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Professor William Allan Neilson of Harvard, and Professor Ashley Horace Thorndike of Columbia are general editors. They are Love's Labor's Lost, edited by Professor James F. Royster of the University of North Carolina; The Tragedy of Richard the Third, edited by Professor George B. Churchill of Amherst College; and the Second Part of Henry the Fourth, edited by Professor Elizabeth Deering Hanscom of Smith College. The helps to the study of the play, furnished in each volume, include an Introduction, notes, a list of textual variants and a glossary. The plan of entrusting the separate plays to different editors, under one general direction, yields excellent results in the elucidation of the text, and the variety and scope of the comments. The little volumes are pleasing, typographically. The Macmillan Co.
Chronicles of Avonlea" by L. M. Montgomery. Anne herself, although not a central figure in any of the stories, is a familiar presence in many of them. The peculiar freshness and charm of Avonlea, and its vicinity, which readers of the author's former books have always appreciated, is characteristic of these Chronicles in a marked degree. There is also here an added strength of conception and greater firmness of touch. Many of the incidents touchingly pathetic, others are humorous, and still others grimly realistic. Several of the stories suggest the work of Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, but they have a distinct individuality, and a tone all their own. The book as a whole is more mature than its predecessors, and is not lacking in any of the qualities which have caused the others to be so widely read and enjoyed. L. C. Page & Co.
“The Fiction Factory" by John Mil
Maurice Leblanc in his latest work ton Edwards, published by The Editor
has turned from the field of det active Company of Ridgewood, N. J., nar
stories, and has given us a novel in rates the experiences, the disappoint
the manner of the realistic French ments and successes, of a writer who, school, entitled, “The Frontier.” The for twenty-two years, has, as he de
entire story centers about a single inciscribes it, “kept a story-mill grinding dent, wherein a young man, who is successfully." There is, of course, no
an ardent follower of the peace moveJohn Milton Edwards: the name is as
ment and hater of war, is led to forget sumed for convenience and as a dis
his ideals for a few hours, and is the guise. But the experiences seem to be
means of starting war between France genuine, and they are given with
and Germany. All the action takes abundant detail, including a statement
place in a little village in France on of the sources and amounts of the pe
the frontier, and a neighboring country cuniary returns. The narrative is di
seat. The situations are highly draverting and throws light on the pro
matic and vivid. The way in which cesses by which an immense amount of
Philippe Morestal's convictions were modern fiction is turned out with the
found to yield to the pressure of the regularity and precision of any fac
moment, and the reaction of his contory product. Amateur writers, who
victions upon other people, constitute are seeking a market for their wares,
the tragedy. The atmosphere of immay find the author's "confessions," if
pending trouble and the significance of they may be so described, suggestive
seemingly small events prepare the and helpful.
reader for the catastrophe. The narSome of the popular Anne Shirley's rative is rapid and the feeling intense. friends and neighbors appear in "The Geo. H. Doran Company.
1. The Great Republic of China. By Robert Machray.
FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 323
The Suffrage Danger. By Miss Laurence Alma Tadema.
NATIONAL REVIEW 330
III. Fortuna Chance. Chapter XXX. The Cross-Roads. By James Prior. (To be continued.)
IV. Rousseau in England in the Nineteenth Century. By Edmund
V. Catullus and Jake. By Edwin W. Fay.
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE REVIEW 354 VI. The Return to Nature. An Island Comedy. By Ian Hay. (To be concluded.) BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 359
VII. A Long-Drawn Battle. By Mr. K. S. Venkataramani.
VIII. The Hill. By Taprell Dorling.
X. The Apotheosis of Partisanship.
A PAGE OF VERSE.
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TWO SONGS FROM THE IRISH.
SAE. The white bloom of the blackthorn, she, The small sweet raspberry-blossom, she, More fair the shy, rare glance of her
eye, Than the wealth of the world to me.
Restless we seek Thy being; to and
fro Upon our little twisting earth we go: We cry, “Lo, there!" When some new avatar Thy glory does
declare, When some new prophet of Thy friend.
ship sings, And in his tracks we run Like an enchanted child, that hastes
to catch the sun.
My heart's pulse, my secret, she,
And shall the soul thereby
deeps Of flowery beauty, scale the icy steeps Of perilous thought, Thy hidden Face
to find, Or tread the starry paths to the utmost
verge of the sky? Nay, groping dull and blind Within the sheltering dimness of Thy
wingsShade that their splendor flings Athwart EternityWe, out of age-long wandering, but
come Back to our Father's heart, where now we are at home.
Evelyn Underhill. The Nation.
Ere we end
Give some sign,
For I hola
DAYS TOO SHORT.
Eleanor Hull. The Nation.
When primroses are out in Spring,
tween; When merry birds sing on boughs
green, And rills, as soon as born, must sing;
When butterflies will make side-leaps, As though escaped from Nature's
hand Ere perfect quite; and bees will
stand Upon their heads in fragrant deeps;
Within Thy sheltering darkness spin
the spheres; Within the shaded hollow of Thy
wings. The life of things, The changeless pivot of the passing
yearsThese in Thy bosom lie.
When small clouds are so silvery white
Each seems a broken rimmed moonWhen such things are, this world too
soon, For me, doth wear the veil of Night.
W. H. Davies.
THE GREAT REPUBLIC OF CHINA.
With Yuan Shih-kai acknowledged as change, deeply influencing the political Provisional President by both the north life and destinies of China, was in and the south, by Peking and Nanking process of development. After her alike, "The Great Republic of China,” death, some four years ago, the force as it is called by those who have been and sweep of this momentous movemainly instrumental in bringing it into ment were still more apparent-it took being, appears to have established it- on the character of something irreself, or at least it enters upon the first sistible and inevitable; the only quesdefinite stage of its existence; thus tion was whether the change would be opens a fresh volume, of extraordinary accomplished by way of evolutioninterest as of incalculable importance, gradual, orderly, and conservative-or in the history of the Far East-it is by revolution, or a series of revolutions, easy to say that much, and, indeed, the probably violent and sanguinary, and remark is already almost trite. It is
perbaps disastrous to the dynasty and clear that the China of to-day is not the country. The events of the last quite the China of, say, even twenty few months have supplied the answer years ago; but is the world face to face at any rate, to a certain extent. A sucwith a New China, practically a nation cessful revolution has taken place, in born in a day, to quote the Scriptural which, it is true, many thousands have phrase, or with essentially the Old been killed, but which on the whole China, altered somewhat on the surface has not been attended by the slaughter but unchanged underneath? The hopes and carnage that might have been anof some, the fears of others, inspire an ticipated considering the vastness of the affirmative answer to the former ques- country and the enormous interests intion, while a considerable number of volved-actual warfare gave way to neobservers, to whom the East is always gotiations conducted in a spirit of mod. the Changeless East in spite of the cru- eration and of give-and-take on the cial instance of Japan, reply in the part of all concerned; the Manchu dy. negative, and maintain that to all in- nasty has collapsed, though the "Emtents and purposes China remains the peror" still remains as a quasi-sacred, same. The truth, as is so often the priestly personage, and the princes case in widely conflicting views, lies have been pensioned off; the Great Rein the middle, taking something from public of China has come into being, both sides; it is a Changing rather than albeit it is in large measure inchoate a Changed China the world is called on and, as it were, on trial. China has to envisage, and the change will con- long been the land of rebellions and ris. tinue in one way or another, no matter ings, and it is hardly to be expected what the form of China's Government that the novel Republican form of Gov. may be, for it is written in the nature ernment, however well constructed, inof things, until it affects the whole tentioned, or conducted, will escape mass of China, to the poorest and mean. altogether from internal attacks. And est of its "stupid people."
nearly everything has yet to be done in Even in the days of the great and au. organization, tocratic Dowager Empress, Tzu Hsi, General surprise has been expressed who had no love for "reform," but at the comparative ease and speed with knew how to accept and adapt herself which the revolutionary movement has to the situation, it was evident that a attained success in driving the Man
chus from power and in founding a Republican régime. The factor which chiefly contributed to this success was undoubtedly the weakness of the Manchu dynasty and of the Imperial Clan, who, hated by the Chinese and without sufficient resources of their own, were utterly unable to offer any real resistance to the rebellious provinces of the south, the loyalty of their troops being uncertain, and any spirit or gift of leadership among themselves having disappeared with the passing of the great Tzu Hsi in 1908. But it is a mistake to imagine that the idea of a Republican form of Government in place of the centuries-old, autocratic, semi-divine Monarchy, was something that had never been mooted before and was entirely unknown to the Chinese. To the great majority, no doubt, it was, if known at all, something strange and hardly intelligible, as it still is. But in the south, especially on and near the coast, it had been familiar for some time; among the possibilities of the future it was not unknown even to the “Throne.” Fourteen years ago, after the coup d'état by which Tzu Hsi smashed the reform movement that had been patronized by the Emperor Kuang Hsu, the then Viceroy of Canton stated in a memorial to her that among some treasonable papers found at the birthplace of Kang Yu-wei, the leading reformer of the time, a document had been discovered which not only spoke of substituting a Republic for the Monarchy, but actually named as its first President one of the reformers she had caused to be executed. It must be admitted, on the other hand, that the idea has been imported into China comparatively recently; the Chinese language contains no word for republic, but one has been coined by putting together the words for self and government; it must be many years before the masses of the Chinese—the “rubbish people," as Lo Feng-lu, a
former Minister to England, used to call them—have any genuine understanding of what a republic means.
The Manchus were in power for nearly two hundred and seventy years, and during that period there were various risings, some of a formidable character, against them and in favor of descendants of the native Ming dynasty which they had displaced; powerful secret organizations, such as the famous “Triad Society," plotted and conspired to put a Ming prince on the throne; but all was vain. It had come to be generally believed that the race of the Mings had died out, but a recent dispatch from China speaks of there still being a representative in existence, who possibly might give serious trouble to the new republic. In any case, for a long time past the Mings had ceased to give the Manchus any concern; the pressure upon the latter came from outside the empire, but that in its turk reacted profoundly on the internal situation. The wars with France and England had but a slight effect on China; though the foreign devils beat it in war, it yet despised them; the effect of the war with Japan, in 1894, was something quite different, beginning the real awakening of China and imparting life and vigor to the new reform movement which had its origin in Canton, the great city of the south, whose highly intelligent people have most quickly felt and most readily and strongly responded to outside influences. Regarded by the Chinese as at least partially civilized, the Japanese were placed in a higher category than the Western barbarians, but as their
mph over China was attributed to their adoption of Western military methods and equipment, the more enlightened Chinese came to the conclusion that however contemptible the men of the Western world were, the main secret of their success, as of that of Japan, was open enough, and also