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of God for the sake of worldly profit! They forsake the true God, and worship the god of this world : we cannot do both; “we cannot serve God and-mammon.". When we are thus tempted, let us look at Christ, our great example. Jesus said, “Get
thee behind me, Satan ; for it is written, (Deut. vi. p. 13. and x. 20.) “ Thou shalt worship the Lord
thy God, and him only shalt thou serve."
When Satan found that he could not prevail, he gave up the attempt; and the wants of our Lord were supplied by the hands of the Almighty. " Angels came and ministered unto him.” And thus will' our heavenly Father ever be the support of his people, who trust in his help, and resolve to walk diligently in his ways.
INSTRUCTION OF THE DEAF AND DUMB. (The following letter of our correspondent D. D. may be read with great advantage, even by those who are not engaged in the instruction of the
Deaf and Dumb.) . To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visilor.
Sir, In my last letter *, I told you bow to try to make your dumb child understand, by signs, that there
* This refers to the letter in the Number for September.
Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. 539 is a great and good God, the Creator and Giver of all things, who is every where present, knows all the thoughts, and sees all the actions of men ; loves and approves the good, and disapproves of the wicked." ; · In this letter I will try to put you in the way of talking to your child,' by signs, about another world; in which the good will be happy, and the wicked miserable after death.
In the first place, I must tell you how I think you may make him sensible that he has a soul which is distinct from and different from his body.
Begin at first by making him take notice of the difference between things which have life, which can move, breathe, and feel; and things which have no life, such as wood and stone.
Shew him that you breathe, and can move; that you can eat and drink, and sleep; and that he does. the same. Then point at a dog, or cat, or any living animal, and let him observe that the dog breathes and moves, eats and drinks, and feels as you do, Make him observe that warm blood flow's in your veins, in his, and those of other animals,
Then show him a stone, a table, or a chair, and say, by signs, " Breathe ?"-"No." - Move by itself?"-" No, Beat the chair, and say, “ Feel pain;"_“ No."
You will probably find him amused and inte, rested by these comparisons between living or animated beings, and lifeless or inanimate things.
Afterwards make him compare himself and yourself with other living beings which have not reason and understanding, and lead him to observe the difference between mankind and the brute beasts which perish. In order to do this, touch your forehead with a look of thought, put your hand on your heart with a look of joy or hope, and then join your hands, as if expressing gratitude to God. Again, put your hand on your heart with
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a look of sorrow, clench your hand, and work it round on your heart as a sign of sorrow. These sigos will probably give him the idea you wish, namely, that he has within him a thinking mind, and a feeling heart: in other words, that he has a soul. It is this soul which, you know, as we read in the Bible, God breathed into man when he made him after his own image.
Point afterwards to some animal : say, by signs, " The dog think of God ?"_".No.” “Feel thankful to God!"2" No.” “ Pray to God ?”_"No." “ Learn words?”—“ No." "Try to be good ?"“ No.” “Beasts have souls like men ?"_“ No."
I will now tell you exactly how to put this last sentence into signs. .
Beasts-sign, as if walking on all fours.
Have-sign, drawing the hand close to the breast, as a sign of something belonging to you.
Soul-sign, touch the forehead with a thinking, considering look; then lay the hand on the heart with a look of feeling.
Like-sign, put the two forefingers by one another, comparing them, and shewing they are alike, of the same size, &c. .
Men-sign, hand touch the forehead, as if taking off the hat-and the sign for many, which is moving quickly about the fingers of both hands, as if count. ing more quickly, and a greater number than you can count. '
He will perhaps be pleased to observe what advantages God has given to him over animals, and you may take the opportunity of saying, by signs, <We are thankful to God; we will give our hearts and minds to God, and try to please him."
Then afterwards talk to him, by signs, about death.-The sign for death will be the breath becoming shorter and shorter, and then stopping, and the body stiffening. When you walk with him in the church-yard, shew him the graves of men, and
Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb. 540 tell him you and himself, his brothers and sisters, &c. will one day all be laid in the grave.
Touch your flesh and bones; shew that they will all decay, and perish, and moulder, and turn to dust. The sign, as if strewing dust between your tingers and thumbs, or as if touching something rotten and decayed, with an expression of not liking to do it, will give the notion of this decay of the body after death; and probably he will recollect having seen dead animals becoming putrid and decayed.
He will perhaps not like the notion of all this happening to his own body, after it is in the grave.-Then take the opportunity of making him rejoice, by talking to him of the immortal, or never-dying part of himself. Make the sign for soul, and say, by signs, “ Your soul die ?”—“ No." " Your soul moulder and decay?" "No, no." " Your soul be buried in the grave ?"_" No." “ Your soul think-feel-for ever?" " Yes.”
The sign for the words " for ever," I will describe. Make circles round and round in the air with your forefinger a great many times, then stop suddenly from making them : then the sign for “ no," shaking your head, as much as to say, “I must not stop-no ceasing ;” and begin again making these circles, as if you were to go on always without stopping.
After you see, by the child's countenance and manner, that all this is understood, you may say, by signs, “ You love God, and try to be good-die --soul happy for ever;" and point up to heaven, and join your hands, with your head inclined down, as it before God; and shew, by your actions, that the soul can go away from the dying body, and go to God. Then say, by signs, “ You bad-diesoul unhappy for ever." " See God ?"_" No." “God see wicked souls ?"-"No." Probably he may remember the death of some good kind friend; and you may express to him, by signs, that you
think and hope the soul of that person is with God, and happy
You must not try to say all these things in one day, but lead on to them a little at a time, just as your child shews you by his countenace that he is catcbing the meaning of what you tell him. And remember, a young child never likes to think many minutes at a time very seriously. Therefore when you find his mind turn away from what you are telling him, do you change to something else; make him count, or tell you the names of beasts, or birds, or insects, or the names of clothes, or furniture ; or else write some of the little easy sentences which I have mentioned in my other letters. : I did promise to give you further instructions about the manner of teaching him to write about things that happen in the present time, or that did happen in past time, or will happen in future; but my letter would be too long if I said more pow; besides, I think you have enough to do, if you go on following all the directions given in my former letters. I wish, if I can, to help you to talk about every thing by signs; fur then you will find it more easy to put signs into words. I have lately met with a very kind gentleman, who has taught many deaf and dumb people, and he has made me understand that it is not a good method, when you want to give a new notion to a dumb child, to shew a new word first, and then explain it afterwards by a sign; but, when you have in your own mind a notion, or idea, which you want to put into the mind of your child, find a sign for that notion first ; and after. wards, when you see the child has caught the notion, or idea, by your sign, you may shew him that there are words which people speak, and which he may try to speak, or learn to write, which have the same meaning as the sign, or signs, you have been making. I am your friend and well-wisher,..