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No. 1.-To Mr. Weston, on his Letters rela. No. 15.-Mr.Cobbett's Address to his Political

tive to Paper Money.--Northern Tour.- Friends. -Address to the Tax-payers of

The Press.-The Irish.-Mr. Western's England and Scotland, on the subject of

Letter.---Letter to the Duke of Welling. a Seat in Parliament.

ton.-Turnpike Manual.-Martens's Law

No. 16. — Eastern Tour.-Petition of Mr.

of Nations.

Cobbett's Labourers. Blasphemivg

No. 2.-Northern Tour.-To the Readers of Jews and the Catholic Duke.-Ilalian

the Register.-Extract from the Dublin Grainmar.- To the Editor of the Morning

Evening Post.-Extract from the Leeds Journal, — Route. - Cobbett's Corp. -



No. 3.- Letter to the Dake of Wellington.- No. 17.-Eastern Tour. - Advice to Emi-

Passage from the Constitutionnel.— To grants.-Cobbett's Corn.-Another Ser-
the Readers of the Register.-Route.- mon.-Emigrant's Guide.
Mangel-wurzel Seed. - Norfolk County

No. 18.-Eastera Tour ended.-Midland Tour


begun.--The Seat in Parliament.-Dedi.

No. 4. — Northern Tour. - Lincoln County cation to W. Cobbett, Esq.-Cobbett's


Corn.—To Mr. Cobbett.-Another Ser-

No. 5.-To Mr. Western.-Northern Tour.-

mon.--Advice to Young Men.

Norfolk County Meeting.

No. 19.-To Mr. Huskisson.-Emigration.-

No. 6.-Northern Tour.-Advice to Young

Seat in Parliament.

Men.- Birmingbam Political Union. No. 20.–To Mr. Haywood, now or late of

Sheffield.-The Seat in Parliament.

No.7.-To the Readers of the Register.-
Northern Tour.-To the Farmers.

Midland Tour.-Pustscript to the Emi-

grant's Guide.-Swedish Turnip Seed.-
No. 8.-To the Readers of the Register.-To

Another Serinon.-New Edition of Emi-

the Fariners and Traders verbe county of

grant's Guide.

Surrey. Cobbett - Lectures- Nosok No 2.-To the Readers of the Register.-

County Meeting.

'Doctor's Preface.-Extract from Barton.

No. 9.–To the Readers of the Register Seat :-Midland Tour.-Catholics and Jews.

in Parliament. - Cobbeti Leetowes.

Sedd.—Another Sermon.

Advice to Young Men.--American Trees. No, 22.-Letter to Mr. Davenport-To Law-

-Norfolk County Meeting.

yer Scarlett.--To Sir James Graham.-

No. 10.-_ Treatment of Men applying for

To Mr. Mouck. - To Peel, -To Mr.

Parish Relief.-Seat in Parliament.-The Brougbam.-Advice to Young Men.

Earl of Radnor's Speech.— Meetings.- No. 23.–To Alexander Baring.–To Big O.


-To the Collective Wisdom.-New Pub.

No. 11.-To the Duke of Wellington.-Rum

Jication.--The Debt.-Advice to Young

Men.-Another Sermon.

against Gin.-Giu against Rum. - Most

glorious Lie.

No. 21.- To the Readers of the Register.

Paruell's Affair.- Beer Bill; to the Ame-

No. 12.-Wilmot Horton's Project. — Kent

ricans. Decay of the Drama. The

and Hampshire Meeting: -Trees.

Crops.--State of the Country. Two-

No, 13.-Eastern Tour. - To Dr. Black.- penny Trash.—To Gardener Emigrants.


-Advice to Young Men.

No. 14. — Eastern Tour. - Correspondence

No. 25.–Mexico, or the Patriot Bondholders.

with the Vice Chancellor of Cambridge. No. 26.–To the Readers of the Register.

-Advice to Young Men.-Lectures.- Cobbett's Two-penny Trash, or Politics

Norfolk County Meeting.

for Working People.



Bancroft Library


Vol. 69.-No. 1.]


[Price 7d.

poach or starve." He means, of course, that he shall poach, and that he cannot and will not starve,

It is thus that you speak of reduction of taxes : you, indeed, in the petition in which you were concerned at Colchester, very kindly tell the Ministers and

the Parliament, that the expenditure Property is of po value, property does not cannot be materially reduced. Therefore, " exist; that which we call property is pot we must, according to you, re-augment " property, unless there be a standard of value. " It is the money of a country, and nothing

the quantity of money. You never seem "else, that can make property of any use to think of the eternal disgrace and in** To the mass of the people, the land can be famy which the Government and the " of us more use than tbe vacant space above Parliament, of which last you are a “it, unless there he money whereby to deter- inember, must bring upon themselves ; « mibe and denominate its value, and to cause * labour to be performed on it, and to remove you never seem to think of the hatred * its produce to the backs and mouths of the and contempt that they will deserve, * people. Seeing, theo, that money gives aye, and that they will receive, too, not " value to every thing; that it is the main only from the people of this country, " thing it is, that this thing should be left to but from all mankind, if they now re"the directiob of bands of men, who have no turn to those filthy and abandoned rags " general interest with the people at large in by the means of which they brought us, ** this respect; but who must wish to gain hy

the money; and whose gain must be detri according to their 'own confession, tó * mental to the nation at large." —Register, within forty-eight hours of barter. You 15th May, 1919.

never seem to think of this : you forget the solemn declaration of the Parliament, that it never would lower the standard.

In short, you seem to regard the coverMR. WESTERN,

ing of the whole of the Government

with infamy as nothing at all; and really On kis Letters recently published, rela- one would think that you had been extive to the Money Affair. pressly retained in my service by a high

fee, to accelerate the period of holding Derby, 25th December, 1829.

the Grand Feast of the Gridiron. $n,

“We must retrace our steps"! Oh, you Yoc are in the field again, I see, and must, must you? When do you mean are pushing hard for the return of the to stop, then? When one of your carters false and base paper-money. You very is backing a cart, he generally knows frequently observe, that we must either where to stop; but can you tell me save the false money; the base and de- where you will stop, when you begin to reciated money; the “worthless rags "; go back? Will you stop at 1826 ? te villanous, the cheating, monopo- Will you stop at 1822? Will you 'stop

zing, blood-sbedding, panic-striking, at 1819? Oh, no! You must run all Sellish paper-money; that we must have the way back to 1814, and unlimited

bis, or a great reduction of the taxes ; bank restriction; and then out will bat then you immediately fly off from come the 'assignats, and your whole tiris latter remedy, as if it were a thing system goes to pieces like a cart going by no means to be thought seriously of; back down hill, dragging the poor horse bat mentioned as an impossibility, or after it, and, finally, coming against a something next to impossible ; just as bank at the bottom, dashing itself, the man puts the alternative," I must horse, and the harness, all to alonis.

B 95305


I Åm for retracing the steps, too; but is not round ringing, where the big I'am for turning the horse and cart bell comes in always last; and where ahout, and going steadily over the rough there is regularity, and consistency : and uphill road, till I get upon the fair yours is a peal of bob-major, but, at and level (plain of 1791 ; before the every change, we hear the big bell. accursed small paper-money made its You are a fine ringer ; it is a pity you appearance, to the disgrace of England. j had not confined your studies to that enThat alternative which you look at with tertaining pursuit. When I ain reading $o much terror, and from which you you, I am every now-and-then delighted recoil, as a guilty man recoils from a at your invectives against the double ghost; that alternative, the reduction and treble taxes ; but before the senof expenses, and taking off of taxes, and tence is out, before the change comes rectifying contracts, and bringing in to a close, I always find my ears dinned resources now dilapidated and wasted; with the accursed big bell; and I have that alternative which contemplated an observed that you never write one single end to military sway, and the return of paragraph, at the most, without concivil government, which contemplates vincing us that all you have in yiey is the return of the barrel of beer to the la- the infamous paper-money. bourer's cottage : that alternative, I am It is curious that while you are thus decidedly for; I prove it to be just; I sounding the big bet, and ringing more prove it to be practicable ; I prove it to changes to get at that sound than any be necessary to the happiness of the peo- set of ringers in Essex can get upon ple and the safety of the state. I like six bells, at any rate ; while you are at the idea of retracing your steps ; but I this, calling aloud for the return to the am for going back the full length; I am paper-money, you profess your confifor going back to the point whence we dence in the wisdom of the Duke of Weldeparted, when the miseries and dis- lington; and your high respect for his grace of England began ; and not for character. Why, Sir, if he were to adopt stopping at the point where those mi- the measure that you recommend, he series and disgrace were consummated. would not only be, but would be thought

You vary your descriptions and defini- and called, the most cowardly and contions ; so that sometimes one thinks temptible creature that ever disgraced the you want one thing, and sometimes that earth by treading upon it. Every arguyou want another.

Even your petition ment that you have offered him, if argufrom Colchester contains a mass of self-ments yours are to be called, was offered contradictions. You want the malt and to him before the Scotch Small-note Bill beer-tax repealed: you want a sixth part was passed. You can suggest nothing of the taxes taken off ; and yet you that was not dinned into his ears before. cannot, for the life of you, see how the He said that he clearly understood the expenditure can be diminished ! But subject : he was the Prime Minister at you want, at the same time, a return to the time, as he is now; he gave every asthe vile paper-money ; and what do surance that mortal nian could give, that you want a repeal of taxes for, if you he never would consent to the repeal of thus really diminish their amount in the law of 1826. He was told of the one half ? To render the several parts evils that he would inflict by enforcing of your writings consistent with one that law : his answer was, that tempoanother, I defy mortal man ; but, amidst rary evil must be suffered for the sake of all the confusion and all the inconsisten- ensuring permanent good; and he excy, one perceives a constant grunting pressed his determination to adhere to running along through the whole of the bill in a manner the most positive your lucubrations ; a constant grunting that words could enable him to do. He in one's ear; or, rather, an ever-recur- has hitherto persevered: an iminense ring grunt after the base paper-money, mass of ruin and misery has been occajust as one hears the sound of the big sioned by the bill; and if he were now bell in a peal of bob-major, Yours to give way, what language would af

ford terms of reprobation sufficient just- | Wellington would be in the eyes of all ly to designate his conduct? I trust the world, if he were to lend an ear to that he will not give way: I trust that your eternal peal of bob-major. he will rigidly adhere to the bill : I trust That he will not do this base thing that he will return to the taxes of the I take for granted; and, therefore, I year 1791: this is not only my hope, think it worth while, which otherwise I but my belief ; and to say that I be- should not, to warn him of the dangers lieve the contrary, would be to say, by im- that now beset him. Locke! what do plication, that I regard him as the mean- you quote Locks for ? Locke knew noest and most stupid man upon the face thing about paper-money, and said noof the earth!

thing about it. He never said anything His case is this : he was one of the about small notes. You might have Ministry who adopted the measure of quoted other people, who did know some1826 ; the measure had his approbation thing about this matter. LOCKE has said at that time, as a measure necessary for nothing upon the subject of paper-mothe safety of the state: he has since de- ney, which had not been said, and better clared that it was absolutely necessary said, by others, a thousand years before to the safety of the state. When told he was born; for this was a science of the evils which it would inflict upon that the ancients understood as well as the people, he answered, that the pre- the inoderns; and that Moses under. sent evil was nothing compared to the stood better than LOCKB; but, of the evil if the bill were not carried into ef- tricks of paper-money makers, neither fect : be reprobated the false credit Moses, nor the ancients, nor LOCKE, which paper-money gave rise to, and he knew anything. But if you must quote justly reprobated it he gave powerful Locko; if Locke were your guide, why reasons, unanswerable reasons, for pre did not you count Locke in opposition ferring the King's eoin to the base pa- to the passing of Peel's Bill? You were per-money. He insisted upon the wis in the house at the time; you were in dom of bringing the nation back to its doors at the time : why, then, did not former habits of expense. Upon these you quote Locks against the passing of grounds, he has proceeded with this bill: the bill? You can now complain of that he has caused the suffering to take place bill; you can now represent it as the to a prodigious extent: he has gone on cause of the ruin of the country: why till the one-pound notes have nearly dis- did you not then oppose that bill? You appeared, and until the fives have fol- are one of the men who passed the bill ; lowed them to a pretty great extent ; and yet you set yourself up as a doctor and shall be stop now Shall he be of this science; and complain of the Goguilty of the wanton cruelty of having vernment for having changed the value produced all this suffering without any of money, and having doubled the taxes. chance of any good in return; or shall While you were approving of this he confess himself to have been totally bill, you had had an opportunity of ignorant of what he was about? Will reading my predictions with regard to you hang bim up upon one or other of this very bill. In a letter addressed to the horns of this disgraceful dilemma ; your friend Tierney, published in Lonyou who profess to be his friend ; you don in the month of September, 1818, who profess to admire him and rely on I told you, that if such a bill as that hiin 1, for my part, who make no were passed, it would produce all the such professions, should blush, as an effects of which you so bitterly comEnglishman should blush, at the thought plain ; and yet you talk of Locke, and of being under the control; I under do not talk of me. Indeed you could the control, did I say? I should blush not talk of me, and of my accurate preat the thought of there being an English dictions, my repeated warnings, withe cat, whose happiness could possibly be out suggesting to the mind of every affected by the ineasures of a being so in- reader of your letters, that it would be expressibly contemptible as the Duke of extremely desirable for you to remain at

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