No. 3548 July 6, 1912



1. The Titanic Disaster. By Commander Carlyon Bellairs, R. N.


II. A Revolutionary Aftermath. Some Experiences of a Military Riot
in China.

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III. Fortuna Chance. Chapter XXIII

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BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE What have we here? Chapter (To be continued.)





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XXIV. Tally-ho! By James Prior.
IV. The Wonderful Adventures of Dr. Cook. QUARTERLY REVIEW
V. The Rejuvenescence of France.
VI. When Private Stubbs Smiled. By C. Benbow.

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By Desmond MacCarthy.
By Thora Stowell.
By Habberton Lulham.

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I came upon thee, like to one astray In woods unknown and careless of the hour,

Surprised by sweetness of the violet.
Yet after years of exile and neglect
And dimness and discouraging of time
The sweetness of that meeting still is

For in that hour it seemed that I renewed

An intercourse, long broken, and far


I knew thee better than old friends are known.

And in that hour the earth and air forebore

To interrupt the deep and thrilled romance,

And sky and ocean did conspire to


With long sea-sign upon unnumbered stones,

With solemn moon and favorable stars.

No clasp was there, no touch, and little said.

That parting was all dreamy and remote,

You passed from me and neither spoke farewell

In tearless, deep departure for a time.
Yet well I know that in eternity
Where, who shall say? Beyond the
mortal sun,

I shall rejoin thee and resume that hour,

The rapture, and the needlessness of words.

Stephen Phillips.

The Westminster Gazette.


Oh! the Downs high to the cool sky; And the feel of the sun-warmed moss; And each cardoon, like a full moon, Fairy-spun of the thistle floss;

And the beech grove, and a wood-dove, And the trail where the shepherds pass; And the lark's song, and the wind-song, And the scent of the parching grass!

John Galsworthy.



The first shock of the "Titanic" dis- whether we could save a night's waitaster has passed, and we are able to ing for quarantine because another take a broader survey. The nations, Government is of opinion that all its like the crew and the passengers on the machinery of quarantine, pilotage, and whole, have acted up to the traditions customs should sleep at night. Is it of the Anglo-Saxon race. Distress possible for the Bridge and the Board bas been softened by great gifts. Two Room to escape altogether this connations, whose common and separate tagion of opinion? Will Senator histories are replete with examples of Smith's Committee indicate to the road of progress being hewn whether the pendulum has swung at through suffering, are intent on inquir. last? If wireiess telegraphy is made ing in the passionate hope that, so far more reliable, will business men be as human wisdom can compass safety content with a route five or six hours on Nature's most fickle element, such longer when they can keep in touch a disaster may never occur again. The with their affairs? If, again, the whole democratic American inquiry is seem- system of telegraphy is cheapened, is ingly autocratic and contemptuous of it so very necessary to put a premium ordered and diplomatic methods. We on speed in the mail subsidies, for as need not make too much of Senator telegraphy is cheapened the urgent Smith's maritime howlers if in the end matter will tend to go more and more we get from his committee of elected by that means of communication? Senators the average opinion of the If the American method of inquiry is man in the street, swayed by senti- democratic, the British is surely arisment and caught by the headlines of tocratic in a liberal sense of the word. sensational sheets. After all, this is Legal procedure is traditional with us, of value and something that it concerns and the most democratic House of us to know. We want to know if the Commons could never rend it from man-in-the-street is still intent England's life. There is the judge, breaking records as has been the case trained, like hundreds of others in past since the “Alaska" reduced the passage centuries, to disregard the sensations to seven days in 1882 until the "Maure- and side-issues, and the passing calls tania" lowered it to less than four and and counter-cries beloved by the mana half days. He is tbe typical passen- in-the-street. By his side are the exger. His influence may not be as perts from the high ranks of the Navy great as that which Dryden attributed and the naval architects. There is to the man in the pit over the stage, even the old taint that the King can but still the liner, like the theatre, does do no wrong to be seen in the presence live to please, "and they who live to of the Board of Trade officials on the please must please to live.” How of jury, for surely if ever a department ten has one been vividly conscious was on its trial it is the Board of Trade when travelling by ships like the at this moment. It should be de"Olympic” and “Lusitania” of the at- fended by lawyers and appear only in mosphere of speculation which per- the witness-box. With this reservavades the passengers as to whether we tion we may expect from such a judicould make up for the delay created by cial body, as compared with Senator one Government which forces ships to Smith's Committee, a more careful siftcollect the mails in Queenstown, or ing of evidence, more practical pro




posals, and a just apportionment of that this refusal was part of an agreecensure on men and systems primarily ment with the Marconi Company, to blame for a great and avoidable dis- which endeavored to establish a monopaster. On the evidence there ought oly by refusing to allow communicato be no difficulty in answering these tion with other systems. This was questions:

confirmed by the Postmaster-General, (1) Was the “Titanic" warned by who promised that proposals for ensurwireless of the presence of icebergs? ing intercommunication would be sub

(2) Was she proceeding at full mitted to the Berlin Conference the folspeed?

lowing year. Owing to the sole oppo(3) Was the weather so hazy, as one sition of the Marconi Company, Great look-out man stated, that he could not Britain's adherence to this convention see more than a very moderate dis- was delayed until June 30th, 1908. A tance?

Parliamentary Committee

ap(4) Had the officers sufficient oppor: pointed, and, though it contained origtunity to organize the ship and train inal opponents of the convention, the the crew ?

report was unanimous in favor of rat(5) Is there any direct or indirect ification. The United States was the pressure on the part of companies to last to sign, and it is interesting to see force their officers to make speedy that M. Marconi, if correctly reported passages, such as are not justifiable in in his interview in the New York World, view of risks run?

April 29th, now blames the Americans Beyond these questions there are a for this delay, for, after all, they took number of general considerations af- the advice of his company. In view of fecting wireless telegraphy, the ice the fact that a fresh conference is sitdanger, seamanship, financial control, ting in London this year, we may hope life-saving apparatus, the big ship that wireless apparatus will be made movement, and the Board of Trade compulsory on all ships with a certain itself, and it is with these I propose to number of crew or passengers. There deal.

ought to be two operators and an apThere are probably over 1,200 steam- prentice in each ship fitted with appara. ers, mainly British and exclusive of tus so that messages can always be warships, fitted with wireless teleg- taken and sent. The American law raphy, and about half that number is that ships with over fifty persons on equipped with submarine signalling ap- board, trading to American ports, must paratus. There are also numerous sta- carry wireless apparatus, so that comtions along the coast line. Here, as pulsion is not a novel feature. So elsewhere, the conflict between the much good has arisen out of the Berlin seamanship which desires to do a thing Convention in so short a space of time in the most efficient way, and the that one is tempted to hope that M. finance which is after big dividends, Marconi may not only be right in now begins to manifest itself. In the praising it, but that he may be equally House of Commons, in 1906, I drew correct in his forecast that out of the attention to the case of the steamer new London Convention "much good “Vaderland" refusing to communicate will arise." It is to be hoped that the by wireless telegraphy information con- opportunity of this conference will be cerning a derelict to an American ship used to suggest that international inwhich had been sent to destroy it. formation might be organized in conSeamen are a class with a strong sense junction with the observatory to the of comradeship, and it was evident north of Greenland, which at present

has no wireless station, and existing nest. It is no use regulating the route wireless stations, together with spe- according to the average behavior of cially built watch vessels, which should ice. Last year the "Titanic's" route investigate the movements of ice and was certainly a safe one. In latitude enable shipping to adapt its routes ac- 41° 16' N., she was well to the south cordingly. Senator Smith's Commit- of the average region of the ice-field, tee will possibly indicate whether the though not of icebergs, and within the American Government will not only old order not to go north of 43° N., in agree to restrict the amateurish oper- longitude 50° W. After the disaster ations wbich inflicted so much mischief a much more southerly route was taken with private wireless installations after by steamers, lengthening the journey the “Titanic" disaster, but having by about 120 miles, and still icebergs agreed, whether the Senate will ratify were encountered in latitude 39° 10' the agreement.

N., and between 47° and 48° W. It The shortest distance between two would be absurd to expect ships to go places is the great circle which passes so far south as to avoid icebergs altothrough them both. By this sailors gether, and it would be a great binmean that if we could slice through the drance to our Canadian trade; but, with earth's centre and the two places, then the information service I have prothe cut on the surface between the two posed, it ought to be possible to avoid places would be the shortest route. ice in such quantities as the “Titanic," Unfortunately, the one between Queens- the “Mount Temple," and the “Califortown and New York passes over the nia" encountered. As for isolated iceBank of Newfoundland, where fog, bergs, ordinary seamanship, using modmist, and ice are frequent at certain ern safeguards, will navigate ships seasons. Fog is the worst enemy of safely past them. The experience of ice a sailor, for in everything he depends this year, being an extreme one, may on his eyes, but of floating dangers, lead to undue anxiety, whereas last with the exception of derelicts, there year was one likely to give too much are none so bad as the "growlers," confidence. There can be no rigid interwhich lie almost entirely submerged, national rule, but it ought to be possible and the icebergs which, though show- to alter the lanes of shipping in according well above the water, inevitably ance with exact information. These have their greatest mass below the lanes lie twenty miles apart, the eastsurface, and may shelve under it for a bound ships keeping to the southward. great distance. Professor C. V. Boys It has been suggested that seamen has suggested that since a micro-ther- would have given the look-out men inometer can register to 1-10,000 of a glasses, and would have used searchdegree, it might be used instead of the lights. I do not agree, but certainly in thermometer to detect ice. This most dangerous waters the look-outs should valuable idea has recently been applied be doubled, and in that case one out of by Dr. H. T. Barnes, who has success- two might use glasses. fully conducted a series of experiments The Merchant Shipping Act of 1906 from a Canadian liner, and by the time undoubtedly increased the safety of this article appears his experiences will our ships by imposing a language qualhave been related to the Royal Insti- ification on foreign seamen. Prior to tution. The final resource is the ef- tbis Act one could easily find cases ficiency of the look-out, and, contrary where men on the look-out and at the to the general rule, the look-outs should wheel, or who held responsible posibe low down, and not in the crow's- tions at critical times, were incapable

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