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and impressive representation of the unimpaired the saving truth of God, church, and it is therefore worthy of and that because the people of God our most serious consideration. Some have ever exercised over it a vigilant suppose that there is allusion here to and conscientious supervision. the two pillars which Solomon placed Again, the church of Christ is the at the entrance of the temple, and to support of the truth, because she is which it is said that the prophets af- charged with the great work of diffixed their prophecies that they might fusing it through the world. And be read by those who went into the she is so charged by him who said, temple. But whether or not this were 'Go ye therefore into all the world the case, there is doubtless an impor- and preach the gospel to every creatant sense in which the church of ture.' This, every church is or Christ is the pillar and ground of ought to be doing in its own locality, revealed truth.' The figures here by the labours of its ministry and the employed are evidently borrowed efforts of its members. Indeed, the from architecture ; and their purport church of the living God is the only evidently is, that the truth is sup- community that either will or can be ported by the church as a building is the support of the truth, either at by a pillar, and that it rests upon the home or abroad. Many there be who church as an edifice does upon its are leagued against the truth, and foundation. That every true church many others are indifferent to it, but of Christ is indeed the pillar and all genuine christians love the truth, ground of the truth will be apparent and that pre-eminently; they are if we reflect that it is by the instru- constrained to buy it at any cost, but mentality of the church that God's to sell it at no price. The effect of truth has been preserved in the their love for the truth who indeed world. It is indeed a glorious truth know that truth is, that they are led that God has declared that his word to do for it all that we have mentionshall stand for ever. But he fulfills ed. And they are prepared to do his word and accomplishes his pur- more, yea, even to lay down their pose by the instrumentality of his life for it, if needs be. church; she has made and still per- I trust that we all, but you as a petuates the records of that truth. christian church in particular, will The church of God however has not ever remember that the Bible and only supported the truth by perpetuat- the Bible alone is the religion of ing its existence in the world, but Protestants ;' but most of all, that also by maintaining its integrity; for the church of the living God is the after the lapse of so many eventtul house of God and the pillar and ages we have still unmutilated and ground of the truth.'
THE WORD OF GOD ILLUSTRATED.*
To one who loves the Bible it is in- | incidental evidence thus furnished to teresting still to trace in eastern the authenticity of the Holy Scripcountries the same usages as those tures, though not of the highest imwhich prevailed, and the same forms portance, is by no means destitute of of speech as those which were cur- interest. Philip Henry was wont rent when the inspired servants of devoutly to bless God for every book God revealed his will to man. The and every chapter, and every line in
the Bible ; and it would be well if Scraps from a Missionary's Portfolio. we all loved our Bibles as much as It is a
that heavenly-minded man did, for rather than a fool in his folly.' 'A every grace grows just in proportion fool,' it may be remarked, in the as love to the Word of God does. language of the book of Proverbs, In reading illustrations of Scripture denotes a vicious, ungodly man, from eastern customs, or phrases, it rather than an ignorant one. should be borne in mind that while natural inference from such a proverb things are constantly changing in as this, (see also 2 Samuel xvii. 8,) western lands, in the east they re- that a bear robbed of her young is main the same from age to age. much more savage than some other
To eat a person's salt, is a com- wild animals, and such appears to be mon phrase in India to denote ob- the case. I have heard it said in taining a livelihood by him, or being this country, of a contentious or masupported by his bounty. There is a licious person, and I believe it is a couplet current in Orissa, and as it common phrase, “he is like a bear is derived from the Sanscrit, no doubt robbed of her young.' The editor of in other parts of India, to the effect, the ' Pictorial Bible, in his note on that he who eats another's salt must this verse, says, “The rage of the be sure to sound his praise. We female bear, when her young have meet with a phrase of the same import been killed or taken from her, has as that which prevails here, in Ezra been often noticed, and forms the iv. 14. "The textual reading is, - subject of many interesting anecdotes • Now because we have maintenance in voyages and travels. from the king's palace, and it was
In the narrative of Lord not meet for us to see the king's dis- Mulgrave's voyage, for the discovery honour, therefore have we sent and of a north-west passage, there is a certified the king ;' but it would be touching story of a bear whose young more in accordance with the original had been shot from the ship ; though to adopt the marginal reading, Be- herself wounded, she scorned to withcause we are salted with the salt of draw and leave her young behind. the palace,' or to say, ' Because we She would not understand that they eat the salt of the palace,' &c. These were dead ; she placed meat before wicked adversaries of the Jews hypo- them, and by every endearing mocritically pretended, that as they ate tion solicited them to eat; she enthe kings's salt, they could not see deavoured to raise them with her anything done to his dishonour. paws; she withdrew and looked back Henry's note on this verse is char- as if expecting them to follow, but acteristic,~ If they that lived upon seeing that they lay motionless she the crown thought themselves bound returned, and, with inexpressible in gratitude thus to support the in fondness walked round them, pawing terest of it, much more reason have them, licking their wounds, and we to argue ourselves into a pious moaning bitterly the while.
At concern for God's honour. We have last, as if receiving the unwilling our maintenance from the God of conviction that her young were dead heaven, and are salted with his salt indeed, she turned towards the ship, - live upon his bounty, and are the and uttered a fierce and bitter growl care of his providence; and therefore against the murderers, which they it is not meet for us to see his dis- answered by a volley of shot that laid honour without resenting it, and her dead beside her young. So fine doing what we can to prevent it.' a trait in the character of the bear
Proverbs xvii. 12. 'Let a bear might well be noticed by the sacred robbed of her whelps meet a man, I writers.'
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SELECTIONS.
rope of sand.
HISTORIC VERACITY.-GIBBON. Of misguided historic genius I shall
submit but one example: but that a VERACity is the first qualification of noble one, the mightiest of the historic a good historian. Historic genins is host, the author of “The Decline and never worse directed than when it de fall of the Roman Empire,' that stuparts from the well worn channels of pendous history which was planned historic truths, and sports among false- by its author in 1764, amid the ruins hood and fable. This fault, so frequent of the ancient Capitol at Rome and in all the older historians, is there eclips. finished in 1787, in the stillness of the ed, if not expiated, by their beautiful | night, at a summer house in his garsimplicity of style, and unaffected ele- den at Lausanne, when the great histogance of narration. It may by some be rian, resting from twenty years' historic deemed venial in subsequent historians labours, surveyed his stupendous work, nay, admissible in all. But, when and said,' the faults and merits are exwe consult their works as histories, we clusively my own.' would not consult fables : when we de
The merits' of the Decline and Fall, pend on them as links the great his who can estimate them ?-the faults' toric chain, we would not depend upon a of the great historian who can defend?
For one posterity cannot express suffi. There is no being whom we cient gratitude—at the other it can thoroughly detest as the living liar- scarcely smother its indignation. The none whose pernicious influence we so faults and merits of Gibbon are alike dread to encounter as the vile slanderer, gigantic, and destined to exert an influwalking among us.
But death soon re- ence commensurate with the genius of lieves us. The liar, the slanderer, and their author. their pestiferous influence, die; not so While perusing the Decline and Fall the false historian. His lie is as during of the Roman Empire, we are filled with as his bistory. Whoever reads the his. mingled feelings of awe and admiration. tory which he has written, reads an em- Whether we survey the sublime compass bodied lie; and he who communes in of its plan, spanning a period of fourteen spirit with such an author, communes centuries, or the brilliancy and fidelity with a living, circulating liar.
of its execution, we are struck with Never,' said the amiable Cowper, amazement. Such feelings come over never will it be known till the day of us, as, when we stand amid the ruined judgment, what that man has done who magnificence of former ages, has written a book,'-—and never, we may add, will the sum total of historic vil. We gaze, and turn away, and know not lanies be told till the day of final adju
where, dication. The accounts of most men Dazzled and drunk with beauty, till the heart are settled at their death, or sealed up to Reels with its fulness; there, for ever therethat day; but the account of the false Chained to the chariot of triumphant art, historian runs on, darkening and accu
We stand as captives, and would not depart:' mulating, co-existing and co-extending with the influence of historic perversions or such feeling as we may suppose perand falsehoods. Nothing can extenuate
vaded the heart of the young historian, a historic liemnothing shield the man
as he laid together, the plan of his biswho penned it. Whatever be the motory, and the foundation of his future tive which actuated him, whether per.. greatness, amidst the ruins of the Rosonal detraction or party favour-indi
man Capitol. vidual aggrandisement or national emol. The Decline and Fall meets a desire ument- the historian who breathes on
which all other histories fail to satisfy. his pages a lying spirit,
From the reign of the Antonines to the
subversion of the Western Roman Em*Living, shall forfeit fair renown,
pire, yawned a bridgeless gulf in history And doubly dying, shall go down, -yea, a historic chaos. It was reserved To the vile dust from whence he sprung, for Gibbon, to bring historic order and Unwept, unhonoured, and unsung.' beauty from the chaotic elements which these ages submitted to his historic ge- , ters is but the full developement of a nius, and to throw across this bridgeless plot pre-meditated from the plan of the gulf a stupendous suspension bridge of history. Commencing his subject at an connected history. The genius achieved age when the first glories of Christianity its high destiny He spanned the were fading away in the distance, and yawning chasm—he measured the bridge- its holy teachings and miraculous attesta. less guli-be entered with the torch-light tionsdeteriorated by spuriouscounterfeits, of philosophy and fathomed the chaotic the historian most dexterously drops the caverns-be wrote the Decline and Fall, curtain on all preceding history, casts and peered, nay, surpassed, the noblest out of account the beneficent influences of the historic host. Since its publica- and miraculous attestations of the first tion to the world it has been received as century of the christian age, as though ultimate authority by thousands; and the religion of Calvary were first estab. wondering students, who never saw so lished in the reigns of the Antonines. many books as Gibbon quotes as autho. With the most sedulous care, every fact rities, have for ever forgone the fruitless which reflects glory upon the spreading labour of referring to authorities which gospel is distorted or suppressed, while lie back of his. This is the monument of all that tarnishes the christian faith, or his fame and infamy.
sullies the lives of its votaries, is magni. While the intellect of the great histo-fied and exalted. rian had been cultivated with sedulous The crime of the historian is not in care, the culture of bis moral feelings what he has written, more than in what had been well-nigh neglected. From he has suppressed. While the errors of his auto-biography we gather, that Reli- its votaries have been pictured by the gion was proposed to bis consideration band of a master, the moral beauty, the as a mere sentiment of the head, and not glory and sublimity of Christianity bave as a warm, realizing principle of the hardly received a passing glance. While heart. Christian faith as mere theoreti. 'the dying forms of paganism' have cal assent to a system, was indignantly been invested with a radiance almost rejected, when, had it been presented as unearthly, by the historian's genius, the that reforming power," which, energetic rising glories of the cross are hardly through love, purifies the heart, we can- seen or recorded. 'A form divinely not but believe it would have been met, fair' presented herself to his notice, and if not with a cordial reception, yet, at followed him with her conquests on all least with a candid consideration. His his pages. Those conquests he could early years gave indications of an arro- not deny nor the reasonableness of her gance too lofty and assuming to be mis. demand for a rational solution. It was taken for pride of personal character, then he resolved upon open conflict. a consciousness of intellectual superiori Concentring in one the full powers of ty. This dark passion, unsurpassed in the infidel host, he turned upon his its earlier developements, grew with his divine antagonist, and solved the mystery growth and strengthened with his of her rapid progress in the world, strength ; till
, in the developement of without admitting her well-attested claim maturity, its possessor threw aside the to heavenly origin. As unbelievers, in restraints of christianity, and rose in the first century of the Christian age disdainful arrogance above the religion unable longer to witbstand the burning of the Redeemer.
light of miraculous attestations of the From the commanding height to divinity of the Messiah, cried in the which his historic genius had raised him baseness of their hearts, . he casteth out Gibbon resolved to inflict a mortal devils by Beelzebub, the prince of the wound upon the christian cause. Never devils, so their servile imitator of the was genius so misdirected-nay, prosti- eighteenth century sought false and tuted, as then. Not only in the fifteenth foreign solutions for facts which he could and sixteenth chapters of his history, but not deny. in all preliminary preparations and sup, From the quiver of infidelity, Gibbon pressions-preliminary preparations and drew forth a poisoned arrow, and marksuppressions, I say, for it cannot escape ed it for the vitals of the Christian the notice of the reader of the Decline cause. What the result would have and Fall, that the attack upon Christi- been, had that shaft reached its destined anity in the fifteenth and sixteenth chap. object, at this distance of time, is not
easily determined; but it so happened | must be acknowledged to possess a prethat the strength of the bow was in- eminent title to our inquisitive, intellisufficient to send it to its mark. The gent regard. five great reasons fell powerless to the De Fellenberg, in a letter written to a ground. The only use to which they friend, observes — I was, if I mistake are now subjected is occasional quotation not, only four years of age, when playing by aping infidels, who have all the with a small cart, forced by its impulse malignity, without one grain of the down a steep declivity, towards a stream intellect, of their original author. No of sufficient depth to drown me. At the sooner were these five pillars erected, same time, I beheld my mother hastenthan they were terribly sbaken by ing to my assistanco, and endeavouring the theology of the age when they to arrest the cart. I saw her extended appeared, and now the veriest tyro in upon the gravelly declivity still persevertheology would be rejected from the ing, although covered with blood, in her pulpit, were he not able to refuse them maternal efforts, without which I should all.
have lost my life. The impression made by this act of devotedness has never been effaced from iny memory or my
heart. I believe it contributed powerDE FELLENBERG'S SCHOOL AT
fully to direct me in that course of life HOFWYL.*
which I have followed during thelast forty By the Rev. John Stoughton, Kensington. years.' Other circumstances be minuteHorwyl lies about four miles from mind towards the great business of edu
ly described, tended to give a bias to his the town of Beroe, in Switzerland. Its cation; and it is very interesting to ob. natural scenery, though full of tranquil serve by what a singular concatenation beauty, is far from possessing any claim of events and series of impulses, Divine to superiority in a land which teems Providence trains up the agents designwith every element of the picturesque, ed to carry out its more merciful plans the romantic, and the sublime ; but its for the amelioration of humanity. Hav. associations are such as to give it pecu- ing determined upon making Hofwy! liar interest in the estimation of every the theatre of a great educational experione who duly estimates the importance ment, De Fellenburg formed there three of education. It is remarkable for the academies—one for poor children, a seinstitutions established there by the cond for the middle class, a third for the lamented De Fellenberg-institutions song of patrician or wealthy families. which, however they may decline, With these, an agricultural institute, an now that the master-spirit that guided experimental farm, and shops for the them is removed to another world, de manufacture of farming utensils, were serve to live in the remembrance of his connected. Being a man of noble rank, country and of the world. While travel. he was ridiculed by his compeers for en. ling through that part of Europe, the gaging in this pursuit
, as one unworthy mind is entranced by a succession of of his station in society, while many in unrivalled pictures, in which rivers, humble life surmised that he had some cataracts, mountains, lakes, peaceful vil- sinister end in view. But through evil lages, and busy cities are all richly com
as well as good report, he pursued his bined; yet, on our visiting the sequest- elected course, counting the honours ered retreat of Hofwyl, and pondering attendant on a successful education of the story of its institutions, we find our human minds and hearts, as far supeselves surrounded by objects of a moral rior to all the honours consequent on character even more attractive and in noble rank or political eminence. His teresting than any forms of natural love institution, by degrees, attracted public liness and grandeur. As the soul of attention, and disarmed prejudice. Traman is more intrinsically precious and vellers from all parts of the world infinitely more enduring than the most visited Hofwyl with curiosity, and left wonderful productions in the physical it with satisfaction. Into any history of creation, so all that relates to its culture the details of the government of this in.
stitution we have no space here to enter, * From the Educational Pocket Book,' and must satisfy ourselves with briefly for 1851,
enumerating the principles which this Vol. 13,-Ň.S.