Bishop of Chester, on Confirmation. 609 But there is no occasion to go to an extravagant price for a watch. Be more careful to get a good one, that will keep time well, than a fine looking one with a great bunch of seals, as that is foppish and extravagant, and we may all find better uses for our money than merely to nurse our pride with it.”.

BISHOP OF CHESTER ON CONFIRMATION.' THE following important advice is extracted from the Bishop of Chester's address to the children who had just received from his Lordship the rite of Confirmation.

(From the Macclesfield Herald.) My Young Friends, I HAVE had great satisfaction in administering the ordinance of Confirmation at this time to so many young persons.

I hope that the ordinance will find place in your hearts. It will prove a good to you in proportion as it does so. Pray to God for grace ; for, however sincere you may be in your desires, or however you may resolve to walk in the paths of righteousness, all will prove in vain without the grace of God. Without it, you cannot do a good action, or think a good thought. You are now solemnly devoted to religion for the remainder of your lives. Be diligent in your attendance at Church on the “Lord's Day; it is you duty to do so, there to confess your sins; to worship God, and to supplicate his favour; to hear his most holy word both read and preached by his Ministers, and to avail yourselves of his unspeakable grace, in the sacrifice of his Son upon the cross; think and meditate upon what he did, and what he suffered for us. I exhort all who are of proper age, to take an early opportanity of receiving the Sacrament. Remember the words of Christ, - Do this in remembrance of me." The religion you profess, is a holy religion; and, to be preserved in it, it is necessary that you should be in the practice of private and earnest prayer to God, to beseech him for his blessing, and to thank him for all the good things you receive both for the body and the soul. All things must be asked for in faith; but your prayers and petitions cannot be profitable unless they come from the beart. Strive to acquire a habit of secret prayer. Turn your hearts frequently to mental prayer, even when en. gaged in your daily business. The occupations of this world should not prevent you from often turning to God. When evil thoughts arise in your minds, and such will sometimes be the case, then, address God in prayer. You have now solemnly taken upon you the vow of your Christian calling, pray fervently for strength to perform it. Carefully study God's word. Take your Bibles frequently in hand, and beseech God to purify your faith.

My Young Friends,- I hope that you will consider me as your friend-as a friend who wishes for your everlasting happiness, and your comfort in this world. Let me entreat you to look to religion, and be assured that all her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.” Re. member that there are two paths set before you. The one will lead to everlasting happiness, the other to eternal damnation. Seek for that better


Do not spend the remainder of this day in a careless, heedless, manner, but in serious meditation; and earnestly beseech God for his blessing on this ordinance of the Church. Quit the place quietly and reverently, that all may see that the blessing of God attends you, lest any should think

, Biography.-Galen. . 505 irreverently of these things, and the enemies of the Gospel say, that you are more like subjects of the Evil One, than of the God of Heaven.

May God be gracious unto you, and take you into his holy keeping, and may you be children and disciples of his blessed Son.

BIOGRAPHY.-GALEN. As our last Number contained some extracts from the works of Galen, (see page 474) it may be satisfactory to some of our younger readers to know who Galen was." He was a celebrated physician of ancient days. The cures which he performed are said to have been so wonderful, that many of the ignorant people of his day thought he had the gift of healing diseases by the art of magic. We are told that Galen wrote two or three hundred volumes, the greater part of which were burned at a great fire in Rome, to which place this learned Physician had come, after having travelled through Greece and Egypt to get knowledge. Those books of his which still remain, contain a great deal of instruction in the science of medicine. There was another celebrated Physician, named Hippocrates, who lived nearly 400 years before Christ. Galen lived nearly 200 years after Christ. These two celebrated names are often brought together as of great weight and authority in medical matters. The short extracts in our last Number, sent by a correspondent, contain reflections truly excellent. Galen's father took great pains to have him taught all the learning of his age ;-but none, seemed to please him so much as the knowledge of Physic. He began his travels for the sake of learning all he could on his favorite subject, in different * parts of the world; and, during these travels, he

No. 11. VOL. V.

was of great service in applying his skill towards healing the diseases of the people in the countries where he was travelling. He says of himself, that he was naturally very weak and delicate ;-still, however, by the great care which he took of himself, he lived to the age of 90. He says that he always took care never to eat any thing that he supposed would disagree with him ;-and, knowing that an overloaded stomach is the way to bring on all sorts of disorders, he laid it down as a rule for himself and others, never to eat as much as he could, but to rise from table a little hungry.


THE TWO VILLAGES. . To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visitor.

Mr. Editor, I READ your account of the 66 Two Villages” in your last Number. I dare say, that, in many villages, if there were no alehouses at all, it would be much the better for the people; but yet, in many places, it would be difficult to know what to do without them. These houses were intended for the accommodation of travellers, and for other needful purposes; they were never intended for people to go and sit in, and spend their time and their money, and starve their families. I do not think,, however, Sir, that you deny a publichouse to be sometimes useful. One thing, however I know, and that is, that any man is a blockhead who has got a house of his own over his head, and yet leaves it to go to the alehouse. A man commonly gets, there, three times as much as is needful

for him, and he pays about twice as much for it as - he could get it for at home; and if this is not the

Way to ruin a labouring man, I do not know what


Loddington. is. I have been a working man myself, and I once þad a way of going to the alehouse.-I soon found that I must wear a ragged coat, and á hát with holes in it, and there must be a cold 'fire-side at home, and the little children must look poor and mean, and my wife must look melancholy and live badly. I could not stand it, Sir,- I soon gave it up, and I soon found the comfort of it. It was like doubling one's income. I do not speak here of all the harm that a man gets from the company at the alehouse, or all the good that he may get, and give, when he is at home with his own family. I only just now speak of the foolish extravagance of going to the ale-house, and of the wretched poverty to which it leads.

Your's, Sir,


LODDINGTON. To the Editor of the Cottager's Monthly Visitor. . MR. Editor, Whether your description of the “ Two Villages" be imaginary or not, I cannot tell, neither is it of much consequence to enquirë. However this may be, I can inform you that I once knew a village in Northamptonshire, where there was no alehouse : -and a more happy looking village I have not seen since. And yet there was nothing very particular in the situation of Loddington either; but the people all looked so quiet, and calm, and cleanly, and prosperous, that it was plain there must be some reason for this state of comfort. The reason, I really believe, was that the Clergyman, who had lived for many years in the parish, never would consent to have an alehouse there. He is gone

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