collectorship.
When Sir Thomas Roe set out for Constantinople he corresponwas charged with commissions to search for antiquities on Sir THOMAS BUCKINGHAM's behalf, as well as on Lord ARUNDEL'S. He was himself a novice in such inquiries. He had to encounter excessive difficulties from the jealousy, and sometimes the dishonesty, of the Turkish and other agents whom he was obliged to employ. Most of them were stubborn in their belief that a search for old marbles did but mask the pursuit of buried treasure of greater currency. And to difficulties of this sort was added a standing fear that every service rendered to the Earl Marshal might be esteemed an offence to the powerful favourite at Whitehall.
To an urgent letter which he had received from ARUNDEL just as he was embarking, Sir Thomas replied, from Constantinople, in January, 1622. 'I moved our Consul, Richard
MILWARD, at Scio, whom I found prepared and ready,' he reports. “We conferred about “the Maid of Smirna"
which he cannot yet obteyne, without an especiall comDELIAN MSS. mand [from the Porte]. I brought with mee from Messina
the Bishop of Andre, one of the islands of the Arches, a man of good learning and great experience in these parts. Hee assured mee that the search after old and good authors was utterly vaine. . . . . The last French ambassador had the last gleanings. Only of some few he gave mee notice as of an old Tertullian, and a piece of Chrisostome ... which may be procured to be copied, but not the originall. ... Concerning antiquities in marbles, there are many in divers parts, but especially at Delphos, unesteemed here, and, I doubt not, easy to be procured for the charge of digging and fetching, which must be purposely undertaken. It is supposed that many statues are buried to secure them from the envy of the Turks, and that, leave obteyned, [they] would come to light, which I will endeavour as soon as I am warm here.' After mentioning that he had already procured some coins, he adds, with amusing naïveté, ‘I have also a stone, taken out of the old pallace of Priam in Troy, cutt in horned shape, but because I neither can tell of what it is, nor hath it any other bewty but only the antiquity and truth of being a peece of that ruined and
famous building, I will not presume to send it you. Yet ... I have delivered it to the same messenger, that your Lord1621 [O. S.]; Negotiations, ship may see it and throw it away.'
Two years afterwards the ambassador has to tell Lord ARUNDEL a mingled story of failure and success : The command you required for the Greeke to be sent into Morea I have sollicitted [of] two viziers, one after the other, butt they both rejected mee and gave answere, that it was no tyme to graunt such priviledges. Neare to the
Sir T. Roe to Lord Arundel, 27 Jan.,
port they have not so great doubt and therefore I have Book I,
Chap. IV. prevailed with another, and [have] sent Mr. MARKHAM, The Corassisted with a letter from the Caplen Bassa, whose jurisdiction extends to all the islands and sea-ports. ...... DELI On Asia side, about Troy, Zizicum, and all the way to Aleppo, are innumerable pillars, statues, and tombstones of marble, with inscriptions in Greeke. These may be fetcht at charge, and secrettly; butt yf wee ask leave it cannot be obteyned ; therefore Mr. MARKHAM will use discretion Ibid, rather then power, and so the Turks will bring them for Nogotiations their proffitt.'
Roe's report encouraged Lord ARUNDEL to send an agent, named PETTY, on a special exploring mission into various parts of the Ottoman Empire. The agent thus selected was eminently fitted for his task, and showed himself to be a man of untiring industry. Very soon after PETTY's arrival at Constantinople, Sir Thomas Roe wrote to the Duke of BUCKINGHAM an account of his successful researches, and he prefaced it with an acknowledgement that 'by conference with Mr. Petty, sent hither by my Lord of ARUNDELL, I have somewhat bettered my sckill in such figures. We have searched all this cyttye,' he proceeds to say, 'and found nothing but upon one gate, called anciently Porta Aurea, built by CONSTANTINE, bewtifyed with two mighty pillars, and upon the sides and over it, twelve tables of fine marble cutt into historyes,—some of a very great relevo, sett into the wall with small pillars as supporters. Most of the figures are equall; some above the life some less. They are—in my eye-extremely Roe to the decayed, but Mr. PETTY doth so prayse them, as that he hath not seene much better in the great and costly collec- 11 May, 1625, tions of Italye. . ... The fower to which I have most pp. 386-7. affection ..... are both brave and sweete ... The