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THE APOSTACY OF DEMAS.
2 TIMOTHY, IV. 6-10.
The crowds of Rome are pacing by, mingling in busy strife ;
J. SALISBURY. CORRESPONDENCE.
SCRIPTURAL MOTIVES TO OBEDIENCE.
To the Editor of the G. B. Repository,
quenched. To quote all the passages of
Scripture to this effect would be to quote Sir, ---In the Repository for November a large portion of the sacred volume. So C. L. inquires, “ Is it scriptural to present far then as escaping from evil is concerned, the joys of heaven, or the terrors of hell, the sacred writers constantly appeal to as motives to a religious life? and how far the principle of self-preservation, and urge is it compatible to introduce them as per- us, on that principle, to flee from the wrath suasives to religion, while we regard su- to come. Nor is it otherwise when they preme and purely disinterested love to God would urge us to seek the glories of a as its first and most essential element?'. If blessed immortality. Do they ever atthe following thoughts, suggested by the tempt to excite us by a fine spun theory above query, or rather queries, should ap- on the beauty and loveliness of dispear suitable they are at your service to interested affection, whence all thoughts publish, if not, to suppress.
of our own interest and happiness are exSelf-preservation is the first law of our cluded ? If so, how are such passages as nature. I am bound by it to seek the the following to be understood ? Seek security of my own person, the promotion first the kingdom of God and his righof my own comfort, prosperity and well- teousness, and all these things shall added being, both temporal and eternal; not in- unto you,''* Sell that ye have and give alms; deed to the injury of others; but where it provide yourselves bags which wax not can be done without trenching on the wel old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth fare of others, I am bound, first of all, to not.' • Come, take up the cross and follow seek to promote my own well-being. The
me, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven.' care of my own personal interests is de- Lay not up for yourselves treasures on volved upon me by Him who made me, earth,' &c., but olay up for yourselves and the standard by which I am to mea- treasures in heaven,' &c.; for where your sure my love to my neighbour is the love treasure is there will your heart be also.' which I cherish for myself. Hence the Is the christian persecuted ? ' Are all mancommand, “Thou shalt love thy neighbour ner of evil things said against him falsely ?' as thyself.' But if I have no love for my- how is he addressed ? • Rejoice, and be exself, Í have no standard by which to love ceeding glad, for great is your reward in my neighbour. The sacred writings evi- heaven. Is he afflicted ? he is assured dently recognize no such superhuman re- ; that these light afflictions, which are but ligion as some theorists have spun out of for a moment, are working for him a far their own fertile imagination, and by more exceeding and eternal weight of which men are taught to disregard their glory.' Is he called to the discharge of own personal interests, or at least entirely arduous duties? he is taught to have 'reto merge them in the interests of society at spect to the recompence of reward.. He is large. The Bible reveals a religion to man to think of the crown of life, the inheritwhich is suited to the nature and circum- ance which is incorruptible, undefiled, and stances of man; a religion which makes its which fadeth not away, of the rest which most frequent and its most powerful ap- remains for the people of God, the eternal peals to that principle in our nature which blessedness and glory, which God has causes us to shrink from danger and seek prepared for them that love him.' "Theresecurity; to shun pain and sorrow but to fore, brethren, be ye steadfast, immovable, welcome peace and joy and happiness. always abounding in the work of the Lord, Hence, because sin exposes us to never- forasmuch as ye know that your labour is ending woe, we are exhorted to flee from not in vain in the Lord.' There is no the wrath to come, and are assured that man that hath forsaken houses, or brethexcept we repent we shall perish. We are ren, or sisters, or wife, or children, or urged to submit to any privation rather lands, for my sake,' says Jesus, but he than risk our eternal well-being. Neither shall receive a hundred-fold now in this a right eye, nor a right hand, or a right present time, and in the world to come life foot, is to be spared if it imperils our sal- everlasting. God,' says the apostle, 'is vation; but we are to remember it is bet- not unrighteous to forget your work of ter for us to enter into life halt or maimed faith and labour of love, which ye have rather than having two hands, or two feet, shewed toward his name.' And when the or two eyes to be cast into hell fire, where solemn hour of death arrives, what susthe worm dieth not, and the fire is not tains the mind and heart of the christian amidst the sighs and tears, the suppressed not, then do we with patience wait for it.' sorrows and half uttered farewells, of Whether purely disinterested love to those whom he has long known and loved ? God' forms any part of religion remains to what but the assurance that he is going to be proved. So far am I from thinking it a brighter and better world, to be with the first and most essential element'. of Christ, which is far better 'than the holi- religion, that I most firmly believe it has est, happiest state here on earth. The no existence any where but in the purely christian knows and rejoices in the assur- airy region of a disordered imagination. ance that when this earthly house of his certainly the sacred writers make no tabernacle is dissolved he shall have a pretensions to have attained, or even aimed house not made with hands, eternal in the at, anything of the sort. And, so far as I heavens; that when he has finished his can discover, there is not a single precept course he shall receive the crown of life, in the word of God which enjoins any in the hope of which, and to attain which, thing of the kind. When we are urged to he has fought the good fight and kept the the love or service of God, the precepts faith. To suppose that we are not to have that enjoin the duty are uniformly conspecial regard to our personal advantage nected with some advantage associated in the pursuit of our religious course, is to with the discharge of that duty, or with suppose that religion, instead of being some obligation which we owe to God adapted to the nature of man, is entirely arising from benefits already received. opposed to the very first, most important, Take for example the following passages, and most beneficent law of that nature. Love the Lord ye his saints, for there is Nay, such a supposition is alike opposed no want to them that fear him.' "The to the whole spirit and tenor, and design young lions do lack, and suffer hunger, of divine Revelation; the intention of but they that fear the Lord shall not want which is to stimulate us, on the one hand any good thing.?, What man is he that by the dread of evil, and on the other by loveth life, and desireth many days, that the hope of eternal good.
he may see good, let him refrain his tongue That the christian is urged by various from evil, and his lips from speaking other motives there can be no doubt. guile ; let him eschew evil and do good, Gratitude, and love to God, are motive seek peace and pursue it. For the eyes of influences to which no christian can be a the Lord are over the righteous, and his stranger; and, in proportion as these pre- ears are open to their prayers.' • Bodily vail we shall be constrained to acts of exercise profiteth little, but godliness is cheerful obedience, without any immedi- profitable to all things, having promise of ate consideration of personal advantage. the life that now is, and of that which is to But even the very love which we feel to come. “O taste and see that the Lord is God is by no means a purely disinterested good, blessed is the man that trusteth in love, for .we love him because he first him. . If any man will serve me, let him loved us. Were it possible for us to know take up his cross and follow me; and that God hated us, it would be utterly im- where I am there shall also my servant be.' possible for us to love him. It is the as- There have, indeed, been those among the surance we have that God has loved us advocates of purely disinterested love to that begets and keeps alive our love to God, who have gone so far as to say they him. Yes, our love to God is the off would love God though he were to banish spring of that delightful saying, “Herein them to hell! But who does not see that is love, not that we loved God, but that this is neither the language of sober he loved us, and sent his Son to be the reason nor sound theology, but the dream of propitiation for our sins,' &c. Love to our mere fancy or the raving of wild fanaticism. fellow-creatures will often lead us to sa- No doubt christians often feel ardent love crifice our own ease and comfort and pre- to God, and are constrained devoutly to sent interest, for their benefit, without adore his infinite excellences, when at any immediate reference to our own pre. the time they have no distinct refer: sent or future advantage; but this does ence to benefits and blessings which not at all affect the question. We may do they have received, or which they hope to all this, and much more, and yet the con- attain. It is also freely admitted, that, sideration that enters most deeply into our impelled by this feeling, they may perform minds, and that operates most powerfully a thousand acts of obedience to the Divine in keeping us in the way to heaven, will will, in which they have no direct reference be found to be that which our Lord sets to the recompence of reward; but this is before us, viz., the hope of getting to heaven; no proof that the christian is not powerfor as the apostle declares, . We are saved fully actuated, in his way to heaven, by by hope ; but hope which is seen is not the hope set before him. Å man who has hope, for what a man seeth why doth he set his heart on a certain object may do yet hope for ? but if we hope for what we see many things in the way to attain it, when at the moment the main object is not, benefits. 'I love the Lord because he thought of by him. For instance, the hath heard my voice and my supplication, father of a family labours hard with a because he hath inclined his ear unto me, view to support his wife and children, but therefore will I call upon him as long as while he is doing so many hours will pass I live.' · Blessed be the God and Father away in which this precise object will of our Lord Jesus Christ, who, according not occur to his thoughts, yet, after all, to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us this is the grand stimulus which keeps again to a lively hope by the resurrection him at it from early morn to dewy eve.' of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheAnd just so with the christian, while ritance which is incorruptible,' &c. Even he his really striving to enter in at the the angels in heaven are bound love strait gate, the actual thought of heaven God, on the ground, not simply of his and heavenly glory may not at the matchless and eternal excellence, but on time enter into his mind. Particularly the ground of his goodness to them. Hence, may this be the case with those who so far from, a purely disinterested love to have long walked in the narrow path, God being the first and most essential eleand with whom religious acts have ment of religion, I come to the conclusion grown up into a religious habit. I may that there is, and can be, no such thing, have a benefactor who has been exceeding- either in heaven above or earth below, bely kind to me; my grateful love to him cause the relation in which all creatures may be such that I feel delight in doing stand to God is such as to render it anything which will afford him pleasure ; utterly out of place, even if it were possibut when I am thus employed I may have ble, and utterly impossible even were it no distinct recollection of his kindness to suitable. me, and it may seem as if my love were a Allow, me, in conclusion, to add, that if purely disinterested affection. But is it the essence of religion consisted in purely so ? Certainly not. It was awakened by disinterested love to God, then certainly his kindness in the first instance; it has neither the joys of heaven nor the miseries been strengthened by renewed acts of of hell could consistently be urged as that kindness, and by a frequent remem motives, or as persuasives to religion. brance of his first display of love to me. Hence, it comes to this, that we must But suppose I were to endeavour to either give up the theory of purely disincherish a disinterested love for this indi- terested love to God, or we must refuse to vidual, that is, a love which had reference follow the example of Moses and the prosimply to the excellence of his character phets, Jesus Christ and the Apostles ; for without any regard to his kindness to me, they invariably urge the miseries of hell should I do right? Would that be the and the joys of heaven as the most powerkind of love which I owe to him? Would ful inducements to follow the way of righit be suited to the circumstances in which teousness. Fearing I have already exI stand towards him? Certainly not. ceeded the bounds of the space you will be The love which I owe to him is the love of able to allow in your valuable periodical, a beneficiary to a benefactor; a love min
I am, yours very sincerely, gled with the warmest gratitude for fa- Norwich.
Thos. SCOTT. vours received and for kindness still displayed; a love which makes me feel as the poor Irishman did towards Dr. Doddridge when he said, “Doctor, every drop of blood
THE ACADEMY. in my veins thanks you. This man no doubt admired the Doctor for his wisdom
Nottingham, 18th. Oct., 1851. and goodness; but in addition to that, he MY DEAR SIR.-If not too late for inserfelt he was under special obligations of a tion in the November Repository, might personal kind, and he therefore mingled I trouble you with a few remarks on the gratitude with his love, and if he had not financial affairs of the Academy? You are done so his love would not have been aware, my dear sir, that at
our last what the case required. Now how does Association I very reluctantly complied the case stand between us and God? Are (owing to a press of other engagements) to we not under unmeasurable obligations to be treasurer for the present year; however him? Then the true love which we owe as I have undertaken the office for that to God—that which God requires, and period, I resolved in my own mind, whatwhich alone he will accept, is not a 'pure- ever extra time and trouble it might ly disinterested love,' but that love which occasion me, so far as I could, its interests arises from a grateful sense of his good- should not suffer under my care. I set to ness to us; a love which leads us with work at once to analize its income and adoring gratitude to exclaim, “Bless the expenditure, and I must confess the result Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his 'occasioned me no little pain of mind to think so little is doing for the support of the Denomination, to have an annual so important an auxiliary to the advance-collection at least, and where practicable, ment of the cause of our blessed Redeemer annual 'subscribers as well. Although I in our Denomination. I find so few churches thus avail myself of this medium, I purcomparatively subscribe, or have annual pose as well writing to every church collections (yet amongst these few there which has not hitherto contributed someare some noble exceptions) that I felt thing, and hope I shall meet with the it a duty. I ought to set about at once, encouragement so laudable and useful through the medium of the Repository, an Institution is worthy of. to appeal to every church throughout
Yours in Christian affection,
MY DEAR SIR, Believing that 'smitten friends in whom was no guile. Working in a room are angels sent on errands full of love,' and that with others in the sorting of wool, he short and appropriate obituaries of them in your interesting periodical are adapted to enforce the sometimes heard religion maligned; on heavenly message, we must plead guilty in not hav- which occasions he considered himself ining for some years sent any record of those of our friends whom God has taken to their rest, excepting sulted, and felt it his duty to speak in its that of our esteemed pastor, kindly furnished by defence; and when the infidel's bolts, as Mr. Cheatle. Desiring forgiveness of this and every was usually the case, were at length withother error, we shall be obliged by an insertion of drawn from religion and hurled at its prothe following notices, in which brevity has been fessors, he appealed boldly and confidently studied as circumstances seemed to require, and we hope to your satisfaction.
to any one present to prove him insincere
or inconsistent, and thus far he was always MR. Jas. HANDLEY peacefully departed able to triumph. In like manner he this life on the 12th of July, 1847, aged defended the character of at least his own thirty-five years, having been a member of pastor, when ministers of the gospel were the G. B. Church, Bradford, a little more
the butt of any of his infidel workfellows. than five years. His death was improved In meetings for prayer his petitions were by Mr. Ingham, from 2 Cor. v. 1.
distinguished by a peculiar únction; as M188 ELIZA GREGSON, aged twenty-one
were also his addresses to the church in years, was called to the society of the meetings held occasionally for the purpose spirits of just men made perfect on the
of prayer to God, and of addresses to the 17th of Feb. 1849. She was united with church from those members thought by the the ehurch by baptism on the 4th of June, church to be qualified by the Holy Ghost for 1843. She enjoyed and adorned religion this work. Being usually distinguished by till her naturally delicate frame was insid- mildness of manner and soundness of judgiously seized, but finally grasped by what ment, his services were generally sought by is usually denominated consumption. Her
the church in cases of delicacy and difficulty, death was improved by Mr. Rose, from
wherein haste, harshness, and indiscretion Ps. cxvi. 15.
would have been specially calamitous. But
from natural and excessive timidity, and Mr. JONATHAN JENNENT was relieved from deep humility arising from a sense from weakness and suffering, April 17th, of unworthiness, which not unfrequently 1849, aged forty-six years. He deserves a proceeded so far as to occasion painful more lengthened memorial than can now doubts as to the reality of his piety, he with propriety be given. He was an honour would often have shrunk from employment able member of a P. B. Church in Bradford, for which every one but himself discerned when the General Baptists began to preach his eminent qualifications, had he not been in this town. Believing our sentiments re-pressed to these engagements by his chrisgarding universality of provision in the tian friends. Perhaps a complaint of the death of Christ to be scriptural, he with heart with which for years he was afflicted drew from his former christian friends, and had some connection with this. He wrestled became a member with us at the formation | hard with sins and doubts and fears,' but of the church, on the 24th of June, 1832. we doubt not he is now uniting in the songs He was, along with three others, 'unani- of conquerors, ascribing his conquest to mously chosen and ordained as a deacon of the Lamb, his triumph to his death. Such the church, on the day of Mr. Ingham's ordi- was his influence over the church, so nation as pastor. As a member and officer mighty a helper of the pastor was he, that he was much esteemed, and possessed great when recovering from an affliction to which influence. In the estimation of the church he was subject, no words seemed more apand of the world he was an Israelite indeed, priate to the pastor's feelings than those of