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discussions than of old. Sanderson and Mrs. Sanderson live in Rome with old Fontana, but the little shop in the Borgo is vacant. Fontana paints no more pictures, and it is probable that the great Turkish oil secret will die
with him. The Montegrigio Madonna has again become a Botticelli, and is warmly admired by discriminating tourists. Mr. and Mrs. Sanderson have not the honor of knowing the Princess.
St. John Lucas.
Somehow I always have shopping to bleak about it. Didn't Mrs. Hughes do in the village. If it isn't a ball of think so? Raw, you know. string or a pencil or a postal order for "Oh, yes,” Mrs. Hughes replied unone-and-six, it is pretty sure to be a blushingly; "but there—what can you shoehorn, stamps, vaseline or shaving expect?" soap. I suppose I never get my stuff Then I tried Kemp (nail-brushes). in sufficient quantities; it can't be right He was still more ready to meet me that I should spend so great a part of half-way, for when he had drawn atmy time buying footling little things tention to the balmy nature of the like these.
morning and I had retorted that I However, I don't really mind buy- fully agreed with him, but all the same ing things; what I do object to is hav- I hoped we should have no sleet, he ing the weather expounded to me at said he hoped so too, but that was the length in every shop in succession. I danger. He then tried to change the wish they would leave it alone. The subject, but I wasn't finished with him only way to be happy in our climate is yet. I told him that I had found it to forget about it. I have tried cor- very close and sultry coming up the dially agreeing with them—but that hill, and he said he didn't wonder at only eggs them on. I have tried it. In his opinion it was a day to flatly contradicting them--a policy keep in the shade. “Quite so," said I; which must have borne fruit in time, "and yet I noticed quite a bitter feelhad I not found that it was making ing in the air. Very bracing, of me unpopular and therefore abandoned course!" it.
When I told Mrs. Lane (luggage laThen I embarked upon a more subtle bels) that it was long since we had had method-a blend of the other two- such a sweltering, biting day she recalculated neither to irritate nor to en- torted that that was exactly what she courage, but rather to bewilder. And had said to Lane. She had “passed the here I found success.
very remark.” That made me feel I tried it on Mrs. Hughes (pencils) that I wasn't making much headway. first. She said it was a beautiful day, All the same the cure has taken effect. wasn't it?
Nice to 'ave a look After persevering for two or three days at the sun again.
And 'ow I began to notice a change, and by now warm for the time of 'ear!
Mrs. Hughes will studiously avoid Yes, I replied, as if weighing my mentioning a thunderstorm that is ragwords, it certainly was a beautiful ing at the very moment of my enmorning and very warm, oppressive in- trance, Kemp talks glibly about the deed; and yet-I paused-at the same cricket match of the previous Saturday time there was something rather or the Government "up in London," and
Mrs. Lane serves me in smiling silence. "Oh, I beg pardon, Sir,” she replied,
I am beginning to think that much and departed covered with confusion. may be done by elaborating and ex- But I regard as a still greater success tending the system. Already I have the time when I was caught trespassenjoyed further successes. I
ing by a most unpleasant looking man travelling one day alone in a third- with a dog. class coupé. I was determined to keep "Look 'ere!” he shouted truculently, the carriage to myself, partly because I as he came up to me brandishing a had my feet up, partly because I stick. “Are you aware that this is wanted to smoke (and it was not a private property ?" smoker), but chiefly because I always I assumed my gentle, explanatory, want to keep things to myself. Every- expostulatory voice, which always comone does. At the first stop the huge mands attention. form of a woman with a massive bas- “Yes, certainly," I said, “I know ket appeared in the open doorway and very well that it is private property"began to heave itself on to the step. I and I smiled very sweetly upon himleant towards her.
“But then I am a private individual." "Excuse me," I said confidentially, He looked at me sternly for a modiffidently, "I suppose you didn't notice, ment. but as a matter of fact"-I waved my "W'y didn' you tell me that behand in an explanatory manner_"this fore?” he demanded, and went his is a coupé! I am very sorry."
THE SHAKESPEARE MEMORIAL.
Lord Lilac thought it rather rotten
Lord Lilac did not long remain
-The little men that paint on gum-
Lord Lilac was of slighter stuff;
Lord Lilac had had quite enough.
G. K. Chesterton.
THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SITUATION.
THE REAL FIGHT IN AMERICA. So far as tactics are concerned, the could be warmed up for electioneering break away of Mr. Roosevelt from Re- purposes, party solidarity remained alpublicanism and the announcement of most automatic, divergence upon the bis new National Progressive Party Tariff helping to furnish a business baought to have greatly eased the task sis for party opposition. But there is before the Democratic Convention at now no serious pretence that these hisBaltimore. Mr. Roosevelt makes his toric issues furnish a true dividing appeal to “Republicans and Democrats line. The difference between the alike in the name of our common orthodox Republican and the orthodox American citizenship." His revolt Democratic tariff policy, though subagainst the denomination of machine stantial, is not really vital. Tariff politicians on the one hand, and dis- for revenue only, if attainable, would honest wealth upon the other, and his be very far removed from Free Trade demand that the common people shall in a country as yet disabled by its be the court of final appeal in matters constitution and traditions from any of government, are in themselves cal- adequate system of direct federal taxculated to appeal at least as powerfully
ation. to the radical wing of the Democratic The really urgent issues of American Party as to the insurgent Republicans. Government have no relations to the The clash alike of personalities and principles, the traditions, or the social of policies within the Democratic composition of the two great parties. Party, though less dramatic than in They are issues ripened rapidly since the Republican, is quite as real. There the Civil War by the swift industrial is very little else than party loyalty to development of America under condihold together the white Southern aris- tions which have made federal, state, tocracy, Tammany, and the democracy and municipal politics highly profitable of the West. So long as any remnant of instruments in the hands of skilful, the old antagonism of principle surviv- ambitious, and unscrupulous groups of ing from the struggles for State rights business men. In the course of two
generations, the land of freedom and of upon such issues as Tariff and Trusts equal opportunities has been converted have been somewhat more advanced, into a land of economic privileges, con- though hardly more practical than ferred and sustained by the arts of po- those of the Republicans. litical management. Railroads, lum- The general accuracy of this diagber companies, great manufacturing nosis is borne out in the common cleav. and commercial combines, the concen- age seen in the two conventions. The trated power of finance, have reduced real fight in America to-day is between the effective liberties of the common the conservation of powerful vested people, absorbing more and more the interests and the struggling aspirapossession and control of the raw re- tions of a people nourished upon princi. sources of the land, and restraining ples of freedom and of progress which competition in the manufacturing, they find themselves unable to realize transport, and marketing processes so
in practice. Their federal constitution as to present the most conspicuous ex- is utterly inadequate to the main purample of plutocracy the world has poses of modern government, the realever seen. For the pursuance of these ization of the popular will which it inbusiness purposes, politics in every tended to provide has been nullified by one of its departments, legislative, ad- the machine politicians, and all en. ministrative, and judicial, has been a deavors to curb these abuses have been necessary tool. Tariffs must be built frustrated. The clear perception of as feeders to Trusts; these, again, must the truth that a fresh alignment of be protected against taxation and parties is needed to correspond with against vexatious restrictions of the the fundamental needs of modern polilaw; factory legislation, employers' lia- tics has been struggling into consciousbility, and all interferences with the ness in the rank and file of both parliberty of contract by which wealthy ties. The tactics of the politicians of corporations can coerce weak competi- both parties have consisted in attempts tors or working men must be kept off to suppress this truth, and to maintain the Statute Books, or, if admitted, must the sham fight which furnishes their be nullified by administration that is profession and their livelihood. Mr. sympathetic with business interests. Roosevelt has at least had the courage All these and other related needs of to set up the standard of revolt, failing plutocracy have obliged business men to break the power of the “bosses" in to keep a firm hold upon the two
his party. If Mr. Roosevelt's past recparty machines. The normal superior- ord of achievement gave reason to supity of Republicanism has made most pose that he is in reality the Moses his men of wealth and most powerful cor- followers proclaim him, we should reporations adherents of that party, so gret a Democratic nomination which much so that the Democrats have util- might diminish his chance of success. ized for electioneering purposes the pre- But, as matters actually stand, the tence that their machine is a free in- nomination of an advanced and earnest strument for the realization of the pop
Democrat, strong enough to bear down, ular will. The history of Mr. Cleve- and able enough to outwit, the obstrucland's two Administrations and the tionists of his party, may be as likely general conduct of the party in Con- to serve the early ends of progress as gress, however, give no real support to to place a new lease of power into that interpretation. The utmost that the hands of the hottest-headed man could be said for the Democratic Party who has ever undertaken the guidance has been that its formal professions of a great Republic.
THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES.
So far as can be seen, the Chicago from the hands of the officials of the Convention ended disastrously for Mr. Republican party. Roosevelt. The "Bull Moose" had left On Saturday, when the President was no stone unturned to oust his old friend renominated, with Mr. Sherman from the customary nomination. When. Vice-President, the 451 delegates in the he feared that his efforts would be un- Convention were a beaten and dissuccessful he took the unprecedented heartened lot. The Colonel, who had step of travelling to Chicago in order been working night and day for weeks, to canvass and speak for himself. As and perhaps for months, in order to inthe proceedings dragged on, however, duce the Republican Convention to and the charges of theft and fraud nominate him, discovered at the last were disproved, his followers became minute that it would be a disgrace and disheartened, and some of the Taft a dishonor to be nominated by such a delegates informed an English journal- body. Accordingly, he asked his deleist that Mr. Roosevelt was “squealing." gates to refuse to vote on the Selection He knew the rules of the game when ticket, in order that they might be he threw his hat into the ring, and ready to “bolt" when required. But should have taken his beating like a only 344 took this advice, and the balman. After all, it was his own ma- lot resulted as follows:chine, and the only complaint a Roose.
For Mr. Taft .....
361 velt boss could fairly make against it For Mr. Roosevelt... 107 was that of the negro delegate, who For Mr. La Follette
41 cried out towards the end that the For Mr. Cummins...
17 steam-roller was “exceeding the speed
For Mr. Hughes...
2 limit.” One delicious passage in a An hour afterwards the “bolt" took long telegram from the Daily Tele- place, but several of his most respectagraph's correspondent published last ble and influential supporters-Gov. Saturday deserves to be put on record ernor Hadley, of Missouri, Senator as the journalistic gem of the Chicago Borah, of Idaho, and Senator Bristow, Convention:
of Kansas-took no part in the affair. The Colonel's rage, according to all
However, there was a good crowd in accounts, was unspeakable. He real- the hall to which the Roosevelt dele. ized yesterday morning that he was gates “bolted”; a new party, called the like a grizzly bear shared and trapped, National Progressives, was formed, or and unable to escape his captors unless
is supposed to have been formed, and he chewed off his leg. The Repub
Mr. Roosevelt accepted the irregular lican party machine, which grinds
tendered to slowly but very surely, was in no hurry
him, to complete the killing. The Taftites
The Bull Moose party is its dallied all yesterday, nominally en.
nickname, and if this rump convention gaged in examining cases of contested does not satisfy Mr. Roosevelt, he may delegates, hearing evidence, and so try to convene a larger meeting in Auforth, but really pursuing the well-worn gust, perhaps in Denver. tactics of harassing and exhausting the
The Democratic Convention at Balenemy. They believed that by allow
timore opened with a split between ing the grizzly to stay in the trap all
Progressives and Conservatives, which day and all night he would fret, fume, and roar himself into a more quiescent
was superficially not unlike the strugstate, and by breakfast time to-day
gle between the adherents of Roosevelt would be prepared to eat once again
and Taft at Chicago. But, although