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rience had helped the management to Each figure in that historic struggle was provide against undue overcrowding, wonderfully lifelike. It took one back with the result that there was far to the past in a manner which no hismore individuality, and the quadrilles, tory or record of the times could poswhich had been organized with so sibly have done. Those who were much care, were not hopelessly jumbled present will not easily forget the scene. together into indistinguishable We may as a nation be going rapidly mass of struggling humanity, each do- downhill, but the path we are following different figures at the wrong mo- ing is indeed a splendid one, and it is ment. It would be unfair to discrim- certainly easy for lovers of pleasure inate, but we think the palm must be to follow as long as it is strewn with awarded to the Waterloo Quadrille. such landmarks as this.

The Academy.

one

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

What promises to be one of the most much attention in this country, studied interesting volumes in Henry Holt and in the Montessori schools, and was in Co.'s series of Leading Americans close personal touch with Dr. Mon(edited by Prof. W. P. Trent), will be tessori and her most important associMr. George Iles' Leading American ates. Mrs. Fisher's new book is the Inventors, which may be expected result of a widely expressed demand about November first. The author- for a simple, untechnical account of an authority on his subject-will, as what the Montessori apparatus is, and the authors of the other volumes in the the method of its application. series have done, confine himself to men who have passed away, and whose It is probably safe to assume that work has been therefore finished. His “Donald Lowrie" who tells the story of subjects include Fulton, the inventor “My Life in Prison" (Mitchell Kennerof the steamboat-Ericsson, of the ley, publisher) conceals his identity un“Monitor"—Whitney, of the cotton-gin der an assumed name; but it is not -McCormick, of the reaper-Howe, of easy to question the reality of the exthe sewing-machine-Morse, of the tel- periences which he describes. San egraph-Sholes, who built a typewriter, Quentin prison, California, was the and others.

place in which he served a ten years'

sentence for burglary to which he was Early in October, Messrs. Henry driven by want. He describes his Holt and Co. expect to publish Dorothy crime and the motives which prompted Canfield Fisher's “The Montessori it, his detection, arrest, conviction, Mother." Mrs. Fisher, who by her sentence and imprisonment from the maiden name of Dorothy Canfield has moment when he passed through the become widely known as the author of prison gates to the day of his release, “The Squirrel-Cage," a novel of Amer- -all with a vividness and a fulness of ican life, spent last Winter in Rome, detail which carries conviction of his in very intimate association with Dr. truthfulness. If one wants a portrayal Montessori. She was called on to of prison life from the prisoner's point help in the translation of "The Mon. of view,-one-sided, of course, and bittessori Method," which has attracted so ter, but essentially truthful-he will find it here; and with it a multitude of thiof and Ingeborg, sister of two kings stories of crime and its punishment, who refuse to allow the lovers to brutalities within prison and out, and marry. Shortly an enemy attacks the pitiful tragedies. The book is painful brothers and, as Frithiof refuses to reading, but it should do good; for in help, they are conquered and in reit the ordinary process is reversed and venge give Ingeborg to the conquering it is not the criminal but society that King. The trials of the two and their stands indicted.

final happiness are from one version of

the ending of the tale. Few other libThomas Y. Crowell Company an- erties have been taken with the myth. nounce for publication in September The author has not produced a mastera strong list of holiday books and

piece, but she has brought a classic booklets, travel books, juveniles, and nearer. T. B. Mosher, publisher. books for thoughtful readers. In the latter class are works by James Allen, Elizabeth C. Porter of the Mount author of "As a Man Thinketh," Dr. Holyoke class of 1909, and Frances L. C. E. Jefferson of the Broadway Taber- Warner of the class of 1911 are joint nacle, and other well-known thinkers editors of “A Mount Holyoke Book of and writers. Additions to the Crowell Prose and Verse,"--an attractive volTravel Series are Blichfeldt's “Mexican ume of about 200 pages. The book is Journey” and Van Dyke's “Through published for the benefit of the Mount South America." Books for boys and Holyoke Student Alumnæ Building girls include two new Boy Scout sto- Fund, and alumnæ and friends of the ries, a charming story by Mary F. college who purchase it will indirectly Leonard entitled “Everyday Susan," aid that fund, at the same time that and continuations of the "Silver Fox

they possess themselves of a collection Farm," the “Bar B," and the “Doro- of some of the brightest and best conthy Brooke" series. An important tributions in prose and verse which the feature of the Crowell list is seven students have contributed to the colnew volumes of the First Folio Shakes

lege magazine during the last twenty peare, which brings to a completion years and more. Miss Porter's candid this unique edition. A new novel by Preface shows that she cherishes no the author of "The Journal of a Re- illusions as to the enduring literary cluse" is also announced.

value of undergraduate writing; but

the selections contained in this volume "The Norseman: A Drama" by Eliza- are very creditable and a good deal of beth Alden Curtis, is a version of the the verse and several of the sketches story of Frithiof and Ingeborg from and stories are well up to the ordinary the Frithiof Saga. It is hardly an magazine level. It is, of course, pronactable play, for the stage directions ise rather than achievement wbich demand impossibilities. The author, these selections represent; and if, as however, commands fairly good Miss Porter suggests, the element of blank verse which is pleasant to read, humor is lacking, that is something and her characters are reasonable and that can better be spared than could move intelligibly. The verse rises to the sincere feeling and high ideals no tremendous heights but sometimes which find expression both in the prose lends itself to moments of real tender

The price of the book is The story is clear and beauti- $1.35 postpaid, and orders for it may ful enough itself to deserve a poetic be addressed to Miss Irmagarde Schneibandling. It tells of the love of Fri- der, South Hadley, Mass.

a

and verse.

ness.

SEVENTH SERIES
VOLUME LVI.

No. 3557 September 7, 1912

FROM BEGINNING
VOL. CCLXXIV

CONTENTS

I. The Conservative Party. By the Right Hon. F. E. Smith, K. C., M. P.
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE REVIEW 579

II. The Artistic Attitude in Conduct. By E. F. Carritt.

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HIBBERT JOURNAL 588 III. Fortuna Chance. Chapter XXXVII. Victrix vel Vindex. (Concluded) By James Prior.

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597

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IV. Life-Pieces from Arizona, By Sir Gilbert Parker, D. C. L., M. P.
FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW

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601

SPECTATOR 614

By C. Edwardes.

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VII. The Political Platforms in the Presidential Campaign.

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CHAMBERS's JOURNAL 618

By "Individualist."

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ECONOMIST 621

SPECTATOR 623

SATURDAY REVIEW 626

XI. The Return of Don Quixote. By G. K. Chesterton.
XII. "When in Rome—”

XIII. An Essay in "Scientific Management."

A PAGE OF VERSE.

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XIV. To a Friend on his Fiftieth Birthday. By R. H. Law.

PUNCH 634 NATION 635

XV. Tears

SPECTATOR 578

578

BOOKS AND AUTHORS

AUTHO

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY

THE LIVING AGE COMPANY,

6 BEACON STREET, BOSTON.

. 639

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION

FOR SIX DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, THE LIVING AGE will be punctually for. warded for a year, free of postage, to any part of the United States. To Canada the postage is 50 cents per annum.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-office or express money order if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered let ter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks. express and money orders should be made payable to the order of TxE LIVING AGE Co.

Single Copies of THE LIVING AGE, 15 cents.

TO A FRIEND ON HIS FIFTIETH

BIRTHDAY. When Horace taught us in our youth,

My Postumus, that years were flying, We laughed; the venerable truth

Was evident beyond denying.

Youth's large estate, with weed and

tare O’ergrown, was picturesque and

charming; Our narrower field more wheat shall

bear Perhaps, with more intensive farm

ing.

We found it, learnt at second-hand,

The dreariest of commonplaces; To-day we better understand

The meaning of eheu fugaces.

But, though 'tis well-nigh fifty year Since first you sucked your baby

coral, You shall not on your birthday hear

From me the dark Horatian moral.

Be wisdom ours aside to thrust
The mood morose, the wanton pleas-

ure; Our sands of life run golden dust, Each moment charged with richer

treasure.

Nor grudge we youth his morning

dreams, His cloudy realm of vague ambition; Our Hill of Difficulty gleams

The mount of a serener vision.

To closer grips with fact we draw;

Even failure is a way of knowing; Our least experience a straw To show how winds of God are

blowing.

You still can walk your thirty mile; Your eye is clear; your hand is

steady; And who, that once had seen you smile,

Would call you middle-aged already? Yet boys at college think us old,

And grow polite and deferential; Young girls are either shy and cold,

Or but too kind and confidential. And there is many another sign

To warn us that our age advances; Our care, for instance, how we dine,

Our weariness of new romances. New catch-words to

ears brought; Ideals too have changed their fash

ion; Now Art would masquerade

Thought, And Thought apologize for passion.

So, freighted with the gifts of Time,

Nor mourning what is past recovery, We hold, as in our earlier prime,

Our life a voyage of discovery.

our

are

And if on no Utopian shore
We land, as dreamed our young bra-

vado,
A league or two we may explore

And chart the road to El Dorado.

as

Some, conscious of their briefer day,

Refuse to listen, vexed and puzzled; Cry "Would that we were well away! The world is mad and should be

muzzled.”

One birthday wish before I end;

May youth and you be never parted, But Old Age calling as a friend Still find you just as eager-hearted.

R. H. Laro. The Spectator.

"Labuntur anni" they will sigh,

“And few and evil those remaining." If time is shorter, we reply, The less to spare for mere complain

ing.

Why measure life by years alone,

Like almanac and coffin makers? Are miles of barren heath and stone For profit worth your hundred acres?

Sixth Century A.D.

TEARS. High o'er the hill the moon barque

steers. The lantern lights depart. Dead springs are stirring in my heart;

And there are tears. But that which makes my grief more

deep Is that you know not when I weep.

- From the Chinese of Wang Seng-Ju

THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY.

An interesting announcement has Irish controversy, but it has derived a recently been made to the effect that more permanent and world-wide signifi. complete fusion is contemplated be- cance from the great campaign which tween the two wings of the Unionist Mr. Chamberlain, the true founder of army. The importance of this pro- the Liberal Unionist Party, inauguposal lies in matters of ritual rather rated in the cause of Imperial Unity. than those of doctrine. For ten years As long as the Tariff victory has still to there has been no vital difference of be won, as long as, having been won, opinion between Liberal Unionists and it must be maintained, the term Conservatives, but none the less two “Unionist" will possess a vital and livseparate organizations have existed ing appropriateness to the only party side by side; certain constituencies which has devoted itself to the prosehave been preserved for Liberal Union. cution of these ideas. But none the ist activity and two completely sepa- less it would, I think, be a misfortune rate staffs have devoted themselves to that "Conservative" should be laid organization in the constituencies. aside because it embodies what has This process was costly, inconvenient, been in the past, and must remain in and productive of overlapping. It is the future, a powerful, and perhaps even reported that one enterprising even a dominant, element in the councandidate at the last election, under sels of the constitutional party. It circumstances not fully made clear, never was true to say that the Conobtained the whole of his electioneer- servative Party consisted only of men ing expenses from each war chest. On who were in the main satisfied in the every ground it is likely that greater political field with things as they were; efficiency will be secured by the pro- it never was true and it never will be, posed change. Many persons, however, as long as we live under democratic will regret a little the disappearance, government. But it is indisputably if it be destined to disappear, of the true that the views of men who conterm "Conservative" in the official template every considerable change party label. It is, I understand, pro- with instinctive aversion, have greatly posed that the Party, hereafter united influenced Conservative policy in every in form as well as in substance, shall generation, have not infrequently exbe described by the single word ercised a decisive control over it, and Unionist.” I do not share the com- must always be most attentively and mon objection to this description. It respectfully considered when decisions is sometimes said that the Home Rule of Party policy are recorded. This controversy will one day be settled, and circumstance is reflected clearly and that it will then be a little absurd that appropriately in the word “Conservaone of the great parties in the State tive.” No sensible Unionist will reshould be distinguished by a title de- gard it with any feeling but that of rived from an exhausted controversy. satisfaction. We live in a country But this fear is surely based upon a which has a long and illustrious his. view too narrow. The term “Union- tory; the accumulated experience of ist" had its origin no doubt in the centuries teaches us many lessons, con

spicuous among them the lesson that · It is, perhaps, unfortunate that this gentleman was not elected.

it is easier to destroy than to construct, ? It has, happily been retained.

and that it is infinitely more dangerous.

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