America Past, America Present: Genes and Languages in the Americas and Beyond
Colin Renfrew, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 2000 - 175 oldal
Aspects of the prehistory of the Americas currently remain little understood, with suggested dates for the first human colonization varying widely between 40,000 and 14,000 years ago. In this volume, molecular geneticists and historical linguists debate the evidence for the first peopling of the Americas, and for the subsequent emergence of the remarkable genetic and linguistic diversity still seen among Native Americans to this day. Part I offers a general consideration of the theme of language distribution and genetic variation in human populations with emphasis on the population-specific polymorphism issue. In parts II and III linguistic variation in Native American populations and their accompanying molecular genetic variability are discussed by leading specialists. In the final part unanswered questions in historical linguistics are debated, including the macrofamily problem with particular reference to the postulated but contoversial Amerind family.
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allele American Journal Amerind Amerindian ancestral Ashkenazic Asian Bandelt Biology branches Calafell Catrimani Cavalli-Sforza cent chromosome cladistic classification cluster Cohanim comparative method consonants D.C. Wallace dialect communities discriminant analysis distribution Eastern Eskimo–Aleut estimate Eurasiatic Evolution Evolutionary founder effects frequency gene flow genetic variation genome geographical Golla guages haplogroup haplogroup A mtDNAs historical linguistics Hokan Human Genetics HVRbase individuals Indo-European isolates J.V. Neel Journal of Human Kaufman Kolman language communities language families Levites macro-unit Macrofamily markers Merriwether microsatellite migration mitochondrial DNA modal haplotype molecular genetic mtDNA variation Na-Dene National Academy Native American Native American mtDNA North Nostratic Old Icelandic origin patterns Penutian polymorphisms private polymorphisms PSPs reconstruction region regular sound relationships Renfrew RFLP Rothhammer Salzano samples Sanskrit Sephardic sequence shared sound change South America Surucucu T.G. Schurr tion Torroni tree tribal tribes UEP Group vowel wordlists World X6 and X7 Y chromosome Y-chromosome Yanhap Yanomama villages
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