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V. And over that be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all formedons in reverter, formedons in remainder, and scire facias upon fines, of any manors, lands, tenements, or other hereditaments. at any time hereafter to be sued, shall be sued, used and taken within fifty years next after that the title and cause of action fallen, and at no time after the said fifty years passed.

VI. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person or persons at any time hereafter do sue any of the said actions or writs, for any manors, lands, tenements or other hereditaments. (2) or make any avowry, cognizance, prescription, title or claim of or for any rent, suit, service or other hereditaments, (3) and cannot prove that he or they, or his or their ancestors or predecessors, were in actual possession or seisin of and in the same manors, lands, tenements, rents, suits, services, annuities, commons, pensions, portions, corrodies or other hereditaments, at any time or times within the years before limited and appointed in this present act, and in manner and form as is aforesaid, (4) if the same be traversed or denied by the party plaintiff, demandant, or avowant, or by the party tenant or defendant, that then and after such trial therein had, all and every such person and persons and their heirs, shall from henceforth be utterly barred for ever, of all and every the said writs, actions, avowries, cognizance, prescription, title, or claim hereafter to be sued, had or made, of and for the same manors, lands, tenements, hereditaments or other the premises, or any part of the same, for the which the same action, writ, avowry, cognizance, prescription, title or claim hereafter shall be at any time had, sued or made.

VII. Provided alway, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all and every person and persons which now have any of the said actions, writs, avowries, Scire facias, cognizance, prescription, title or claim depending, or that hereafter shall sue, commence, make or bring any of the said writs or actions, or make any of the said avowries, cognizances, prescription, titles or claim, at any time before the feast of the Ascension of our Lord God, which shall be in the year of our Lord God a thousand five hundred forty and six, shall alledge the seisin of his or their ancestors or predecessors, or his own possession and seisin, and also have all other like advantages to all intents and purposes in the same writs, actions, avowries, cognizances, prescriptions, titles and claims, as he or they might have had at any time before the making of this estatute; this act or anything therein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

VIII. Provided also, and be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person or persons now being within the age of twenty-one years, or covert baron, or in prison, or out of this realm of England, now having cause to have, sue, commence, make or bring any of the said writs or actions, or to make any avowries, cognizances, prescriptions, titles or claims, that it shall be lawful to such person or persons being within age, covert baron, in prison, or out of this realm, to sue, commence, or bring any of the said writs or actions, or make any of the said avowries, cognizances, prescriptions, titles or claims, at any time within six years next after such person or persons, now being within age, shall accomplish the age of one and twenty years, or within six years next after such person or persons, now being covert baron, shall be sole, or within six years next after such person or persons, now being in prison, shall be set at his liberty, or within six years next after such person or persons, now being out of this realm, shall come and be within this realm: (2) And that every such person and persons in their said actions, writs, avowries, cognizances, prescriptions, titles or claims to be made, sued or commenced within the said six years, shall alledge within the six years the seisin of his or their ancestors or predecessors, or of his own possession, or of the possession of those whose estate he shall then claim; (3) and also within the same six years shall have all and every like advantages to all intents and purposes in the same, as he or they might have had before the making of this act, and as though this act had never been had ne made; this act nor any thing therein contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

IX. Provided also, That if it happen the said person or persons, now being within age, or covert baron, in prison, or out of this realm, having cause to sue, commence, make or bring any the said writs, actions, avowries, cognizance, prescription, title or claim, to decease within age, or being covert, as is aforesaid, or during the time he or they shall be in prison or out of this realm, or to decease within six years next after such person or persons shall accomplish his or their full ages, or shall be at large within this realm, or shall become sole, and no determination or judgment had of such titles, actions or rights, so to them accrued; that then the next heir or heirs of such person or persons being in prison, or out of this realm, or within age, or being covert baron, so dying, shall have and enjoy all and every such liberty and advantage to sue, demand, advow, declare or make their said titles, claims or prescriptions within six years next after the death of

such person or persons now imprisoned or being out of this realm, or within age, or covert de baron, in such or like manner and form to all intents and purposes, as the same infant after his full age, or the said woman covert after the death of her husband, or the same person being out of this realm after his repair or coming into the same, or the said person imprisoned after his enlargement and coming out of prison, should or might have had within six years then next ensuing, by force and virtue of the provision last before rehearsed; any thing in this act contained to the contrary thereof in any wise notwithstanding.

X. Provided also, That if any person or persons before the said feast of the Ascension of our Lord God, which shall be in the said year of our Lord God one thousand five hundred and forty six, commence and sue any of the said actions or writs, or make any avowry, prescription, title or claim, and the same action, writ, avowry, cognizance, prescription, title or claim happen, by the death of any of the parties to the same, to be abated before judgment or determination thereof had; that then the said person or persons, being demandants or avowants, or making any such cognizance, prescription, title or claim, being then alive, and if not, then the next heir or heirs of such person or persons so deceased, may commence and pursue his or their action and suit, and make his or their avowry, cognizance, prescription, title or claim, for or upon the same matter, within one year next after such action or suit abated, and shall have and enjoy all and every such liberty and advantage to sue, demand, avow, declare or make their said titles, claims or prescriptions, within the said one year, as the demandant or demandants in such writ or suit abated, or as such as did avow or make cognizance, title or claim, or prescription, should or might have done, had, used, made or enjoyed in the said former action or suit; any thing in this act to the contrary notwithstanding.

XI. Provided furthermore, That if any false verdict happen hereafter to be given or made in any of the said actions, suits, avowries, prescriptions, titles or claims, that then the party grieved by reason of the same shall and may have his attaint upon every such verdict so given or made, and the plaintiff in the same attaint, upon judgment for him given, shall have his recovery, execution and other advantage, in like manner and form as heretofore hath been used and accustomed; any thing before in this act contained to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.

CAP. 9.

The bill of bracery and buying of titles.

The King our sovereign lord, calling to his most blessed remembrance, that there is nothing within this realm that conserveth his loving subjects in more quietness, rest, peace and good concord, than the due and just ministration of his laws, and the true and indifferent trials of such titles and issues, as been to be tried according to the laws of this realm, (2) which his most royal Majesty perceiveth to be greatly hindred and letted by maintenance, embracery, champerty, subornation of witnesses, sinister labour, buying of titles and pretensed rights of persons not being in possession, (3) whereupon great perjury hath ensued, and much inquietness, oppression, vexation, troubles, wrongs and disinheritance hath followed among his most loving subjects, to the great displeasure of Almighty God, the discontentation. of his Majesty, and to the great hindrance and let of justice within this his realm: (4) for the avoiding of all which misdemeanors, and buying of titles and pretensed rights, and to the intent that justice may be more fully and indifferently ministred, and the truth in causes of contention plainly tried between his subjects of this realm: (5) be it enacted by our said sovereign lord, with the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That from henceforth all statutes heretofore made concerning maintenance, champerty and embracery, or any of them, now standing and being in their full strength and force, shall be put in due execution, according to the tenures and effects of the same statutes.

II. And over that, be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no person nor persons, of what estate, degree or condition soever he or they be, shall from henceforth bargain, buy, or sell, or by any ways or means obtain, get or have any pretensed rights or titles, or take promise, grant or covenant to have any right or title of any person or persons, in or to any manors, lands, tenements or hereditaments (except such person or persons, which shall so bargain, sell, give, grant, covenant or promise the same, their antecessors, or they by whom he or they claim the same, have been in possession of the same, or of the reversion or remainder thereof, or taken the rents or profits thereof, by the space of one whole year next before the said bargain, covenant, grant or promise made) (2) upon pain that he that shall make any such bargain, sale, promise, covenant or grant, to forfeit the

whole value of the lands, tenements or hereditaments, so bargained, sold, promised, covenanted or granted, contrary to the form of this act; (3) and the buyer and taker thereof, knowing the same, to forfeit also the value of the said lands, tenements or hereditaments so by him bought or taken as is abovesaid; (4) the one half of the said forfeitures to be to the King our sovereign lord, and the other half to the party that will sue for the same in any of the King's courts of record, by action of debt, bill, plaint or information; in which action, bill, plaint or information, no essoin, protection, wager of law, nor injunction shall be allowed.

IV. Provided alway, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That it shall be lawful to any person or persons being in lawful possession by taking of the yearly farm, rents or profits, of or for any manors, lands, tenements or hereditaments, to buy, obtain, get or have, by any reasonable ways or means, the pretensed right or title of any other person or persons, hereafter to be made to, of, or in such manors, lands, tenements or hereditaments, whereof he or they shall so be in lawful possession; any thing in this act contained to the contrary notwithstanding.

CAP. 28.

Lessees to enjoy the farm against the tenants in tail.

Where great number of the King's subjects have heretofore taken leases of lands, tenements and other hereditaments, for term of years, and divers of them for term of lives, and have given and paid great fines and great sums for the same, and also have been at great costs and charges, as well in and about great reparations and buildings upon their said forms, as otherwise concerning their said ferms; (2) yet notwithstanding the said fermors, after the deaths or resignations of their lessors, have been and be daily with great cruelty expulsed and put out of their said ferms and takings, by the heirs or successors of their said lessors, or by such persons as have interest therein after the deaths or resignations of their said lessors, by reason of privy gifts of intail, or for that the lessors had nothing in the lands, tenements or other hereditaments so letten, at the time of the leases thereof made, but only in the right of their wives, or such other like cause, to the great impoverishment, and in manner utter undoing of the said fermors: (3) For reformation whereof, be it ordained, established and enacted by the King our sovereign lord, the lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by authority

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