the Blankshires were delighted to see prisonment. On the previous occasion the back of Private J. Stubbs. About no reason had been given for clemency, a week after his departure the com- but on this occasion it was stated manding officer had good reason to clearly that the Home Secretary had congratulate himself once again on hay- commuted the sentence on the grounds ing got rid of him, for a detective called that the motive of the burglary apfrom Scotland Yard and inquired anx- peared to be revenge rather than theft. iously after the original of a certain In the opinion of the Home Secretary photograph which was undoubtedly it was necessary to take a modified that of Stubbs, although taken in an- view of the heinousness of the offence, other and more distinctive type of uni- ex-Private Stubbs had probably form. In fact, Stubbs was most em- been incited to commit it by a quite phatically "wanted” by the police. comprehensible if erroneous hostility to

It transpired that he had enlisted to one who had been his military superior, escape from London and in the hope and had possibly treated him with of getting abroad. Unfortunately his undue harshness. partner in the burglary had been cap. The colonel of the Blankshires postured, and, to use the technical term, sessed abnormal powers of self-control; had "split on his pal.” Thus it came to the men he was known as "The Iron about that fate laid a heavy hand on Duke," and when the nickname spread Private Stubbs, for on emerging from abroad through the service, as such his three months' confinement he was nicknames frequently do, it was univermet by two burly detectives, who re- sally avowed that it "hit off" tbe colmoved him to a police station. He was onel of the Blankshires to a T. During tried at the Central Criminal Court and the whole tenure of his office the adjusentenced to three years' penal servi- tant could only remember two occasions tude for burglary. This sentence was, on which the colonel had completely lost for some unknown reason, commuted

his temper.

On the first occasion this by the Home Secretary to one year's unfortunate event was due to the report imprisonment.

of the Home Secretary's action in the At the end of that time the colonel case of Private Stubbs, an action which commanding the Blankshires met Mr. practically amounted to public censure Stubbs again, this time under peculiar of the colonel of the Blankshires. The circumstances. The place of the second outburst was due to the receipt meeting was in the colonel's own study, of a memorandum from the Brigade and the time was about 3 A.M. Ex- Office which ran as follows: Private Stubbs, with the colonel's fa- Prison Reform.-In accordance with mous collection of Chinese gold plate instructions emanating from the Home under his arm, regarded the colonel Office, the band of the battalion under by the light of a bull's-eye lantern, and your command will be required to play the colonel regarded ex-Private Stubbs at His Majesty's Convict Prison at with one eye, the said eye being Blackmoor on the following dates: ... cocked over the sight of a large and Programmes of the music required to ugly-looking revolver.

be played on each of these occasions Once again Stubbs was consigned by will be forwarded from the Home Ofa judge to durance vile, this time for a fice at a later date." period of five years' penal servitude. After reading this memorandum Once again a kind-hearted Home Sec. through twice, the Iron Duke leapt up retary befriended him, and commuted so suddenly as to overturn his chair, the sentence to eighteen months' im. then strode up and down the orderlyroom, and, as the adjutant afterwards boredom. Stubbs looked fit and well put it, "literally raved.”

cared for; in fact, he had grown posi“Heavens! this is the limit!" he al- tively stout. Like the majority of most shouted, and every word came to the audience, he had the general apthe astounded officers who stood in the pearance of one who, after years of anteroom without. “This is the very turmoil and ble, had at last found dregs of the cup. I am ordered to send a haven of rest. Suddenly he sat up my band-the band of the Blankshire with an air of alert expectation. Regiment-to Blackmoor Jail to play "Number 5, ain't it?" he asked the man to the convicts. I cannot believe it; next to him. there must be a mistake somewhere. “Yes, Number 5," replied the other Man! it oan't be true. Soldiers in uni- in a husky voice; he glanced at his proform, clean, honest men, to be forced gramme and read aloud, “ 'The Soldiers' to disgrace their uniforms by being Chorus,' from Faust, played by the band sent to a prison to play for the amuse- of the First Blankshire Regiment." ment of a lot of jail-birds. Faugh! Wish they wouldn't put on these 'ere they'll stop it-you'll see they will stop rotten turns,” he growled. “Why, it-it would be an insult to the regi- what's up, matie?” ment and the whole army. I suppose Convict Stubbs was sitting bolt-upthey call it 'prison reform.' Prison re right, his eyes fixed expectantly on the form! It's part of the general scheme wings of the stage. "Krikey! this is a of currying favor with the mob. It has bit o' orl right," he exclaimed. “I come to this, that the honor of the reckon I come on in this hact. This is service is to be prostituted to rake in a bit o' orl right, I tell yer. I wouldn't the votes of the hooligan class. But 'ave missed this yer, no, not for all the they will never carry it out; the pub- swag in London. Lawd!’ow glad I am lic won't allow it; they will never al- I put off goin' to the Isle o' Wight 'Otel low it!"

till to-morrer!" The public has allowed it.

The band of the Blankshires trooped The large and brightly lit hall of dejectedly on to the stage from the Blackmoor Jail was crowded to its full. wings. The men kept their eyes on the est capacity. One of the bi-weekly en- floor in a shamefaced way, with the tertainments of the "bright and elevat- exception of one or two who glared ing" type ordered by the Home Secre- angrily and contemptuously at the autary was in full swing. The rows of dience. The last to appear was the hammock-like deck-chairs were occu- bandmaster. He advanced to the footpied by beaming convicts, each sup- lights and bowed to the audience preplied with his ounce of tobacco and his paratory to beginning, when the face mug of beer. Miss Lottie Bobkins had of ex-Private Stubbs caught his eye. just finished her dance entitled 'Ullo, Rogy, me boy," said the con"Springtime," and after three encores, vict, “’ow are yer?" Lieutenant Dunto which she had gracefully responded, rogan's jaw fell; for a moment he had flitted off the stage blowing fairy stared at ex-Private Stubbs with an exkisses with both hands to the “boys". pression bordering almost on horror. below.

Then he turned to the band and rapped Ex-Private Stubbs, who reclined in on his music-stand as a signal to the a deck-chair in the front row of that performers to get ready. He was obpart of the house which in a theatre liged to rap several times, for the band would be termed the “stalls," consulted too had caught sight of Stubbs. The his programme with an air of languid convict's face was wreathed in smiles; his prodigious mouth was stretched Office about somew'ere at the back of from ear to ear in one vast triumphant the 'all, an' don't forgit it!" grin. He kept up a running fire of The band struck up and drowned excomments sotto voce, to the evident de- Private Stubbs's further remarks. But light of his fellow-sufferers.

he was by no means reduced to inac“Well, Rogy, me lad, I see they've tion; he lay back in his chair still smilbeen an' gone an' made a bloomin' ing broadly, and proceeded to beat time hofficer o yer. Well, well, who'd ’ave emphatically with an upraised forethought it! Oh lor', oh lor'! 'ow long finger. An indulgent warder who obsball the wicked prosper? as the par- served his antics wagged a warning finson said larst Sunday. An' there 's ger at him; but Stubbs merely grinned old Sargeant Siffkins. 'Ow are yer, me and continued his caricature of the lord? Blimme! but ye 'ave got fat, bandmaster's conductorship. At the Billy-sargeant, I should say, beg par- end of the piece there was a round of don. W’y, ye're like a porpoise, me applause, in which Stubbs joined volad; that trombone 'ave blown yer out ciferously. The bandmaster advanced somethink awful. Chut! chut! keep to the footlights and bowed his acaway from the canteen, an' join the knowledgments. As he turned to go A.T.A., or the drink 'll be the ruin o' his one-time second cornet said in a yer.

Look out for yer eyeballs, me patronizing sotto voce which was heard lad, or they'll bu'st! W'ere 's yer man. with merriment all over the hall, ners, a-glarin' at the haudience like "Rogy, me lad, you ain't got that time that? It'll spoil yer encore for a dead quite right yet, yer know." cert; an' there's a bloke from the 'Ome

C. Benbou. Chambers's Journal.


The position of Japan in the Pacific reached its final stage created a very is stronger to-day than it has been at bad impression, not untouched with any previous time. The Japanese have resentment, in Japan. Moreover, the not entirely themselves to thank. By new arrangement was distinctly unfasteadily increasing their naval and mil- vorable to Japan, because her principal itary forces they have done their share, rival in the Pacific was thereby exbut they have been considerably helped pressly excluded from the scope of its by the attitude-scarcely intelligible to operation. As


veteran Count the Japanese-of the American Senate. Okuma tersely put it, “Japan must help

A year ago the position built upon England; but England, in a certain the Anglo-Japanese Alliance was seri- eventuality, need not help Japan.” ously threatened by the proposed arbi. However, the only care of Mr. Astration treaty between Great Britain quith's Government was to gratify Mr. and the United States. Even before Taft. The Japanese were to be put off the treaty was ratified the Alliance, with a modified Alliance for a further which had still four years to run, was

term of ten years. renewed in a modified form to meet a Such was the situation when, a few situation which had not yet arisen. weeks ago, the American Senate took This haste to modify a pre-existing ar- the matter up. The result was all that rangement of great importance in favor Japan could desire. The Arbitration of a proposal which had not even Treaty, for the sake of which the Al

liance was to be emasculated, was it. 800 miles of the Mexican coast. At self emasculated by its Senatorial crit- this point the Washington Senate ics, who may with some justice be ac- thought desirable to intervene; and, at cused of throwing away with one hand a hint from the paternal Government what they had gained with the other. of Uchi-sai-wai-cho, the Kongo Marine Indeed, on the whole business the Japa- Products Company retreated. nese have scored heavily. Not only Nevertheless the enterprise of this has the attack on the Alliance failed, Japanese fishing company promises but they have secured its extension for to have far-reaching consequences. an additional six years beyond the The Washington Senate, thoroughly original date, and on the original ba- alarmed, seems determined to make the sis.

abortive fishery project a pretext for Recent events in China have disap- an extension of the Monroe Doctrine pointed the Japanese, who would have which, if persisted in, can scarcely fail preferred no revolution at all. A few to bring up, in the gravest form, the more years of peaceful penetration and. whole question of the domination by State-aided commercial enterprise the United States of the entire Amerimight have sufficed to establish Japa- can continent south of the Rio Grande. nese ascendency in the Middle King- From the tone of the recent debate it is dom, as well as, incidentally, to replen- clear that the war-talk of the Hobsons ish the coffers of the Tokyo Exchequer. and the "scares” which from time to But the revolution has compelled China time rule the Pacific Slope have done to play a financial game in wbich half their work, and that a large section of a dozen Powers had a hand. In this the American public is obsessed by the game Japan, for obvious reasons, possibility of a Japanese attack. With stands at a disadvantage, proximity to such influences acting upon a people tbe scene availing nothing. The subject to sudden gusts of opinion and Japanese, however, does not know feeling the extraordinary propositions when he is beaten; and will not be con- advanced by Senators Lodge and Bafined. Does China fail as an outlet? con may become a settled policy of the Then let emigation flow towards the American Republic. The "new docEast. This, in the opinion of many trine" appears to be that the prohibiclose observers, is the real meaning of tion originally proclaimed by President the affair of Magdalena Bay.

Monroe should henceforth include Another factor in the situation is the "colonization" -- whether under Gov. condition of affairs in Mexico itself. ernment or promoted by a private comArmed intervention of the United pany-and, secondly, the acquisition of States, followed by an American “pro- private property by any citizen of a tectorate" as a prelude to absorption, is foreign Government. If this revised possible at any moment. General and enlarged version of the Monroe Madero knows this well enough, and Doctrine be put into practice, it must is ready to give the Japanese foothold one day be challenged, either from the on the Mexican coast. From the Japa

West or from the East. nese point of view the moment is op- The exclusion policy of the United portune. No time is to be lost. Hence States as to Orientals excites the deepthe application of a Japanese company,

est resentment in Japan because of its presided over by a member of the Diet, imputation of inferiority-a feeling for “a fishing station" at the well- shared by the Chinese. Commercial known bay in the Gulf of California, expansion is to Japan very much what and for "fishing rights" along some

naval supremacy is to England. LIVING AGE.




embodies the sole prospect of her main- Pan-Americanism. self-preservation taining her position as a first-class will either demand that the Monroe Power. If, in the Chinese loan-policy Doctrine be withdrawn or will appeal of Western Powers, she is outplayed or to force against it. Five thousand fails for want of cards, she will turn Japanese laborers, every one with a to the South American continent. If, Government permit in his pocket, land again, she finds herself "warned off"- in Central and South America every whether through race-prejudice or by year; so the challenge may come sooner reason of the exclusive tendencies of than later.

The Saturday Review.


Almost from early sunrise the crowd So, hour after hour they waited, silent, bad been gathering. By ten o'clock it or seeking laughter in remarks upon filled the great stone-paved space be- the charm of beefsteaks or ham-andtween the entrance to the Tower and eggs for breakfast, such as they and the railings of the Tower gardens the millionaires had enjoyed. round the moat on one side, and the In front of the big warehouses a vast buildings of the Mazawattee Tea level has been made, supported by a and other warehouses on the other. containing wall. And along the top It was an East-end working crowd, of the wall runs a solid coping, which, cloth-capped, drab-coated, wearing no second only to Nelson's "plinth," is collar, but a colored scarf knotted the rostrum and tribunal of our city. round the throat. Not a woman was Standing in the centre of it, one can present. The women were at work, or command such an audience as even the were pawning their bits of things. biggest side of Trafalgar Square could

That open space slopes up the hill not hold, and there are no fountains or rather steeply for London, and stand- motors to disturb the sound of eloing at the top of the rise, where so quence. Nothing is around you but many fine men and women have knelt the crowd; nothing in front but the to "lose their heads," one could look Tower moat and those silent walls, full sheer over the undulating sea of caps. of our history. Suddenly, while we Under almost every cap a man who waited, a strange figure raised itself might have been at work, and would upon that coping—young, pale, powerlike to have been at work (is not regu

ful in face and voice, emotional in geslar work the one thing he asks for ture. With indignant eloquence he most?), but who had come out there, poured out denunciation. He de vaguely conscious of taking part in nounced a Government of fear-a Gov. that same immemorial contest for ernment that could not be moved by rights that has brought so many to claims of justice, but only by the death, and never stops from one gen- sound of thunder at the gate. He deeration to another, but must daily be nounced every party and every class, renewed. Heavy, outdoor men for the but especially he denounced the Britmost part, with intellect stunted at ish Parliament as an effete and useless fourteen, and blunted by labor-heavy, body. For his part, he had one single silent men, incapable of gesticulation, and infallible cure for the present evils but easily moved to quiet laughter, and and discontents. He would go in perto the special irony of the English poor. son to the King: starting from Victo

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