now; and what is the present state of things I know not; but, when I have walked through this village in a summer's evening, and have seen the Cottagers, as it were, all at home, sitting at their doors engaged in their several employments, all doing something useful, and all looking cheerful and cleanly,--no appearance of squalid poverty,-10 noise and quarrellings in the streets, -and when I have seen the venerable Pastor walking through the village, among a people who seemed all like his own friends, I could not help thanking him in my mind as the cause of the comfort which he saw around him. ..

That the want of a house of public resort was sometimes an inconvenience, is not to be denied ; and this, in a worldly view, was felt most by the Minister himself, who was often obliged, at his own private expence, to furnish those accom. modations which a public-house would have afforded ;-he was, however, willing to submit to this inconvenience, rather than be the means of leading his flock into a danger which it was in his power to prevent. I mention this, Sir, to shew that there may be a village without an alehouse, and yet no great misery come from it either.


(Continued from page 454.) They resolved to make their next attempt in Hampshire and Sussex. They must pass through all Wiltshire, before they came thither; which would require many days journey; and they were first to consider what honest houses there were in or near the way, where they might securely repose; and it was thought very dangerous for the King to

Escape of King Charles II. 509 ride through any great town, as Salisbury, or Winchester, which might probably lie in their way. .

There was, between that and Salisbury, a very honest gentleman, Colonel Robert Philips, a younger brother of a very good family, which had always been very loyal, and he had served the King during the war. The King was resolved to trust him; and so sent the Lord Wilmot to a place from whence he might send to Mr. Philips to come to him; and, when he had spoken with him, Mr. Philips should come to the King, and Wilmot was to stay in such a place as they two should agree. Mr. Philips accordingly came to the Colonel's house, which he could do without suspicion, they being nearly allied. The ways were full of soldiers, which were sent now from the army to their quarters, and many regiments, of horse and foot, were assigned for the west, of which division Desborough was commander-in-chief. These marches were likę to last for many days, and it would not be fit for the King to stay so long in that place. Thereupon, he resorted to his old security of taking a woman behind him, a kinswoman of Colonel Windham, whom he carried in that manner to a place not far from Salisbury, to which Colonel Philips conducted him. In this journey he passed through the middle of a regiment of horse ; and, presently after, met Desborough walking down a hill with three or four men with him, who had lodged at Salisbury the night before,—all that road being full of soldiers.

The next day, upon the Plains, Dr. Hinchman, one of the Prebendaries of Salisbury, met the King; the Lord Wilmot, and Philips, were then leaving . him to go to the sea-coast to find a vessel. The Doctor conducted the King to a place called Heale, three miles from Salisbury, belonging then to Ser geant Hyde, who was, afterwards, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and then in possession of the widow of his elder brother,-á house that stood alone from neighbours, and from any high-way,where, coming in late in the evening, he sapped with some gentlemen who accidentally were in the house; which could not well be avoided. But, the next morning, he went early from thence, as if he had continued his journey; and the widow, being trusted with the knowledge of her guest, sent her servants out of the way, and, at an hour appointed, received him again, and accommodated him in a little room, which had been made since the beginning of the troubles, for the concealment of the friends of the family when they were pursued by their enemies. :

Here the King lay concealed, without the know. ledge of some gentlemen who lived in the house, and of others who daily resorted thither, for many days, the widow herself only attending him with such things as were necessary, and bringing him such létters as the Doctor received, from the Lord Wilmot, and Colonel Philips. A vessel being at last provided, on the coast of Sussex, and notice thereof sent to Dr. Hinchman, he sent to the King to meet him at Stonehenge, on the Plains, three miles from Heale, whither the widow took care to direct him; and, being there met, he attended him to the place where Colonel Philips received him. He, the next day', delivered him to the Lord Wilmot, who went with him to a house in Sussex, recommended by Colonel Gunter, a gen. tleman of that County, who had 'served the King in the war; who met him there ; and had provided à little bark at Brighthemstead *, a small Fisher Town; where he went early on board, and, by God's blessing, arrived safely in France. It was

* Brighthelmstone, or Brighton :---not a very small Fisher Town, nou,

Questions on Gardening. 511 in Noyember that the King landed in that part of France called Normandy, in a small creek; from whence he got to Roan, and then gave notice to the Queen of his arrival, and freed his loyal subjects in all places from their dismał apprehensions, (From Lord Clarendon's History of the Rebellion.)

QUESTIONS ON GARDENING. To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visitor.

MR. EDITOR, Your Correspondent, E. W. B., in your last Number, (page 472) says that“ a tight ligature, for in. stance a piece of copper wire twisted round the branch of a fruit tree, so firmly as to compress the bark, will prevent the descent of the sap, and cause the branch to bear a greater quantity of fruit.”

Now, Sir, not long ago, you cautioned your gardening readers against drawing the shreds too tight when nailing their fruit trees to the wall. ”Is there not a little inconsistency in these two accounts. If a tight ring is a good thing, a tight shred must be so too.

- Your's,


We like consistency ;-but, in admitting the Let. ters of our Correspondents on such subjects, we merely give our readers the benefit of their different opinions ;. the truth of which must, after all, be decided by experience. In the present case, how. ever, there does not appear to be any contradiction; E. W. B. believes that ringing fruit trees is, in the end, injurious, though it may be of use for a time. This is also probably the case with a tight shred. A tight shred, however, does less harm than it otherwise would do, because the branch, in its growth, presses upon it and breaks it.

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When the summer begins to come, we are all for getting out into our gardens, and are very bustling and busy. And a delightful enjoyment it is; and we soon see the effect of what we do, as every thing then springs quickly into life. But, in the dark days of November, when the winter's cold is setting in, we are apt to care but little about our gardens. We ought not, however, to be idle gardeners at this time of the year. If the leaves have fallen off the trees, let us sweep them up and dig them into the ground; they make good manure, and the ground will then look neat for all the winter.

"If we have room, and a warm border, we may put in a few beans, or we may try a few peas, with the chance of their standing the winter. "We must plant out cabbages if not done, and hoe the earth up to those that are planted. If we have winter spinach, it must be cleared of weeds, and if the plants are too thick, the smallest should be taken out for use, and the rest should stand in distinct plants.'"

Potatoes should be taken up, if any are left in the ground ;-or the frost may come and injure them. '

Trench vacant ground, for neatness and improve. ment, and dig in the leaves and rubbish, and what manure you can get.

This is a good time for planting apples, pears, plums, cherries, &c.

Prune gooseberries and currants, and plant more

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