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erable one of making a tour of the "im- hardly ever seen, and its pleasant improvements."

promptu dinner parties, its cognizance As for the smart week-enders, I even of such institutions as churches think that it would be a benefit to so- and concerts. It was supposed to be ciety generally if they remained in dull; but that was only because it was London. The old London social Sun- quiet. It was not nearly so dull as day was a not unpleasant day, with its the smart week-end party in the couninformal visiting of people otherwise try. The Saturday Review.

Filson Young.

THE SUBJECTION OF MAN.

The revised figures as to population lower the remuneration of their sisters in England and Wales just published living by their work, who are either by the Registrar-General bring out, failures or who achieve only a succès among other important facts, the de- l'estime. There must be in many OCcided preponderance of women. That cupations cutting of wages and remunthey are in a majority is, of course, eration already in all conscience low known--statisticians long ago discove enough. The non-economical effects ered this fact; that they outnumber of this excess are harder to trace, but men by little less than one million two they are likely to be very distinct in hundred thousand—that for 1,000 men the middle and well-to-do-classes. As to there are 1,068 women--will have come them this preponderance means in all as a surprise to many. The causes probability the increase of that body which bring about the excess of one of women, already large, who, not marpart of humanity are probably perma- rying and not dependent upon their nent; in the view of certain inquirers labor for their subsistence, turn with there is reason to think that some more or less zeal to philanthropic work of them may be increasing in potency. more or less real, or to amusements The outlook is therefore a future state more or less harmless. In any circumof society in which the numerical in- stances, with such changes might be feriority, some might say the subjection, expected restlessness, symptoms of of man may be even more distinct malaise, instability, strange social than the present figures show. Among movements, and curious insurrections the many consequences some of the against conventions. But the full most obvious are the economical, and effect is not appreciated if we do not they are not all to the good. In the take note of the co-existence of this employments into which women now numerical superiority with a low marenter the change will mean more com- riage-rate and a low birth-rate; in petitors—more would-be typists, clerks, other words, with a large withdrawal secretaries; more persons ready to do of women from the chief occupations the kinds of manual work now per- and concerns of past generations. The formed by women. There will, too, be disappearance of the baby is the most more crowding into other walks of life, striking fact as to certain classes. The with the consequent production of pet dog has taken its place. The afmore artists whose pictures will not

fection which the women of one gensell, more singers who give no pleas- eration gave to their children is cenure, more reciters who are the terror tred by many nowadays in a poodle or of their friends, and more writers who a pug or the latest thing in puppies. There are strange mixtures of the convinced that it was possible to have boudoir or drawing-room and the ken- strength without brutality, and that nel. Toymakers say that the sale of life was richer by the infusion of the dolls is diminishing; the young imi- new elements. But he might still insist tate their elders. Not the most pene- that there was much which was ques. trating vision can discern all the con- tionable and hazardous and of sequences of this threefold fact-the doubtful duration. He might urge that numerical preponderance of women, the excess of one kind in Europe the decrease of the marriage-rate, and should as soon as possible be corrected the decline in the birth-rate. But we by utilizing the excess of an opposite may be sure that they will have far- kind in other countries, especially some reaching transforming consequences. of our Colonies and the American

One speculation as to this subject States. He might assert that those who may be mentioned. Moralists tell us- do the main part of the work of the Nietzsche is only one of a thousand world, and those who have so far done who preach the doctrine—that the most for its progress, ought to exercise world is becoming in its virtues and the most influence, and that a world in failings more and more feminine; that which that is not so is somewhat off the virile qualities and standard of its balance. Whether the impartial conduct are being replaced by others historian would support him-whether which may be better, but which are upon a fair retrospect it would appear very different; that the hard combative that in what might be called the femielements are being eliminated. We nine ages and races things were bet

more sympathetic, more pitiful, ter or worse than in the more mascumore pacific. The amenities of life line-need not now be inquired. But multiply and are refined. Douceur de our hypothetical Englishman, dropping vivre is better understood and prac- out of the seventeenth or eighteenth ticed. Each age has its standard of century, would have much to urge in virtues. At their summit no longer favor of his opinion that ours was a stands courage. As Paulsen remarks, feminine age as compared with his. some of the older virtues have come Tell him the figures which we have to be classed as vices. Could an Eng quoted, show him the facts which point lishman of the seventeenth or eigh- to an accentuation of the preponderance teenth century revisit his old haunts of women, and he might not be conhe would be pretty sure to say that his vinced that the outlook was all for the descendants had become more femi- best, or that in future struggles comnine in speech, habits and thoughts. If munities in which these characteristics he was candid he would admit that were most prevalent would be sure to things had improved much and in many hold their own. ways since he departed. He might be

The Times.

are

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

Dr. Francis Rolt-Wheeler has placed Shepard Co., and is the fourth volume the manuscript of his forthcoming of the U. S. Service Series, each vol. book, “The Boy with the U. S. Fish- ume of which deals in story form with eries," with the U. S. Bureau of Fish- some important field of Government eries for criticism. It is to be pub- activity, and is submitted before published this fall by the Lothrop, Lee & lication to the Bureau or Governmental

a

Department which is made the basis of hold his attention closely throughout. the story, and from which the neces- Little, Brown and Company. sary information has been drawn. This

"The Gift of Abou Hassan," by Franarrangement secures accuracy in

cis Perry Elliott is just the right mixunique line of books of unusual value

ture of realism and whimsical fancy, in making the American citizen of to

of old worldliness and modern smartmorrow,

ness. The plot is slight but diverting. In a little volume entitled “Some of

Two young people meet at the shop of Life's Ideals," Henry Holt & Co. re- an oriental curio merchant. A rug, print two of Professor William James's whose magical qualities are unsusmost characteristic essays,-On a Cer

pected even by the dealer, furnishes tain Blindness in Human Beings and an excellent opportunity for them to What Makes a Life Significant. These become acquainted, as anyone who were originally given as talks to stu

steps upon it is instantly invisible to dents, and they retain the freshness of those outside the rug. The young direct personal appeal incident to their heroine's aunt, Mrs. Van Stuphen, who original purpose. The blindness of

is the purchaser of the rug, also enwhich Professor James here speaks is counters many adventures both at the that with which we are afflicted in re- shop and after the prize has been cargard to the feelings of creatures and ried to her home. The author has so people different from ourselves; and light and deft a touch and creates an the thing which gives life its signifi- atmosphere so full of fun and laughter, cance is its ideals. These thoughts,- that the story is as pleasing as the old in themselves not especially novel, are tales of magic and mystery. It is exenforced and illustrated with a humor, travagant but charmingly so, and thora freshness and a sympathy which oughly entertaining. Little, Brown make the essays at once delightful and and Company. stimulating.

American readers will not be slow In "The Court of St. Simon," Anthony to perceive that in "The Flight of Partridge gives us a stirring glimpse Faviel” by R. E. Vernède, (Henry Holt of the Parisian under world, and the & Co.) they are introduced to a new criminals who dwell there. St. Simon writer who belongs in the same class is an Englishman by birth, who em- with Ian Hay, but has distinctive qualploys real criminals to aid him in car- ities which are all his own. The story rying on an improvised court where is gaily whimsical and altogether justice, as St. Simon conceives it, is wholesome and delightful. It is the meted out. In the course of time St. story of a wager which the hero was Simon loves and marries a fine, high- inveigled into making, by the terms of minded English woman and leaves his which he was to win or lose ten thouold life and questionable companions. sand pounds in an effort to prove his She, however, has one defect, a hard assertion that a man might disappear and unforgiving nature, and when she wholly from sight and for a month baflearns the truth about St. Simon's past fle all attempts of detectives to find she leaves him. The weaving of the him. The other end of the wager is threads which finally bring them to- taken by an enemy and rival who, begether again forms an absorbing tale. sides his natural desire to win the The rapidity of the action blinds the stake, has the further motive of wishreader to many improbabilities, and ing the hero to have no chance to comthe interest is more than sufficient to municate with the young woman with

con

whom both are in love. Given a plot to her Yankee lover. But the book like this, there is a chance for not a is not a mere love story. It is a story little ingenuity in inventing possible of the Acadian people, their characteradventures for the young man istic simplicity and strength and weakcerned. Mr. Vernède uses his oppor- nesses. The figure of the fiddler Billetunities with great cleverness. Through deau and the incident of his pilgrimage one complication after another he car- to the great bishop in behalf of his ries his voluntary fugitive. The plot people are drawn with a literary power becomes more complex and the situa- and beauty which would make the tions more difficult with each chapter book worth while on their account and reach a climax as the story nears alone. There are no dull or hackneyed the end. There is no serious villainy bits in the entire story; it is original, anywhere,-unless in the initial agree- virile and powerful. Harper and ment. The story is a comedy, with no Brothers. really dark threads in it; and all the characters,-Faviel himself, Blenken- "The Street Called Straight," by the stein his rival, Judith Malloden, the ob- author of “The Inner Shrine,” is disject of the affections of both, Lady tinguished by the fine workmanship Malloden, her solicitous but not over- which is characteristic of its predeceswise aunt, Boke the detective, O'Levin, sors and is at the same time more the Irish journalist, Bigstock, the rural broadly human. Olivia Guion, a Bos. constable, Bayford the rector, Wormyer tonian is about to marry an English the curate, the boy Jimmy and the rest army officer of high rank, one who are charmingly and convincingly nat- prides himself on always having done ural.

precisely the “right thing" because it

was expected of him. Olivia's father, "The Red Lane," by Holman Day it is discovered, has mismanaged trust opens with a wonderfully dramatic funds, and involved many of his nearswing and dash and this is sustained est friends in financial ruin. To save until the last page. The institution of Guion from prison, and to redeem the smuggling over the border between fortunes of the innocent people who Canada and the United States is what have trusted him, Peter Davenant, at the "Red Lane" really is, and we are the bidding of some instinct which he introduced to a swaggering reckless scarcely understands, offers to make crew whom Vetal Beaulieu, the pub- good the losses. A struggle takes lican, encourages at his tavern. Upon place in Olivia's mind as to the right a

of lawlessness Evangeline course of action for her and her father Beaulieu returns from a convent where to follow; whether to suffer the conseshe has been since childhood in igno- quences of his wrong doing, or to place rance of her father's real character. themselves under obligation to Dave. She loses no time in asserting herself nant. A splendid contrast is furnished and runs away from the place where by the characters of Davenant who she cannot believe it right for her to does right because of the greatness of remain. Her strength of character his soul, and the Englishman who is and womanliness make her one of the honorable chiefly to avoid being thought most winning heroines of recent fic- a cad. The spirit of the book is intion. Much of the tale is taken up tensely national. It is as strong as it with the account of how her father is clever and finished. Harper and tried to make her bow to his authority Brothers. and how she kept true to herself and

scene

SEVENTH SERIES
VOLUME LVI.

No. 3560 September 28, 1912

FROM BEGINNING
VOL. CCLXXIV

CONTENTS

1. The Intellectual Bankruptcy of Socialism and Syndicalism as a
Proposed Substitute. By W. H. Mallock

II. Two Modern Plays. By George Lowther

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NATIONAL REVIEW 771

OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE REVIEW 778 III. The Staying Guest. Chapters V and VI. By Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick. (To be continued.)

TIMES 784

IV. The Franchise Bill and Women's Suffrage. By W. H. Dickinson CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 794

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