mind are in general a great aid, and in the heat of the season cool water refreshed with essences. A man also should make his toilet for rest if he would have it full and thorough and prepare his body as his soul for a relax. ation. He does well also in the last passage of his mind into sleep to commend himself to the care of God, remembering both how petty are all huThe Eye-Witness.

man vexations and also how weathercock they are, turning now a face of terror and then in a moment another face of laughter or of insignificance. Many troubles that seem giants at evening are but dwarfs at sunrise, and some most terrific prove ghosts which speed off with the broadening of the day.

H. Belloc.



The words at the head of this article mens of the human race that even ficmight have seemed a gloomy title for tion represented.” Lord Rosebery forLord Rosebery to apply to the medical got, no doubt, that his generation inprofession in his address to the stu- cludes men whose knowledge of medidents of the London Hospital had he cal students in the middle of last cennot expressly and handsomely tury was not purely literary. The plained the conditions of the applica- medical student of Dickens's day was tion. Doctors are the forlorn hope of certainly not of the type of Bob Sawhumanity because they are always yer, though there may have been Sawcarrying on a struggle which can have

existence. To-day, at all but one termination. They may fight a events, the typical medical student, so gallant delaying action, but the angel far from being dirty, drunken, and of death must be the victor in the unscrupulous, is clean, sober, and scruend. Yet doctors never despair in the pulous. He does not need to drink in practice of their profession, and always order to enjoy himself. He can make seek new strength and knowledge from enough row for his pleasure without their adversities. Antæus-like, they that. A nervous old lady who beheld rise reinvigorated every time they the future oracles of Harley Street retouch earth. In fact, in Lord Rose- turning vociferously in fancy dress bery's opinion, the medical profession from an inter-hospital football match is “the noblest secular profession in on the tops of motor omnibuses might the world." We think so, too. But have qualms as to the seriousness of for that matter we suppose that every the profession, but she would be wrong. one would agree with him to the extent Bob Sawyer would not have been interof taking the industry and self-sacri- ested enough in football to make a fice of doctors to be axioms of our so- noise over it. Indeed, he could not cial life. Lord Rosebery remarked have played it at all, any more than he that people of his own generation knew could have swum (as Lord Rasebery revery little about medical students, and marked) a mile in “record” time, as what they did know was all wrong. Mr. Morris, one of the students at the His generation had grown to manhood London Hospital, did lately. under the impression that all medical There have been vast changes in the students were like Mr. Bob Sawyer and habits, both professional and social, of Mr. Benjamin Allen-"dirty, drunken, doctors, and they did not, of course, and unscrupulous," "the vilest speci- suffer in dimension from Lord Rose

yers in

bery's device of taking his standards year at Cambridge his father died infrom Dickens and Thackeray. As he solvent, and poor Pen was obliged to said, except in a few rural districts, the

beta ke bimself to the pestle and apron. old-fashioned doctor who compounded

He always detested the trade, and it

was only necessity and the offer of his his own medicines no longer exists.

mother's brother, a London apothecary Such a doctor called himself an apoth

of low family, into which Pendennis's ecary, which, as a word, is more inter

father had demeaned himself by marryesting than the modern title of "gen- ing, that forced John Pendennis into eral practitioner," and strictly under- so odious a calling. stood is not less dignified. There is He quickly after his apprenticeship an account of the rise of a small apoth- parted from the coarse-minded practiecary to fashion and eminence in

tioner his relative, and set up for him

self at Bath with his modest medical Thackeray's description of Pendennis's

ensign. He had for some time a hard father:

struggle with poverty; and it was all Early in the Regency of George the he could do to keep the shop and its Magnificent there lived in a small town gilt ornaments in decent repair, and in the West of England, called Claver- his bed-ridden mother in comfort; but ing, a gentleman whose name was Pen- Lady Ribstone happening to be passing dennis. There were those alive who to the Rooms with an intoxicated Irish remembered having seen his name chair-man who bumped her ladyship up painted on a board, which was sur- against Pen's very door-post, and drove mounted by a gilt pestle and mortar his chair-pole through the handsomest over the door of a very humble little pink bottle in the surgeon's window, shop, in the city of Bath, where Jr. alighted screaming from her vehicle, Pendennis exercised the profession of and was accommodated with a chair in apothecary and surgeon; and where he "Mr. Pendennis's shop, where she was not only attended gentlemen in their brought round with cinnamon and salsick-rooms, and ladies at the most in- volatile. teresting periods of their lives, but Mr. Pendennis's manners were so unwould condescend to sell a brown-paper commonly gentlemanlike and soothing plaster to a farmer's wife across the that her ladyship, the wife of Sir Pepin counter-or to vend tooth-brushes, hair- Ribstone, of Codlingbury, in the county powder, and London perfumery. For of Somerset, Bart., appointed her prethese facts a few folks at Clavering server, as she called him, apothecary to could vouch, where people's memories her person and family, which was very were more tenacious, perhaps, than large. Master Ribstone, coming home they are in a great bustling metropolis. for the Christmas holidays from Eton,

And yet that little apothecary who over-ate himself and had a fever, in sold a stray customer a pennyworth of which Mr. Pendennis treated him with salts, or a more fragrant cake of Wind- the greatest skill and tenderness. In sor soap, was a gentleman of good edu- a word, he got the good graces of the cation, and of as old a family as any Codlingbury family, and from that day in the whole county of Somerset. He began to prosper.

The good company had a Cornish pedigree which carried of Bath patronized him, and amongst the Pendennises up to the time of the the ladies especially he was beloved Druids-and who knows how much far- and admired. Fi his humble little ther back? They had intermarried with shop became a smart one: then he disthe Normans at a very late period of carded the selling of tooth-brushes and their family existence, and they were perfumery, as unworthy of a gentleman related to all the great families of of an ancient lineage; then he shut up Wales and Brittany. Pendennis had had the shop altogether, and only had a a piece of University education, too, and little surgery attended by a genteel might have pursued that career with young man; then he had a gig with a great honor, but that in his second man to drive him; and, before her exit from this world, his poor old mother much "good" might excusably fall into had the happiness of seeing from her that habit. Imagine the case of a doc. bed-room window, to which her chair tor dead tired at night after a long was rolled, her beloved John step into

day. He hopes to be able to sit in his a close carriage of his own-a one-horse

arm-chair, talk to his wife, and enjoy carriage it is true, but with the arms of

a smoke. A call comes for him to visit the family of Pendennis handsomely

some poor person.

He does not know emblazoned on the panels.

whether the case is really urgent, but The writer once heard a member of a

it may be. He must not run the risk well-known family say that he remem- of refusing to go.

There is no quesbered very well how, when he was a tion here of his losing a valuable paboy, the family doctor was invariably tient through carelessness. From the shown into the housekeeper's room, point of view of profit it is an opportuwhere he remained till a message was nity of doing business which every man sent that the great lady was ready for in every other profession would reject him. The change is complete from on the spot. But the doctor, just bethe old gentleman who always wore a cause he is the forlorn hope of humanfrock-coat and, according to Mr. George ity, cannot leave out the human side; Russell, was distinguished by his zeal he does what is required of him within saying "hum!" and "hah!” and by out fuss or excessive repining, and cerhis introductory remark of, “And how tainly without calling upon the world are we to-day?" The young doctor to witness what a fine fellow he is. now, full of learning though he be, is The enforced social isolation of docmore likely to startle his patient by tors is plain enough to any one who has some quite unconventional comments. tried to get a busy general practitioner "Feeling a bit rotten are you? Well, to dinner. Not a single hour of the it's not to be wondered at after what day or night is his own, or can safely you've been through. All you have got be said to be his own, in advance. to do is to try to stick it out, and, of If the absence of self-complacency is course, I'll do what I can to help you," one proof of the general lack of humand so on. This man is a nicer type bug among doctors, another and a more than sodden Bob Sawyer, and as for important proof is the steady refusal of his knowledge he is æons in advance of the whole profession to exploit human Hum-and-hah.

nature. Perhaps people have not The less conventional bearing of doc- commonly pictured to themselves how tors to-day is, perhaps, symbolical of extraordinarily easy it would be for the fact-for we believe it is a fact- doctors to do this. A little not very that there is less humbug in their pro- venal casuistry with themselves, and fession than ever there was. The old they might turn credulous and nervous apothecary was a “great medicine- patients into regular sources of income man,” said Lord Rosebery. We have without its being demonstrable or even a vision of a sort of witch-doctor. But morally certain that they were obtainit is the merit of the modern doctor ing money under false pretences. They that he uses no more humbug than is might do much worse than that. If necessary and desirable to soothe an they combined together to make money hysterical patient or humor a hypo- at all costs-which is no more than the chrondriacal one. The chief point is ordinary rapacity of some trades—they that he never humbugs himself. He might hold humanity up to ransom. does not claim any virtue or merit, al- Suppose that they kept dark a scientific though a profession which does so discovery, refusing to apply their se


cret knowledge for the relief of suffer- precious discoveries into the public ing unless large sums were paid for the pool. When we remember that this service. We understand that even in result is the fruit of "medical etiquette" so liberal and highly civilized a coun- we feel that we can well bear with that try as France certain medical treat- etiquette even in the rare instances ments may be patented. But an Eng- when it seems be, in its immediate lish doctor is bound to throw his most application, a little intolerant and petty.

The Spectator.



There is no doubt that many women Again, how was the repartee manof the present day secretly long to hold aged ? Did you retire to a distant a salon. They find something irresist- chair and hatch an epigram, so to ibly attractive in the vision of well- speak? Or did you bring it with you lit rooms full of clever and attractive written down? people: here a game of cards, there Either practice would be almost imthe sparkling of epigrams, a duel of possible to-day: in the first instance for wit between two brilliant beings sur- the reason already given (the lack of rounded by an appreciative circle of time). How would it be possible for admirers, over there a talented artist anyone, however clever, to hatch an receiving the congratulations of those epigram between the items of who have seen his latest picture, and crowded evening-dinner party, opera, still more fervid praise from those who dances—during which the salon itself have not enjoyed the privilege.

can only be squeezed in somehow with By the fire stands a poet reciting the greatest difficulty. Unthinkable! some choice verses to an attentive As to the second instance: if the wit group; and, in the distance, faint mu- were a woman-pockets being now exsic speaks of a patronage that is not tinct, where would she conceal and accorded to one or two of the muses carry the witticism-in the case of a alone; while in the secret chambers of written jest? Also, have we (men or her imagination the visionary sees a wonen) any of us handwritings that charming picture of herself—as host- we can read ourselves? Print is out ess-gracefully reclining upon a bro- of the question: a typewritten bon mot caded sofa and receiving the homage would look most suspicious. and compliments of her appreciative Then we come to another problem: guests.

the fatal facility of movement given Let us try to realize the modern ob- by motors at the present time. Years stacles to such a scheme: amongst the ago sedan chairs and chariots caused chief being absence of leisure; for such movement to be cumbersome; the fashan element there is no room in our ion, both in clothes and vehicles, made lives now; and without leisure there it difficult to speed from one entercan be no salon. I imagine that it tainment to another: the mere setting must take time to compose a literary out from home was a little ceremony gem that is to be recited before the in itself; while the slightest doubt scathing and merciless criticism of an about the sobriety of your chair-men or audience composed entirely of our in- the quality of the weather gave you timate personal friends.

pause--and your hostess breathing. space. In any case what was known this one performance, given gratis, all as society being comparatively small bis hopes of emolument would have her mind was fairly at ease. Nowa- vanished. Shakespeare, of course, is a days there is nothing to prevent five or handy resource where catastrophes of six hundred people splashing up in mo- this kind are to be avoided; but then tors on the rainiest night.

Shakespeare would be a little old-fashYou naturally argue that the host. ioned in an up-to-date salon, and could ess should restrict her invitations; but not, I fear, act as a draw. Then this would be difficult, if not danger- would you, as hostess, be able to stand ous. She would run the risk of some the strain of encouraging, soothing, and disappointed and embittered intellect flattering all the rival talent? A lastarting an opposition party, making a bor arduous enough to turn any point of poaching upon her preserves woman's hair gray (which of course and of snatching her brightest stars. did not matter in the days of powdered Also, she could not risk withholding in. wigs). vitations for fear of anyone possessing I confess to being a heretic about some spark of intelligence which had salons. Surely time has handed us hitherto eluded her detection, and down softened and flattered pictures which a few experiences of salon life concerning this form of entertainment? might draw forth-just as that odd, You know the portraits of the Dutch dry plant the rose of Jericho suddenly school? The originals must have been expands when placed in a glass of singularly unpleasant-looking persons fresh water.

—for the most part: the male beings Imagine your annoyance if Cousin generally belonging to that type erroVirginia, denied the entrée to your neously reputed to be beloved of women "Saturday evenings,” delighted a rival -namely, of the masterful kind; and assembly with an exquisite satire upon the females usually of the cow-elethe British Constitution? Or suppose phant variety. Yet we stand lost in you to have purposely forgotten the admiration now that they have been address of that shadow over your child- softened and mellowed by the kindly hood and adolescence the family hand of the centuries, and people (both friend and the whole of the next day those who know and otherwise) would is blighted (and just think how easily make any sacrifice to possess one of an English Sunday can be blighted) by these masterpieces. hearing that he gratified that same I am sure that if I had lived in the ruthless competitor by rendering, un- days of salons, in the improbable event asked, a spirited glee with matchless of my being bidden to one, I should grace--as a solo; accomplishing this have found the evening excessively teunique effort (the perfect rendering of dious. It would have been impossible tenor, bass, and falsetto) to the uni- for me to avoid sharing the immense versal stupefaction. Then there are

boredom of those who were, so to the modern laws of copyright. Let us speak, in the character of audience, assume that after much trouble you and who, having nothing to contribute have induced a playwright to oblige to the programme, came from a sense with a little playlet, and that you of duty, or rather of fashion, and in have (perhaps with less trouble) in. order to talk about it next day. They, duced him to act the principal part however, would be less depressing than therein. He would be terribly upset others who, having nothing to say, by finding that it had all becu cabled were nevertheless unable to refrain immediately to America, and that after from saying it. At an entertainment

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