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of this description it is difficult to make rush up to the ballroom-shaking hands a successful effort at exit: and so one with one unknown, and taking equally would sit through several hours of rapid flight downstairs after having mental affliction caused by the "orig- circled wildly round a crowded floor inal" blank verse, "original" musical to the strains of a band playing at excomposition, and "original" scintillat- press speed; having sampled the garing conversation of one's friends: the den—if there is one (there need not last greatly helped by quotations, since be the same hurry about this)-and so inverted commas are fortunately only on to some other gaiety elsewhere. visible in print.
Foreigners complain about our want Of course, Time has also obliterated of manners: we should instantly retort the politely concealed yawns, the tact- by commenting upon their lack of less if friendly welcome of old chest- imagination. What can be so exciting nuts, the coldness when jests fell flat, and so full of possibilities as the unand the unseemly dash for supper as known, whether in hostess or anything a longed-for termination to the pro- else? If, as some cynics pretend, the ceedings-deplored only by the balked reality is never worth the dreamraconteur who, having laboriously led please leave us the dream; the possible up to his best story, was prevented beginning of friendship or something from telling it by the general exodus. more (this of course is addressed to
We still possess the lovely old fur- spinsters only), the sudden meeting niture, the attractive snuff-boxes, the with the spirits of mirth and of merribeautiful embroideries of that bygone ment, and, better still, the unexpected age; and, if they could only speak, arrival of a kindred spirit: all these much illusion might be swept away: amid the struggle and squash of revels, we should probably realize how many where, according to our unique British of these social efforts had failed, while custom, the most extreme stiffness and others (notably those organized by la- the most casual informality walk hand dies whose capabilities are best de- in hand. scribed by saying that they belonged You see there is so little left to the rather to that order of salon to which imagination now—when aeroplanes are the word "lit" is affixed in the French
as birds, and when the language) lost the high intellectual at- North Pole will become so shortly the mosphere with which they were orig- most fashionable of winter resorts, if inally surrounded; and, finally, how not too overcrowded. If there is nothmany more, mercifully forgotten, died ing hidden upon the face of the earth, of their own dulness?
how nice still not to know who it is Upon the whole our own bran-pie who sits next you when you dine out; form of entertainment offers far more and we should be thankful that our opportunity for joyous anticipation and kinematographic life in London still amusement: the dinner parties where affords the quality of mystery and unnobody is ever introduced to anyone, expectedness so lacking in the days of and where you may be sitting next to salons, when everyone knew the other the long-sought ideal at last, or- only too well, and had only too much what is, of course, far from fun-to the time in which to improve upon that exact opposite; the dances where you melancholy knowledge.
The Saturday Review.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
Since the publication of Archbishop in the laundries of the city in order to Trench's volume “On the Study of accumulate facts for the Consumers' Words," now many years ago, there has League, and spent four months in this been no more illuminating book pub- hard and trying labor to get informalished in moderate compass upon the tion at first hand; she gave bonds from significance of word-changes than that her own fortune for the girls arrested contributed by Mr. Logan Pearsall in the shirt-waist strike; and she acSmith to the Home University Library cepted the position of an investigator upon "The English Language” (Henry under the Bureau of Industries and Im. Holt & Co.) The author touches migration,-in which work she lost her briefly upon the origins of the lan- life, through an accident, last Septemguage, and then proceeds to consider ber. And in all this work she never the foreign elements which enter into sought notoriety. Hers was not one it, the character of modern English, the of the names frequently recurring in process of word-making and the contri
the newspapers. Hers was a noble, butions of some of the most prominent fearless and self-sacrificing life: the word-makers, and the history which is pity of it is that it should have been wrought into words and expressed in cut off at the age of twenty-six. The them. This last is one of the most in- little book which tells the story of it teresting divisions of the book, for it may be had from the Greenwich House, would almost be possible to trace the 26 Jones St., New York City. chief events in English history and the shifting conditions of the English peo- The Macmillan Company are the ple in the new words introduced and American publishers of “The Life of the changing meanings of old words. William Robertson Smith" by John Altogether, this little book is one that Sutherland Black and George Chrystal, may be read and re-read with keen and of a companion volume of "Lecpleasure.
tures and Essays of William Robertson
Smith." The two volumes,-the Life Carola Woerishoffer, the story of especially, but the other volume also as whose life and work is briefly told in supplementing the Life by characteristic a small volume published by the class selections from Professor Smith's writof 1907, Bryn Mawr College, repre- ings,-recall theological controversies sented most strikingly what Miss Tar- of thirty or forty years ago which seem bell, in her Introduction, aptly charac- now much farther removed into the terizes as "the Revolt of the Young past by reason of changes in currents Rich,"—the passionate and at the same
of thought which have taken place in time practical sympathy felt by not a
the interval. They also serve to throw few very rich young men and women light upon a character of singular for the poor and the oppressed. Grad- strength and beauty, and upon the uating from Bryn Mawr in 1907 and workings of a mind of rare scope and possessed of a large fortune, she threw versatility. It was in 1875 that Proherself with all the ardor of a strong
fessor Smith, who then held the chair young nature into social and charitable of Hebrew in the Free Church College work in New York City. She joined
at Aberdeen, startled conservative theothe social settlement at Greenwich logians by his article on the Bible in House; she offered herself as a worker the Encyclopædia Britannica. The views which he expressed in this arti- of human achievement. One of the cle were the occasion of his trial for completed volumes is “The World's heresy before the General Assembly of Leading Poets" by H. W. Boynton. the Free Church of Scotland at Glas- The author has chosen Homer, Virgil, gow in May, 1878, ending, two years Dante, Shakespeare, Milton and Goethe later, in the formal admonition by the as the greatest. An outline of each Assembly, that he refrain from like er- poet's life is given, and a critical estirors in time to come. Then followed, mate of his more important works. In almost immediately, the second trial the case of disputed questions both of Professor Smith, grounded on his sides are carefully, although briefly, article on "Hebrew Language and Lit weighed and considered. The prevailerature" which ended in his dismissal ing note of the work is one of strong from his professorship in the College common sense. There is no ardent of Aberdeen. This was in May, 1881. championing of one theory or denunProfessor Smith's biographers, natu- ciation of another. The author's own rally, give a great deal of space to the opinions are given firmly, but unobproceedings at these two trials, with trusively. He offers the fruit of much details of the specifications contained careful research without a trace of the in the several libels on which the pro- pedant. The book is one by which ceedings were based and a graphic the student can profit because of its summary of the debates and an account clearness, and one to which the averof the resulting divisions in the age man can turn for the kind of inchurch. As the cases were epoch-mak- formation he wishes. Another vol. ing in the history of modern Biblical ume, “The World's Leading Painters" criticism, this is not to be regretted; but is by G. B. Rose. It is interesting not readers who care less for theological only as biography, but from a purely niceties than for the disclosure of a literary standpoint. The author's per. strong and lovable personality will find sonality and his devotion to the Art of much to interest them in the intimate Renaissance clothe the statement of glimpses which the narrative gives of facts and the lucid criticism with a disProfessor Smith's character, both as tinct charm. The painters chosen are a man and as a scholar. The lectures Da Vinci, Raphael, Titian, Rubens, and essays in the accompanying vol- Velasquez and Rembrandt. The life ume show the breadth and thorough- of each one is retold with a vividness ness of Professor Smith's scholarship. which brings them as close as men one They include acute discussions of scien. might meet to-day. In the Preface, tific themes, Biblical and critical es- the author makes an interesting statesays, Arabian studies and elaborate re- ment. His views of famous paintings, views of Wellhausen and Renan. There he says, “will perhaps be found wantare a number of portraits in the Life ing in originality. This is not for and one in the other volume.
want of patient study, but because
great masterpieces are apt to make the A new series of biographies called same impression on normal minds." “The World's Leaders,” and edited by For this very reason his discussion of W. P. Trent, is published by Henry great pictures is comprehensible and Holt and Company. The purpose of delightful to the normal reader. Af. the series is to give in a condensed and ter so propitious a beginning the devel. somewhat popular form the lives of the opment of this Series will be awaited world's most famous men in every line with agreeable anticipation.
II. This Desirable Planet To Let. By Gerald Stanley Lee.
Ill. Fortuna Chance. Chapter XXXV. Till Death. Chapter XXXVI.
NATIONAL REVIEW 515
ENGLISH REVIEW 522
NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 542
VI. The Vengeance of Isaac Jesson. By C. Edwardes. (To be concluded.)
VII. The Tactics of the Air.
VIII. "Heaven Lies about Us "
IX. Andrew Lang.
SATURDAY REVIEW 569
A PAGE OF VERSE.
XIII. Ben Jonson's "New Song" at the Mermaid Tavern.
XV. Animula Vagula. By Archibald Young Campbell.
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BEN JONSON'S "NEW SONG” AT
The children run and leap
By a most heavenly hill. “Marlowe is dead, and Greene is in his And I will give you the Keys of Heaven grave,
To use as you will. And sweet Will Shakespeare long ago is gone!
The keys are small and sweet; Our Ocean-shepherd sleeps beneath the Gold keys from a girdle swung; wave;
The cowslip opens the Gates of Heaven Robin is dead, and Marlowe in his
To the pure and the young. grave. Why should I stay to chant an idle
The children are gold and whitestave,
Gold heads the mothers have kissed; And in my Mermaid Tavern drink
The children carry the Keys of Heaven alone?
Swung at the wrist. For Kit is dead, and Greene is in his
Children, why would ye go? grave,
Here is a heavenly land. And sweet Will Shakes eare long
The children swinging the Keys of ago is gone.